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The European Crops

The European Crops image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

The September U. S. erop report in speaking of the crops of Europe says: In Europs the rye erop is second in importance to wheat, and in some of the eastern countries it is the largest cereal erop grown. In Russia, Austria and Germany the product is doublé that of wheat. In these countries it is the staple food grain, and its use enables Russia and Austria-Hungary to export a larger proportion of their wheat erop. But for the universal use of rye for food, Russia would not be a wheat-exporting country. The practical failure of the Russian rye erop this year isjndicated by the ukase forbidding the export of that grain from the empire. The failure of rye, with the short wheat erop, measurably removes that country from competition with us in wheat exportation this year. Official returns for 1890 make the wheat product in Russia, winter, 78,905,684 bushels, and spring, 134,094,920, an aggregate of 212,980,604 bushels. The wheat and rye crops of 1891 will be very short in Russia. Mr. Moffat reports some improvement in the weather of the British Isles, which may tend to some relief of the bad erop situation there. He reports the quality of the French wheat the worst for years in addition to reduction of quality. He reports a reduction of 28,000,000 bushels in the French erop during the past month, and a present prospect of only 212,000,000 bushels. The Russian ukase forbidding the export of rye sent the price of that grain in Berlin up to 257 marks (nearly $12) per ton, the highest price ever known. Rye meal has nearly doubled in value. The total production of the Austrian Empire is placed at about 190,000,000 bushels, a reduced yield. Italy and Spain will do somewhat better than was expected.