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Schurz Answered

Schurz Answered image
Parent Issue
Day
15
Month
October
Year
1884
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

On the evfning of October 7tb, the Hon. lase Marston, ex culef justice of the „reme court of Michigan, dellvered a nias;.r!y speech tn reply to the afaok of Cari Ztosz ou Mr. Blaine in regard to the Mulll.„letters. From it the followiug extraets rjioade: LíDIES and Gentlemen- It has not been .. privilege or good fortune to sttemp'. , make a politica! speech In the st tn yoars. I do not wish to be un(erstood that durins that time I had enhrlv losr. all Interest iu politics or that I ha paid no a tention to tbe political taues of the Duiin thtlt tlnie l Li lit.ned and formed opinlons, althoueb expteedthem not ilL public, and upon „ oí th quest.ons of The day I had made u„ roy miud irom tha Information tb! I ,L„ „b-aineJ. Years ago eome quessions ,hit are asitaün? the peopla at $ present day wera brougUt forward yd discns-ed, mt only In conRress joi spread broadcnst among the p"ople, who read for thoinselTes and citne to conciusions tien-on. I had then read what wore known Btbe Vlulliean letter.;, and had come to a conclusión. I supposed that questlon was eniirtlv settled aud that the author of those lettt-rs had b en Tiudlcatd by re-etectiou alter re-election, by placing him in posttions of nonor4nd political trust, and finding him true In eaoh andevery instance. Of late days the same queetion has been raised agaiu. I reaiember wben about 20 5Pars of age reading tbe spaeces of one who then deligbted me and wa one oí my early political educacors. Buta few short weeks ago be commenctd raaking speeches upon thls questioo, discussing tbese letters, and drawiDgfrom them oonolusions difïereat from bat I had drawn many years Sfto; and reBjerubering tbe pleaAire with w.hieh I had toad his speeches on those occasions, I coacliidcd iigain o review wbat hb bad to sav agiin to read the argument? he had mude Bi,d ihe evidnuce tliat he produce!, so tbat I mfght hocestfly and conscteiitiou-ly co.me 0 a. corree', conclusión, and if I had erred t%tbe conclu-ion that 1 prevlously arrired ut I luigbt reviso it, and at least voie i'elli en'ly. , , I coiisdr it the autv of every cltizen to linform v.mwell upon the polit'cal issuos of itfje d-v, to oaBí hi vote for ne of the two grrat pui ties, atid thus perform his duty. It is c waidjy fot him to reniain a'. home, and I decline to do it, ani it is equaily cowardlv for one to throir his vote Bwy by voting "for a third party, of whom there ís no; the slightest pofibtllty of elecion. [Applause ] I tberefore procured tho argument of tbe Hon. .Mr. ScHnrz ttiat he hud mde in tbis city. and 1 r-ad carefully. I eonfess to vuu t' at tne first timo I read it over it wjs nith af touishmeLt, a;ul I returued and rer.cïit with arnazenient as to the conclu.-ions wliich he had drawn from the (vid-' ce which ho protluced, aud I a=k }-nur ctndid uitent on to-uieJit wbilf I direct vour ittnfon to tbat argument. And that I aiay n iqu te tljo honorable eu SemapJ wtll Ine i]yso'f ciosely ro the iauguace wh'ch te then used, aithou?h In so ciolng; l raay not te quite so inten-sting as I would like to tie on an iccaeion ut this kin-1. I a-k your csre ful utteiition v.trle I presonr. ths facts end chaiges to you nnd ttiea show the evidence rjpon wh ch i is baserl. I do üot wfsh to do it in sny caviling and tcchni'-al spins. I ¦ wish to ii.8i't the ques'ion in the fullst and broade-t estfnf, nm ooly the ebaree tint he mud", but from the evidence and all the evidfüice I have bet-n b'e t c-b'ain, to shoT Tou th it James lx. Blaine ttaDds pure before the Amer can people. THE CHARGES SERIATIM. A general cliarge is made by Mr. Schurz: First, that Mr. Blaine belongs to thst elass o( po ïticians who represent the principie in publie life that aft touch must be made as can be made. You will see that this isa very broad, general aud comprehenslve charge; but he (ollows it with tbis more specific statement, that in 1870 rumors- nark the la"(;uaïr, rumors- ares: of the Union Pacific ratlroad coinpony havine purcliased a lot of LitUe Rocls & Fort Smith bonds, paying 5(54,000 - thiref r, aud that tin c bonds vfiei sold u-ere worth i$15.fl'J0 to $20,000 Secondly, it was rftmorïd !hnt these f'oi:ds ware b .vili from II . lila:ne, ami tbat the t64,000 pas-ed imo ¦ ji;di. Tbird, that su h sum uairl was ta't'j erger thau the markt t vahw of the bond-, and it uolit be fctiuposert ilr. Bbüue hd done snnie kind of favor to the Union Pacific railroad c mpany. Tn these r.umors thcspeikfr then gives a more defimt deiigBailoo Fftyisg that those accnsaMrns 'e1 fo seriuus tha'. on Apri1 24, 1S76, Mr. nearose i. his seat andsaw, first, the i ry of $M WK) wus nnt true; condlv the riwnereh p of Llttlo IttcK ronds ent;rely hinnless, because t'Uit riilroad company na) ahfio'iitelv toibing to do ith the jt'ivernmei t and eongre-s nud, thirdly, that te had puid lull inarket pice fo'r the Li tle Rock bonds, like ar.ybody else. ihese are the ttire suecific chai-ge hicli Mr. Schurz u derto'.k ti prove by Mr. Bi int's words and pen to b? uutru ; nd I suppo.'e tt e one 1 first stated U a so to akm iu'o coiiíidí-ranon, as thatseems fo Cmprehend the ho!e, nanielv, thut, Mr. BI me uel n gs to tfeat class of pollticians Who behi-ve tli-it In pu' Uc Ufe as n,uch must be ni as can te made. After ue had thus mide his sp-ciflc cliargpp, afier he had sMtd tl.at he was gol'.ig to prove the truth tbereof.from thop-n aad'i'e lips of Jame G. B aloe- conscious ' it s?enis to ine, of tbe face that the evideiii e wblch he was nbout, to produce would 001 -ustnin the cbarges- aw ulihoueb upnn that occasion he Lad on auiiei.ee (.f citizons "fl -itifing to this city, compised largeiy as llh.ive a riíht, toprp.sume, of tbe Democratie fpvtv, au audeno! In eo wav favorble to Mr. Blalfce, ver, not atlsfied with the prejudice" ezisUng jiamst him, he atieni'pied t créate and lrge that preju-Uce aod erabitter It, so tbat he miEit mak. a btill dwper impresión by ; nP evidence that he would nrsduce For Uil purpow he rec-ited the fier that'whcn there anl baic. d of biuj to let bim h.TO lbose J. tters, went down upou his kne.,, and l„tle 'ameí húwlf. and his cWhiren Mod that f.ey be given to hiní; and y. t hen he that recital be know as weli lllA Ch0Uld know' that' so far as any ilcl ih?he provei1 to bountrue, tse r,f on tf r SMda% t0 whn Mr. Blaine ned bt evidence. [Cirat applaus I Mul Igan bimseif us Me th t tiJlau 'M S; B'-'no had repea ed the Z'l W 'a,e. On one of those occasions.fort.uu&telv Pisuer and „tiiers were present and taev tesbè , i" f lalne U3ed no 6uch auaae tn we htHriut; upon that occasion, and Blaine uims ii i.enii'J havit.g made use of atiy such hcp,as;e Yet, the hon, rabie speaker takes u,liEau's story, and tbrows aside all other vmo ce in the case, for the verv puroosa of Prejudicin bis h arers. Not oniy ttin't, but ia avs tie tilegraph flashed across the oountr. the mannr in which Mr. Blaiue nad obtained these letters, and Blaine nowlng tbat it would be political death to J' theu came befors the house and proTHE FACTS STATBD. An4 again, my friends, what are the facts 'a reference to that matter! Thy are that Blalne had been endeavoring in vain to get tbe sub-coniinlttee of congress. compofed of two Democrats irorn tbe Soutb, men wbo bad boen ia tbe rehel rmy, and one mau from the North, bad In vain been urging them tobar tbe evidence which properly belonged to the matter uuder Investigaron, make a report, and 6pread it beforu the people. But delay after del.iy eccurred. Tbe conventton for ttie purpose of nominating the presidential candidato was wan to He beid, ai d these leners were beid back and eiïoHs were umde 10 reUin thora; auë Mr. Blaiue, afi-r UM112 every elTr.rt in Uis power to trtit tbe matter prcsented and to keep irrelevant matter froni the conmiitteo, obtaii e ' tbe letters, and like ati boioraule rnan, consclous that tbere wus nothing in thfui that he reed be afraid to have go befnre tbe American peoplo, at, onte appeared io the halls oí congres, arose aud, holding the lettera alo't, spread eonstematlou among lus eemies tiy readlng them to ' tbe American peopf [Tremtndous cbeers.] He kept back not a single ecra ca he bad reueivod. Every srticle and every letter that he had receh'ed on that occisión was remt and preseited to tne Amrrtcao people, and yet these facts werc; not stated ty tbe bouorible gentleman witb the fraukness aud candor that tht-y tu have boiin. I now cali your attention to the two letters of June and Juli and reaii from ene of tben). I Kill doc read t-11 of lt, but will otnit uu part that has a bearitig npon the bonorable geutlftnan's argument. This is tbe letter of June2'J, 1SC9: "Yonr offer to aimit me to a pnrtici pation in the neW raiiroad euterprise s in every respect as genereus ns I coul ' xpeut or desire. 