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Douglas In The South

Douglas In The South image Douglas In The South image
Parent Issue
Day
14
Month
September
Year
1860
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Chas. F. Collier, Esq., in introdueiug Senator Douglas, said: Fellow-Citizcns of Virginia - By the nvitation of the national democracy assembled at Stauuton tlie Ilon Stephen A. Douglas visits the Commonwealth of Virginia, and by the invitatioa of the dcmocraoy of Petersburgb he is here to addrcss you to-night. I have the honor .o now introduce to you Stephon A, Douglas, the natioual caudidate of tho demoeraey For President. [Three eheers vero here given for Donólas.] Senator Douglas said : Gentlemen - I fear that I will not be able to make myself heard to this vast audience, in consequence of tho strong wind that is now blowiug, and whieh must naterially affect iny voiee. Since the r'resideut and Vioe President of the Jnited States have taken the stump in opposition to the organization and nomnees of the party whieh eleoted them o power, I have no hesitation ia respondng to the invitatiou of the demoeraey of Virginia to vindícate the organization, he platform, and the principies of the national democratie party. [Cries of 'Good," and applause.] I stand to-night on the same platform of principies on whieh C.tss was nominacd in 18-13, Pierce in 1852, and Buohanan and Breckinridge in 1856 [applause], nd I construe the platform of the party now precisely as they uuderstood and onstrued it {hen. [Cheers.] In his etter of acceptanee, in June, 856, Mr. Buchanan declared that the leople of a Teritory, like thoso of a ■State, shall decido for themselves whether lavery shall or shall not exist within rheir limits, and in his speech at I.exingon, Ky., in whieh he accepted tho nomnation for Vice President, Mr. Breckinidge expressed the same doctrine. Duing the whole canvass of 1856, tho creed f tho party, so far as the question of lavery was concerned, was explained in he same way in every northern State by northern and sonthern nieu. When the bolitionists denied that that was the rue construction of tho democratie platorm, eminent southern men from all the ifferent southern States were invited to anvass the uorthern States, in order to Lsure the northerri people that Buehann had placed the true construction upon be Cincinnati platform in his letter of eceptanee. In response to this invitaion, distinguislied southern men did anvass the northorn States. Ainong liem were John C. Breckiuridgo and Villiam Preston, of Keutucky; Oobb, of ü-eorgia; Orr, of South Caroiina; Bonamin, of Louisiana; and inany others, who visited the northern States, and ïade speeches on the same stand, soine of uem side by sidc with me, explainiug Ue platform precisely as I will explain it o you. [Immenso applause.] At ïippccanoc, indiana, I mado a peecli from the samo stand with Vice i'resident Breckinridge, listening to him, nd he listoning to me, and both of us dvocating the doctrine that the people of a Territory, line those of a State, were o decide the slavery question ior tliemelves. [Chcers.] Read the speech of Howell Cobb, of ïeorgia, made at West Chester, Pennsylania, in September, 1856, in support of Mr. Buchanan, and you will find that he advanced the doctrine that slavery eould e excludcd from the Territories either )y non-aotion or by unfriendly legislation. That speech made Mr. Cobb Secretary of the Treasury. ïake tho presont Cabinet of Mr. Buchanan, and noarly ovory man who is a niember of it is, on record, committed to the doctrine advocatcd by Mr. Cobb. - 3en. Cass, the Secretary of State ; Mr. ïoucey, the tiecretary of the Navy; Mr. ïolt, the Postinastor-G enera]; indeed, as 'ar as I know, every member of the Cabnet, supported that doctrino. I now say ,o you that Buchanan and Breckinridge wero elected President and Vice President on the Cincinnati platform, as exDounded by Mr. Buchanan ia his letter, ind Mr. Breckiuridge in his speech, of acceptanoe. [Applnuse ] I teil you, 'urthermore, that they nevor could have jeen elected but for their pledges of fidolty to the doctrine of non-intervention by Congress with slavery in the Territories of the United States. [Cheers.] The contest in iöuo was uetween tüo doctrines . of intervention on the oae sido and nonIntervention on the other. The abolitionists, who wero then running Mr. Frcmout as their candidato for tho Prcsidenoy, wore pledgcd to tho doctrine of Congrcssional intervention upon the ! eot of slavery, and asserted the right and iuty of Congress to control tho slavery question in the Territorios. Ou tho other ïand, tho democratie party stood pledgod ;o tho doctrine of uon-iuterfereuee by Congress with slavery, either in the States or Torritories of the United States. - [Cheers.] Wc demócrata then told you, md we believed it to be trtio whou we said it, that it was not safe to trust the question of slavery to the Congress of the United States. [A voice, "that is right, sir."] We said then, as we now say, that the Federal government, possesses no powers except those specified in the conBtitution, and that tho powers granted to Congross are few in number, aro enumerated in that instrument, and are all of thom Federal, and none of them domestic. Congress can declare war, make peace, raiso a rovenue, ooin money, maintain armies, establish navies, and do all thoso aots which are Federal and not local, but the Federal government has no right to iuterfere between husband and wife, or parent and ohild, or guardián and ward, or raaster and servant, or auy other matter which is domostiu and uot Federal ín its character. [Cheers.] This was deeined sound detnocratio doctrine only four years ago, and what is now tho conditiou of things in this country? We find the country convulsed by the action of two soccösicmist parties - tho one composod of northera iuterventionists, and the other of southern ínterveutiouists. [Applause.] The country, so far as the slavery question is concerued, is divided into two parties - secesaionist3 and non-interveationists. Thfi iutorventiooists are sub-dividcd into two grand divisions - interventinists north and iuterventiouists south. The tjoitheru interventionists are known as black republicans or abolitiouists, and thcy dernand that CongresB shallprohibit slaverywherevcr it ia aecüssary. [A voice, "That's so."l It then becomes important to in qnire when it is necessary tor CDgrcss to prohibit it? Why they teil you it is i uot necessary for Congres to prohibit it when the people are opposed to it, tur the , reason that, in sucli case, the people will prohibit it themselves. The abolitonists j only deern it neccssary to prohibit ry whcre tho peoplc are in favor of it. - , ()n the other hand, the southern vontiouists, who secoded i'roni the ( ton and Baltimore conventions, teil us ] tti.it 1'ongr.ess must interiore to proteot slavery wheu uecessary. Wheu do thcy ] thiuk it is uecessary for Ooogress so to , interfero? Why, thcy say that as long as tlie people are in favor of slavery thoy , will protect it themselves, and henee it is not necossary for Oongress to intarfero, but that, wherever thu paople are oppos ed to slavery and do not want ir, theu i and in Ihat casa Cougross must interfere, and force them to have it. [Good.] - l'Vom these remarks you will observe that j , the republicans of the North and tha i . ceders of tho South agree in principio. - , They agree iirst, that it is the right aud : duty of Cougress to control the quastion j of slavery in the Territorios ; sucondly, , they agree in denouacing the doctrine of , non-intervention and popular sovcreiguty; and, thirdly, they agree in overruliug tho ] will of the people in the Territorios with regard to their local and domestic aífairs. Agreeing oa tho question of power, then, they wish to apply thcir aotioa in . opposite direetions. The northera seeessiouists, or , tionists, appcal to northern passion and ( northern prejudieo and DOrthern , tion, agaiust tho southera people and , against our institutions. The southern secessionists appeal to southeru pride and , southern passion aud southern aiubition, against the northern poople aud thuir , stitution3. Each eudeavqrs to rally the people of thoir owu seetioa undor oue , sectional banner, against the othor. posa these two sectional parties succeed , a:id rally cvery maa BOUtli of the (jhio River under oue banner, a:id overy man , north under the other, and th;is force a Prcsidential cleotion to take placo on a , geographicai line, - wbat du yoa thiuk , will be the result to your iaterests, or to tho peace and sal'ety of this Union? - j Chcers.] I ueed not tel! }rou what the - result will bo whenover a Presulential , eloction is decided by geographical linos. , If ever sectional parties siiull control this country, it is very evident that the strongest section will carry the ronjlt. As a northern iuai, beloiiging tö the strongest wection, I deplore tlio orgaaization of seetional parties. [Öreat applause.] I desire to seo ttiis Union maintamed forover, aud I know of no mode of preserving it except by observing, with religious üdelity, every provisión and every obligation of tho coaslitutiou as our lathors made it. [Uhecrs ] - The constitutiou of our fathors is good onough for me, and I demaud that every man, iSrorth aud tíouth, wherever ha may be found uuder the Americ.in flag, shali yield obedience to every provisiou of tho eonstitution, and, if ba does not do it, titea I would use the power of the government to make liim do it. [Gheers.J So long as we live uudor a ooustitutio;i which is common o all the States of tliin Union, we must secure to the peoplo of every State cqual rights uuder it. - [Cheers.] And I hoid that the doctrine of oqualityof rights applies to the Territories as well as to the States of this Uniou. You aro told tbat a portioa of the democratie party desires to deprive ytu of the right of ïnoving to the Territories with your property and hoiduïg it on an equality with other citizens 1 waüt to say toyou that, so far as uiy knowledgo eiteuds, I do not know of auy ono democrat in all America, who is supporting the regular organization of the party, who does not concede equality of rights in the Territories to all citizens of all the States For one, I affirin equality, and intend to maintaiu it at all hazards and everywhere. You have the same right under the eonstitution to go and carry your property into tho Territories that I havo miue. - You have the same vight to carry your slaves, or your cattle, or your horses, that I have to carry auy property that I possess. When you get there, you aud I stand on a footing of exaot equality under the law. You bring your property with you subject to tho local law, aad I bring mine with ma subjeot to the same loeal law. Tho misreprosentation on this point oonsists in tho assumption that Coneress proteots the northern man in his property in the Territorios, but will not protect the southern man in his. I am willing to boliove that those goutlenien who malta ihis statement believe it to ba truo, but I have more rospect for their candor thau thoir iütelligenoe, if they profess to so believe. Coi'gifes has noveryot passod a law for the protection of any nian'd prop erty in aTerritory. Every man who goes to a Tcrritury with his wife, his chiklren, his sorvant, and his proporty, is subject to the local law, and rulies upon k)oal law fur his protoclion. Tbe rain which had been ior sometimo thre:iten!ng uovf commenced falling rapidlv, and Mr. Üoug'ms remarkëd : My füllow-oitizens, in view oí tho storm novv mging, I submit to you whethor I shall not bring my remarks to a close, rather than exposé you to the iuclemenoy of the weatherby going on? Many voioes - No, no ; go on. Mr. 'Douglus - Wel], as you havo given a unanimous vote on the subject, I feel bound to abide by the test ol [.opular sovereignty. [Great laughter and oheers.