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A Short History Of Wheat

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'l'liu varioties of wheal an: niiiui tod their characters vary widcly under the influoncc ut'cuhivaiion and olimate. There are said tobt W áUtioct wietMa in the uu ut Corsêl univrity. On the ilopM gf tliu nniiiiKaiiiK ut' Mexico aud Xalpa the luxuriance of vcgetation in sucli that wheat does not f'urin ears. In Japan, it ii said. the whcat ha? been no developeü by the JaiMHMM (mm that no matter how uiuch manare i" used the straw wil! not grow bwger, thougb the Icnjrth of the lirijjlit nrcly more than twn fVi-t and often uot more than 20 molm. Throu-li lection. wiolr whcat has been i-htDK' n'at intbree year-, aml tniramer wheat oonverted in the -ame time tO wintrr wheat In general, wheat ii naai MteraMd of üm coroal productions, bu( in AbVBBBM, aooordioc to ParkyiiH, the floor of the " tuft " or "dufrasí," seareely patatable to EoTOpeast, 1preferreil hy the MtivM to any othergrain. was MjppuMid to bave iulfoduced wheat toto ÏSgjpt, Detnctcr into Öreece :ind the Kinporor l'hin-Wong into China, about 3, (KW b. c. In Europc it was culti vated before the period of histury, as samples have been recovered l'roui the laeustrine dwellinK" f Swiuerland. In England it was probably not by the aiuiint BritonH, but the Anftlo Saxons, when Bede wrote, early iu the eighth ceutury, iowed their wheat in the spring, and in the das of QbM Elizabeth its cultivation was but part in!. Indeed, wheat was an article of comparativo luxiiry till nearly the scventcenth century. In India wheat seeras not to be native, but introdiicers of its Sansoript name Rgnilies "food fur the barbarían;" yet three varieties are mentioned in the Bhavaprakasa, one of whk-h, a largo grained, is said to have come trom the west, and another, a sruall grained, or beardless wheat, is said to have been indigenous to middle India. The first wheat raised iu the " New World " was Down by Spaniards on the Ifland of Isabella in January, ) J-J t, and on March 30 the ears were gathered. The foundation of the wheat hearvest of Mexico ia said to have been ihree or four grains carefully cultivated in 1530, and preserved by a slave of Cortez. The erop of Quito was ra9cd by a Franciscan inonk in front of the convent. Garoilasso de la Verga affirms that in Peru, np to 1547, wheaten bread had not been gold at Cusco. Wheat was fir t sown by Goanold on Cuttyhunk,one oftheElizabeth Islandsin Buz.ard'n Bay.otf Massachusetts, in 1602, when he first explored the coast. In 1604, on the island of St. Ctoix, near ('alias. Me., the Sieur de Monts had some whcat sown, which flourished finely. In lfll the ürst wheat atpears to have been sown in Virgioia. In 1626 samples of wheat grown in the Dutch Colony at New Ncthr rlamU were showu in Holland. It is probable that wheat was sown in the l'lymouth Colony prior to 1629, though we find no record of it, and in 1629 wheat was ordered from England to be used as eeed. In 1718 wheat was introdueed in the vallfy of tho Mississippi by the " Western Company." In 1790 U wan among the oultivated crops of Simos lndians of the (íila Kiver, New Mi


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