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The Latest Beehives

The Latest Beehives image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

The accompanying cut of a beehive is presented by the Kansas Farmer aa showing the latest improveinents in hives at the present time and bidding fair to be the hive of the future for perhaps generations, with but little if any change. While the principal features of this hive are old, yet some parts of it are practically uew, especially the surplus arrangements. The cut is explained as follows : B is the body of hive or brood chamber and is a hive of itself and is always used to contain the colony proper, and any addition to it is extra in the way of snrplus room. It is called a "one story hive." This department contains eight Langstroth frames, which are in rneasnrement 17% inches long and $% inches deep. This body contains about 2,000 cubic inches, which is cousidered the proper size for a beehive. It is used exclusively to keep the bees in from the time they are prepared for winter in autumn until they are strong enough in spring to add upper stories. A is a super or half story, which contains 24 one pound section boxes and is used for comb honey exelusively. This super is first added at the beginning of the honey flow, when the colony is Bufficiently strong to receive it. They are allowed to occupy this until about half full of honey, when another just like it is added, the emptyone placed under the other, which induces the bees to occupy all, or both tiers at once, whioh they will do, as the one containing the honey is on top. E, at the back of the hive, is a view of this same super, showing the positiou the section boxes occupy when on the bive. The cut E in front of the hive is a section of the same, being a section holder containing four section boxes. The section holder is represen ted lying on the hive and is marked C. Six of those seotion holders, containing four sections each, making 24 sectiona in all, are used in one super, and, when two tiers are nsed, doubling the number to 48. There will be observed at E, representing the four sections, the manner in which foundation starters are used, showing them in the upper part of the section boxes. D is a separator, of wood, one-sixteenth of an inch thick, which goes between each two rows of sections and separa tes them, thus compelling the bees to rnake thehoneycomb straight in the section boxes. Two. bodies are nsed. one over the other, for extracting. Tne upper story contains eight frames aud is the same in every respect as the brood ehainber. These two stories are used also, or at least should be used, in building np strong colonies in spring preparatory to the boney harvest. A single story is not of sufticient capacity to contain strong colonies or is not large enough to breed up extremely strong colonies and contain the necessary amount of stores tbat such colonies should have on hand at this period of the season. By the use of two stories thus ahnost doublé the strength of colonies niay be attaiued prior to the honey harvest, and this always means an increase in the same proportiou to the honey erop. Comb houey for use in the apiary is also secured in tbis way and a reserve of it may be kept on hand for the bees when at any time they need it, and it is a very sniall per cent of hives that do not need frames of good sealed honey given thein in spring and during the time they are breeding rapidly.