[ Every man, I ropoat, in a Territory, must rely upon the local laws as enactedby thoTerritoral ernment lor the protection o! nis per son and his person and bis property of every disCription, the same as n the States. Upon thia pointthe action of this governmont, trom the foundation oí tho coDstitutioo, has been uniform. [The rain here poured down in tórrèbts,and tho ehaimian, Mr. O. F, ColIjor.wap obliged to adjourn the nwetmg to Phcenix Hall, to which place the crowd werided their way throngh t'no ■ furiuus stcnn. Ilither Mr. Douglas and the ooinmittee soou repairod, and ho madu hifi appaaranoo in the hall, which was fall to ovorflowing, the assombly rose as one mim, and ohoors folbwcd chocrs l'or sorao minutes. WIioü the onthuíinsrn luid soiiiowhut siibsidjed - j Mr. Dmighis oodtinned his rernurks , hesai'd ! It seeüi that tho ruin ofhuav! en iall aliko on the just and unjuBt- up! on the Union uien and upon tho diiuai ion mon- upon tb e naiioual do.wcr:ii;y ' and opon the BecoBeippiBtiremendoua 'ippïaüse'i'; but whijiit regretting that ' , ' ' ' ' ' ,ho storm has brokon up our meeting md distiacted our disoussion, wü may onsole ourselve.s witb th tliought that .he rain was vory mu oh needed for the 'armtng and agricultural interest of ;he country and thoroforo, as our only jbjoot is to promoto tho public good, ye probably have gaiined as much in ne way by the storm as we havo lost )y it in anoth;r: jGheers.] I bardly knew where I laft off in mv emarks, for I was speaking entirely ! .vithout notes ; but I buiiove I WB8 elu;idating the proposition that ander our lystem of governmont, persons and Droperty aro de-pendent upun tha local avvs for protection ia the Teri'itories, ;ba B&rae as in the State.s of the Union, üonnjress can ox'üi'císj no power except ;hoso which are Füderul in their charicter and apply to tho whola Unioa, without interfering with the domaetio iffaira of the people either in the 8tates r Territorios; and, as I have alreadj ,i 'ernarked, it has noveryet passed a law 'or tho protoction oí any species of uroperty in the Terri'ories. Congre.ss neruly calis into existence the Territo"ial governments, in order that their .sople may olect thor own Legisla-tires, and then inuke their own lawsibr :ho protection of ttie'.r own ialcrosts. tn a country as broad asthis, aíí.'u such i variety of climató, of soil, and of population, thers must necessarily bu n iorresponding variüty of in'.erests, rejuiring institutions and legislation in 3ucli lucality adapted to their '.faiirs and .■iroiinistaiicus For thia reasou. our 'atiiers, ;n ereoting our sy3tem of gov3rnmont, retained the separate JOgisla;ures ot the States with the sovereign power over all that is lo.;:d and donij.uc, whüa thc-y conoednd to the Fedoral Government all general powurs that affected the general wijif.iro of the w'uolo country Our knev, ivhen they notU this governmiMit, th;it the laws md institutioiw which wei'o spited t'ur ;ha nilld and vulle}i oi" vr.v Migland A'ere illy adupted to the ri'jo, tobucso, .md sugar plauUti ;ns of ]ho South, i'hey know, theretbre, that theru must De in each locality different laws, which tvoukl answer the wants, the condition, ind tho circum-tances of oatoh comaiulity, Henee you observe that uniformty a local laws and institutions is ïeither desirublo n r possible. Our ;htxry oi government is onsuu upon :he supposition that the nstitutions of ïd two States would ba preoiaely al'ke. The fra:noi8 of tho government well inew ihat the lawá and rogiil&tiáa that would suit the miniag regióos nf California would not uit the prairies of II,'tnois ; and henee thi.s f.omplex system 3t' government. by vvliich euoh ootnrautitv may havo iti owu system of Luvs ind its own institutions. I bulieve that we of the Northwest [ove tliis Union more than )rou in the "Old Dominion," whose sons had more to do with the furmntion of' it than any ather mon in America. [Gheers ] It is natural that we should oherish tnoro iffeution for it than you. You love the Union because it was made by your anoostors, the best, the purest, and the wisest man that everlived ; you love tha Union bocuuso it