Running Dog Speaks: My people were a proud people and they roamed freely over all the Americas, making a nation strong and brave. They lived in tribes and communes, they could teil the movements of the planets and the flights of the stars, they could read the future in the flights of birds, and decipher the convoluted entrails of dead animáis. This and more could my people do- before the white man carne. My people were a decorous people, wearing beads and brightly coloured garments, colours on their faces, exisring in a jumble of symbols and glyphs and signs, taking rare herbs and medicines from die earth which made them see great visions and made them feel great things, and made them langorous and phlegmatic. This and more could my people do- before the white man came. But when the white man came my people were extinguished, like the wet promises of the white eyes thrown over the fires of our camps. Not one treaty did they hold, not one promise did they keep. The white man lies! Even today the Great White Father talks, and not one word is truth. But long ago we did not understand this,„Lnd we believed them. And for believing them, 0ttr land was taken from us, and our best warriors sjsön, our seed was plundered and our lives salte' thjpjpjnt oSteïplU faded out slowly like the fires of our camps. B die small and fragmentetl hupcs of our people, a myth was woven, and told gpnefátioh to generation. It said that a new nation will rise up out of the earth from die grave of the otd, and reconquor the earth, and reconstitute it for our people. And so it will PAPER TIffl EAKS ON GENOCIDE: I am older than Running Dog and have gone to the schools the whife; eyes hare builr for me aad our people, and for théEgarwfítheir peopte, and have learned to read the tónes óf otherflations and othér races and other people. } have learhed not only do the white eyes speak ii' a forkcd tongue to us and among themselves, tt their schools teách lies and incúlcate their young braves with peffidy. Oiten in the history of the whtffflyes haw the young nobly for bad causes. Theii story -is HflMMJSb of truth being pummeted by falsitv. They cali America the Melting Pot, but tht metáis do not mn rogether, people of different clays do not fuse into one peal people. It is the tradición of rhe Melting Pot, tha the People of the Red Clays, and the People of the Mellow Clays, anil the People of the Black and Brown Clays do not melt with the People of Clay Without Coiöttr. The People of die Clay Without Colour are against Melting and tbey are against; Pot. ; But we must make useful dbtinctions! It is not the People of the Clay Without C"kur but their Cheifs: who will it so, The People say, "It cannot happei here", and this they belicve. But across the Big Watfr six million people who would not melt were murdered. and then melted in the crematoria to make soap. libe people who would not melt were called "Dirty jews"; their murderers cleaned themselves from soap made of Dirty Jews. The people who would not melt had a movement going to get land of their own. It is partly from this movement, and from another movement with humanitarian pnrposes, called EUTIIANASÏA, a gentle killing by gas of the old, the weak, and the infirm (mercy killings), that the sèeds of their roost horrible, death were sown. The world calis this not "Genocide,'' The white eyes are blind to ir because to them it is doing gooij JH Genocide is now being committed against the heroic pèbple of the yellow eyes in Vietnam andiJLaos. In the noróiern reseivations of Laos, those wilö are left, are ffced to live by day in caves, and larm their fields b)night. In Vietnam, more bombs have been dropped than all the bombs dropped on Europe and Asia in the Second World War, and on Korea in that war. There are not crematoria in Vietnam, but napalm makes whole villages crematoria, and wherever else it strikes. When the white man moved against the people of the Red Clays, it cost him 1 million dollars for every Indian he killed; today he is more sophisticated and has more and better weapons. It cost the white man only $500,000 for every Viet Cong he kills... Only $500,000- half as much, after one hundred years of unbridled technology. The ways of the white eyes are not mysterious, nor are they strange. But they are devious ways. They promise anything with the left hand, while the right hand kills with evil spirits and bad medicines, with blankets they say are to keep us warm, but are swarming with invisible colonies of smallpox, cholera, influenza, and measles; with showers they