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Diplomacy Is Busy

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Washington, Marsh 14 -With twn such lneidents as those of New Orleans and Wulsenburg, Coló.' faolng tlt-m, and sucli affaira as the Rock Creok Springs massacre of Chinóse and the killing of the Italians in New Orleans in the background thc stiue dopartment otlioials raake no secret, of thcir appreheusion that tho United States Is destined to have serious rliffieulty in maintainlng its treaty relations wibh fóreiga nations, unloss congross comes to the rescue. As it stands now, owing to tho ilmltatlons place;! ttpon tho exercise of the federal power by statute, the government íinds itself powerlesg to protecb forelgn citizeus wlioin the United States is undei solemn treaty obligations to protecc. llern'8 n Siale of Thiug! Under our' peculiar conditions tlie 11attonal govornrnent can ouly look to tho state to extend protoction, and if this is denied, or measuro of protection is inadequate, it cannot interfere. Meanwhile, the statu itself is wholly free from any responsibility to th foreigu powers with whieh the United States has entered into tveaty relations, and the powers are prohibited from even remonstrating with the offending state government; they can look for redress only to the helpless national government. So it is within the power of any erratic governor or weak mayor, or even an incompetent chief of pólice in any city, to torco an issue that can be decided only by war, and the fate of the whole nat ion may depend on the conduet of such officials. Congres Juist Let Her Nltde. Th Is matter was brongtil to the attention of congress by President Harrison at the instance of the late Secretary Blaine after tho adjustment of the trouble that throatenod war with Italy as the result of the killing of the Italians in New Orleans, but no acción was taken to carry out the suggestion, probably owing to the fact that the necessary le.islation misrht be regardcd as ;m infrlngement upon the old state's righte tlieory. It is very probable, however, that President Cleveland will teel obliged to again cail attention to tho f ubject at the meeting of the next congress, and point out how in the abseuco of such legislatlon ha is obliged to appeal to congress to p;iy out of money raisod by the ■whole people large sums for indemnity for outrages couimitted by a disorderly element in one smaü place. Miire Power to the Courts. Just what shape the proposed legislation will take cannot be uow delined, but the prevailing idea wHl be to niake it tho buisness of the United States courts in all parts of the country to protect foreigners in thc Uuiteu .States, iirst through tho court deputies, and if that is not'sufficient then through the troops of the national government, and to do this without delay in all " cases. This would require an amendment of the posse commitatusi law passed with the express purpose to prevent the use of troops at eloctions, but proven to be of much wider scope than was intended. Doesn't Hariuonixe with Uoiue Rule. It would otherwise harm the seusibilities of the strict constructionists of the state's right theory, but as between this and the ever present danger of bocoming involved in a ioreign ;tr without a reasonable or just cuise, it is believed that congress will not hesitatü to declare for the law.


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