made the thirteen colonie the most glorious nation that ever lived on the facd of the gljbo [cheersj ; vou lovo he Union bec.inse it has furaishud you all tho protectioi that tho Federal government could give ; but still we love the Union for othar roasons which you cannot appreciate. I bulieve that our politioal ojponents reoognizo and acknowludge the justice of the principies in rospect. to tho States of tho Union, but thuy deny the propriety of' it when uppliod to the Torritories. When I ask thora why should not thu people of Virginia be ponnitted :o nave siavery u uiey umin ui ut uwiii proniota their iuterosts, and tho peoplö ;if Illinois bo pormitted toaboli.sh it if we find that in our climate, with our productiona, it is not profitablo, thoy idmit that the principia ia right as applied to the States, bnt they aay it oanuot ba applied to the Territorios. Why should not the people of the Territorios bo permitted to mako their own laws as well as those of the States ? Who are the people of tho Territorios ? Are thoy not emigrante froin tho old States of tho Union ? Did not many of them go thro from Virginia? Aro uot the Territorios novv liiled with Vir ginians ? Let me inquire wliethor thoy were not capablo of solf government beforo thoy lefi ? If they wore did they lose all tho sonso, all the intelügence, al! the virtua tney ever hacl, on their way trom tho Old Dominion to iho Territorios ? ['Cheers.] I met tonight a nativo of the üoekado City, who emigrated to Minnasota whon it was a Tei-ritory, and if I couid tind hiin hero [ would like to kuow iVo:n him whether, when lio got there aad loarued a little of the country, ascertninod its wants aad interosts; and do'.ennined to uiake his home there, lio was less cupable of self-government than be was bêfore ho Set foot in that Territory ? [Applauo and laughtar.] You iuay be of the opinión horo in Virginia, as I fjund many up in New England a few woajta ago, that you aro beltor able to determine for us of tho frontier what sort of lwa and nstimtious we want than we are oursclves. Whüo that may be ypur opinión, it is not ours. [Laughtcr.j We think that the men who emigrato from their homos, tho !aiul of tneir birth and the scones of thöir chiKlïiood, aod take up their fleideaoe Ln the wilderuess or on the prairie, mako Uieir own farms, ereot their own hou.ses, plant their owu orchards, and "split their own rails" fgroav laugh erj, kaow about aa wöll what Sort ot laws and i13.-t.it .1tions will euit thom, ai you who n.-vor went away from your nalivo placo. I know that it is very natur. 1 it)t 3 man to aupuoso that tho placo where he was boru 'ia tho voi'v contre of civiïization, md tbat the billa which surround his visión are tho limita oí uil that is gond, and that beyond thöin thero ia nothing bnt border ruffians and outsido barbarians. WI1011 I wa a child I wntortained some of theso opinions ínyanlf. O;ie day, howcver, wbea I broke away IVom hoino and got across the unouata'n ipto the next valloy, I fouud the poople just liko those I had leí, uquaüy intelligent and virtuoos, and I was uucily : : at t.ho pn'judiood I had previ. )ii-ly enurtainea. tío it ifl widi a!l. A.s you om from vailoy to vnlloyj aud (rofn Stpie to State, of this Uuion. your proj . aro olio by ono reuiovcu ; you boüüine inore liberal asd moro gouarul au I uqiverbal ia your onfi.Jft!a iu the patriot: q oi ■■ -".ir ielloA" lyiliuü. A son of Virginia moves to the Northwest ; ho aoUles apon n prairie, and he finds that his nest neignbor is i Yankee frora Connectiout; tho next a Souih Carolinian the noxt a Yankee f rom Maine; the next a Peunsylvanian, and so on ; ono litóle prairie being u Oongress íor tha whofe nalion, eaoh íStatu haviog ono or moré representativea upon it. After awhile, your Virginian njjjrriea a Yankeo girl from CooDSClicut, at:d in the course oí timo they have gome chüdren [laugbter], wlo, when thoy grow up, fiad out they havo a grandinothur iu Virginia and another a Clónnoctiout. Xow, commence abusing Virginia bei'orc