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The Big Crops This Year

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The September erop report issued by the U. S. department of agriculture contains the following: Crop condition. - The Departent of Agricultnre makes the neral averages of cereal crops as follows: Corn, 91. 1; wheat, 96.9; ryÊ) 95.i; oats, 90.7; barley, 94.3; huckwheat,'96.6. A small advance is noted in all, buckwheat alone excepted. The average for potatoes is 04.8. For tobáceo, 87.4 qqrx. - Condition of corn is 21 points higher than in September of last year, and has been exceeded only.three times in the past 10 years. State averages are generally high; the lowest are those of Michigan 'and Wisconsin, Minnesota and North Dakota coming next, while South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas make figures under the general average. In the Eastern and Middle States the erop is well grown, is „enerally earing well, but a little late, and recent cool nights prevent rapid advancement, yet frost has as yet done no damage. The erop is in fine condiüon in the Southern States. It is not so mucn mjured by heavy rains as cotton. ín some bottom lands water has caused material injury, while on uplands the erop is remarkably good. It was .somewhat late, but is now generally beyond the reach of frost. A fine yield has been made west of the Mississippi, though in western Texas a little reduced by drought. It is a erop decidedly above medium throughout the South as a whole. Many correspondents refer to it as the best in years. In the Ohio Valley corn is heavy in stalk, somewhat late in earing from cool nigbts; in some places it has been blown down by heavy winds, yet is generally very promising. Local droughts are mentioned at a few points as cause of deterioration, -without producing serious loss. The correspondent in Franklin County, Ohio, claims the heaviest erop in 40 years. In Indiana and Illinois there was more injury from drought in July and early in August, which has been partially repaired by recent rains. If frost holds off 10 days nothing but the latest planting can be injured. Absolute immunity from loss would require exemption through September, yet most of the breadth is already safe. In Michigan there has beon considerable injury from frost in late planted fields. Wisconsin reports damage f rom frosts of August 22 to 28, and in some cases still earlier. Some areas have been cut up for fodder in this latitude. Many Minnesota corresponderás promise a good erop "if frost holds off," while in valley lands and the more northern sections it has already done considerable damage. There are also returns of injury f rom frost in the Dakotas. In Iowa.andNebraska the erop is late and would be injured by frost prior to September 20, and needs the entire month for ripening of late planted areas. In Missouri heavy rains in June, drought in July, and heavy rains and wind storms recently have been unfavorable to the highest condition. On well cultivated and drained areas corn is very heavy. Condition is variable in Kansas, the western district suffering from drought, while eastern counties have abundant moisture and a heavy erop. Wheat. - The condition of wheat is very high, cosidering both winter and spring varieties, in soils, latitudes, and elevations so widely differing. The general average has only been exceeded slightly twice since 1879, in 1882 and 1884. State averages are quite uniform, but 10 falling below 95 and 3 below 90, the lowest being 83 for South Carolina and 84 for North Carolina. The figures for the principal wheat growing States are as f ollows : Ohio, 98; Michigan, 98; Indiana, 100; Illinois, 100, Wisconsin, 90; Minnesota, 100; Iowa, 99; Missouri, 94; Kansas, 86; Nebraska, 98; North Dakota, 94; South Dakota, 99; California, 98; Oregon, 97; Washington, 93. East of themountains, New York, 99; Pennsylvania, 99; Maryland, 97; Virginia, In the Southwest, Texas, 97. In the Middle States wheat was generally well filled, harvested in good condition, yielding well in thrashing. In a few counties in Pennsylvania, and in parts of Mary[ land and Virginia, there has been some injury in the shock. The Texas erop was unusually 'fine, harvested in May and June, and is now mostly marketed. In one county a yield 0Í2oto2 bushels Der acre is POrted, and in another 18 bushels. A reporter in Kentucky claims for wheat "one of those exceptionally fine crops that occur only at long intervals;" others make less sanguine statements. With variable returns in Ohio and Michigan the tenor of remark as to quality, quanÖty, and condition is very favorable. In Indiana and Illinois, souri and Kansas, thrashing gave I yieldsjbetter than was expected, vvith some exceptions - "the largest ever harvested" in one instance, "38 bushels per acre" in another, and an estimated average weights of 60 to 62 pounds in most favored localities. Some shrivelled grain is reported, and some damage in the shock. The remarks concerning quantity and quality of spring wheat in Minnesota are extremely favorable, with very slight drawbacks from frost and wet, and nearly as favorable in Iowa, Nebraska, and the Dakotas. Extreme yields of 30 to 40 bushels are reported in all these States. The spring wheat of the Pacific coast has been somewhat inured by hot and blighting weather. Potatoes. - The returns for this erop have been remarkably uniform throughout the season, showing that with exceptions very local in character, the year has been a favorable one. The present average is 94.8, or less than one point below that for July. Last year there was a decline of 26 points during the same period. There are, however, indications that September is likely to develop considerable damage from blight and rot which have appeared in many Dortions of New England and the Middle States. Should the present month be favorable to the propagaron of these diseases the erop is iable to serious injury in the East, jut present indications all point to a large yield in the West. I