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The Grange And Education

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At the Safcurday session of the Michigan. Political Science Associatie), Vice President Cahill in the chair announcecl that the discussion of 'Prof. Honry E. Bourue's paper, "Method of Oolonial Administra tíon, " would be taken up. Prof. B. M. Thompsoi., of -the law department, made some able remarks on the subject. He thought Prof. Bourne, had over estimated the difficulties of colonial adniinstration. It must be recollected that distance had always been measured by time, lay's journey and not miles. Wheii this was considered, the Philippine Islands were neaver New York toriay thau New Orleans at the time of the Louisiana purchase, or San Francisco when acquired by the United States. The professor had laid great stress on the unhealthfulness of the trópica and that said until medical science advanced white men could not live there and rear healthy children. All civilization iirst had its origin in hot climates. The record of the healthfulness of the American soldiers in the Philippine Islands showeel that from disease the mortality is much less than in the southern states during the ■civil war. What law there was in these islands was the same as in Spain, and what the United States had to contend with was the laws of the last ■century, and the Uiiited States would have the same troiible in governing Cuba. The great trouble the United States woud have to coutend with was the civil service, and preventing officials, af ter they were becoming useful, trom being removed to make place for .some new man who had received his appointment as payment of a political debt. Kenyou L. Butterfield, of Lansing, followed with a paper on "The Signiiicance of the Grange and Farmers' Institute in Agri cultural Educatiou. " Mr. Butterfield showed that he was well posted on his subject. He thought farmers were Inrgely divided .socially from other classes. They were apt to be neglected in all social programs in the city. In the primary ■education there was no special effort to help acquiring information for the benefit of farmers. The agricultural colleges did good work, but farmers were opposed to them because they jsaid the colleges turned out so few farmers. The Grange stood for the organization of farmers' education. 'It was a secret educational society. Bach Grauge was a focal point representing great influence. He spoke ■oí the great advantages of the-Grange and farmers institute movemeuts for the future, and outlined their work. The entire agrionlttcral problem would be solved by the education of the rural populatipn. The discussion of' this paper was "interesting. Prof. B. A. Hinsdale asked the question höwfarthe Grange entered into politics. Formerly the Grange had cut a considerable part in politics. Was an effort made to develop politics or liad that beeu cut off and oxily attention given to agricultura! -werk? Mr. Butterfield answered there was a strong disposition to go in for education on political questions but not in a partisan maaner. In the early days of the Grange they had laid great stress on co-operation in buying and politics. He thought it liad been overdone. Prof. Hinsdale asked if there were 110 political farmers now. Mr. Butterfield replied that as far as he knew, no effort in reeent years had been made t ) l'urther personal politics. They tried, howe.ver, to impress what they thought were important ■questions, uponj the people, but dropped the discussion when taken up by the parties. He admitted that they advocated special views with great vehemence. Prof. Smith, of the Agrieultural college said what Mr. Butterfield had said about the inertness of the farmers had struck Mm. In other states much more interest had been manifestud in Farmers' Institutos than in Michigan, but still they were doing a great work. One reason for this was that the people, in Michigan were great readers and more than 50 per cent. of the people took good agricultural papers. Prof. Markley asked if the questiou of syndicating wheat among the agriculturalists had not been entertained. Mr. Butterfleld said not to any extenf in Michigan although it had been talked oí' by some individuáis and some Grangea. The question was asked if the Grange was not against the unit system of' township schools. It was said they were because the farmers were very suspieious of the system. The claimed it cost more than the present" system and would get into politics. Levi Barbour said he had occasion to visit rural distuicts and he found many among those ho met. who did not have much and did not, want more - no fruit, 110 poultry, nor did they want any. The bareness of life struck him. The farmers of 40 years sigo were brighter. Mr. Butterfleld ■thougiht. ihe best answer to Mr. Barbour was the large circulation of the agricultural paper. Prof. ïaylor called atteution to the State Grange passing a resolntion against good roads, because they were only of iinportauoe for bicyele riders and carriages and of no importauce to farmers. He asked if it had been repealed. Mr. Buttereflld replied that the resolntion had been passed because farmers resented any interference, and it had been pased because the American Wheelmau's Association had been 1 tating the matter. He did not think it was true that the Grange opposed good roads trut the methode to bring the same about. Mr. Barbour said he thought he must explain that he had drawn bis conclusión about farmers' homes from those that he had called upon in the lower walks of life. The last paper of the morning gession was read by1 Harvey J. Hollister, of Grand Rapids, on "Preparation for Banking as a Profession. " It was carefully prepared by a well knowu authority on the subject. He prefaoed his remarks by showing how misjndged Michigan had been in an early date. Congress had, in 1818, appropriated (5,000,000 acres for soldiers' bounties. A commission was sent out to select the lands. They came to Michigan and reported that they coulcl not flnd 1,000 acres of available land. His paper was listened to with much interest.