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Sugar Beet Raising

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Washtenaw connty possesses, aeeording to well kuo 9ii expects, the ideal soil for beet sugar culture. The best soil for raising barley rnakes the best soil f r raising sugar beets. It is to be hoped that the project for starting a beet sugar factory here will be rapidly pushed, as it wouid mean a tide of prosperity to Aun Arbor which would exceed any thiug we have kuown for years. The project now is to traild a 500 ton factory, which would cost from $425,000 to 450,000 Such a factory running to its capacity for the time it could be most profltably rnn, would pay out to the farmers here from $225,000 to 1250,000 a year. It wonld demand contracts for from 4,000 to 4,500 acres of beets. A momeut's thought wonld show what this means to the farmers as well as the business men of this coinniunity. It wonld mean an increase in the valué of land, by increasing the amount of money which could be made from it. It would mean an increased output by the merchant, because bis customers would have more money with which to buy. It would also mean smaller farms eveutually, for the small farms would prove money makers. But the valne of the beet erop is not the only lenefit the farmers would derive. Germán statistics, the most reliable in the world, show that where beets are raised on land every fourth year, this land raises from one-third to oue-half more of other crops in the other three years. Scientific farming has come to demand that a root erop should be alternated with the other crops. In Germany beet land is worth from 250 to $300 an acre and such land rents at from $8 to $15 an acre. This indicates something of the proflt in beet culture, when it is one of the inain Staples on such high priced land. And the soil of Washtenaw county has been pronounced better for raising sugar beets than this high priced Germán land. In California sugar beet laud rents as high [as $6 and 7 an acre. Our own farmers would be delighted with the ability to clear 15 an acre their owu labor, while sugar beet growers in this country are clearing $30 án acre after flguring out their own labor. Mr. P. G. Snekey, who probably knows more about beet sugar than any other man -in' the state, havirrg made it a study for years, carne in from Bay City Wednesday. He reports that the people theré are absolutely crazy on the; subject of beet sugar. One factory is running and two more are being built and' the three factories have contracts for 15,000 acres of sugar beets. He says the soil óf this section is mnch better than in Bay county for beet culture. He himself raised sugar beets on land here, which was not as good for the purpóse as most of the land about here, which sbowed from 13 to 14 per cent sugar. The farmers of Bay county last year produced 15, 20 and 28 tons of beets to the acre. Last year the one factory had to go begging for contracts. This year all three factories have more contracts than they want. This is because not only did the factory make money but the people did also. The factory last year had 48 or 45 stockholders. The second factory started had only eigbt or nine ütockholders and the third factory has only four stockholders. This indicates how capitalista have increasing confidence in the profit of beet sngar making. A. W. Wrfght, of Alma, is starting a factory and is putting in $450,000 in his building. The American Sngar Trust for the last 15 years has been importing lieet sugar, the statement being made that two-thirds of their sugar is beet sngar. There is absolutely no chemical diffeience in the supar. The contracts of the Bay City factory last year was for from two to 120 acres of beets from each farmer. The effects of the last season has been to doublé the price of farm land in Bay county. Beets can be most profitably raised and marketed for a radius of from 10 to 15 miles from the factory. Farmers from 10 to 20 miles of Bay City, says the Free Press this morning, are writing the factories begging them to take their beets. The prices paid for beet are $4 a ton for beet containing 12 per cent sugar and 3334 cents a ton more for every per cent of sugar above the twelve. Fifteen per cent beets would thus bring $5. Farmers wbo raise sngar beets can be assnred months in advanca what they will get for their erop. Farmers who raise wheat don 't know whether it will briug 50 cents, 75 cents or 90 cents.