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The Poultry Industry

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Director A. G. Gilbert, of the Ottawa (Ont) station, in a paper considering poaltoy in ita relations to agriculture, said that lts importance is learned only through figures. Take the list of e-4 and poultry exported from Canada L the year ending June 30, 1889, we flnd the amount$2,274,211, lessonly invalne m the whole list, than luinber, cattle' fish, barley, coal and cheese, bnt greater tnan other articles exported. It may be considered singular, but it is true, that the valué of the eggs and poultry exported m that same year, 1889, exceeded that of any single branch of manufactured articles, and was inore than half the amount of the total valué of all manufactured articles exported. In the following year ending June 30, 1890, we find the valué of the eggs and poultry exported to the United States stands third on the list, representing $1,842,424, as compared with $1,887,895 for horses and $4,582,562 for barley, and in all fairness it must be remembered that the eggs and poultry figures represent an undeveloped industry. Immense quantities of eggs and poultry are consumed by cities. Take, for instance, Philadelphia, with a million people daily consuming 525,528 eggs. In one year the population consumed 59,290 barrels and 97,390 boxes of poultry, and the hens that were spared the hatchet had to lay 15,984,600 dozens of eggs. In treating the subject of poultry in its relation to the agriculturist, he says: It occupies the position of an undeveloped mine of wealth. For the capital invested there is nothing about the farm that, with a proper management, will return so great a profit. It is the only department of the farm that will utilize what might be waste and give in return for it: 1. The egg, representing cash at all times. 2. The young, which are revenue producers in threo to five months. 3. The valuable manure. 4. The body of the hen, which will bring a fair price after rearing several broods of chickens and laying a large number of eggs. It seems to make no difference with poultry whether they are housed beneath the slate roof of a pretentious building or in a deserted pigpen so long as they are kept dry, fairly warm and well attended. The farmer inquires, What percentage of profit may I expect? In answer I quote from Stoddard, author of twenty-five works on poultry. He says: "One dollar per hen profit where large flocks are kept is a very good profit; that is about 100 per cent. on the investment. In smaller flocks two and even three dollars per hen is realized. But snch prices are the exception and not the rule." You teil a farmer that there is money in poultry and he replies, "There may be, but it takes a lot of knowledge and work to get it out of them." It takes intelligence and trouble to look after any department on the farm. The man who invents a business that will make money for him while he sits down and looks at it will be the richest man the world has ever produced.


Ann Arbor Argus
Old News