1 rhautt you very rluceralj lor it; nd in this couneciioa I wisli to makea BUffaftion of a somewhav s-ifIsh charade. Il is this: You peal; of Mr Calowell s offer to dispose of íi sha of nis interest to mo. If he really óesir a to do g', 1 wish he would mak the prop sition aeflolte. l'erhaps if iie wuits until he ful] öeveloptnent of ttao enterprise, he nisy grow re'ucant to part wirh his sbare; ond 1 do noi by tbis m-an any distrust of liim. Idonotffel that I shnll pro n deadhea.l in the enterpnse if I once embirk ia it. I see variouschannels in wbiuli I knovv I can be use'ul " Aud tnen, in the letter of July 2. 1SG9, he By: , 'My PEia Fishkr- You ask me if I am satisfied with the oft'er you tnake me f a sharo in 3'our uew raiiroad enterpri-ïe. Of course I am more than fiatisttfi'i itti the terms of your offrr. I thinK it a most liberal proposition. f I liesitatw at all lt is from cunsileation9 in no way co'-nected with the coaractar of the offer. Your liberal n:ode of dealin vvlth all our business trans -- tions of tlie past eiRiityears hásDQtpassfcd w hoiit my full appreciarión What I wrote you .,n tbe 2í)th wa intended to hnnp Caldwll to a deflnite iiroposition. TLat was afl." Now. Mr. Sehtirz pointe out who theee two men Fisher and Calowell were, andhe poiots out tlao fcr also that Mr. Blmna was tp -aker oi the house of representa ive?, and shows tbe oxaled position be ttius occupied, second oulv in the g.iwrnment, and tlie puwers and position of the siwaker. He then states tbat tbo r-peaker was corresonding with these men to control a raiiroad euterpn.se, lani yrAit ruad, thinking them for the offers that tüey bad made bim. ihat ho asktd for morp, mi tnat he would not prove a tíeadbead. buc would make himsei' uael'nl. Mr. Schurz then rea-1 tw? letters oí Oct. 4, which I win not. take your time to read at pr. sent, but simply refer to them. These letters cali at'entior. to his ruliogs wblle f-peake.r. Mr. Schurz 2sserti tbat they were writ en as an ioducement for Mr. CaMwell and Fiaber to let uim (Biaine) lmve the Interest iu tb railroad he deired. You will bear in min I tbrougbout that this ia tho polnt of the entirc arumeut, tbac Blaiue wascirrup'ly using his position and influence as ptaker, and ln-ld out inducemeuts s to wbat hu could do as sucu for tbe purpose of gettins-this intere6t. ïhe only evidetee tha'. is produeed for tho purpos: of mainfaining these caarges Is the four letter to which I have callea your aitention. Ttaero is no admisêioa in;ide by Mr. Bliine out-ide of then), none of his speecbe-i are clei tlia' Ijeinadtí for tbe purpose of maintaining this ofiarg-i'. Trere ís a contract refsrïed Lo tftf the honorable speaker, but hë did nor. i'ead it. I vill at a later perii d of my address read it, so you ui.iy lor wbat is in if. He also ojakes assertion of tiie fact that this is a land-granc raiiroad; aud to tbat qui-stiOQ as to tue latul-grant road aud the cüar:ict;-r of it, I sball haveocc?.yÍGU to rrf-r. In oider tbat we may oouiino ourseives closely to tin' arstimerit, I agin. i'i a somewbat different Tin, i all atten'io;i specitic charts: first. time Mr. BUine hai old I64.00U of Litt'e Koek bond-: t thi Uuion Paciflj raiiroad corapi"y for more than tho maiket va ui', and musí, then f ore, at the same time have doue tbat companv & sDecia! favor therefor; s condlv, that hH ovvnersbip oC the Little Rotks wís ha.rml-ss, as congress bad notbing to do wiih that Ci'mpany; tliirdly, that he luid pi I ful! morket valúe lor tlie bonds; ard, fourtbly, that Blaine's principies as a polit'ician are that a politician is to mnkeall hu eau. THE CHARGES NOT SCSTAINED. Now, I cal your attentlon candidly to the fact tbat none ot these letters sustain any of the propositions that be has hera s'ated, unless it raay be the second, in veference to the fact that congress ba 1 notbiutC to do with ttii-i raiiroad company. Tbe first, third and four'h propositioiis these letters have no beiring upon, and in no waj' tend to sustain; nnd in O'der tbat you may foilow more closely aad aseertaln what tney do tend to eupyor', I cali jTour nttention to wha'. tbe etters prove, ff auythmï. Tbey show, fli-s, that Fisher bad oílered to artmit Bl-iine to a participa'ion iu the neïv raiiroad nterpnse, and tbat Mr. BUine considered ibe offer as generous 03 he ei uld rxpect or deeire. Secondly, that Fisher had spoken of Mr. Caldwell also oilenuí to dUposo of a share f t'ii interest to Mr. Blaiué. Thirdh, Wiat if Mr. C'aidw 11 veally d sired to sell an interest, he should mk' a detinna proposition, so Mr. Biaine could know what to deper'.d upon. Ano i'ou'-íbly, if Mr. BlaiDe conelu ed to embark iu tbe entt rpri-e be would not prove a deadhpad, as besaw vari us otnnnels ii) whif.h be kuewbecouid make bimself ui-elu!. Thl?, I say, is tbe fair ti-ndeuoy of the letters, and itwill be seen that ttey do tiot re'er to Unisn Pacific bnds or a sale of bonds to the Union FuCiric company at 11. [Appliuse.] Tbey do not refer to Little'Kofk b ud, orto bond= of any kind. Ihey do not r íer to a salí or grt of bonds or iicuritiei if any Kind, and certainiy di not tiudtoshow that Mr. Blait e had confi rred any favors upon 'he Union Pacilic raiiroad cump.iny, or vfaat auch company was under any obligations to bim whatever. THE LETTERS ANALTZED. I desire you to follow me closely while I analvze theso letters, beeause you wil! see, when I come to tbat part upon which Mr. Schurz relies as sustaiuing a portion of hls argument, that be has entirely miscouceived tbe language used aud nttempted to apply it to a foreign niatt-r, direciy oontrary to tbe letters themselves aud tho obect and intunt ol tne writer thereot. [App ause.] What, tbon. was the oil'er ma '.e by Fisber or Cldwell to Mr. Blaine? 