these children, and you wiíl huve t diátürbance - [Graat laiightor.] Nar will thoy perm:t you to abuse OonDöcticUt, They aro bonnd to each otiier by tho ti'8 oí' blooil, oí' aèöotion, and th:y love Coaneuticut and Virginia byeause ons is tho birth-plaoe oí' their inother and thu otiier the irthplaoe of their father. So it is i:i a'l onr Devv otates an 1 Tor ritorres. Wo are bound to the North and tho South; we aro boand lo each and every State in tha Union by the tiei oí blood, of marmge, and of ai i'eotion, as woll as of commercial intorjoúre [Gruit applaine.] You cunnot sever this Cínion without cuttipg the heart-stringa that imito oqr ohildren with the landa oí thoir aneestorn [Renewed app'Huse.] Whüii you t.alk aoout dissolvírfg this Ui.'ion, and tuaking tlio Ohio River tho boundury, tha Northwest will tell you thut we furai.sh tha water that rnako? tha Jlissisaippi, and that we mtend to navigato t'uat vat;r uno tha broad .iceaii. [Oheera.] Wo uever intend to pay diitiea at tho inouth of thu üíiíj Kiver in following thö waters of the UuMMdippi to tho G'ulfj nor di) we intend to obtain pasaporta for a trio to a ficoigü couatry whea wo o. ano to visít the gr.ivos oí' our grandlathorá in Vir ginia, [Tremesdous enthuiiasm.] Wo iova the Union, and we iiionn to mam t;iin it. [Cheers.J We know but one modo of preserving it and trinari)ittng it uniinpaired to our posterity, and that modo is by oonÜQuitlg to retnaiu íaithíi:l to every provisión oí the eonstitution under whioh we livu. [Oheers ] VVhatever tho consar.ution roijnired un to do, we iutead to p.ríonn with our heart's blood ií' the saoritíce is ry. [Ui.i.-jrs.J Jtïvery nght tiie coa nitution givea you we will defund to thc lust extvemity, foheors] ; butevery right the conítitiitioo gives you t guáranteos Lo mu and to every other citizen, attd we domand that equalúy with you. [Ohears.] If you lefer to tho ReVoliitionary gtruggla, to tho glory oí your aaco.-jiors, to tbeemiaonce of tho stutosmon that the Oíd Dominion has furnishod, to the immense sacrifica sho h;ts made in the oause ot' liberty, to the services that you rendered in tbafoftnattoo oí' tho oonstitution,and to.hu purity of the düiuocracy that a Jotforson and a Madison have transmitted to us, we cor.cede your superior claims; but when you demand largar power ormore rights under tho conjrtitutlon than you aceord to us, we dan}' tha justice of the claim. [Cheers,] Ws grant equality; wo ask nothing moro, we wül accept uothing les-i. ÍJbboo, whatever rights we have - what evor protection Congress gives us - it shall give yon ; but in all cnses whero wo are depondunt upon th local laws for our protection, you must trust to the looallaw forjoufselves. Tbesa prinoiplys mast be familiar to you. We havo never had any difficulty in bhis country ; fiectiotial strifü has nevar placed our liberlies in peril, except when tho Federal govornment has attoinptad to esercisu powers -iot delegated in tho constitution. You all remember the perils that environed us in 1850. The Northern freo-soilers then dernanded that Con2rresa shnuld bib.t sluvery everywhere in the Territorios, whotber tho people wantod t ór not ; but the Uninn men, with Clay and Webster and C.iss - TJiiiou vvhigs arfd Union dornocrats - uüited aa a band of brotbers, and declarad tbat (ongresa should mt intorfero at all wich the lo cal affairs oí tho Territorios. [Cheors.J Tho grat etruggle resulted in tho adoption of what is known as the oörnpromise measuros of 1850. Taáse measurcs vvoro the joint action of the w.hig party and the democrat party, and their adoption was a trinmph over aofthern abolitioniat and southern dsunionisti. AVo havo the samo issuo presentad ta us uow that we had then. Non-intervoution by Oongross wsa the principie tbon agroed to, and that ia tha doctrina of the democratie party now. If tli:ro ar-1 :v,iy old line whigs presout, permit mo to a.ok them whotlier, in 1852, thay did uot iu oorpbrate this plank of nonriutervaotion by Congross witb siavery ia tUa Territoriea in their