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Unfair Taxation

Unfair Taxation image
Parent Issue
Day
1
Month
May
Year
1894
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

We noted the other day the remarkble contentiou of Senator Lodge of Maesachnsetts that trade was in effect a state of war, in which each people Hhonld "strike" at all others and "attack" them whenever the opportunity offered. The means of waging this war euggested by Mr. Lodge was differeutial dnties - that is, niaking trade more diffkralt and less profitable betweeu our selves and any nation, snch as England, against whom hostilities were at the time particulavly directed. Now comes Senator Pericias of California with au. claboration of this theory in rïefense of the McKinley tariiï. The tariff duties,, according to Mr. Perkius, are tho license tees which the govcrnment of the United. States imposps on foreigners for the privilege oí - . 'ing in our markets ou equal ternis with onr own merchante. There is Bomething plausible and attractive in this theory to a mind that has liever been accustomed to anything but local trade, but we confesa that we are surprised to find it gravely supported by a man of Mr. Perkins' business experience aud sagacity. The notion that trade yields gain only to the seller, and that those sellers, make the most money who can most restrict the number of their rivals, is a very old and iiarrow one. It lies at the bottom of the octroi system in Europe, ■whic.h. thonirii it has now become ly a meaos of raising local revenue - and a very clumsy, costly and niischievons means it is - was originally intended to ' 'proteet' ' the traders of each city, town or villnge from outeide competition. The same theory prevailed in this country as to trade between the people of the sevtral colonies or statea up ta the time of the adoption of the federal conBtitntion, but though its application. was not explicitlyprohibited by that inetrument it was gradually abandoned. nnder the influence of the national spirit and of the experience of the immense advantaRo of nnrestricted commerce beUveen the States. If the merchants of California, before they could sell the wares sent by them on Mr. Perkins' steamers to Oregon and Washington, had to pay a license fee in the shape of duties or in any other shape to the amount of 50 per cent of the market value at home, would business be as ac.ive, as growing, as profitable as the enator lias i'ouncl it? Some 25 years or more ago, by the r$peal of internal taxes and the omio repeal so much of the cnstoms dness as were an offset to the internal taxes,, ;he business uien of this country, alcuosfe without ksiovring it, were broughii un,Ier what Mr. Perkins calis the licensei system of tariff taxation. They have at ast cliscovcred that it does not pay any more than the old system of taxing tradejetween the states paid. They have 'ouud that they can rnake a profit by selling abroad as well as at home, and ;hat they oannot Bell abroad unlesstbere s a corresponding purchase. They have earned to see that the restrictive policy "orced on the country by the relatively small ntunber of persons who were benefited by the tariff is at once unfair and nnprofltablc. Senator Perkinswe believe ;o be au uirusually ablo and honest representative oí hia part of the country. We are oonfldent that the policy he advocates is bouiul to be more injurious to tiis section than to any other, and that for all sections it is antiauated.ontwom and

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Subjects
Ann Arbor Argus
Old News