1 have shovn you what it was not. Listen t me while I suow you vtlial lt was. It was, quoting from tbe letter, "a panicipation in the now raiiroad euttrprise." That is the lioguage. My friend says Caldwoll and FUner were eniiaged in tLe euterprise of building tbat road. The letter again sayp, ''You sooke of Caldwell's olïer to dispose of a share sf his interest to me." Mr. Blaiue, wheu in cougress, in clear and explicit tt-rnis, stated ihat the offer was to peil him an iuttrest in the road bii, in tho construction of the road, so that he mlght share with tbose two men In tl'6 building aud conetruction of it. You have not only Mr Blalue'6 statement in confiesa; you have from Mr. Schufltfs statemei t.'you have from tbe letters tWnseives the fact tbat the euterprise tbm liew.s asked to share in was an eutorprite of building the road, and had no refeivnee to bond or tbe tale of bonds at all. [Applause.] These lettere show toat Mr. Bluine was enurely satislied with the ofTe,r that was made him, that he consldered it generous, and that, in calling atientionto the offer inade by Caldwell, he was mereiy desirous of kuowing what the share was, aud the purpöse, expressed In tbe letter iteelf, was tbat be mlgbt know just what he could depend upon. Let me Ilústrate. Any inan of you hore to-nigut deireB, ii you pleaBe, to purebase lot whereon to build a reMdence; yOU have twoormoreln view, &nd vou areïalS with two orthree different 'm,.o Vu, orf wbo has restad in ttta city for a few rconths ftBdthlnkofpurohalng a lot wbereoi he roay erect a bous?, if ifbecoiws known ai eau tisttfy, he nül havo a aozen men Ver him .very dav to geil. You tben 7nt.r into netotiations with gome man and he makes you an oflvrnot entirely wtlsfaotory, "you pisase; a. d while you are uegotia ing n that subject auother approaehos you In re,, y to the secood ycu state fraAly: ¦Whether I can purchaje frorn you o Í ncertaln, beeause I havo been offered a lot by nr.o t pam : wUilethat is pendlne nntUj nscertan, whether 1 get It or not 1 caunot r.ve yon deimire answer and I wtah to know trom this flrst maa what ue iB goi t do defluiteJy, so that I may know wtmt arransre.m.nts to make So In this matter, my friendï, Mr. Blaine, wben hc was belng uried to take au interest iu eertalïï 0 her matter?, knowlnu if he purrlused interest from CaldfcoU, to assist in building the road, t.liat ho would hare to ïuvest money in it, until he had a definite proposition from Mr. Caldwell be could not say whetber the means he had on hand could be Uaed for wbat Kisber d-sired or not. And 1 nave airead; smted it is cleirly estblistied that it was an interest in the enternrisa tlut was being oiïered him. When 1 have etated what the offer made was, and that it did not refer to bo-ds you have a uey to wbat follows ia the same letter. You have the key to the lauRuaiie, "1 do not thiuk tbat l'shall prove a dead-headin the emerprise if I once should embark In it I seo various cbannels la -which I knojï I can be useful." Wb does it mean? The=etwo men, Caldwell aud Ftehar.!hd underaUen t0 build that road. They had offered to Mr. Blaine. an interest in t;tat entserprlse fo that he mieht cume lo aoil assi-t them. He replied to theru m the letter roferred to: "If I do engage witn you In tbat e.terpi-ise, the building of tlio roai), 1 know I shall not prove a deadbeaa m it. I see various cbannels in whleu I can make myself osoful." Aly fne-.id Schurz says this meaus that ha would corrupt ly influeüce legislation In violati"n of his conetitutional oatb, to ussist these men, and that no other answer Is possiblr; and yet what was the fnct? Tiiey were about to eogage ia the bmldins of that road. Mr. Blaine says that he knou-8 he would uot be a dead-head iL he enaae with them. And what does he What is be to do? Does be metí tbat he thould go and with his owr. hands shovel gravel, that he shall lay the lies or the rails or drive the spikes? Does ie not mean that, llko otbers, when he eDgaes in an euterprhe of tbat kind there would be uo.'ids to negotiate, moneys to raise, stock subcriptioos to colleot, seourities to neirotiüt-. tue siuews necssary to ca'y on anii construct the road, and that in this dir ction he bonorably and legitiraately eau make himself usefui? [AppiaUfe. ] Iïtre sits a man to night, Gen.AIger, whobutafew months ao undertook to construc. a raiiroad froru a point a fow milos north of Bay City uptovtard Alpona. I ask you, did ke prove adeadneal in that eaterprise? 1 ask you, did he go and with his cwn hauds build rtint road, or dld he slt bere In his offl e In Detroit, cali In otbers to assist, aod wita hU own money, bis owu meauB, his own credit and thrf credit of his friends, raise money and raise tneans and construct the road inau honorable masner, not proving a deafl-hevd, simply to sit and draw his share Of the profiisi [Applause.] ALd so l pay, my trleuds.' when Mr. Blaine in that letter wri: es to these uien, "If you will sell me an interest in that entarprise I will not prove a, dead-boad," he meant he would perform his duty in every respeat in an bonornble mannfi-, as it would have heen bouud to do. [Renewed applause.] I ask }ou to iiight, isthat not only the correct answer to the questiou and a solution of the languaeo of toe letter, but is it uot tlie plain aud the only proper construcMou that can be placed thereon, a construction whieh ach and every man of you would ask shoula your langaage or your i-.ttK-,vs or your contracta be brougút into courtï If net, my friends, w hen you get into me courts, i f they would nndertke to place a wrong and corrupt constructioi! upon your langu -ge, where there was a doubt a'-out it, if they would atteropt to do so wben tbe clear meanin? and the clear object smnds out as In triis, there is scarcely a njan In this audieuco who would not by tbe fanir inothot of reasoning be proven corrupt nud unworthy of tho respect of bis fellow-citizens. [Ueeere.] THE OCTOBER LETTKPOI. I sgain eall your atteution to the two letters of Oct. 4. My frlend, in startins out, makes a somewhat astonisbing remark, whicb contaius, in niy opiDion, a great deal of wisdom. He says t?!O3e two letters were not written upon the sanie day without som e object. In all my oxoerience I have hardly ever known of a perso.. uudertakiug to write a letter uuless he bnd an object lu view, except it might be a 5oung man writing a love-letter; a"d baving tried that, I do not kuow but that in my time I may have sent Borne off without havlng any vory detiuite or clear object in view. [Laughtt-r.] But be violates that rule to which I referred a. moment or two ago, of taking the fair and reasonable constiuction, but places oue of bis own atiparen thi-orles ou these letters. And wbat is it! I agaln quote from Mr Bchurz. He sas: "Unquestionably e wrote these le'ters for the purpo-e of offering to Mr. Fisher and Mr. Caklwellan inducement for gettitiÉi htm that additlonal interest :n the railway ent.erprlse for which he wasasked." He. coes state it very clearly and very empbatically ; and I ask you what proof there is upon whica to base tuco a ecmciusion or to draw euch sn inference a lio doe? Turn to the letters tbemselves, bec lUse they are all he produces; and let me cali youi1 atteution to them, and show you t1 e object as st-at-d in those le'ters Mr. Schurz does uot find any fault with the writiuo; of the iirst ou tbat day, hecause there was nothinz in that that. ho could lind any fault. with ; bnt it was toe i iet of tlie iviitin? the st o nii lct;er on the satne day tftat he dil find f .ui', with. And remeinber he Pay.-", ' unquestionably tbe writing was for the purpose of offering an induci-ment to these meo 'o givo him an intera-t lw that road " I read tho first sentence ot the second let i r and will ask auy business man preseat. if it uots Dot state the ohj-ct Mr. Blaine bad tnview: ".My dear Mr. Fi-her - 1 have enclosed ciniracts of the part os named in my letter of ye.-terday. The reuialningcontracts will bo copleted as rapidly as cucumst.nces ül perinit." 