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General Garfield's Letter Of Acceptance

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MENTOR, O., July 12.- (Jeneral Garfield has fbrwarded to Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, the following letter of' acceptanco of the nomination tendered him by the republican national convention : Mentok, O., July 10. Dear Sir- On the evening of the 8:h of June last 1 had the honor to receive frotu you i the prusenee of' the couimittce of wliich yuu were chairiuan, the official announeeuicnt tliat the republican national conve.ntion at Chicago liad that day nominatcd íno as their candidate for president ofthe United States. I accept the nomination with gratitude for the confidenoe it implica, and with a deep pense of' the responsibilities it imposes. I cordially endorse the principies set forth in the platforai adopted by the convention. On nearly all the subjects it treats my opinions are on record ainong the published proceedings of eongress. l venture, however, to nientiun souie of the principal topics which are liely to become tiubjects of discussion. Without reviewing the controversies which have been settled during the last 20 years, and with no purpose or wish to revive the passions ofthe late war, it should be said that while the republicana fully recognize and will strenously delend all the rights retained by the people, and all the rights reserved to the states, they reject the pcruicious doctrine of state gapremaoy, wliicli has iong crippled the funetions of tliu mitional governuient, and at one time brought the uoioa very noar to destruction. They insist that the United States is a nation with ampie powers of self preservation, that its constitution and the luws made in pursuanoe thereof are the süpreuie law, that the right of the nation to determine the rnethod by which te own laciniaturo shall ba created canoot be surrenderud without abdicating one of the fundamental powurs ofthe govorniuent, that the national laws relating to the election of representatives in oongress shall not be violated nor evaded, that every elector shall be permitted freely and without intiuiidatiou to cast his lawful vote at such election and have it honestly counted, and that the potoncy of his vote shall not be destroyed by the iraudulent vote of any other person. The best thoughts and energies of our people should be directed to ihose great (juestions of national woll being in which all have a comuion interest. Such eflorts will soonest restore to perfect peace tliose who were lately in arms against each other for justice and good-will will outlast passion. But it is certain that the wounds of the war cannot be completely healed, and the spirit of brotherhood cannot fully pervade the whole country until every citizeu, rich or poor, white or black, is secure in the free and equal enjoyment of every civil and political right guaranteed by the eonslitution and the laws. Wherever the enjoyment of these rights is not assured, discontent will prevail, immigration will cease, and the social and industrial forcea will continue to be disturbed by the migration of laborers and the consequent dimmution of prosperity. The national government should exercise all its constitutional authority to put an end to thee evils, for au the people and all the states are memben of one body, and no membr can suffer without ipjury to all. The most serious evils which now affliot the south arise from the tact that tnere is not such freedom and toleration of political opinión and aotion that the minority of the party can exercise an effective and whole some restraint upon the party in power. Without such restraint party rule becomes tyrannical and corrupt. The prosperity which is made possible in the south by its advantages of soil and climate will never be realized until every voter can freely and safely support any party he chooses. Next in importancc to freedom and justiee is popular education, without which neither freedom nor justice can be permanently iv ' "¦" ,Ito ¦'"¦!" - ïuuusted to the states an to the voluntary action of the people. Whatever help the nation canjustly afford should be generously given to aid the states in supporting common schools. But it would be unjust to our people and dangerous to our institutions to apply any portion of the revenues of the nation or of the states to support of sectarian schools. The separation of the church and the state in everything relatiue to taxation should be absolute. On the subject oi national hnances uiy views have been so frequently and fully expressed that little is needed in the way of additional statement. The public debt is oow so well secured, and the rate of annual interest has been so reduced by relünding that rigid oconomy in expenditures and the laithful application of our surplus revenues to the payuient of the principal of the debt, will gradually but certuinly iree the people from its burdens and close with honor the financial chapter of the war. At the same time the governmont can provide for all its ordinary expenditures aud discharge its f-acied obligatious to the soldier of the Union and to the widows and orphans of t Ihim' who feil in its defense. The reaumption of Hpecie paymonts, which the republican party so courageously and successfully accomplished, has removed from the field of controversy many ques tions that long and seriously disturbed the credit of the govornment and the talmen of the country. Üur paper curreucy is aow as national as the flag, and resuniption has not only made it everywhero uqual to coin, but has brought iuto uso our store of gold aud silver. The circulating medium id inore abundant than ever before, and we necd only to maintain the quality of all our dollars to insure to labor and capital a moasure of valué from the use of which no one cnn suifer loss. The great prosperity which the oouutry is now enjoying should nut be endangered by any violent chimbes or doubtful financial experimenta. In reference to our customs laws a ])olicy shou'd be pursued