saw are to keep us clean, but pour forth vile, noxious gases that choke and strangle us; with lands they say are to keep us fed, but blister, open, and devour us. Such are the ways of the white man. They attack sleeping villages, and kill men, women, children, level the houses, kill the horses, destroy our clothing and foolstuffs. Remember the massacre at Sand Creek? at Washita River? at Wounded Knee? at Lydice at My Lai? RUNNING DOG CONTINÚES: Paper Tiger is older and wiser than I, and has made some interesting points. He has pointed out that genocide ispreceededby an emigration or concentration of a race into a fixed geographical boundry, a desire of oppressed peoples, and equally out of a desire for merciful elimination on the part of the oppressors. Any problem (such as the Race Question) can be eliminated either through finding an answer to the problem, or eliminating the problem entirely. The flrst method offers a rational solution; the other method ís a 'final solution', where everything is permissible. In 1830 Congress signed the Indian Removal Act, which legalized the taking of our land (that which was not already claimed by the so- cal led 'Right of Discovery') in the East, and started the five nations of the South on the Trail of Tears. It is defined in your book of definitions, that "rape" is "to take by force". Since before you came we have called the land our Mother. We could not sell you our Mother. Since you tnok her by force, poBltted tier rivers, striped her of il forests, and desecrated her valleys..To us, white man, "for as long as the grass shalf grow and the water run ', you wili be a Motherfucker. The People of the Red Clavs were moved into the GreatL American Desert; and a hundred treaties made and a hundred trearies broken. Each time the land aflotmeni grew smaller and smaller, until the great if our people were reduced to helplessness on spcration. In six years, from 1871 77, 1 : great white hunters killed 10 million huffaks, and we no longer coukl hunt and live in the way of our fathers. At the time of the,Nuremberg Laws (1935) a policy of forcetf migration went into effect covering the Jews. After confiscating $ier lands and taking their possessions, the Nazis rned to move them to a Jewish State in Poland. ' ; was %. Jewish Removal Act. In América, each staf tried to be first to free itself of its 1 idians; in F.uropc, each territory tried to be first free of its, ews (JUDENRK1N). lt over 60 years to üisenrranchise and rnaïdcr the n Germany, wïjich had no prior hisrory i genocide, il tofllBflrahan 12 years to murder the fews. lot the policy of extinction is acceptabl ïreign poiic} of America. They have not learned. Not oniy in S.E. Asía, hut the CIA sponsored slaughtcr of 500,000 indonesian Communist of Chinese desceñí in Indonesia, and the. slaughter of Cambodians of Vietnamese descent in Cambodia. Now the greatest rJhreat of all is to the People of the Black Öays. They are the most vulneralbe, say the elders, because their reservations are in the middle of the cities. lf it took M years to kill the Jews, it wil] take less to kill the IMacíts. "Ehey stand out like spots on a leopard. the elders say. The People of tbe Clay Without Colour say that it can't happen here. But the graves of my people stain the earth like wounds in their mother's flesh. I caution you to remember, good people, that it HAS happened here. MOURNJNG DOVE SPEAKS ÜN THE SYSTEM: I am the sister of Running Dog, I am not his iblood sister but he sleeps with me and I with him, and I have helped him ecsrne a long way. Before the enlighunent, Iww up a colonized squaw, and ieamed the ways of disiEtion and intrigue that werejöince a woman's provirvce. RhMuse of this, I csee deception yelping like bitches in the white eyes' white lies, and h.ear it bark mwi, chambers of their black hearts. Historically it is not true that evilTRanifests itself absolutely; that my people were killed and the rest of the country stayed quiet or sullen. As far as what the people could see, every effort was made to piotect the Indian; as far as what the people could NOT see, the covert and insistant use of violence was for our destruction. In Germany, the people were largely ignorant and indifferent to what happened, because they could not or would not see. And when agencies demanded to investígate, they were shown ordy the model camps. In the ghettoes, every citizen could be killed one day, and the only way the white eyes would know, or suspect, is when their domestics did not show up to clean their houses, and sweep