1 ask you whac the oüj'ctw&s iu writing that letter ? Was it not, as exprossed in tbo lirsc seuteuce 1 have just read, for the purpose of enclosing contráete that 3Ir. Fishcr was entltltd to, aud tbal were in Mr. Blaine's handj Í Was tö&t corrupt ? W hs that " unquestionably for the purpuso of offering an injucement to these men to give bun n interett m that road T' i afk nu acain, business men, when jou receive or have occasiun, even on tae same day, to wrlte a s-coud letter to some corresnoiideot, do you do it with a corrupt or itnproper purpóse or motive? lía business man hhould euclose au accouut or contract to anotlur. or send u claim or account, agaiast him, is It improper for him to write tue second lotter ou the same day! In tuis letter Mr. Blaine refera to the Caldwell proposiiion, aid I k your attem ion ogin while I read f roui tbo lottor to show tliat he hadno such objut as charged, and that he referred to lt for an etuirely otlier aud different purpose: "You urge üie to muke as much as I fairly can out of the arrangement into which we have entered. Xt is natural I sbould üo my utmoft to tbls end. I am bothered by only one thing, and that Is the indeünite arr&ugemeut with Mr. Caldwell." Fisber havine writteu a letter to Mr. Blaine, of whicn this was partly in reply urgmg Bla-ino to make all he could out ot a csrtaiu other arrangement whicli I will cali your atteution to hsieatter, Mr BUine says, "It is natura) that I .hould doso" buthesays, "Tliore is ooe thing tbat bocbe'rs me, and oue reaeon why I cannot do so " He points out what that was, namely: tbe undefined and unfulfilled offer made him by Cildwfll, a-d says while it remataed in that couditlon he could not do as he otlierwise would. I asserc ttiat Mr. lilaine could not refcr to this matter at all for the purpose as stated by Mr. Scburz, but in answer to the statement in the letter from Mr Fisher to him; and it a complete and full reply to ir, and upon i's face an honest and houorab'e ona. [Cheers.] These letters, established two propositlous: First, the primary object in wiiiing tunt letter ¦vas bectQse ot t!)e contraéis enclofed therein; and secondly, the reference therein to Mi. Cal ïw e 11 interest wa? giren as a reason whv he, Mr. Blalne could not otherwise hava" gom-, into auother interest, numaly, the s. Ie of bond, whicb was imt xpre-sfd in the letter. Mr. öcburi's assertion tbat these letters were written with a corrupí motivo is mitrue. TUT. KAHOUS RULING. Tho rullnc maïe br Mr. Blaine, tbat so" mueh has been said about., was mide en the 9ih oL April ot that samo year. At that timo neither Calüwell, Fisher ufcr Blaiua had any iuterest whatever iu thls Littln Rock road, and dld aot have for sunoe thiee montrii atterwards. It was aout six moiilis ai ter when Blain?, in looking over lm record as tpo-iker of the house, cania across the rullijn and in conve-safou wih Fisher, acd in hls correspondenco also, calleJ at'ention to thé fact. I will eh-iw yóo, ai I pn-ce-d ia this. that there was no eafn ia the rulings that he made 'on tha'. oceition. the correctness oí whieh no one doubts in the slightst der e, no reason in relations exinting retweeu the )arti s slx months afurwards.why he siiould not have calied atteiuiou to it. TUE BOM) BtrSINESS. Mr Schurz's uoit oha'ge is that Mr. Blaine was rot correct iu hi.&tatcmeut tbat he had nothing to do witli the bonds which wore sild for $(H,003 to the Union Pacific railroad compmy. I ttate to you witH all candor and honesty that thora Is nota single jsarticle of evideuce tenaing in the sllghtes degree to show that Mr. Blaina ever bad any interest in tbose bonds wfcatever or auything whaever to do wlth them. I siat3 it broadly and empliBtically. The evidence, on the cmtiary, is clear that ho did nor. i emnot repeat tbe evidence bere to-night- It would require too mueh time: bur. let me etate the f acts in referenoe to these bonds. . The evidence shows that Tbomás A. Scott, who was a oue time president oí the Pomsylvania line of railroad, had nurehased irom Mr. Caliwell the bondi in questlon, nd that Mr. Blaine had notbiug wbatevrr to do with them; tb;it afterwards Mr Scott was appninted prrsidont of the Union Paciflc railroad coaipany, and as sucb he performed ve y valuable services for tbatcompany. His services wer so valuable tiiat in bis opinión the salary wbicb his predeeessor ba1 received as pre&ident of that compauy, 68,000 per year, was not nifficient to py him for the services he had thus per formeel, and the officia of the road ftttreed with him in that respect, yot they were unwillinf, for fooio rea-oti. to pay httn the ealary he desired and spread it upoo the books, lest it In some way .mignt injure tbe coaipany. Tnese bouds whlch Scott owned of the Fort Smlth & Llttle Rock road he had pledeed. Tho Pacific railroad company purchaBed the bonds paylng $(i,000 for the"m, althougb tley were worth hut about Si0,08ü at the time.( intnidiDK that the nifference betwern tha 820,000 and the $U4,000 wou d be received by Mr. Scottand 'retaincd by him as compensatioa for the fervices he hd vsrtoroied, and in that wa3' his salary be incre .féd. Thomas A. Scott, Andrew Carnegie, Mor on, B'is & Co., and Prisident. Uillou of the Union Pacific wore all azreed in sayinir that suca were the fattí, aod that James Ir. Blaine uever bcard of them. [Grrat applau-e.] And as a last witness, if one more was wanting, Caldwell, himself in Europe at the time building railroads, sent a cablígram aeross to Proc'or Knott, one of the Democratie commltte, that Bl&ine had nothing to do with the bouds, and that cablogram Kuott. tried to suppreís. [Tremendous cheerf.] That shows the evident fairnesa of Democratie inVestlgatinjcommittees. fAppUu-e.] I a-sure you I expëcted, in the light of the evidepce, that the honorable gentleman, when in fbis ciiy, would h ,ve had iho candor and te hones y to adinit the fact, that while that cnarge was madj, it was overwhïdminely shown to be untrue bv tbe evidonce. But he dld not do it; and ho not alone did not ndmit the fact, but I submit to you he repeated the charge, and coup'ed with it another, 80 that be mlsht as far as P'ifsible, In ]ressing liis argument and the evidence upou the one, c mulo it wirh this charg in such a nianner tbat the evidenca would aoply to both; and I submic he rlid thlB with the evident intentlon of decelv ing. ME. SCHUEZ BEABI.N'O FALSE WITNESS. Let me all your atteution to what he did couplu it wlth and whút he said. Mr. Sclftirz spoke of the declaratiou Mr. Blaine niadu in the house of represen1 atives on tha 24th of April, 1876, before this investigation which brought out the Mulligau letters took place, in which he said that in the first place ho had nothing to do with the NorLhern Pacitic $84,000, and his holding of the Litt'o Rock bouds wan an entiroly honest matter. Let us see,what ho, Blaine, then said: "As to ttie qut st;on of proprlety in a memb-r of congrpss holdng an fnvestment uf this kind, it must be recnemiered that the bonds were granted tp tbo state of Arkansaa and not to tde railroad company; that the company derived its life and vame and francblee wbo;ly from the etate, acd to the state tho company is ami-nable and answerable and not in any sense to congress" - aieaniug, as S'-hurz faid, to convey the id-a tbat it was just as lig.'.t and proper for bijn feo purchase thoe bouds as ic was fur him to purcnae a lot In Augusta. And tben, Mr. Schurz says, "he (BLiine) went on to say that a land grant road bad rjothin? to do wiih the government of the United States, and that its v.ilue was not in any way subject to the action of ttvtt govermaent, and eepecially not to the atlon of eongress. " I say io yöu to-iight, after a earelul examinatfonofthe recoids, that James (i. lüaine nrver u'tered such words. [Appluuso. U'liy Mr. Scburz thousht it neee-s ry to go bevond the record and put words in hii mouth that he never had ur.tered, or thf sembUnea thereof, I ai eure I know not. I might adopt tbe language of the nonor.sble nentlemau when, in speakine of Mr. Blaine In reterence CO another m itter he said he uttered an UDtruth, knowing It t ) be uutrue. for tho purpos" of deceiving, and then ask what thnt meant. [Applause.] Kemember that the languuse which hethtis first quoted was the stattmen' made by Mr. Blaine that this rnllroad compiny derived lts Ufe, its f ranchi e and its rihts from the ttatt; in which it was orjatiiz"i, aud not from the gove-n ment oL tho United Staten, and tbat it was proper for him ttaerefore to purcluso the bonds of tuut company; and the honoraole speaker iu this city reterred to these laud-graut companits Mid to tbe fact thst thf-re wt-re land grant companieí ia this f tato I dt-sire to illustrite this question by a referenes to the landgrant compiniea in this state, and nscertaiu whether it was right for