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Points In Sheep Husbandry

Points In Sheep Husbandry image
Parent Issue
Day
9
Month
January
Year
1880
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Hiivinir lirst deeided wtiat you dcsirc to ariinp]Mi wiili your -heep, select the kind, tTi.it will, l'r.mj the best iiiforniation you possi-is, moat your wants. 11' for ooi alone without regard to matton, I link the testimony is in favor of Merino'.-, flor nnitton, then the long-wools, any of ie viuittioc. Uut il' you to cotiiline tlKi two qualitirs Or proaucing wool nd tuutton, then, by all nieans, take the liddle wools, the Southdowns being forcuiost in the list. Or, what is still l'etur i iny judgmcnt, is to croflí fine wool rv s ith a Lincoln, Cotswold or Leicester ram, nis socuriog a stroiiff, robust aDd hardj' onstitution, with good size and a grade ol wool which the wool speculator will allow you just as rouch per pound for ns thouph it were combing or delaine. I ani well aware tliat it is nn sbsolntr mve-sity to have the pure brecds of all kinds, and, with present iadhsations, it would oltnost neem that the United States would bcfnre long export sheep to Europe for brculuii.' purposes. Already has Japan ordered cargóos of Merinoos, as well as AwWélia anisóme of the countries of South America. There uever was a more promisiin; time for sbeep-breeders than the presenl. Having obtained the ero-s-breeil, then decide wliether you will raist; carly or late lanibs. Il'early, orosa the Cot,swoldMerinos with a pure breed Southdown ram ; lul if i. ir late lanilis, to sell from gatt tD butehers in July or August, or keep for winter feeding, then continue to use a íntiwrái mm Jotswold ram. Never nllow the lanibs to rcmain with ht'ir uiother afler August. I believe that nany ofour slieep-rairers might attribute hi'ir failnrc in nhep husbandry to tliofact of allowiug tlie lanibs to draw l'roiu the wei until the timo to put their flocks into winter quarters, or deliver the lanibs to the 'ceders. WEANING EASILY ACOOMM.ISHED. The method of weaning Inuibs ig simple and easy. Having first secured a good pasturo íbr the lauibs to run in you can tet your flocks to the barn- in the ruornng- and separate the lambs from the ewes, iinmediately taking tbeni to the lot assigned for them, together with a few dry or barren ewes to keep them quiet. Never al luw the lambs to f-uokle the niother after the firrt BcparatioD, as this only retards the weanin? process. Should the ewes have a arge flow of niilk, keep them in the barn so that their bags can be examined and, if necessary, the niilk drawn therefrom. If desirable after two' weeks' separation, the ewes and lambs can be turned into the same lot, without any fear of the lambs attuiupting to Micklc the eweu. I have said ,(hat the lambs should be weaned by the first of Augu.-t, insuming that the lamhs were dropped not Ínter tlian April. Ofcour.se thia rule wnuld not app!y those ewes who delight n raising ;wo crops por ycar, the second erop not appearing until the iniddle of July. All of ;he latter ones should he allowed parental care until put into winter quarters. The raii-ing of late or grass lambs is made more extensively practical than the raising of early lambs, lor the too common reason that it is " less work." Other farmers llave Y.irgé pastures, cut a large amount ot li.iy, fued tlieir mov lanibs rather than cut i erop of rowen, whicb is so es-ential to the suess ot' the feeder of early lambe. Withou: tlie al'teniiath 1 should not attempt to kiKp a nicu fiVek of breeding :wis ; inuke less attenipt to raiso early lainbs for mark et. EA1TKNINH SIIKE1' KOK MAKKKT. I now propose to state the raaaner in wliioli nictet t' our suoc6s4ul fatten tlieir slioep tor market. Ifthey'are spring latnb ut i hem ii.to their pens about the Hrst of November and commelíce with a light leed of corn and Oats, with a little cotton-seed meal mixed. This feed it (ii ven the lirst tliiiii; in the morning ; then a fotíd of giiod early cut hay, h'neor rowen, lbllowed wil li a leed of coarser hay or ütcaff at or gêar noon. The sheep should bé left to thriiis.'lvt's after their last féed. I)o not allow nny one to visit the pena hile the sheep are re-ting between tlieir feeds. There is noihinji that wil! eo niiu-li prevent a sheep f'rom laying on fat a to behold :i .-trange man with a huae buffalo, or woIT or bearekin overcoat upon hini, wülking to and fru in front of their pen. Lei the sheep rert ontij about four p. m., wli -n yiu will fo l ut quietly to the barn, clean Ine raeka of ihe hay or straw, givina; the sh'-ep B tr'idd bed, and t hen feed with grain u " mhroing, following with a aoo.l ti'üi ot' piimo hay or rowen. Shul your barn tip and leavo them for the üifht. Of course the amount of grain should bc increastd as yon advanoe in feeding, until ili y wil] set one quart of half' corn and half'cotton-wed meal esch, M whicli point I hould htt ii);rMuiiuK ilie niuount of grain, Lut iva tlieui a few turnipa every evers day, - il' mmipa are nut at hand then mai gólds, beets or pbtatbes. Good, pure nnrarng water should always s-iblc to the sheep. Do not depend on ri.-UriH, pails or snow. Sbeep need iiood air and not too niany togeiher do welt. I would not have more than twenty-five or thirty in a lot for feeding' Keep them high and dry, even it' tne VKnin 10 iiiiu ...w, - i - ..1 - luw, dauip and close, though warm. In the former case you will not discover any of the disea.ses which sheep are hoir to, "while with tho latter you wil.1 be troubled bcfore ttpring with a large number of pelts without tlm carcasses. What I have said has been applied to the feeding of spring lamba, The same rule will apply to tbc feeding of other shuep. With the tolla w ing suggestioos to govern on, sucqess must surcly attend your effoi ia. 1. Raise your sheop for feeding, if peanHe ; otherwise purebase direct of those who do ra-isc them. lf you have not judgniuut suffieient to buy your sheop, you had better keep out of the business of feeding. 2. Be regular and systematic in your feeding, and raise what corn aod hay you do feed. 3. Sell your sheep as nearly as you can to those who consume them, thereby saving to yoursolf froiu ten to 100 per cent. of tin; profita tbat oiherwiso go to the tuidlomiM] ;md speculators.. L liulieve therc is as large a profit in feediiiL -liccp as in any other stock if a flock is rightly managc-d, end witb itnmensely less labor. I am of the opinión that late feeding is preiefable, tiaving your sheen ready for marlcet the last of April and ürst of May. 1 he markets tor the past lew years have been deddeilly better and then it affords the Peeder au oppottuoity to retain the of woul that hring more from our local wucil tpeeulatorj than tho wbole pelts will brinir in miirket with the wool on. - [ArthurA. Sinitli's paper, rcad at the Country Meeting at üreenfield. Mass.