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Gen. Jas. B. Gordon

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Gen. B. Gordon, of Georgia, arrived in the city Satnrday, aud was .quartered at the Cook house. He spoke in the S. L. A.c ourse at the M. E. harch that night aud iu the Normal oourse at Ypsilanti Monday night. The general has been on this lecture toar about three weeks and it will take Mm four weeks more to flll his engagements, which are principally in Michigan, Illinois and ühio. Gen. Gordon is a favorite with northern audiences and his lecture tonight will be devoted to the closing incidents of the civil war in which he was a distingnished participant on the sonthern side. When seen by a representative of the Daily Argns this afternoon Gen. Gordon said he was willing to talk on auything but politics, but there he drew the line. He is talking now to bring the north and south together and make men love each other. Speakdng of business conditions in the sonth he said: Business in the south oannot be said to be good. "VVhen cotton is so low as it is now there is little margin of proflt left for the planters and farmers and they are consequently complaining of hard times. The hard times of the past three years have not however been without their componsating beneflts to the rural population. They have learned to get -.ilong with borrowing less money and they are also diversifying their productions by raising more corn and more tneat. The general conditions in Georgia are fnlly as good in a material seuse as those in any other part of the country, There is no suffering or distress, no beggary, no trampa and no strikes. Cotton manufactures are paying betrer there than in the north and have had an influence in keepiug things moving. The manufacture of cotton is carried on to better advantage in the south. The cotton is 'carried right from the fields to the milis without storage or middlejnen. The south is a large oonsnmer of cotton. The negroes themselves use much cotton goods especialïy of the eoarser kinds which are The principal product of the southern milis. They are now sending cotton to China and it is only a question of time, in my opinión, when the bulk of the cotton manufactures of this country will be conducted in he south. When asked if the cost of labor had anything to do with the transfer of the -otton industry to the south, Gen. Gordon said : The labor cost of cotton produced in the south is cheaper because it does not cost the laborer so much to live in the generous southern climate. T"ood, clothing and shelter are all cheaper. Then, too, the cost of shipping the cotton to the north and re - shipping the mannfactured products to the southem consumer with the profits of the extra middle men thus required are saved and for these reasons many southern milis have been able to run and pay small dividends when northem milis have been closed. The prospects for the material growth ■of the south he considers to be most flattering indeed. When asked about the progress of the negro, Gen. Gordon said: "So f ar as Georgia is concerned the condition of fhe negro is advancing, not as rapidly as I could wish, but still he is making progress. His educational advantages are eqnal in every respect to those of the whites. The legislature appropriates the same sum per capita for the maintenance of colored schools that it does for white schools. It also gives the same amount to the colored college that itfloes to the state university al-rhough the whites pay 90 per cent of the taxes. I am a little disappointed in the effect of education upon the color - ed man. Too many of them want to leave the country and get into the town as soon as they get a little schooling. "Booker T. Washington has done a good work for his race in encouraging them in habits of industry and training them to apply themselves. The general progress of the colored man in the south is good. ' ' The people of Georgia were greatly enthnsed over the war with Spain. From the general's own family, one son was at Santiago another is now on his way to Cuba and his only grandson is in one of the Georgia regiments. Col. Williams, who died recently of yellow fever in Haavna, was one of severa! nephews who are in the U. S. Volanteer service.