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Farm Field And Garden

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One of New Jersey 's farmers, who is an advocate of fertilizers, and further„jore especially successful with his wheat, was interviewed by Rural New Yorker with regard to this erop. Followiug are some of the facts elicited dnring the interview. Dr. Coombs, the farmer in question, has 200 acres and grows corn, potatoes, wheat and hay. He uses all stable manure on corn and heavy dressings of fertilizers on potatoes. The success of his wheat dependa largely upon the f ertilization and cultivation of the potatoes. This is the way he prepares his land, as told in his own words : When the field has been in potatoea ■we do not plow f or wheat. We always ,ig potatoes with a horse potato digger, and after this we complete the preparation of the field f or wheat with a spring tooth harrow or with a cultivator and an Acine or other good pulverizing and crushing harrow, and afterward a Thomas smoothing harrow. We use a grato drill six f eet in width with eight or nine tubes. As usual with these drills, the seed and f ertilizer are put in separate compartments, but they pay out together through the tubes in rows seven to nine inches apart and are covered to the depth of two to three inches. We adjust the drill to the gauge of 500 pounds per acre. The quantity of seed we use per acre varíes with the variety, also with early or late seeding. We have used one variety, Martin Amber, at only three pecks per acre, and yet there could be seen no difference at any of the later stages of the growth of the erop between this and anotherpiece where one and a half bushels of the variety Fultz had been sown; nor was there any difference in the yield. In late sowing where the tillering is not apt to be so good there should be an increased quantity of seed used. Of late we have been using Eochester red, and at the rate of two bushels per acre. I like to get my wheat all sowii by Sept. 27. This is early enoügh to admit of a good start before winter, and it is late enough when well fed with f ertilizer to have a good chance to escape the Hessian fly and other injurious insects. Since we liave iised fertüizers instead of farm manure on the wheat I, in cominon with nearly all grain growers, sow very mnch later than f ormerly. Of late years I have invariably followed my potato erop with wheat, and as I fertilize the potatoes liberally, say 1,500 to 2,000 pounds of potato manure per acre, I do not use inuch f ertilizer on the wheat erop, finding from experience that enough of the plant f ood from the potato manure is left to insure the wheat and subsequent grass crops. I use the complete manure, "A" brand, say, 250 to 800 pounds per acre. If the field has not been in potatoes or other erop that has been liberally manured, then I use the complete manure for heavy soils, 500 pounds per acre, or the complete manure for general use. This may seem a large quantity of a high grade complete manure to use on the wheat, bat I am led to adopt it as the reatüt of a practical experience in my early use of these fértilizers. I do not use farm manure for wheat. What I have I use on corn; sometimes on grasa lands after mowing.


Ann Arbor Argus
Old News