Mr. liane to purchase or not ConsKiis granted to the state of Michigan certaiii lands to aid fu the construntiou of raiíroíid'i in Michigan. It grunted to tho Btate of Arkan.'as lands under prcciíely the saine terms, the only difft-r-i ence in the iwo acts ueing tbat ArUansa got even nuuibi-red sectionf, white in Michigan tbey wcra the odd nuinbers. Thesd facts I am going to speak of now are familiar to many of you. The lanjuig of the act of congres was: "That there be nd is b' reby granted to the stite of Micblgün, to aii in the coneiruction of certain railwnys, certaiu odd nuinbered sectious of land, wltlnn n c rtain six or twrlve mlle limit;" and these lauds were granted to the stute to dispose of for that purposu a? the state tlioughc proper. Oue of the Unes of road was from Amboy, by wsy of Lansing, to Traverse Bay, and af'er the lands htd heen tnus grautel to this state a corporafon was fonned, aud vou will all boarnie wi'nsitbat corporaiions in t.his s'ate for tuch puiposes are not formtd under a special act of tho legislature, but (ley are 'ormed uud-r a general act of tbe legislature, under which the requi-ite number or more, msy forui a Corporation. A corpora'iou was fonned known as the Amboy, Lanin& Traverse Bay railway conipmy. a Corporation wbich doubtless in.iuy of yon have never biard ot, for the purp ¦¦y of building one of those lines of road. After il was organized, whila It hal its own capital and could proceed and get such me&ns as it was able to for the purp we of building the roal, yet it ld do right to those lands, and there was nly one sourco (rain whicli it could ubtam thut rsrht. It was In tbis ttate to grant that risiht precisely is it was tn Arkansas to grane h similar riíhr. to the Liltle RocM road. Tbe Amboy, Lansing & Traverse Biy rallruad compauy bad no right t tlie londs, nor to an acre or tbein; but ttie state of Michigan, under whos laws it bad b"en orianized, and from whicli it had derived all its povveri and lts rlühts, to wnlch ia the langmge of James G. Blalne It wa anieiiüblp, the state of Michigan couferred np in that coiapany the lands applicble to the building el that road and enablad that companv, by building so many nnics of ita road, to e.-tr'i a cei't-aln number of sections of tbose land, with the right to sell therci after they were thus earnei. If tbe lo'tsltture of tiiis state thus conferred tbaT, latid upon the Amboy, Lnnsing & Traverse Bay railroad company, I ak you what power congres had to inttriere with, or lo add one jut or tittle thereto, or take oi!e from tt. And I assert to nigbt, without the slightest fear of sucaessful contradic ion, that cnngress bad do more power ovét It tban I have. [Applause.] In a qutstion that was af'erwrds raised aDd brouaht before the supre:ne cours of t.his state it we d'-cided, the opi ion written by Chief J tistice Cooloy, ttiat tbe grant was a present, b ui:ty to state, to eocouraee the building of raüroads, and for tbe purD'Se of coostruotlng the roads, tbe htate might have üone on under that iCt of congress and S'id the lauds a tbe road was belng csnstructeri and pnid tho money over to rhe compaoy: Hf)d the curt decid-d in tbat sanie case fui'ther that tbe title was so c ear and bsyoud all question in the s'ate that yvhen the d-prtment at Washington i sued a patent for some of the land to a resident in tnis st-ite, the patentee got absolutrily 1,0 title whatover tbere'o, becuuse tuere was no title in tbe United Rtttes goven ment. [Applanse.] And yet Mr. Schurz apterted thnt tue United States eov.Tinntnt or congress could control the laud in eome way. There was one way, and only one way, in which congress could have auy control. If tbe road was not built wlthin the tlrae specilied - t thiuk ten years - th'en the laiids would be forïeited, those that wr-re unearnod, and revert to the government of the Unittd. S ate?, but the Fupreme court of the United States has deeided that no matter how msny yeitrs might have elapsed, ten, twelve, fiUten, or twenty, so long as congress tooit no actton, the title would remain In tbe Siste, and the coropany could go on aod earn the land, and as they tarned it the tile wou;d pass to the coinpany on the certiü-ae of the governor of tho state thit thfiy hui earued the land, aid no patents were neces'ary. [Applause,] Not only that, but. the o'd Anib y, Lansing & Travf r-e B:iy riirosd, after it w-as thus organized, after fiat valutble p;rant had thus been conforred upon ir, aftT it had heen endedvoriug for years to get the aid and the raoney necessary t build the road, and, i f I recolfeot rightly, had built a pmll portioD, from Owosso to' iiausing, called the "ramsborn," and earned a part of the grant, it was unable to complete the same. Another cornpany was forined, the Jackson, Lansing and Sasinaw railroad company, and wht-n that company was f ormed and was deslrouaof obtaining the grant, it did not poto cOQuress to get them to take the grant from the Amboy and Lansing company ana confer It upon them, because they kuew congress cm'd not do it. They did not eveu go to the leafislature of the stat1?, but recoznizing the faet that the Amboy, Lansing & Traverse Bay railroad conapacy had the powpr under the legislation and uriderlts charter to control thís land, the JacUson, LansinET & Saginaw maiie a contr 'Ct with ïbem for i's ribt uuder the graut and tben went before the Michigan legislature a'nd had this coDtract ratified and congress hid nothing to do with it. I BUbmit that, when these larida were pranted to the stilte of Arkansaft and this Fort Stcith roid was organizad as a Corporation under tbs laws of tnat state, and whi'n the letri-lature of the state had eonferred this grant upon them it was as far bcyond the power of congress to inierfero with It in any way whatèver as it would be for this audience to niirht. And I eay, thevefore, tbat when James G. Blaïcie said that ongress had nothing to do witb that matter, tliat the corapany had derived lts right and its frauehi;-e from the state and it was amenable to it, he uttered what in Iaw atd in fact was the simple and exulieit truth. [Great applause.] ONB JIORB CHAKGK. But another charge is made, and it Is one that a great mauy people do not soth to understiud. Quoting from Mr. Blaine, Mr. Schurz says: "In conamon with hundreds of our people in New England and other parta of the country, I bougbt some of those bonds, natnely the Little Rock bonds, not a very large amount, payine for them precisely at tbe Eame rate that others pald. I never did, and I do not belleve that the Little Rock companv, wriich I know is eontrolled by hyaorable me, have partod with the bonus to anv person, except at the regular pnce of the ir sale." Now, Mr. Sohurzsavs, "When Mr. Blaine siys that, he knew tb&t a contract was irj exi-tencc, a copyof which I buve in my hand, and wiiich I migbt read if it were not too lcmg, he knew a contract wa In existence, in accordance wih which $130,000 of land grant bonds were to pass to htm, and $32 500 first-mortgago bonds, not in cot)6ideration oL paymout of money, but in c:msd-rat::O!i of certain friends of Mr Blaüie's buying other bands from ihat company and tbeir paiuK for thm. Those $13ü,000 of landgraat bonds and the 832,500 of firstmor gage bonds were elven M Mr. Blaine without hls paying a fingía cent. And he kni'W mo'e tlnn that: be know what af terwardsoame to light, tbat there was a memorándum book in existence, wrttten in hisown h;nd rftlnjc, showiug that he actualiy rcelved 1130 000 of tho bonds and nlfo $15,150 in money, without his ever paying aslngte red cent for th" who'.e thin." N',w, fellow ciúzchs, I confessto ntght thar. in all my xnerience in llsteniiig tó aud hearing arguount-, In all tbè experlence I hve had in weiijhing trstimony, I never found any one et, nor heard of any oi e wlio appareutly was willing to take ono ciau e of one sentence out of the