l'artlicr Point, Aug. 7. Tho steaiiisliip Canadlan which left Liverpool at i I'. M. Thursday 26th and Londouderry on the cvening of the 27th, passed this point at 6 A. M. to-day. Great Biutain. - The Parliamontary proeeedings were unimportant. A prospectus had beeu issued for a now Tolegraph Company, whieh proposes to establish a system on the penny postage principio to convey messages of 20 words to any part of England, Scotland and Ireland at the uniform rate of 1 shilling. An influential direction had beeu formed with a capital of L150,000. It is proposed to work tho lines on Allen 's patent. Tho Atlantic Telegraph Company announco that the efforts made at Ncwfoundland to restore tho Atlantic cable have failod. Mr. Varley, the electrician, in his report says: By hard hauling pieces of the cable were raised in small lengths, amounting in all to soven miles, but the cable invariably brokc at short distances, and it was neecssary at last to abandon the attempts. The report says the iron wires ofteu appeared sound, but on miuute inspection they were found eaten awav and rotten. The gutta percha and copper wire were as good as when laid down. - Portions wliich were wrapped with tarred yarn were sound, the tar and henip having preserved the ron wires bright and free from rust. The public income of Great Britain ■ for the year ending June 30th was L71, 416,000, and the expenditures L70,504,; 000. The Princo Regent, of Prussia, arrived at Toplitz on the 25th, being received at the railway termini by the Emperor or Austria. The Paris Pays gives a report of a treaty between Austria and Prussia, prepared by a Conference at Toplitz Frange. - Letters from Paris say, that Lord Palnierstou's speech on England's National defonses, had created a groa' sensation. Some writers say that serious alarm was feit as to the maintenance of peace between the two nations. A correspondent of the London JTcrald indulges in various warlike rumors, aud states that all the Naval offioers on furlough had been ordered to report thomsclves without delay. The Naval reserve had been called out. The French fleet in the Mediterranean is to be raised to tweuty sail of the line. Military prepnrations go on with unflagging activity for the Syrian expedij tion, which is stated at 35,000 men, besides artillcry an cavalry. Naplks and Sicily, - Nothing new has transpired relative to Garibaldi's movement. The King of Sardinia has received the Neapolitan Ambassador. M. Milroy, who eommanded the Republicans in 1849, but was recently foreign interpreter at Queenstown, has gone to join Gavibaldi. A Turin dispatch of the 26th says the mission of the Marquis de la Greca to Paris, is to bring about a eompromise by which the King of Naples would accept the result of an universal suffrage in Sicily should the Western Powers guaranteo the integrity of his dominions on the main land, and prevent Garibaldi from landing there. Home. - A letter from Rome says the Pope had refused to adopt any of the measures rocommendod by the French Ambassador, and declares that if these changes are forecd on hiin ho will abandon his States. Fears are entertained that Garibaldi niight suddeuly appear on the Papal territory. Sviua. - Advices from Syria are to July 7th. There is nothing fresh, but affairs were still serious. 2 Sardinian war vessels had been sent to the coast of Syria. It is reported that the Viceroy of Egypt had placed his troops at the disposal of the Sultan to punish the Druses. Ruïssian letters say: Great excitement prevailed against the Turks on account of the inassaere. Tho Paris Constituí onel says: The expedition prepared by France will, as a matter of necessity, be carried out, and an early departure may be expected. - The part of France will be that of occupation rather than that of intervention.