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Our Fruit Growers

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Owing to the few delegates present rinesday morning the State Horticultuxal Society was not called to order until 1 :30 in the afternoon. At that hour a joodly number of the leading horticul,rnrists of the state had put in an appearance, among whom were R. Morrill, of Benton Harbor, president; Edwy O. Reid, of the Allegan Gazette, secretary; Profs. W. B. Bnrrows, O. D. Smith and Thos. Gunson, of the Agricultuarl College. Chas. W. Garfleld, Grand Rapids Ex-senator O. J. Monroe, of -South Haven, Judge F. J. Russell, of Hart; R. M. Kellogg, of Three Rivers; S. B. Smith, of Grand Rápida ; A. W. Slayton, Grand Rapids; Chas. D. Lawron, Lawton ; C. F. Hale, Shelby;E. W. Hunt, Saranac, and Peter Collier, of Adrián. Owing to the fact that Dr. Angelí was unable to be present the flrsfc two numbers on tbe published program were omitted and President Morrill opened the session with a short address in which he said : Horticultnre is in the dumps, many new people have entered into its pursuit and Michigan is now one vast orchard. The society shonld teach caution, moderation and the most thorough methods of cultivation. The small fruit business is overdone in this state. Those who follow it must use careful business methods or fail. Horticnlture is an art. The report of Secretary Edwy C. Reid dealt largely with the conditions of horticultnre in the state as well as the condilion of the society. The report of Treasurer Slayton showed the assets of the society to be asfollows: Mortgages, $2,567.86, unpaid interest, $'6. 22, cash in bank 4182.65, total $2,780.23. This report was referred to a finance committee ronsisting of Chas. W. Garfleld, Evart H. Scott and S. B. Smith. Col. Dean was down upon the progrsan lor an address on the relation of the U. of M. to horticulture. The -olonel said he adrnired the industry of the secretary who had spread "Dean" all over the program to which the secretary quickly retorted that thè process of spreading had not made the gallant oionel perceptibly th inner. Col. Dean .aid he had looked up the definition of horticulture in the dictionary and he iound that the university was doing a great deal for horticulture in teaching botany and allied sciences. He had in UMJÜ-lilfi MIS lUílLltír lip, lUllilU LllUh ilt3 was a hortculturist himself. He bad three pie plant plants in bis back yard ■which snpplied all the pies needed for three families. Had he had the good fortune to have been edncated at the U. of M. he might be able to inake those plants snpply six families iustead of Three. The colonel had his mind set apon another topic, however, and preferred to save his heavy artillery for rhat. He was followed by Regent Charles D. Lawton with a paper on the "Value of Education to the State," in which rbe speaker took the ground that eduoation was essential for the safety of the govermnent. The afternoon session of the horticultnrists closed Tnesday with the address of weloome by President Angelí and response by Hon. Chas. W. Garfleld, of Grand Rapids. This was followed by Prof. W. B. Barrows, of the M. A. C. , who read an instructive paper on "Plant-Lice and Scale Insects. " The address was illnstrated by stereopticpn views. He was followed by Prof. A. B. Presoott, dean of the department of pharmacy, who discussed "Fruit At-ids" in au interesting paper and by -means of experiraents conducted by an -ftssistant. EVENING SESSION. The eveniug session of the fruit growers was a most interesting one and fspecially for those interested in laudcape gardening. Mr. R. J. Coryell, superintendent of parks,in Detroit, was the first speaker and ho handled his subject of "Object Lessons in City Parks," in au entertaining mapner giving many pointers not only ipon the principies which obtain in the laying out and beautifying of Detroit's parks, but npon the constructing of drives and walks as well. He was followed by Prof. Gunson, if the Agricultura! College, with a leetnre upon lawu decorations illustrated by stereopticon views. Many of these illustrations were selected to show the development of taste in the urroundings of rural houses. In the general discussion which followed Mr. S. B. Smith, of Grand Rapids, asked Prof. Gnuson how to ornament a lawn which has a