their streets. And in the metropolitan states, the struggle was being waged against the same enemy: international finance capital under its extemal and internal forms of sxploitanon, imperialism and capitalism. During the long, undeclared war against my people, the white eyes in the East were sympathetic to our plight and protested at the news of each new massacre. And when their army was defeated at Ft. Kearny, even then a wave of sympathy swelled their hearts. Their chiefs issued a report, which rather than See page 29 Running Dog Fmmw5 A go to the root of the problem, tried to give operation; I malfunctions to rationalise the trouble. It claimed tha I the problem of poor Indian relations was n the spli I administrative jurisdiction berween the War Dept. an I the Dept. of the Interior, in the dénial by white me I of the civil rights of Red men, in the bad relations o I the army with the people of the reservation. The exac I same problem that was described in the Kerner Reporfl written one hundred years later. And they believed iaE because they could not see and would not study thf truth. In 1867 the Congress appointed a Board of Peacfl Commissioners, enlistedthe aid of "philantrophists", thjp Great White Father appointed religious members to fill the posts in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and eve. members of the liberal press like HARPERS MagazinRi and Greely's N.Y. TRIBUNE heralded our cause while concerned citizens wrote their congressmen and demonstrated their sympathy. And while this activinH agitated the system, and gave the illusion that changHj was near, nothing changed, butthe popularion of ml people which steadil diminished. RUNNING DOG CONTINÚES: The cunning of the white eyes knows no limitK he is not honourable in peace, and he is like a jackaH in war. His strategy is to increase the repressivJ mechanism of the state, while at the same time hH offers more phoney social programs to sooth the fireH of revolt. We were forced by the army to go to the reservations, and by the lure of annuities (wel re) to stay therc; hc killed our leaders who called for self-dcfense, Crazy Horse (he killed Crazy Horse with an Indian policeman like he killed Hampton with a black pig) and Capt. Jack and Chief Joseph, and he bought off other leaders by phoney promises of peace üke Spotted Tail, Bkck Ketü and White Antelope. He talked them into ion-viol ife and they talked us into laying ágm our giins, and he killed us without our beinu ible to def r ourselve We cJ t h e "feH1 n ' s lackeys "Hang-arounJ- the-fiM flftkhairs", we cali the brave t waniors ai i thters f liberation "long- hairs'HVe called tster ' ftig- hair", but before the Wtle of -,rass (Little Big Hom), hc at Ft. Reno, id thrt's wh we defeated him in that bu i I1! Siqfe. defectcd to thff wh Styes aftci dcfeating rhem onjfthe tiJd of jiaifUv -he gaveHk cynical re Jfemcndtefor bnivcs whúfg tv beKe wealthy ke i! lite t '. r isl .ïew and put 'idoi 'i athe. ia must lay up forget the . 'j hei uur house is huilt, OU Ir:, neie! R' tHB ruely whai Re, 'i KicÍApH ■yj the ( ■ lls' many women and children. But White Antelope refused to run. He sat there, this 70 year old man of honour, Iwhile the other peace Chiefs ran, and sang his death ■ song: "Nothing lives long, except the earth and the Imountains." And after he had finished his song, he Iwas struck by an army bullet and killed. And lafterwara one of the soldiers came across his body, I and cut off his balls to make a pouch for his tobáceo. As the white eyes used their liquor to trick us land make us crazy, we will' use our herbs and ■ medicines against the white eyes to make HIM crazy. IWe have a tradition of great medicine men, Sitting Buil land Tim Leary. We must use all our braves in the coming lencounter, the men and the women, because we are all jbrothers and sisters. This was a mistake of the old Ination, and lead toour defeat. We must cure individualism, and our war councils Imust elicit the support of all our people. No more games like counting coup, throwing rocks, fighting when we feel like fighting. We must fight when the time is right and wait until the comming victory. Then we will have peace, and pass the pipe of peace. We will begin again the Ghost Dance, and keep on moving so we can reclaim the earth: this is the IMovement. And our musicians will play loud music, land the white eyes will see activity all over the globe! and we will keep moving. It will be the beginning of' our prophecies, the beginning of a new nation, and the learth will belong to the people.