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At North Lake

At North Lake image At North Lake image
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The People's Picnic was held at íorth Lake, Wednesday. This is the econd great picnic that has been held t the lake under the auspices of committees of the Patrons of Industry. 'he attendance Wednesday was not uite as large as last year, but still everal thousand people were present, nd the speakers held a large audince several hours. A merry-go-up oined a large amount of money, while fakir with a colored singer seemed ;o be doing a good business. The helsea cornet band was on hand and ave some really good music. The or:iard back of the grove was well fllled ïth teams, and loads of the good ïings of life demonstrated that the irmers of this county at least were ot starving. At one o'clock C. J. Johnson called ie people together, and after prayer jy Rev. R. L. Cope, of Manchester, ntroduced A. E. Cole, of Fowlerville, s the president of the day. Mr. Cole said that the farmers and iboring people were responsible for ie prosperity of the country. Never efore have organizations grown so apidly as at present. To-day the Parons of Industry, the Farmers' Allirice, the furmers' mutual benefit socities, the Knights of Labor and other cindred societies are all working for ie interest of the producers. The ery fact that these organizations exst shows that the producers are not all ïght. Some say if you will only econniize as your forefathers did, you vould not be complaining of the milions of mortgages on your farms. But we are not living in those days, and we relieve that we, the men and women ho produce the wealth, ought to enoy some of the privileges of that ealth. I believe in the kind of exravagance which puts an organ in the arlor, a sewing machine in the sitting oom, and a carpet on the floor of those 'ho produce the wealth. The farmers' ;ate alliance, organized last Septemjer, has at the present time nearly six mndred subordínate alliances and a membership of from 20,000 to 30;000. !t was organized to crush the Juggeraut of monopoly, I have always unerstood that government was meant o protect the weak against the strong. 'he benefit of organization has been hown in the binding twine trust. ?he farmers of Michigan this year aid forty per cent less for their bindng twine than they did last, a saving f $240,000, which is due to the fannrs' organizations. The national grange at their last meeting said that he grange had organized years ago, and has been hammering away at monopolies and trusts ever since; but hese had grown steadily each year, and combinations were worse now han when the grange was organized. There were just two things to be done o increase the volume of money, and to bring down the rate of interest, by the gnverdment loaning money to the people on real estáte at two per cent nterest. Such is the declaration of ihe oíd conservative gránge. The farmers' alliance say that the national )ank must be abolished and the government issue money direct to the people. If the future historian is ever called upon to write the downfall of the republic, he will dip his pen in the gall of ignorance and write it on the ;ablet of party prejudice. Hon. Eugene II. Belden, of Jackson, said he believed the producers of the ■wealth of this country should govem the nation and that the time was near at hand when they would. We have among us hundreds and thousands of men who are devoting ' themselves to that object. Thus may we be free from the white slavery which is worse than the negro slavery, f or the owners of slaves have a pecuniary interest in the welfare of the slave while the employer has no interest whatever in the laborer. The grand secretary of the state grange says that the farmers of Michigan ought to let politics alone and not join the rattlebrained farmers' alliance. The farmers forthe past twentp-five,years have been doing that very thing, and what is the result? Why. all over our great nation the farmers are organizing themselves in self -def ense. If all their rights were respected why do they do (Continued on Fourth Page.) AT NORTH LAKE. (Concluded.) so? Why were a million and a third men out on strikes? Why do 31,000 men own half of the wealth of this nation? The faet is we all know that everything is all wrong, and if we stay at home and attend to our businessi and let the professional politicians, lawyers and bankers run this government, these things will get worse. We should resolve that the producers of America should govern America. Let us select out from our own men those in the same line of business, men in sympathy with us and place them in the halls of legistation, in the place of lawyers and millionaires. Herbert.Cope, of Manchester, recited the Yarn of the Nancy Bell in character, and although the subject was a very grave one, being nothing less than cannibalism, his character delineation was so comical as to excite the risibilities of the audience. The last speajr was Ealph Beaumont, of Washington, D. C, a professional labor agitator, one of the committee of the Knights of Labor, stationed at Washington to watch legislation, who has been talking before the public for twenty-five years. He is witty, argumentative and a good story teller. It seemed as if his tongue were hung in the middle and loose at both ends. For two hours and a half he held his audience, although at times the fakir endeavored to compete with him and the deep-voiced Afro-American, who presided over the banjo, strove to drown him out. For two hours and a half the stream of his eloquence continued, and when he closed he was apparently ready for another two hours' trip. His speech can only be synopsized. The work of reform has been a lifelong work with him. It was constan tly going on. People asked when the labor question would be settled. He didn't expect it ever to be settled. It marked the evolution of society f rom a lower to a higher plañe. He would discuss two platforms drawn up by the reformers and in whose wording he had a hand, one fourteen years ago and the other last year at St. Louis. Capitalistic press picture us out as a dangerous class in a community. Governments have their days, organizations have their days, ideas have their day and give way to something new. The