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Farm And Garden

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Diere is üle reason tO d0 ,- inV of a subirrigation in eqnalizing I8 disution of water in the ril: To Síítlnoo-rfal one must, hawever Te perfect snpply of water and a set Trines or drains perfectly arranged. Where stones abound a simple system ■t Airri-ation is qnite common. Ordi2í duches aredngat needed distanccs rt and fiUed with small stones to fh u 18 inches or so of the top, thick tanta being laid at the bottom. These P'!l to drain the land in wet seasons aud to hold moisture in riroughts. _ in very dry weather water can be run into tbo upper part of this system of drains and allowed to rnn down through. In Jiot, dry countrios where few stones are ftra'nd perforated pipes are used. Mr. W S. Marshall of Texas thus describes ,a system in quite general use inseetions of that stata Tho water is distribnted by means 01 -pipes placed iu the gronnd below the reaoh of tbe plow. These pipes may be of tbii), perforated metal, of clay tiling, ra1 iiey l:lav be lnacle of cement in h continuóos line and the-sides perforated at intervals to allow the water to rnn out and soak into the soil. Subirri(,-ation by this raethod effects a great pconoray of water. All that used goes jnst where it is waDted to produop the best resnlts, There is no baking of the rarface and comparatively little loss from evaporatiou. One thousand gallons will water properly and sufflciently as many trees or plants by this method of áistribution as -would 6,000 gallons by ünrface application. The windmill is iocated outside of the lot. Water is condocted in an iron pipe to the reservoir, a cypress tank with a capacity of 6, 000 gallons. This is looated in the center a the plot irrigated. See figure, in which O represents the tank, or reservoir, 3 3 and 4 4 small pools in which'the header pipes termínate, 5 5 and 5 5 header pipos and ilistributing pipes. Figures 5 5 are 4 mch header pipes made out of cement. They connect with pools 3 3 and 4 4, located near the reservoir. These pools are commou kerosene barrels. The unes are the lateral pipes. These are 22 inch cement pipes and are perforated, a three-sixteenth inch hole being made eyery eight feet, alternately on either side. In applying the water a full tank is drawn into one of the pools, whence the water runs evenly over the Kection coverod by the systern of pipes oonnectéd therewith. As will be seen, there are four sections of pipes to cover thewhole lot. Each section covers abone an acre. The lateral pipes ( ) are 16 feet apart, are closed at one end, as are the header pipes. There is uo outlet to the pipe except the small puncture along the laterals. It will be seen tha a tank of water discharged into the poo 3 is at once conducted evenly over tb section connected therewith. Peach apricot and other fruit trees are se along the lines of the pipes, and grap vines between the rows. The pipes user in tuis sysfem are of cement perforatec ht intervals. Rural New Yorker believes that thi jilan could be snccessfully worked o small garden spots with comparativel little expense. The late A. N. Cole, who practiced this plan on a large scale, -oonstructed a series of ditchea on a rather steep hillside and filled thi t with etones. These held naoisture, and in time of severe drought water could be mn iii f rom a hydrant.


Ann Arbor Argus
Old News