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Some Facts About Peanuts

Some Facts About Peanuts image
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If, as sonio peoplc beliove, África sent a curse to America in slavcry, shc cei tainly conferretl :i bles?ing in the uni versaily popular peanut which grow:, so well throughout the soutlicrn re gions tbat we shall soon be able to cul OU" thcir now largo importation altogcthcr. In Virginia tbcy aro callee! "peanuts;" in Nortli Carolina, "ground peas;" in South Carolina, Georgia and Mississippi, "pinders;" iti Alabamn, " ground-uuts" and in Tcnnessee, "goobers." The preparation of peauuta for the market is an interesting opcralion. They areflrstput in an immense cylinder, trom whlch they enter the brushei where eaeh nut receives lifteen or , sixtcen fect of brnshing before it beeomes free. After this cleansicg proess the mits drop on an endless jelt, which rovolves very slowly. On ' (ach side of the belt is a row of girls - black, white, tan-colored and crushnd strawoerry, somo oi tiicm- whoso dut it is to separate the poor duIs irom th good ones. ïhoso of the nuts that "pass" go on to tho next room, whero moregirl avait their arrival and put them in bag whieh, when filled, are sewed up anc brandecl as "coeks," witb the figure o a rooster promiLcnt on each sack These are tho "No. 1" peanuts. The poorer nuis, which were separated by tho girls at the endless belt, are all picked ober again; the bost are singled out andbianded, after bcing put in tho sack, as "ships." The "ships" are not so large nor so fino in appearance as tho "cocks," but are justas good for eatinor. The third grade of nuts is known as "eagles," and thecullings tliat aro loft from the "eagles" are bagged and sent to a building where the little tuoat that is in theni is extracted by a patent sheller. This "meat" - for by this name it is known to the dealers - is put up, clean and nice, in 200-pound bags and shipped for the use of confcctioners and manufacturera of peanut candv. Thero is also an oil made from somo of the nuts, and in this specialty, I am lold, a largo trade is done by wliolesale druggists. Of the pcauuts there isnothing wasted, for even the she]ls are made useful, being put in immense Backs and sold to lirery men for horse bedding, and a very comfortable, healthful bed they niakc. I see by one of the Atlanta papers that a mili is to bc built for the manufacture of peanut ftour, which it is sak makes most excellent biscuit. ín parts of Georgia I hare eaten pastry made iLuui peamu nom ana ie was excellent resembling cocoauut, in taste soniewhai although mnch moro oily and sweet. The kernels of the peanuts aro groune botween ordinary milistones and the flooria "bolted" or sifted through wire sieves in order that all the coarse, sharp pieces and theleather-üke skins may be removed. The refuse- if it may bé so called--makes excellent food for pigs. The eultivation of the pcanut will, before long, be one of the iadustrics of the south, and bidsfair, in time, lo rival cotton growing as an occupation, the proiits to each aere of land beingabout tlie same, and peanuts are muoh easier to ctow than cotton, requiring let-s care and atteiitiün. There is one objeetion, however, to peanut flour as i stead.y diet. iLissaid to bc very injurious to the loeth, causing them first to turn j-cllow and then deciij".


Ann Arbor Courier
Old News