broad, sloping stretoh from house to road. Prof. Gunson said: "Plant two or three deeiduaus trees, don't plant them so as to cut off view from the road, dou'tget them between yourself and your neighbor. Plant a few flowing shrubs of stayiug qnalities, bnt keep the lawu clear. The idea which ran throngh Prof. Gunson's disconrse was that lawn, are spoiled by too nmch shrubbery. Mr. Rice, of Port Hurón, agreed with the speakers iu deprecating the cutting off of the tops of trees. Thonght it cost not only the beauty, but the vitality of the trees. He thought a Lombardy poplar a nice tree if it grows two or three miles away on your neighbor's grounds. He said it was a lazy man who wants a clear lawn so that he don't have to run a lawn mower about the shrubs. ïhe discussion upon lawn decorations developed the fact that after all it is very much a matter of personal taste and preference. Prof. F. C. Newcombe, of the U. of M. , followed with a most interesting and instructive lecture upon the development of fruits from the flower, illustrating each stage of the development with appropriate diagrama. MORNING SESSION. At Wednesday morning's session, the society elected officers for the ensning year as follows : President, Hon. O. J. Monroe, of Benton Harbor; secretary, Edwy C. Reid, of Allegan ; treasnrer, Asa W. Slaytou, of Grand Rapids; trustees, R. J. Coryell, Detroit; Prof. Gunson, M. A. C. ; R. M. Kellogg, Three Rivers. After the election Dr. Angelí talked to the gathering for an hcrar upon his impressions of Tnrkey. This afternoon the delegates are vi&iting the various departinents of thuniversity. The meeting this evening will be held iu the School of Music. Prof. Stanley will give a musical program. Everyone is invited. Wedaesday evening's session of the society was held in the School of Music. The regular program was varied somewbat in a most delightful manner by several selections by Miss Alice Bailey, soprano, and Prof. Stanley, organist, of the School of Music. The subject of the meeting was landscape gardeniiïg, and it was opened by M. P. Hurlbnt, of Detroit, who read a paper on "Object Lessons of City Parks. " He was followed by O. O. Simonds, superintendent, of the Chicago Parks, who spoke on "Some Unappreciated but Attractive Tliings Found in the Country. " Pi-of. W. W. Tracy addressed the society on the influence of fine landscape effects tipon the development of child life and an informal discussion followed. The evening's program was iinished by Prof. Frederick G. Novy, of the university, who read a paper on "Preserving Fruits. " Yesterday's session was opened by Hon. C. J. Monroe, of South Haven, with an address on "What Legislation should we have this Winter." The speaker thought the yellows and spraying laws are all right as they are, but a more rigid enforcement should be exacted. He would prohibit the sale and shipment of diseased fruit and wormy, scabby and defective fruit. He would enforce frequent destractions of fallen fruit thorughout tlie season. All pack ges should be disinfected bef ore being used a secón d time. All packages should be marked with the name and residence of the shipper. The grower and seller should be Hable to the purchaser for twice the price of the fruit. An inspector should be provided charged with the enforcemeut of the law. Senator Graham followed with an address on the "Outlook of the Peach Business." Senator Graham is himself an extensive peach grower and his remarks dealt entirely with the practical side of the situation which confronta the peach growers of Michigan. parlier fruit would prove most profitable. The greatest compdetitor for Michigan peaches is the southern peach which comes on the market early when pricos are high. Roland Morrell talked on the "Future of the Apple in Michigan. ' ' His conclusión was that the soil of Michigan is very generally adapted to the raising of apples and that the apple business is going to piek up. Those who plant apple orchards now will reap a rich rcward. The afternnoon was devoted to a discussion of the "Michigan Forestry Moveinent," in which Regent Dean, Hou. Chas. W. Garfield, Prof. E. O. Strong, of the Normal, Hon. S. B. Duball and others participated. The program last eveniug included the "Chemistry of Ri pening Fruits,' by Prof. Schlotterbeck and the "Sugnr Beet and Beet Snaar," by Dr. Freer.