evldence, and, holding thnt up by itsclf separated from what preceded it, and atteuipt to sbow what it referred to aud Ufe that as the c!ear evldenco of a fact, difcarding an'd throwing aslde all tbn other evidence upon thp subiect And I eubinlt to-night that any suc i course is a dangerous oae. If you will permit me to edopt the Eame course I cm, in four words, prove to the satisfactlou of many people tliat the liible i'stlf teaches there is no God, couirai-y ti Biory other pae and every other soitunce tbat is in it. [Applause,] "The fooi hath ¦ taid in bis heart, tuero i no God." If you wil! lal;p too la-,t four words, standing alnn, they ill prove all that I have faid. Tais is unfair; itisunjiut, It is not true, and wlioa Mr. Scburz mndd that asertioa he must have made oe that he knew the eviie co would not b:;ar hirji out in. To this 1 dsire now to cali your attention. Mr Sc'iurz knew tnat the overwhelming weigbt of testimony waf the other way. What ara the facts! The facts are that these men, who had enpged in the building of tbat road, found it very diüicult to raise morey. They had Issued what was known as the first-oiortgagê six per cent. bonds. They bid also is ued land grant bond?, arad tbey had prefarred strek and common stock; aud this stook wus placed iu the market, or rather the flrsí-inortgage boods were placed in the marke',, and tbey were sold at different prices, as testih'cd to by several - ÍK) cents, 75 nent, 50 cents, realizing from 45 to 50 cents on a dollar; and that with the salo of the first moiteage bonds, land grant bond, preftrred stock and common stock was given as a bonus, in oiher words lour lor one, as some of the witness's expr9ssed it. And the witnesses also aree, even Mulligan, that the bonds which Blaine eold and disposed of, I shall show you, realizei to Fisher and Caliiweü preeisaly ,he nme price tbat they were rtcoiving f rum othersin tbe market. Now, a gie.it niany people, or come at least u-hom I have heard talk, seera to tlrnk tbat Mr. Blalue, dia not buy b 'luis to sell thein as ii3 own, -tbat be trea'ert amUoUl them on comnu'ssioti.'and t ey ly upoo tbfl contract which 1 hold in uiy bauüs, aud wlucb I dptre to read to you a proviog ih-it, 'act. Thli is a contract between Mr. Blaiuo and Warren Fisher: WmmitA.s: I havp this day enterei into BRreemeot with A. and 1 Coüura anil aundry oiher parties resident Ui Maine, lo dehver to tliein cjrtam specined amounts of thrf otnmon stooic, preferred stock, ana tlrst mortLaL-n buD-is of t ie Little Koek & Forc tfuiun rallrood comsany uron Raid partita paymc to me toe aneresate funi of 9180,000, vhlch several Bgreeuients wltnassfl i by .T. (ï. Blaiiui and delive-rai to said paniek by aaid Blattie: now :hia axreement vitnewes t-i:it, upon the dtte lu! fïUmenC oi th aeveral contracta reterrei to, ly thfl payment nf the S13)JK)0 and tul other ya!uibla uonsiderationg the receipt of nhu-h Ir ackno.wlodzrd, I hereby afpee to deItverioJ.G .-.liane, or order, 'as the f ame may comí ioto my ha--fia as assianee of the contract fr ouilding I.it:leRock & Fort bmith rail -oid, the following Bécurlttea, namely: Oí tbe laii'l bond, 7 per oeijts , 130.000; of the flrst mortgaL-e b ged "slxes, 53-3 500. And these S1:50,CO of laml bonds and J32,5G0 ui flrst mortgage bonds, tbusagreed to be delivered tosaM Blaine, are oir an'1 abova the securiS'es afreed to be delifered by Warren Finher, Jr.. aÉinee, tj the parrúg inakinr the coi traets, whieh partios, with the sfvprftl aiïioimts t. ijO paid by eaoiï. und the steur s to fc r ci-ived by eaoh, are namrd in a cnfiaorandum on the net page of this sheet. Aid it i furtber gTeed that, ín the eveot of any one tf yaid parties f tiltn tn pav thn Rmoiinr tiout.lrl. thfn the mount of securities to be d4ivered to s.i-l Blaioe under this are"ment shall De reduced in th same otoportion thatíhe etcfleit of payment boara to the aggregate affiount ajre-d to n paid. Wabrz-n KisHEtt, Jr.. assiynee. Bear fn mind that a contract had been enterad into between Fiber acd Klaine, under which B'aine had a rieht to certjiu of these bonds. ïiien a contract was euteied into betweeu Blainn and tbe parties to whom lie sold bonds, and theu tliis third contract which 1 have juát read was eutcred into between Fisher and Blaine, eo that there was not siinply oafi contract but thr-'e, All ware in refereoco to the same subject matter and were giveu at about the same time and bear tbe iatro date That they refer to the samo nmfer thcre is no questiou, and according to all ivell-known rules of construction the ihree instrnments must be construed tosetïior as parts and parcols of the samo transftftion and as constitutiü but one coDtrac'. Th liw would so treut tlisni. And now what do they show, taking the tbree t'ogether, nnd Bot one oL them aloneV Let me lllustrate, and I will do so clearly iu one or two ways so that euc:i and every one of you may fully appreciat", what tbe distinctlon and tlieu tav vvbetber tbls was a sale or nt. SALES. A merebanfc in this city today pnrehasas, iL you ploase, 100,000 bushelsof wh?atfrom a brother merebant, agreeing to pay 07 cents Lier bushei withiu tbnty days and take tho wheat. There Is no misuudrrsïinding what that is. He tben turns around and sells to brotber merchante, to one 1U.ÜÜ0 bushels at L1 a bushei, to an:ther 10,000, and to tach and every one of ten brotber merobaetê lie sells the eame, making 100,000 busbela, they agreolne tj paï il por buehel and 'at!e tbe wheat withln tbirty days. Now, liiftcad of making a contract with eseh oï his bretbreu iu his own name- and it is done frequently - be makes a contract witb each one of tbem to take 10,000 bushels frooi the man f rom whom he pU'Chawd, and pnv htm a dollar a buslml for it. Haviug ohtainod the ten cout.raet, covering the lOO.OOO, he takes tbem to tbe merohaut trom whom be pufchased, and sys, "Hi-roare tengpntracts, in all. These men will take au tne wbeitl purchased and pay you il per bubbel tberefor. Wbf n they have taken it you will have in your hands í.'í.OOO belonglDg to rne, and I want yon to glve me an sirreement to pay it." It Is doce, and the ugreeinent is Dtit ld wriling. Is tbat a sale or not a saleí [Ápplausn.] I wlll illustráte agüio aud mate ir. so cloir that every man can urderstand the proposition. Tho citv of Detroit offers íor sale S100.000 of its bonds. orawinpr, if you pleass, 43í per cent intrrest. Thoy are placed upon tbe niaiket and your bauks throui;lout tho city malee a bid for them of !7 cents upon the dollar. Tbat Is all ihat can be obtained and constittites the market price. The Americin ívutional ínakes a bid to take $50,000 wotth of tha boüds at tbat figure. As that is the highest prioe bid by an body, they are informed bv the proper autlv ri'ties that tliey can Cave them. There is. b'eyoud all quesiioo, a sale. But thu president of the bank havir.g taken them siniplv for a FpecuU ion, if you please, he goes down to New York to Mr. Vanderbilt, of whom you have all heard- a moneyed manand he selli bim SL'5,000 worth of these bonds at par. He goes to Russell Sage, anothtr nofonous cburacter down tbere [laughter who, it is Paid, has a good detl of njonevand he si-l(s bim $2ö,000 worth at par. He ys to Mr. Vandtrbut. "Just enter into a little agreement wnh the city of Detroit that you will tnke tbose boi ds withtn tbirty days and pay tbem par tberefor." It is draftei aud Mr. Vanderbilt siens it. Russell 6igns a similar agreement, and tbe president of the American National b;ink cjmej back and goes to the controller, g or .tho proper city atithorities, and sayf, (fHere are two coutraets, froua meu of whom you havo heard, 1 supposn. Tbey asree to tike those bonds at car. And as I hve agiepd to pay you oulyÜ7 cet.ts, there will be 81,000 coming to me. Give me a memorandum sbowiog chat." The metnorandumJs givou, and it ís a sale. [A,pplause.] MR. BLAINE'S HONORABLE