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What A Deed Conveys

What A Deed Conveys image
Parent Issue
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Tbc followÍDg extraéis iroui in itddrcwj delirered hefore the Matwauhnfietu State Board of Agriculture, by the Ilon. B. 11. Bcnnctt, will be of interest to our landowners : " Of course every one knows it conveys the f'ence on the farm, but all migbt not think it also inolnded ihe fencing stuff, posts, rails, etc., whieh had once been uged in i he felice, bul bv bten takao down.Ad piled up for futuro use ae:iiü in thoFoBie place. But new fenue material, jn-t boueht and never attached to the soil, will not pass. Standing trees also pass as a part of the land ; so do trees blown and cut down, and stil) left in the woodswbere they feil, but not if cut and corded up for sale ; tile wood has become personal property. If thete be any maiiuro in the baTnyard, or in a compost neap in the field, ready for immediate ue, the buver ordinarily tak es that also as bclongiog to the farm, though it niight not be so, if the owner had previously sold it to some other party and had oollected it together in a heap by itself. Growing crops also pass by the deed of a farm, unle-s they are expressly reerved, and when it is intanded to resero those it sbouM be so stated in ihe deed itself' ; a mere oral agreement tn that effect would not be valid in law. Another mode is to stipulate that pomanon is not to be given until souie future day, in which case the crops or manure may be removed before that time. As to the buildings on the farm, though generally mentioned in the derd, it is not aboolinely necesiary they shonld Ik. A deed of land ordinarily car: ios all the buildings on it belonging to the grantor, whether mentioned or not ; and this rule inoludes the lumber and timber of any old building which has bren taken or blown down and been packed away for future use on the farm. But if there be any buildings on tbe farm built by pome third porson, with the farmer's leve, the deod wcruld not ennvey these, since the buildings are personal property, and do not belong to the land-owner to convey. The real owners thoreof miirht move tbem otf, althoiigh the purohaserof the farm supposed he wasbuyine and payinjr for all the buildings on it. His only remedy in such a case would be against ilie party wlling the premisos. As a part of the building? convoyed, of caoise thewindnw blind Tfrinclndcd, even il" they he at the tiine taken ort' and oarried to the painter'o shop to be painted. It woüld lo otherwiso if thoy Lad Keen newly purcliasd and brouüht inro the house, but not vet attaehed or fittcd to it. L'ghtning rods also po with the house if the farmer has any on his house. A furnace in the cellar, hrick or portable, is considered a part of the house, hut an ordinwy stove with a loóse pipe rnnnine into thechiinneyís not, while a range set in brick work ia. Mantelpices so attached tu the cbimney as not to ie removed without marring the plastering go with the house, but, if merely resting nn braokets, they may be taken away by the i'ortner owner wil bout leeal liability. The pumps, siuks. etc, tastuucil to the buildings are a part of it in law. and so are tlie water pipes connected therewith bringiog water from adistant spring. If the farmer has iron kettles set ia brick work near his barn for cookiog food for his stock, or similar uses, the deed of his furin covers them also, as likewne the bell attached tu his barn to cihl his uien todinier. If he indulges in any ornamental Rtafcntes, vases, 6lc. . restin on the ground by tlieir owo wcight merely, and ,-ells lii esfate without reserva tion, these things gowith the land."