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A Southern Judge

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The following article, (aken f'rom the New York Tribune, expresses our views better than we can do it ourselves, and we recotumend t as good reading for a few papers in Michigan that have objeoted to Judge Wood because he wag bom in Ohio : A vacancy upon the supreme bench of ibe United States has just occurred by the retireinent of Justice StroDg, and one or iwo more are Iikely to happen within a few wöeks. A vory proper suggestion made o the southern newspapers that one of these vacanoies fehould be filled ironi the south, has been acted upon by the president. The states lying south of the Potoiuac and the Oliio have now but a single representativo in tlie tribunal of last resort - Judge llarian, of Kentucky, whose residence at Louisville identifies hini alinost as niuch with the north as the south. A judge, faniilar with the social condilion, local newp, and business interests of the section of the Union lately in rebellion will be a valuablo acquisition to the supreme bench. People in the north will readily concedo that the claim which comes from the south is just, and should be heeded by the sonate as it has been by the president. But when names of available appointees are canvassed it is not agreeable for theni to hear objections urged against certain emineut juri.-ts on the ground that they were not bom in the south, although they have long resided in that section and are thoroughly conversant with its affairs. ,)utice Field was not born in California, but no one complained when he was appointed that he was not a proper repreeentative of the Pacific coast. Justice Miller is not a native of Iowa, but he is none the less accounted an Iowa man. Wliy Hhould it be insisted that southern birth is essential to entitle a judge to accentance as a southern man. fake, for instance, the caee of Judge Woods, of Alabama, who has been nominated by the president for Justice Strong's place. He has been for a long time on the United States circuit court, aud his promotion to the supreme bench was very naturally suggested when the last vacancy was nlleii. He has lived hltoen years at the south, pot counting the four years be spint thero in the Union arruy. But he was boro in Ohio, and the southern newspapers insist that he is not a southern man. We would like to ask a plain question. Is not their real objection to him and others of his class the fact that their are republicans? After holding court f'or many years in a circuit embracing ix states, it is fair to presume that Judge Wood knows more about soutliern tuatters than either of the judgcs of mere local cxperience who were urged by the southern papers.' His ability is not disputod. Why, then, was there such a general opposition to bis appointment ? Is it not becauso the Bourbon demócrata who control the organs of public opinión in the south hoped to tret a man on the supreme benen who would represent southern tneones or governmont? - because they knew that, while Judge Woods, through his whole life at the north, was a vehement and leading democrat, yet their rebellion uiade liiui first a war democrat, tuen a soldier, and thcn, through the natural gato, a republioan? Do they not want a judge who will reassert the old b&esy of state rights, hold that the clection laws afe unconstitutioual, and hint at grave doubts about the validity of the XlIIth, XIV th and XVth amendïnent.s ? If they do, they are likely to be disappointed. We trust that the president will select no one for the prospective vacancies belonging to the old school of southern jurista. They are all tinotured with state supremacy notiona. The new men put upon the bench suould be strongly identified with the principies of nationality and equal rights, which are the priceless fruits of a twenty years' struggle. We want no judgea whose faces are turned toward the past and who are fumbling in the ashes of constitutional theories that were burned in the fierce flame of battlo. The prStidenl has done well, and we hope to see liitn continue to the end.


Ann Arbor Courier
Old News