Senator Shernian is one of severa] Republican congressmen who had to struggle with their consciences when they voted for the McKinley hill. That his conscience is not yet fully at ease as regarás the matter is evident from the following, spoken in the senate in July: Indeed I have no doubt the result of the policy of protection does always bring about soine results which would probably not be desirable. The enormous development of these industries has made the aggregation of vast amounts of capital and great corporations, and there inay be more or less danger growing from their ambitious desires and sometimes' from their unf airness and their disregard of the rights of the poor and of the laboring man. There are dozens of articles in the tariff which, if I myself were to frame a tariff bill looking only to the interests of the people of Ohio, I might strike down here and there. I certainly would adrnit coal duty free and I wo'ild admit lumber duty free. I would do a great many things that our Democratie friends wantto do; but in a system likethis yon have to observe impartial justice to all interests alike. If you protect the interests of Illinois you must also protect the interests of Minnesota, and do what is fair all around. A tariff bill, after all, we all admit, is a struggle of opposing interests. Every man, taken by himself , is opposed to something in the tariff. If he wants to buy he wants to buy as cheaply as possible, and if he wants to sell he wants as much protection as possible. In the nature of a tariff law there must be sorue general rule applied to all sections and to all interests, and the result has proved by actual experiment in the last thirty years that of all our interests this protective system is the greatust and most important of our financial operations.