first article of the platform is to make industrial and moral worth, not wealth, the true standard. Men seem to have transposed the Golden Rnle and to have adopted in its stead the rule, do your neighbor before he gets a chance to do you. The second plank was to secure to the workers the enjoyment of the wealth they created. The third, with the establishment of bureaus of labor statistics. This has been done to the great benefit of the community. The next plank was that the public land should be held for actual settlers only. Land held by speculators should be taxed to its full value. The land question was one of the greatest questions of the day and taxed the best intellects of the country. The titles of nobility of the old world and foreign syndicates own 20,000,000 of acres of government land. This was a tract larger than the state of Indiana. Corporations own 100,000,000 acres more. This is larger than all the New England states, all the middle states and Ohio. How did they obtain possession of it and how do they retain it without title? In 1864 the idea of a great road across the American continent was eonceived. The projectors didn't have money but they had lots of cheek, got a charter from congress and then they didn't build the road. They got a land grant of 42,000,000 acres and then they didn't build the road, but feil back on their cheek. They got the government to guarantee their bonds to be issued, $30,000 per mile, the interest at six per cent., to be paid by the government. Then they organized the Credit Mobilier to build the road, and in two years divided $20,000,000 among the speculators and the road was not Duilt yet. Then they wanted the privilege of issuing $30,000,000 more bonds co be the first mortgage, the government to guarantee :he interest, and congress did that. Twenty odd years have passed since these acts of legislation. We have paid in interest $68,000,000 and we stand responsible for $64,000,000 mortgage and hold the second mortgage on the road, the first mortgage being held by foreign syndicates. The congressional investigation brought out the fact that $174,000 per mile had been received to build the road and competent engineers teslified that the road could be plicated at $30,000 per mile. Another fact came out; some $23,000,000 of bonds have been issued withany warrant of law. Charles Crocker, one of the men who built the road, died leaving an estáte worth $60,000,000. The speaker then took up the building of the Texas state house nominally for $1,500,000, but really for land which was sold to an English syndicate for $15,000,000, and from which they had drawn millions of dollars ground rent, and had expended it in the debaucheries of Europe. The next plank the speaker referred to was the unjust technicalities and discrimination from the law. The laws and rights, he said, had been made in England and shipped over here in two ships. The one with the laws got here all right; the one with the rights was sunk. Lawyers framed the laws with so many legal technicalities that no poor man can obtain justice in the courts. The next plank advocated the establishment of postal savings banks, and the speaker devoted considerable time to denouncing private savings banks, which he claimed were organized in the interest ol monopoly. He traced the formation of the whiskey trust, and denounced the bonded warehouse scheme. He showed how pools were formed controlling the output of coal, etc, and denounced the transportation companies. Coal for which the miners received from twelve and a half to thirty-six cents a ton for digging out of the ground, sold for $5.25 only 150 miles away from the mine, and the farmers of Kansas had to pay $14.00 a ton for it while selling corn at fourteen cents a bushel. The government should own and opérate the railways. He said Jay Gould transported a fourlegged hog from Chicago to New York, unloading him in Buffalo and feeding him on the way, for $11.50, while for a two-legged hog like himself, who loaded and unloaded and fed himself, he charged $16. The government had farmed out the privileges of government for corporations. Mr. Beaumont devoted an hour to the discussion of fiat money taking an advanced greenback position. He attributed the revival of industry during the war togreenbacks, denounced the gold clause put in them by Wall street and attributed the panic of '73 to the contraction of the currency. He attacked all the various secretaries of the treasury for their managemeet of the finances in the interest of Wall street and referred to the fact that #1,300,000,000 had been paid on the bonds of the government, while $2,600,000,000 had been extorted from the government by the bond-holders. The soldiers had been paid $2,400,000,000, the bondholders $2,600,000,000. Both the old parties were roundly denounced, after which the speaker began twenty-five cent subscriptions for his paper published in Washington. J. E. Harkins sang-"My Dear Old Irish Home" and in response to a rousing encoré gave one of his most popular Irish songs. Herbert Cope, on request also gave the audience a recitation concerning a candy pull which was full of the ridiculous and the audience dispersed to the music of the Chelsea band. Adolph H. Fritz, a carpenter working on the new buildings being erected by Messrs. Gruner and Treadwell on the northwest corner of Maiii'and William streets, on Wednesday afternoon, lef t his vest, containing a silver watch, in one of the buildings while he was at work in the other. When he went for nis vest at six o'clock the watch was gone. There is as yet no clew to the thief. The thief may be in some measure excused, when it is considered that Mr. Fritz very thoughtlessly placed the temptation in bis way. c, Several rattlesnakes were killed, last week, in a low but dry portion of the farm of Mr. Harvey James, in Superior. This sends a retrospective shudder through the frame of tne architect of this item, when he recalls "what might have been;" for on the Fourth of July last, he, with several ladies and gentlemen and some children, tramped all over that very spot, devouring the early raspberries with keen relish, and incidentally discussing the value of the former marsh for the growing of celery. Possibly the rattlers were then in a state of innocuous babyhood.