The U.S. Court of Appeals has ruled iliul all wiretaps are illeg;il without a COUTt order. In the past, the Supreme Court had refused to rule on "national security" wiretaps authorized by the execulive hranch. This has given both the Ford and Nixon administrations broad powers based on their authority over foreign aft'aiis ;md national security. In fact, the F.B.I. alone planted 148 such taps last year. The ruling carne in a case brought about because of the Justice Department bugging of the New York headquarters of the Jewish Dótense League. The taps had been planted because of complamts by ihe Soviet Union against JDL denionstrations. The Appeals Court determined that warrants are required in cases 'of domestic organiations that are neither agents nor collaborators-with a foreign power. They also ruled officials connected with the wiretapping could be liable for damages. "We do not reach this conclusión lightly or without sensitivity to the import or the controversiality of the problem of national security wiretapping," the Courl stated. "The Constitution compels us to do no less." The Justice Department is currently deciding whether to appeal to the Supreme Court. In the meantime. hearings have been going on in Washington by the National Wiretap ('ommission, an advisory body to Congress. For example. a random check of 1 I 5 detective agencies chosen f rom phone books showed 42 were willing to provide wiretaps. However, such actions are completely illegal. The Commission is helping Congress devise new laws to prevent such illegal buggings. PARENTS BUG DAUGHTER One example of the prcvalence of wiretapping was reported by Thv Houston Post. A suburban couple bugged their daugliter's phone tor seven years and turned drug-related information over to area narcotics officers. l'he pareats, who refused to be identitied. said they hooked up a voicc activated device to a home extensión in l-67 when their daughter was 1 5. The bugging continued even after she moved into her owrt apartment. Information on drug dealing and pot partios was passed on to eithoi the suburban pólice chief or Houston narcotics officers. all oí whom were informed of the illegal tap. ZNS) MARIJUANA REFORM GROWS Speaking of pot, three more states have decriminalied marijuana. Colorado has made possession a mere S100 fine, instead of their previous penalty of I 5 years in prison. In Maino. possession foi up to one and a half ounees in now a $200 fine. And California has passed similar legislation. As yet. no state has adopted a law as lenient as Aun Arbor's S5 marijuana fine. Alaska has the only bet ter law-no penalties for private uso but this only carne through the courts. At the time, the legislature was considering a law similar to Colorado's. LENNON STILL FIGHTS DEPORTATION While the country is moving to dcriminalize pot, ex-Beatle John Lennon is still fighting deportation from the U.S. The Immigration and Naturalization Service claims a 1968 marijuana bust in London- since discredited by British officials-disqualifies Lennon's application to remain in the U.S. continued at the top of the next column However, evidence is increasing to support Lennon's claims of politica! motivation for the deportation. The former head of the New York Immigration office admits to destroying his notes on the Lennon case after learning Lennon's lawyers planned to question him. In a deposition taken last week, Sol Marks, the now retired officer, revealed he was acting as a "conduit" for higher-ups in Washington. Lennon's lawyers -report Marks' statement prompted them to file suit charging former Attorney Gen-" eral John Mitchell and Richard Kleindienst and other immigration officials with "improper selective.prosecution." The suit charges that in February, 1972 South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond urged the Immigration Service to take "appropriate action" on Lennon's request to remain in the country. At a 1973 news conference, Marks said the decisión to proceed against Lennon was his alone. He now admits that he "misinformed" the press. Lennon's attorney said there is overwhelming evidence that the move to kick Lennon out of the country was prompted by fears the ex-Beatle was making plans to disrupt the 1972 Republican convention. With the revelations of last month, U.S. Attorney Paul Curran has written the judge hearing Lennon's deportation case to suggest the Immigration Service review the matter. (ZNS} CIA AND DRUG SMUGGLING The Chicago Daily News interviewed a veteran narcotics agent recently returned from Southeast Asia. The agent reports the C.I.A. helped various hill tribes grow and sell opium. He was told by his C.I.A. superiors not to interfere. He claimed the opium activities took place "with the tacit knowledge of Washington, because 'national security' required that the United States maintain close friendships with the hill people." The C.I.A. hoped to use these tribes to stop supplies coming along the HoChiMinh trail. The C.I.A. also has used its influence to protect its people from drug charges. The Daily Nëws reports the Agency pressured the Justice Department to drop charges ugainst a lieutenant from Thailand on the C.I.A. payroll and an American agent named Bruce Hoeft. The two were charged with smuggling $3.5 milhon of heroin tnto the U.S. Once the indictment against Hoeft was dropped, he returned to Asia still cm t he federal payroll. And in a related story, ('anadian Parliament membei Denïck Blackburn says he believes the U.S. and Canada have set up an escape route for South Vietnamese refugees who could be embarassing to the U.S. He cites the recent case of former Vietnamese General Dang Van Quang. who was allegedly involved in heroin trafficking and mysteriously was resettled in Canada. Blackburn notes the General's new home in Canada will prevent him from being subpoenaed to testify before the Senate C.I.A. committee. (ZNS) CONINTELPRO AND THE ANTIWAR MOVEMENT When the Vietnam war was at its peak millions were demonstrating against U.S. involvement and support for the regimes of Thieu and Lon Nol. The movement also stirred up a flurry of activity in Washington, as current F.B.I. documents verify. For example, the F.B.I. persuaded an announcer on a Cleveland radio station with a large high school following to run a program discrediting the anti-war move-i ment. The unnamed DJ was reported to continued on page 9 After 500 years as a Portuguese colony, and a decade of