The United States annually consumes 4,500,000,000 pounds of sugar and produces ouly 720,000,000 pounds. Let ns boom the Ann Arbor beet sugar factory and produce a little more of it and save part of that $150,000,000 we end annually to Europe for sugar, . Horse meat is becoming an important article of food in France. More than 21,000 of these animáis were elaughtered for their meat last year, aleo a large number of donkeys and mules. A good piece of horse flesh sells in Paris for 2 cents a pound. The poorer pieces sell as low as 10 cents. The Pingreeites in the house at Lartging lack an experienced parliamentary leader. Lawyer Cheever, of Detroit, tried it, but his lack of legislative experience told against him and he feil down, although a bright lawyer. Mr. Cartón, of Klint, recently candidate for speaker, will uow try to lead the f orces. He is als o without legislative experience although he is said to be ■well np on parliamentary law. It remains to be seeu how he will fare at the hands of the experienced anti-Pingreeites. " Speaker Adanis thinks the uewspaper correspondents at Lansing need a little discipliniug and he has invited all ruembers with grievanees to spread out their troubles before him that he juay get the necessary evidence against the wicked quill drivers. Then he proposes to warn them against telling the whole truth abont mexnbers and if the warning is ot héeded they may be expelled f rom the sacred precincts of the house. Mr. Adame, having downed the "oíd niáa" and his crpwd with the greatest smoothness, sighs, no doubt, for other wffflds to conquer; but when he locks horas with the aewspaper correspondents. he wou't find so eisy a lot. The correspondents are there to stay. The attorney general of .Ohio is making a determined fighfc agaiast gome of the gigantic trusts which winfest that state. He is just now afteï the Standard Oil octopus. Recently the officials of that great trust were suinmoned before' the supreme cóurt ■with their stock bboks and certain ether recoids. Aftei1 much delay and a statement that the books bad been destroyed an official put in his appearance before the court and declared the trust would not produce their books vrhich show who are the holders of the stock. AUhongh the trust is an illegal oncern in Ohio, the supreme conrt to date has done notbing with the obstreperous official who defied its mandate. The coart evidently understands it is "up agaiust the real thing ïiow'1 iu the trust line. The selection of John J. Cartón as temporary chainnan of the coming state republican convention indicates that Piugree is still in the ascendant in the state central committee if not in the legislature. There may be but little comfort in this however. Indications poiut strongly to the probability of a greatly lessened Pingree force in the 'spring convention. However, there may le a turn in the tide. It fhould not be forgotten that all of Pingree's victories have been won through the bluuderiug of his enemies rather 4han by his own political astuteness. Aud Rometimes history repeats itself. If members of the legislature become too bold in exbibiting the name on the collars some tbem are evidently wearing, there will beareaction which will rebabilitatc Pingreeism. If the legislature would get down to business and show that it has the interest of the people at heart ins'tead of resorting to all sorts of devices to delay the legitimate work they were sent there to do, there would be little doubt of the early collapso 'of Piugreeism. Blind and willful ueglect of these interests will, however, inake' Pingree a large factor again in 1900. ; Prof. Cooley said some interesting things in his discussïou, last Sanday, before the Business Men's Class of the Cougregatiorjal church, about the menace contained in the concentration of wealth in the hauds of corporations aud trusts, but he hád no remedy. He said in fact that their development had ( been so phenomenal and far reaching i and their power had become so great that no remedy liad yet been discovered. There is svidence on every pide of the trúth of this. Laws, state and national, have been placed upon the statute books, but in every siugle case they have proved inadequate. So utterly inadequate in fact as to lead to the suspicion that these loopholes were there for canse. In the meautime the organization of trusts goes merrily on. Last year the capitalizaron of the new ones amounted to a billion of dollars. The object of these combinations appears to be lessening of expenses, avoidance of conipetition and the keeping of production within profltable limits. The evils resulting from these combinations are well understood, but the remedies are not. : One of the difficulties in the way of their proper control is the fact tbat they are not amenable to moral influences. They are soulless. Any law to reaoh them must be more stringent than those applying to individuáis. The, arrny reorganizaron bilí seems likely to have a rocky road to travel in its passage throngh cijpgress, eveu with the prestige of the administra! ion back of ït. But just why there should be this bitter opposition to thö modest increase of the army that is asked for is diffioult to understand. Our regular army of 25,000 men was deemed necessary when our population did not exceed a third of what it is today and our territory was much less extended. But if such an army was neoessary then, will anyone contend that it is adequate to our present needs? The army so far as it goes is all right, but there is scarcely enough of it for an efficiënt pólice forcé. In time of war it is not large enough for a nuclens to build a forcé of volunteers around. The creation of a volunteer army is enormotisly expensive and it takes a long time to get it into condition and even tMen they are raw soldiers and the regulars must stand the brunt of the fightiug. Being unaccustomed to the hardships of army life, they cannot endure what the regulars can and they re more subject to disease - all of which lessens efficiency. Had