ACTION. I Ilústrate again. A i ailroad cornpauy anxlous to raise money and unable to do so, having its stock and its bonds, placus its bonds iu the market and can get but 50 cents upon tbe dollar oftVred for them, by givlng an equal amount of i s stock as n bonus. A man in this citv, if you piéis-, negotiates íor í?100,000 wor;h'of thoee bond, witb taat bouus,and baving received thui placas them upon the market and asks his fi'iends to take tbem at the sume prlce or a few cent over - the bonds alone- retiini uk tbe preferr d êtock as his proöt. He m-ikeá a contract with each of his friends aud turns thosa coutraets over tü tho compiiny. Tt:ey receive their money, they di'livertüe bonds, and the prefi rred stock is given to the man wfao negotifited the traiiraction. Tliut is a sale, my friend-, in law and ín fact, aud no man wíth tke íacts before him, witlí a judicid mind, or possassiDg a legal mind, would for a uioineut sav tbat it was auy thing but a sale. [Applause.l I assert ihen to-night. upan the evidence that bas been produced, tbat wben James G. Biaine said that he bought tbose bouds, paying tbc -ame pnce that otiiers had paiil for tliem iu the market, he uttered a truth, aud that the evid-nce will bef him ou". [Applause. ] Not ouly thit, but sorae of the parties wbo received the boi.ds found some time afterw:.rds that the bonds were not then as good as they had beon at the time the sale w:ib made, becitise tbey had depreciated iu valué Jamos G. BUine, alttintgb uniier no leg.il cbligat:ons so to do, at least ia many inöt.ances, returned to tüose parties their money. took up the bouds he bad sold, retktned the bonds hlm'elf, tbus honorably duiug what not one business man iu a tboMsaiid would have done, and bat no man trlUng on commi%sion has ever yet been kuuwn to do. L-P" pin use.] Now, I ask you, ín the licht of those fact, to bear with me a lltt'e further, whUe I piosent s'ill more evidence uffon this subject. And 1 present it from one of the letters written by Mr. Blaine, with whicb Mr. Kchurz wns fully arquainted, and jet to whica be did not cali attentlon. Note tbe langu-ge of tbe lelter, and uiaik yon, tbat it ii from tbe pen aud tbe touguu of Mr. Btaine that tbese charges were to have been proven. "VVbat I say is that Mr. Scburz bas takcu but a part of the evideDce, ceparated liiut from tb othnr and from tbe context m wbich tt was written, and tried iu tht way to inake good hls charge. 1 read from the letter of April -1. 1871. He bas first. spoken in that letter about another tran&ction, to which I ueed not refer. He thon says: 'And tben agtun, I buve been used wita posltive cruelty in regard to the bonds. 1 have your posilive written contract to deliver to me $125 OUÜ land bonfls, and $32,500 b'rst-UKirrgase bonds. " Yüu will, tlierefore, see that lie is r'ferrlng to to same matter. And Kxmemb r. uiy íiiend?, Cari Schuiz cbi-rges thiit Al. in received tbi-se ilöu.Out) b'n1s atvl the 183,MK), and thttt he did iiot pay a ent for the n. Now, mirs w bat folio wg. filaints bas refor tnce to the san:e b -iids- thtic la unquestioaible. What Is the wxt sentence? "The ïinney due you on the coutr et was a'l i aid uearly a yeur nd a half ago. " [Applmise ] Ao! my Irionds wlll say, that nioi.ey was paid by oibers, nd nol by James (i. BUtnp. Ent ive will not leave evi-n tbat loopïol for tcitm to crawl cut of. fAppwiiee.] "Of (bis vvhnip uut of bonds due me I .-.¦¦¦¦ recelveJ but $50,000 nnd frnints, leavins; $r5,000 of these uud ioi öuü flrst-mort2;ige stilldue." Does' tbat Irdlov Chat he bad reeeived $130,000 and (3%E ? Then mark ha next Eeu enco n-h!c& I read toyou: "I ani without duubc the oniy prrson who bas paid moncv for bonds witüout r ceivinii ihotu." [PrijloDged applause.] And yi-t -Mr. Sciiurz says, froui tbe pen and tbe Ups of that man, be never paid a red cent. lu anoher letter he says- because Í am disprovinp; two propositions: first, tbat lio jad received ihem, and, fecond, tbat be had rot paid f iir them - in tbe letter oT April lo he savpajrain: 'There is still due to mp, on articles of asreetnont, betren us, $70,000 ia land bonds aud L31,000 in ttrst uiortgage bond?, making $K1 000 la all. For these bouds tbe money was ijaid you nearly tbree years ago." Uh, yes, they were a gratuity! "Every other party ajïreein t-t take bunds on tbe game DAfci-í has long sinc-i receivtd bis ull quota. I aloae am left hopeless und helpless, eo far as Icans." And now I ask you, in the ltgbt of the facts I have presentid to you to-uight, in all candor and all honesty, was not the statement truo tbat he had ec puiohïsed tha b 'inris at the inarkeC pnce, that he bad paid for the bonds, and tbat he had not reeeived tbeni? And is not the statement uutrue thnt he had recPived, (130,000 of lind grant bonds and $:!2,.7sO of uiurtgage bonds and bad not paid a cent for thenj, but tbat it was eratuity? Tbe e?idenee is clear;itis overwhelmlser, and yet Mr. Cari Seburz did not refer to it and did not give It NO COMPLAINANTS. I ask you, my fellow-citizens, in a transaction of tolti kind, who bad cause to rompíala! ( 'lf.nlv not Fisher aud Caldwell, because they b id reeeived the marlet pnce. They lid received all they wre to reeoive and all that was prwmised ühem. Ifanyonebad a rltcht to coniplalu, tbe men to wuoni James G. Blilue Eoki the bonds, glving tnem less tban he hal received, were tbe parties to complam. But 1 ask you if they have done It. Upoa tbis poiut let me refer very bnefly Xo a little testimonj', and ioa,e it. In a letter from Mr. Blaine, on the lSth of April, 1S72, he U6s this lungutge: "You havo bt eu foc some time laborinj; under a totally errontoOs impression iu regard to,my resaits in the Fort Stnith matter. The salts of bonds wüicb you spdke of my maUinp, and whieh you soein to bave thought wer. for my on beuetit, were eiitirelvot her wise. Idid iiot have the.njouey iu my poesesaion forty-eibt hOurs' but paid it oer dTectly to the partios whoin 1 tried, by every means ïn my power, to urotect from loss. I am very sure tbat yyu have llttle idea of tbe laboi's, tne l'is-es.'the eliorts aud the sicritices I have made witbin tho past year to sav lboSe innocent persons, who invrsted on my reques;, t'ronorsonal loss." [Ap(jlause.j Tliat rtqnires no commjent at, aiy hands. Tbe mau wko could have wrltten that lotter, who tbus protecttd the (jartles who iovested upon his kcoiumendatiou, U wortby of auy place in the gifc of the American people. [frolouged appUuse.] A BRAND-NEW LBTTER. But Í refer to two other letters, ons of tbem from Phllo Hersey, ono of the men whose nanies appeared in the contract tbat I read to you tonlght, as haviug purchased iñüUü ol these bonds. It wa wriiti-n tbe lSth of Sipttmr.er, 1SSJ. to Mr. E. W. Pendléton, a grntleirau of this city with wboin doubtless many of you are acqualnted. It ia as follows: Belfast, Me., Sept. 18, 1S81. E. W. Pendleton, Detroit, Slicb. Dkak Sla- Your letter oL mquiry of the ltith inst., as to wheiher James G. Blaitie ncted hoaorably in ihe matters referred to iu the iMsher correvpondenoe. is just at hand. IhavtMhis reply. vin., that 1 htlieve his eonduct in the wtiole matter honorable in tli1 hUrhssi dejree fApplüiidt;. 1 1 w&s aria of tlie purcliasers of bonus sud stock in tlie Little Rock t'ur Sinith railroad to the oxtent or J;").uoO. Mystif. witb six others la tliis ciity, took $40.000. It was bargained for tbrouxh Mr. Ulaine. ;ml trrnis il by hini. It was whoüy pad for tn ten f.