guerilla warfare for independence, Mozambique has finally become a free African nation. Samora M. Machel, leader of the Mozambique Liberation Front- Frelimo- now moves into the Presidency over the 9 million Mozambique residents. Machel is directing the country along the political lines of Frelimo policy- a socialist economy with land and economie resources state controlled, collective farming and industry, and leadership through the Frelimo party. Mozambique will be similar to China (which has supported Fretimo throughout their liberation struggle) in economie structure. During the late sixties, anti-war protestors all too often found themselves arrested for demonstrating in the streets and blocking traffic. Most noteworthy of the time was the May Day demonstraron in Washington, D.C. in 1971 where over 10,000 people were busted for standing in front of cars. Now, in 1975 it the cops who have taken to the streets. In New York City, layoffs of 5,000 city pólice off icers sparked a demonstration by 500 of the newly dismissed cops. Starting at City Hall, the angry ex-police officers moved onto the Brooklyn Bridge creating a major traffic tie-up during the heavy city rush hour car crush. On duty cops, the targets for beer cans and insults from their former uniform-mates, arrested three of the demonstrators. But, they "generally refrained from taking harsh steps to disperse the demonstrators," reports the "New York Times." infamed Sources contmued from pase 8 have "a great deal of infiuence with. persons of his age group." At the time, an anti-wiir convention was going on in Cleveland. In another case, the F.B.i. secretly published dnd iinancéd phoney college newspapers Tor the same reason. At indiana University in Bloomington, "The Armeggedon News" was supported by the F.B.I. while supposediy coming from "concernedstudents."" At American Universiiy in Washington, D.C.. it was the "Rationa! Übserver." As ii' this weren't enough, the F.B.I. sent etters to the parents of anti-war students to attempt to stop demonstrations. One set of letters went to the parents of students involved in a hunger strike at Oberiin College in Ohio. Steven Eipper's parents were toid. ! also oppose this war. But 1 tried to convince Sleve thal fasting to express oppositton can only lead lo injury....Öbviuusly, my efforts luive been unsuccessful and l am concerned to the point where I am reluctantly writing this letter to you." The letter says "ieft wing students" are beltin d the demonstratiom, and "ihey are cynically tising Stcve and others for purposes that go far beyond opposition to the war." The F.B.i. signed itself. "a conccined student." (ZNS) KENT STATE TRIAL IN SEVENTH WELK The parents of four students killed in an anti-war demonstratkm at Kent State continue their struggte for jüstice, as their civil .sutt against the National Guard drags on. Last week, tonner guard captain J. Ronald Snyder admitted he lied abou? finding a gun on one of the dead students' bodies. The gim. with an unworkable and rusted trigger mechanism had been found somewhere on campus btit nol near Jeffrey Miller's body as Snyder had previuusly dairned. Snyder admitted he first mentioned the gun two months after the shooting to fellow guardsmen concerned with potential legal action apinst them. ile was inreed to stick with the story when guard superiors heard and used the story to perpetúate the theoi y the guards had fired in self-defense. The trial is stiil gofng on bet'ore an Ohio jury. and is expected to run through August. SOLAR POWER TO GET INCREASED FU1MDING The Energy Research and Development Administraüon released a new energy development plan that assigns new t'unding to solar and other alternative sources of energy. ! ommends more efforts in fue! t. in. But while ii promises these measures as future solutions to decreasing oil with solar energy slated as u major energy source of the 21 st century, ERDA nuiintains coa! and nuclear puwer are the shortterm solutions for this century. In presenting the report, F.RDA administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr. aiso rejected the controversia! "hreeder" nuclear reactor as a solution to the naiion'S energy future. The report said the U.S. should nol place all its resources into one energy source as lias heen done in the past. F onding for breeder development was cut. and Seaman's adnutted more research on safety was neccessary before such a product shouid go ahcad. The country's first hreeder is nut expected to be in operation lot al least another ten vears. HARD TIMES COMETO NEW YORK CITY Whiie President Ford and hi.s advisurs have been busy assuring the nation thai the recession is over and good times are ahead, the cities in the U.S. are sinking ever deeper into debt. The major exampie is New York, where' over 27,000 city emplcvecs werc laid off July 1 to meet the city's "crisis budget." Sanitaiion workers immdiate!y went on strike, and laid-of! strated in the strei s of city .;A iitt, and the . complaining becouse siiijis cannol gel through, Öthet city w, ould ultímate;i major crisis in the world's lar;iy. With little hope of additional funds f rom Washington or the state's capital. New York may poientiaity be torced to declare martial law to keep the city funcitoning. Alreudy garbage is becorümg a serious health pri)bleni. Detroit also bogan is (ayoffs to balance the budget tor the 1 -)75-7(1 fiscal year. Up to 10.000 city employees may end up out of work ad ding to the alieady high unentploymenl in the Motor City. Locally, Ann Arbot is'jlso l)c-iiií torced to tayot'f employees, here only a lew dozen hut a good chunk of ihe city's work force. As in oí her eities, services will sulfer with less employees to do the needed work. C'ities are not the only problem. In Pennsylvania, inassive layolïs of State etnployees to cut costs piovoked inassive stukes by hospital, welfare and othei employee. Payntent of welfare and unempluyment checks has come to a hall and state hospttals are functioning with onl supervisory personnei. The sinking city and si unies indícate a deepet economie problem than hasyet been suggested by national economie advisois. Critica!. services hom fire prutectton and garbage pickup to water and ' opérate throu cit . . . in these hasic areas suggesl e lardships than those faced during the "greal depresáon" óf the thirties. So far. the Ford adminis tration has refüsed any financia I aid f" ease the pligJit of local governments.