we had such an army as Gen. Miles asks for, when the Spanish war begun, the Spanish forces would have been driven out of Cuba, probably with less loss of life and with far less cost thau it took to equip 250,000 volunteers. If the late war had been with any nation of "our size," we should in all probability have made anything but a showiug worthy of onr position and power. And even with Spain, the easiest foe we could possibly have quarrelled with, we were obliged to delay and delay in order to get ready. The administraron was rouudly abused for its alleged lack of courage, but What proved to be its wisdom. This is a ridiculous position for such a nation to be placed in and it shonld not be permitted to happen again. The army should by all means be increased to the figure asked for by the commauding general. Nor should this increase be temporary. It should be permanent. Michigan got türough with the elec tioD of a United States senator this year without a scandal and without any unnecessary loss of time. In this she has succeeded better than several of her sister states. In seven of those which elect a senator, California, Delaware, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, the legislatnres' are completely paralyzed ■with deadlocks. These deadlocks [are frequent aecoinpaniments of senatorial elections and sometimes continue to the close of the session to the exclusión of all other businesss. They are mauy times attended with disgraceful scènes and charges of bribery and corruption. Sometimes, too, after a whole session has been vvasted by the warring factions, still there has been no election and the state has been left for a long period with but one senator. This was the case not long ago in Delaware, Oregon and Keutucky. In three of the seven states whose legislatures are now helpless through deadlocks, charges of bribery are pendiDg. In Montana the chargés are so definite that they are being investigated by a grand jury. In California the speaker of the house who has been charged by a newspaper with bribery has commenced suit in the snm of 250, - 000. No tangible evidence has been presented as yet bat the house has decided to investigate the charges and thus its time will be taken up. In Wisconsin a rumor that a wealthy Chicago concern has tried to bribe a member has produced au ugly feeling and trouble is likely to arise over it. Of course there may be no truth in any of these charges, btit similar charges have proven true so often in the past that they receive ready credence. There is no doubt whatever that these elections of senators are a prolific sonree of legislative corruption aud factional strife and bitteriiess. These quarrels also frequently result in sending little men to the senate, men who wonld have no possible chance of elevatiou to the dignity on their merits. Thns the ability of the seuate is lowered and the great interests of the nation are committed to incompetent hands. The election of senators by a direct vote of the people would remedy inany of these evila. General Eagan pleads the baby act in justification of the indeeent language he used abont his superior offlcer, Gen. Miles. If it be true as he pleads that his state of mind was snch that he was not accountable, then he is not the right man for the place he occupies, for such lapses are liable to occnr at any time. A man who has no more control over himself thau to deseen d f rom the plañe of the gentleman to that of the fishwoman whenever something oceurs that is uot quite to his liking, is certainly not the right kind of a man to command others. What Spain spent in her efforts to retain the Pearl of the Antilles would make most interesting reading. That she finally reached the stage where even the Dons did not consider the game worth the candle is unquestionably true and this no doubt, served in large masure to reconcile her to its loss. There is a statement emanating from French sources which is said to give the clearest view of the sacrilices of lives and money made by Spain in her efforts to hold this thoroughly disaffected colony. According to this statement there were in the island in 1895 when the last insurrection broke out, but 12,000 Spanish soldiers. From that time on to June 189.8, 187,000 officials, officers and soldiers were sent to the island. The total losses foot up 104,000 men, more than half the f orce. The larger part of these losses were from yellow fever. Excluding losses to property, ships, merchandise, indemnities and other items impossible to estimate, the money cost of the three years' war was more than $350,000,000. The expenditures from Jan. 1, to June 1, last, alone amounted to $89,000,000. These appalling iigures indícate in some measure the strength of Spain's desire to hold the island. Capt. E. P. Allen, by the grace of Gov. Pingree, is now a member of the state board of agriculture. Mr. Allen is aman of varied experience in affairs, a man who has ahvays been iu close touch with the eduoational interests of the state and will make a valuable member of the board of agriculture. It is possibly true also that the board was in need of a thorough shaking up, but just why it should be important, as is announced with a flourish, that Capt. Allen 's Pingreeism is all right, and that the board of agriculture whose most important function is the control of a great educational institution, is now thoroughly Pingreeized, the Argus fails to understand. Pingreeism is an uucertain and varying quality and no man should be deemed fit to sit on such a board whose qualifications consist in the wearing of thegovernor's O. K. The fewer boards of control of educational institutions we have that are "thoroughly Pingreeized" the better for those interests. When Pingreeism goes to the extent of threatening our educational institutions with loss of appropriations, if they do not wear the Pingree collar, it is time to cali a halt and it íb no honor to sit on auy educational board, at least, with any obligatiou to follow such a lead.