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Lessons In First Aid

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She was u very capable little woman i aiid nsually "sized np" to any occasion, bot iho care of tbos'e children was likely to prove ii little too mueh for ber. When slie married ;i widówer and nn dertook tho care of his five boys she knew that ebewonld have to face raany unexpccted silnations, and braced herself to do her best. She was uot prepared, however, for whtit she called the "breakage" in thefaroily. Xhe constant risk to life and limb that five active, sport loving boys were capable of was a new feature in her young life, and èhe ! feit that she was in danger of losing-her ; head unless shepreparedheielf to nicot the different calis npon motherly care. In her exlremity she appealed to her friend, the train ed nnrse. "Can 't you giveiuesoruepoints, " she said. "Teil me of the proper things to do before the doctor comes in case of certain accidents - won't yon? Then there are inauy little things - brnises and burnsaud things that I could attend to myseli without sending for a doctor if I only knew how. Do help mf otit. Snppose, for instance, one of the boys fel) and brcke his arm, what should I do before the doctor came?" "If I were you, I would do nothing but wait, unless the surgeon was delayed. In that case I would simply place the limb in between a folded piJIow, fastening the pillow firmly together, thus ruaking a sort of splirit. "Yon wil] very likely have a sprain or two to deal with. You can either apply cloths satnrated with ice water nntil the swelling disappears, or you may use very hot water with vinegar in the same way. After the swelling has disappeared you had better bandage the limb and let the little patiënt rest it on a level nntil it gets strong. " "But I don't knowhow to apply a bandage, ' ' was the f orlorn reply. "TheD it isabout time that you did, " said the trained nurse. "(Grive me a piece of muslin and your bare foot, and I'll shuw you how. " Then the nurse took the piece of muslin and tore it into strips of 3 inches in widtb. Then saying, "Always begin at the extremity of a lircb and work toward the center of the body from lef t to right, ' ' she placed one of the ends of the strip at the instep and made a turn around the base cf the toe. Then she carried the band diagonally over the foot, across the point of the eel and back from the other side, tintil it coincided with thofirst turn. This was then covered and carried a second turn around the heel hiilf au inch higher than the first. She then coutinued to make altérnate turns under the sole and behiud the heel, erossing over the instep until the entire foot was covered. In finishing the bandage she split the last quarter of yard of the strip through the middle, wouáá the ends in opposite directiojj arotoB the limb and tied them in a bow. Then the band was all tinwound agidn, and the pupil, trying her hand, was delighted to see what a "firin bandage" she could make after two or three atterupts. "In case of dislocation," continued the nurse, "there is always need of instant action. Muscular tensión increases ranidly and its reduction beconies more difficult with every hotir that passes. "Fingers and tburubs can be set by puiling in place, but be careful not to use too ítrach forcé. A joint is always weaker af ter an accident and shouklbestrapped in place until strong again. ".Freddie's nose bied awfully the other day and frightened me so because I oould not stop it. It stopped itself after awhile, but what should I have done?" "It is a good thing to press gently the facial artery at the base of the nose and place cold applications to forehead and neck. I suppose you had him lean his head overa basin. Yes; most people do, and that is just the%:st attitude possible. You shonld have raade him stand erect, throw his head back and elévate his arins, while you held a cold, damp sponge to his uostrils. If you have an occasion like that again, and the bleeding continúes after what I have toM you to do has been tried, you had better syringe with salt and ice cold water or a solution of iron. "In the case of burns or scalds, if they are very bad send for your pbysician, but slight ones you can very well attend to. The first thing in such cases is to exclude the air. I find that baking soda and sweet oil make a soothing, healing application. If yon can'tget that conveniently, beat Tip the white of an egg and apply that with a bandage. " "Will you teil me how to stop the flow of blood in case of cut, and then I'll let you go?" ''Find the artery that is cut and tie a handkerchief around the limb just over where it bleeds. Tie the handkerchief tightly ; theu make, say, three hard knots. In the last knot inserí a piece of stick with which you must twist the handkerchief until it is tight eiiough. to Btop the flow. The handkerchief and stick ruake as good a tourniquet, as we


Ann Arbor Argus
Old News