Each day brings its bit ot evidence which goes to make clear the British purpose in South África. Ostensibly her only purpose iu her dilïerences with the Transvaal republic was to secure to the outlauders certain rights which were deuied them. But enough is now known to make it clear that this was only a pretense, a bit of hypocracy to cloak her real purpose, and thnt she had determiued upon war no matter what concessions were made short of placingthe republic under tbe absolute control of England. The effort to put the odium of the war on the Transvaal, therefore, because she commenced it, is an effort to deceive the world. It is reported on the authority of a Gemían official of high standing that President Kruger was about to ask for a Germán protectorate and knowledge of this coming to the ears of British statesmen, led England to determine upou au extensión of her territory. That plans for a Dutch confedersicy iu South África had been planned is unquestionably true, and this Great Britain is resolved at all hazards to prevent. The fact that the Orange Free State which has had no grievences against Eugland, makes common cause with the Transvaal shows her perfect understanding of Eugland's real purpose in the controversy. And now that the English commander in chief, Gen. Sir Iiedveis Buller, is on his way to the seat of war the .London press becomes very frank in stating nis purpose, wnicn is to wipe the Boer power off the earth, all who lend aid to the Dutch cause. England's efforts to make it appear that her cause is one of high moral duty is as devoid of all such foundation as was her seizure of the Kimberley district after the discovery of the diamond mines there. This seizure iu spite of her solemn treaty engagements was as straight out a piece of stealing as was evercommitted. The Detroit Tribune speaking of this incident in Sou;h African history says that after the Kimberley diamond mines were discovered: " Great Britaiu imunediately learned that she had amoral duty to perform. To her surprise and grief she discovered that the Kimberley country did not belong to the Dutch Rt uil. On the contrary they were baseless usurpers who had deprived a helpless savage of his birthrighr. Instead of beloriging to the Dutch the región of the most valuable diamond mines in the world belonged to a Griqua chief, and as a great christian power Great Britain proceeded at once to restore to this hapless heathen that which the unrighteous Dntch had taken from him. "So the Kimberley country was taken away from the Boers; but, mirabile dictu, the chief could not be found. Inasmueh as this territory did not belong to the Dutch and the chief eould uot be fouud, Great Britain was compelied reluctantly to keep it herself as a reward for her virtue. Mr. Froude, who was apt to be prejudiced, described this as 'one of the most scandalous acts reoorded in our history.' " It is not surprising therefore, that the Boers regard the so called good faith of England as punic faith and act accordingly. Tbe Boers have nothing to lose by going to war which they were not just as certain to lose through diplomacy. Their duty was ciear therefore. War is on in South África, und the Boers liave drawn flrst blood. The intematioaal yacht race being a project literally run by wind,it is passing strange tbat it should be delayed about the shore3 of New York. If fromthe speeches President McKinley is raaking the changes he wrings in on "the flag" were eliminated, they would make about as interesting and connected a story as the dictionary. Canada has decided to send a thousand men to South África to fight Boers in the interest of England. This indicates loyalty of a most practical kind on the part of the Canadians, and is appreciated by tstie mother country. The mayoralty dove sunt out so many times from the republican ark at Detroit appears at last to have found a resting place. The head of Capt. A. E. Stewart being the only one above the troubled waters, the bird has perched there, or is about to do so. The Detroit jury which after hearing the evideuce in the Dean wife murder case could in P5 minutes bring in a verdict of manslaughter, must certainly hold human life very clieap. Twelve years only of the villian Dean"s lite to expíate such a crime as his and then freedom to repeat the offense can by no stretch of the imaginaron be iabeled justice. The war in Sinth África has already had the effect of causing the old üres of hatrecl between the Irishinan aud Euglishman to break out afresh. Talk is indulged to the effect that Irish nieuibeis of parliamêin, who sympathise witla the Boers, sho-tild be tried for high treason, and any Irishman caught in tbe ranks of the Boer armies should be shot. Irisbmen will scareely love Englishuien tnore because of this manifestation of ancient hatred. President Kfuger isquoted as saying that the war will make .South África free or make it the white man's grave. Just what meauing he wishes these words to eonvey may not he olear, but, if he means that the blnck savag s are to be let loose in South África, he will lose ïunch of the syuripathy which he DOW bas. AlthOUgh his povverful enemy d uring the present ceutuiy did not hesitate to use the meroiless American savages as alMes, it is to be hoped that the days of such warfare between white people is pist. The comparison by Londoners of the Boer destructiou of tüe Briush a.mored train with the blowing up of the battleship Maine is fetched. 1. is true that botli vvere blowo im. but there the comparisou stops. Tiie Manie was destroyed while on a friendly visit to the port of a nation with whi A we were at peace. The arniored train in South África was destroy.ed by the forces of a nation with which Britain is at war, and while the train was carrying] artillery to the eneiny of the forces whicli destroyed it. The attempt at comparison sbows how easy it is to distort f acts when it is desired to have circumstauces take on certain appearances. How pleasant ït is for brethren to dweil together in unity. VVitness the unity, harmony and chuminess in the Judson-Moran factions. Horuer Warren refuses to be the republican candidate for mayor of Detroit. He prefers singiftg the Sword of Bunker Hill. VVise man. A big search is being made for a republican candidate for mayor in Detroit. The republican managers might patronize the want columns of the Detroit newspapers. The Transvaal flag is a red, white and blue stripe,with a perpendicular green stripe. The first is suppos-.ri to appeal to the Americans and tin. latter to Irelar.d, from whose sym pathy the Boers expect much. According to reports, man y uit landers will fight under the Boe standard in the South African war while many others will fight unde the English standard. This división of families will be one of the wors features of the conflict, making i almost of the nature of a civil war The railroad commissioner has in stituted a suit against the Wabash railroad to compel it to comply with the law and charge only 2 cents per mile in Michigan. The law requires all roads making a profit of more than $2,000 a mile to charge not more than 2 cents per mile. The last report of the Wabash shows that it comes under this provisión, but the road declines to comply with the law. The suit is to compel observance of it. The commissioner of railroads is on the right track. At last President McKinley, through the state department, has stated there can be no mediation by the United States between England and the Transvaal, inasmuch as nei ther side has intimated that such mediation would be acceptable. The government will confine its attention to the matter of seeing that the rights of the republic and of American citizens there are properly protected. This should put to rest all thosewho have urged our government to put its nose into a matter which is none of its business. It promises to do all it has any right to do, and there it proposes to stop. This is good sense. Now comes James Creelman, of the New York Journal, and says that McLean will be defeated in Ohio by from twenty to twenty-five thousand votes. He also states that the canvass McLean is making will cost him about half a million dollars, and that Mark Hanna will lay over this with a larger sum, so that there will be distributed among the Buckeye voters between now and the ides of November the snug sum of a million dollars, all for legitímate campaign expenses. The law of the state does not permit the expenditure by any candidate, directly or indirectly, of more tban $650. Mr. Creelman says, however. that the defeat of McLean will not be a victory for McKinley, as thousands of votes, which will go to Jones, the independent candidate, will go for liryan next year.