which will bring rovenue lo the treasury and will enable the labor and capital employed in our great industries to compete fairly in our own markets with the labor and capital of foreign producers. We legislalc for tbe pcople of' tho United States, not for the whole world, and it is our glory that the American aborer ia more intelligent and bctler paid tban his foreign competitor. Our couutry canuot be independent unless its pcople, with their abundant natural reaouroes, posetts the requisite skill at any time to clothe arm and equip themselves lor war, and in time of peace to produce all the necessary implcnieiits of labor. It was the manii'ott intention of the (bunders of the govuruuient to provide for the commou dülouse, pot by standing aruiies alone, but by raisiiitf among the people a greater army of' animalis, whose intellgence and skill should puwcifully contribute to the safety and glory of the nation. Foitunatcly for the interests of commerce there is no longer any formidable opposition to appropriations for the improveiuent of our harbors and great naviguble rivers, provided that the expenditures for that purpose are strictly limited to works oí' uational importuno. The MisÓMippi rivur, with ita great tributarles, is of ii. li vital importance to so many itiillions of people that the safety of its gation requires sxoeptiunal onsideration. In order to seouM to the uation the control of' all its waterM, ['resident Jcfferson dcíotiated the purchaso oi' a vast territoiy, extendinu froui the gulf' of' Mexico to the Pacific oocan. The wisdom of' congress should bc invoked to deviso soine plau by which that great river .-hall cease to be a terror to those who dweil upon its bauks, and by which its shipping may safely catry the industrial products of 25,000,000 of people. The interests of agricultura, which is the basis of all our material prosperity, and in which seven-twelfths of our popuia tiou are engaged, as woll as the intcrestsof' manufacturen and comaierce, deinand that the facilities for cheap trai'sporlation sliall be inercased by the use of ail our great water courses. The material interests of this country, the traditions of' its 9ettleincnt, und the sontiments of our people, have led the goveruuient to otter the widest hospitality to iiumigrutfl who seek our shores tor ncwand happier homes, williug to share the burdeus as well as the benefits of our society, and intending that their postcrity shall become an undistmguishablo part of our populatiou. The recent movenieut of the Chinese to our i'acitic coast partakes but little of the qualities of such an immigration, either in its culposos or its result. It is too ïuuch like an importation to be welcomed without restriction, too much like an invasión to be lookcd upon without solicitude. We eaunot consent to allow auy forui of servile labor to be introdueed ainoug us uuder the guise oí' inimigration. Recognizing ihe gravity of this subject the present adniinistration, supported by oougress, has sent to China acommissionofdistinguished eitizeus for tbc pui pose of' securing such a modification of the existing treaty as will prevent the evils likely to arise trom the present situation. It isconhdently believed that those diplomatic negotiations will be successful without the loss of commercial intercourse between the two powers, wlüch prooiisea a great iuciease of' rcci])iocal tiade and the enlargemeut of' our markets. Should these efforU l'ail, it will be the duty of' cougress to mitígate the cvils already feit, and pre vent their increase by such tvstnetions as, without violence or iujustice, will place upon a sure foundatiou the peaco of' our üouimuniliüs and the freedom and dignity of labor. The appointmeut of citizens to the various executive and judicial offices of' the government is perhaps the most difficult of all the duties which the coustitution lias jmposed upon the executive. The custatttion wisely demands that congress nhall eooperate with the executive departmeuti. In placing the civil service on a better basis, experience has proved that, with our frequent changesof administration, no system of' refornl eau be made effectiye and permanent without the aid of' legislation. Appointmenta to the military and naval service are so regulated by law and custom as to loave but little grouud of coiuplaint. It may not be wise to make similar regulations by law for the civil service, but, without invading the authority or necessary discretion of the executive, congress should devise a method that will determine the tenure of office and greatly reduce the uncertainty which makes that service so uusatisfaotory. Without depriving any officer of his rights as a citizen, the government should requirc hini to discharge all his official duties with intclligence, efficiency and faithfulness. To select wisely froin our vast population those who are best fitted for the niany offices to be filled requires an acquaintancc far beyond the range of any one man. The exocutive should, therefore, seek and receive the infbrmation and assistanee of those whose kuowledge of the communities in whioh the duties are to be performed best qualifies them to aid in making the wisest choice. The doctrines annountsed by the Chicago convention are not the temporary devices of' a party to attract votes and earry an election. They are delibérate eonvictions, resulting f'rom a eareful study of the spirit of our institutions, the events of' our his tory, and the best impulses of our people. In my judgment these principies should control the lcgislatioo and administration of ¦ ¦"¦¦nmimnnt Tn anv livrnf. thc.v will guide my conduct undl experience jtoints out a better wuy. If elected, it will be my purpose to enforce strict obodience to the eonstitution and the laws, and to proinote, as best I may, the interest and honor of the whole country, relying for support upon the wisdom of congress, the intelligence and patriotisin of the people, and the favor of God. With great respect I am Vi'ry trnly yours. JO the IIou. George V. Hoar, Chuirmnn ol C'ommlttee.