-er cení. moutiJy iuetallments. nijverjy to ISLr. Warren Fisher ot Bostou. The wliole transactiou was conMimuaioiwirh Mr. Blaine by cori' jr-Ddence U had us inception in this way, viz: lu a business letter to Alïred W. Johbson. a rehitive oL yours. Mr. Blaiua casually remarked that he was abiut to take an interest in the Little Koek & Foit Sraitn railroad. an enterprise. from what he then knew, he thought welt of. The letter ctme under tbe obstrvation of 11. C. JolinsoD, who eauseü an inquirv to be made abuut th elttírtlrie. ar.d Mr. Blaine, in ansv. er to the inquiry, made a statement of ihe tacts in regard to the etiterptise. We all touk the bonds and stock. The tranaaction was plaiu, direct, frank and fair. We met with a lone, and as we.do not claim to be abovn the uverag ot Ihe human ratfe, wo shoul'l have fouiid iiiuit with Blaiue if be bad - bten ac fan t. As a matter of i'uct, I nava never heard thu least iütimation tbat he was at faalt or acted disliont-stly. coming fr int those here who purchaeed the 'bonos and stock. On the oiher hand. ever one of the teven, 'of whom ihr. e were Demócrata, iusist tuat he acted in the utmost srood faith. One of the number. who is on the Democratie electoral ticket in this state, has .su t, ated over tiia own signature iu the public pre?s on a former occasion, and can be ht-ard any djiy now In our streets.in tbe most persistent mauiier. with empliatic terms, assuribg any nnd all persons that Mr. Blaine was pirfectly honorable in th v.lnh transición, aud that the attempt to distort the meaning and spirit of lus private aud businees eorrespondence Is ignomlniously wrong and unjust. To me, feeling tbat I know niuca more ttin Mr. lilaiue'tt slautlerers about the matter, it showt the meunness and bitteroess of extreme partlBanatüp in endeavorinc to falsify tliat whieh is tine. 1 have never met the man in my whole business life whose representations in a buBiuess mantier were niore direct, open, and strie'iv t;ue taan Mr. Blaitie's to us in tne Lutle Rock railroad transacti' n. We were not aiked hy him lo take a dultftr iu that enterpne. We snught iDfurmatiou from him and reeeived it ia clear, houest terms." [Pro o:iged applaue.J A V01CB FROM THE EXEMf. But, my frieods, I will read one more, nd with that I au throub. It wís written by ono of the Democratie presidential elector upon the Democratie ticket in Maine to-daj-, [Prolonned applaus.] I oller you a Democrat as a witnessnow, and if my Demp Mtic fririids do not belleve him they" can cant him asid". [Applaue. ] Tbis li-Her was wrifea in 1ST2, b-foru he was a Democratie elfctor. That perhaps may alfec it soiuewliat. [Laushter ] It was written to a Democratie papar, with the request to publish it - which. leijufst. was not complied with. The letter isas follows: Belfast, Sept. 10, 1872. To tho E.iicor of the Maine Standard. Your niper contained an article a short time since reltootioft on Speaker Blaine for ao alleïjed want of pootl faith in dealing wiih the estáte of the lato A. w. Juhusün of tliis city in the matter 't certain ton'is#or tlie Little lio-k & Forc Sniitii raih-';;td company. Iflil not Bee the ;iriicle at the time uf its issue or I would morn promptly have wr.tten a corrcrlon. A'low me now, ;;s one ot the ezecutors of Mr. Jolins (ns e.H tute, t'o say that jour Information is t-mi'ely erroneous. I desire i urtber to say that Mr. Blafne'i eonduct in tho whol mst er whs ihat of a n. tl-iiütii üid a man of honor. The businrss matter b -tween Mr. Johosons estau mi'l Mr Blaine was altOjtetaer private and personal, and I raa iee no reuon fnr drogKlng ii u-iore tbe public. But should I remam sllent onder the circitmstances 1 wol 1 1 s-m to irive my assent to tne truth of the charefts. Ojposed n.l ƒ am to Mr, Blttine politicallrj, I feel coustniincd to benr m.y tcstiinony to hi just and lumorable condiict tn tdl business tranéactlonB with icluch I have had any tavncl ed'je. Mr. lilaine has had n: nu p issession mord thati a year the snaptest assuraoce f rom me in writin tnut his course toward the Johnsor estáte was iu i):f hijkst degree AOnombte, and more tlttiti coutti have bteii Oidiitariti expected ín busineat imnêocwion. As 1 cuunot beli-ve you wi u ld intentional'y injure Mr. Iiiaine perionally, I h m sure you will be glad to pnblisti this explanairy note, mul Ivarticuiarly reqvrst that any other water that nloy hewe made the nam charges will be jtí enowjh to give this note a . its columna Yours rcspictfally, C. B. Hasiltine. [Applaus.] But now, mv friends, lest you might think that since that letter was writteu iu 1872, ha might have chnngrd bis nilnd, I wil! read tho followiDg telepram also received by Mr. Pendhtoti,dnted öept, SO, 1884. Mr. Pendleton sent atelosram tj bim, asking ir Blaine had acted houorably in tbat transaciion, aud hisreply is: ISki.fjist, Sle., Sept. 29. E. W. Pendleton, Detroit. Míen. Yes, houorably and generously, as I alwajs fllrmoa. C. 13. Hasei.tine. Prolongad npplause. ] Mli. BLAINE'S FINANCES. I íear I am wearying your paiience; but as l do not inteml to n;ake another political peech thii f all, I desiro to preftMt all the ividence, and hope you il] be.)r vdth me. Vhereis oue otber tbing in this connectiou,in refirenceto Mr. Blaiht's wealth, wbich also hís a berlnK upou th s queetion. I will read twi) or ihie of bis ) ttc r , n part of the same correspot deuc'e, vvhieh no man has dared to 6ay more unrrue. October ], 1871, he sayp: roi'tically 1 f m charged with b-ing wenlthy man. l'erímially ani xectiniri!y 1 ámlaborinc juder tbc nioit fenrful tmlwrrassDients, and tl O preaiest uflll tlifse emharrasprmnt la tlie $l'J,ücXI whicli Tr-andert ox r unrler your order, imd not oie dollar of whih 1 hav recived. Of Yk SJ5.ÖC0 original dent, Mr. C'aldwell has paid Sü.OM, and $li.0U0 only. Can you not Kive me lome hope of relief in this matter? It is cruel beyond uk asure lo leave me so exposed and sufteriog. I submlt, my fellow-citlzens, tbat is not the langiuigeof a wealtliy man. [Applause.] But opain, April 20, 1878 (tliia was m repiy to a letter in which he was rcaui-s'eii to get a SIO.UÜU leiter of credit, from Jay Cooke for Mr. Fisher), .-liter saying that lie was not able to do it, i:nü had not 'he uieans, he eays, "I huve no poer of ;ettiüg a letter of crtdit froni Jny Coohe cxeept. by payinu; t.he moüey for it, aud ihe money 1 havo iiot gof, acd have no means of geniug. You sk me to do tlien fore what is siniply impossible. Nothlng. ouid giTe me u.)re plea-ure than to serve vou if 1 wera able; ! ut ruy losses in tho íort Smith affaii" - bear in mind the charge that he had ïveeiveJ 1180,0Ü0 lud-grant bOLds and $32,500 of the-o (iis'-morttruKe bouns as a ftratuity, never having paid a red cent for tbem, nnd eee if you can ïeconcile it with tbis languatie to Fisher, which Fisher nowhere darcs to contrtidict - "ont my losse? iu the Fe rt Smith affair have tn'irely urlppli-d me and öerangtd all my tinancvs. " Stiange lantuage for a man who had reolved so muca und paid notliing for it. "You would, 1 kuow, ba u tirly aninzed if you could eee the precise expn-ieuco I havo bad iu that matter. Very bitter, I asure jou. Arnong tner things 1 sttll oive uearly all of tbc $25,C'O which I delivered to Mr. Pratr, and this is most hitrasiDg and emarrassmg to me." AyaiM, April 18, 1S72, he sayi: 'Aud 1 say to you lo night, íÁleTinlv, that, I am iuimeasU'ab'v wor.se off than if l had oever touched the Fort Smita matter." Mark jou, the uiatierisaperpetu.nl and UDendihjj fmbairifsment to hnn. ThU U a letter of Aul'. '.', 1872: ''I ara pief sed daily Rlmost to make final Btttletneut With tliose who still holdjhe stcuritir - a setileineu' 1 am not aolo to ruake uniii I reoflve tlie botids duo on your ariicle of agreement with me. That is to me bv fiir tbe mort urjent mid ])ies'nir 'jf all tbe deiiian Is cai ntitved vi th our ïiiatter, and the one which I think, iu all eqnity, hould Ite first Sfrt'led. or certainiv settUd as soou a. ay." Sdw I fay tj ynu to-nigh', in the Hgnt of tiiat evideuco. that when it is said he receivfd those bonds a a ra'uity, that be suffered no osí", airl ihat he Isa w altby man, tha very letters that he produced ard which nre uncontraaieted elearly show the contrary. [Applause.]

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Ann Arbor Courier
Old News