platform adoptod in national Oonrention? Every whig kaowa that ihc Baltimora oouvuutiou of 1852 plüdgcd hia party, plodgüd ovary whig in Amanea, to the prinoiple of noa-inlerveution. I appeal to you, democrats, whethei',in oar conveutio;i tho samo yoar, wo did aol plodge our faith to tho sa;nö principio. - [Choers.] It is truo that ni'iuy deuiQeiatsfroM tho .estromo South hnd ppposed that principie ia tho struggle two yoars before. Tbey appoaled to their people to suatain thom in thoir resis'aaco to the. coniproüiiso inaasures of 1SÖO, auJ, wherever that appeal was made, it waa answered by a rebake fro n tho people. - The ultraist3 aud sooessionists of tüfe Soutb, in tho great coatest of 1851, vore oompollcd by the vote of tha people of their Qffn States to acquiesco in this principie of fioa-interventioo, Iu 1852, wheu we assomblod at Bultimore to uomiuato a candidato for tha Prc.idcncv, all these sooessiouis's canio forvvard aud asked ua to receive them iato democratie f.dlowihip, they pledgiug themselves to ac uiesje ia the compvömise ineasures oí' lt50 a d the priiu'iple of non-iiitcrveation, on oondtio;i of our doing so. We did reoeire ttiein ou that pledge of honor that tbaV woiild support that priuoipie in' flie. future. Pierce was made President on that principio, and the Kansas bill yas pask'd to'earry it in'to effect. I Lrought t'jr.vaid that biil, aud I did not mean that any honcst man should ever havo a pretJxt in the ! future tQ say that ho did uot umlorstaud the bill I gave hitn, [C! ■■,r,-s.j T vent it, I iDsorted in thu Nebiaska bill, i:i t!:a very sootion wbich repeafod tho Missouri ooiipj!ni-e, tho provisión th'at I tha elgUth t.c--.Liiïi oi' the Missouri act ■ was declsrdd nuil aud void be'oaüke it was í ineouiistbut with tUa principie of tcrvontion by Congross with fdavery in tho Ötutes and Turritories as affirmed iu the compromiso measures of ]s.Vl. Every man who voted for tlie Nobraska bill affirgxed undor oath his devotiou to the principio of non-iuterv ention by Congresa. It is true that somo of thosa seoesriiouists who had opposed tlio coiuproinise measures of 1850, aud who aré uow bolting the regular orgauizatiou of the democratie party, carne to me thou and agked me to strike out thoso word, "inconsistent with tito principie of non-inUrvent ion as ajfinned in the compromiss tfieasure of 1S50." 1 ioquired tho rei they wanted thoin stricken out, and they voted against the coinprombe measares of 185U, and those word3 seenjed to mako tKcm stultify theruselvea by votiug for io novv. [Laugliter aud applause.] lasked theiu whether they had not pledged theiu.sclves tliat in future they would stand by that principie? "Oh! yes," they replied, ;but they did not liko to voto for it." 1 told them that they should never pass that bill unleóa thoy inserted in it#their dorotion to this principio of apn-inierventiou. [ Cheors.] Evory Senator and cvery ileprcsoutativo in Virinia, with the exeeption of Genera.1 Millson, ot' Norfolk, voted for the Xobraska biil with that understanding General Millsou would not give the pladgf!, and ho.ncs Ue would not vote for tliat jill, but, if aiiy man doubta whethcr the othera ndorstovl it as I did, ho had bstter aak Gen. Mülsan. [Laughter sni applause.] lío is the oulj' momber of Gobgross fj-om Virginia, Senator or P.opreanntative, who has a riglit, after h::i vote on tho Nobruik:i bill, to opporse bon-iaterrention - tha only o:ie who can consi.stectiy do it. It has bsen chargod Kately that 1 framed tlie Xehraska bill so n- to cíicat the Sputli and mafco it a íre-3oil me!.-;ure. UciÜy, I 1 1 1 ! n k that tJlQSp v;u make thi.i ernrge have int duly rüïéóted. Wliata c jiifecsiyii! Thnt a nasi fi'6a the baokwöoda-of tha northiyeut óafpiö t Congress and cheated eveiy south.ru Seuator and cvery soutbern Kep'rokenul' tivo w'uü bad a ssái i:.-.' ■! [Grcat latígttor and cnntinu : a)iilaa3.] If it ho truy that iu tlie oe.iate of the United Statea : ouc'sputUurn 8tatj Lad a Sjnir tor with apuso eripugh to underítand the bill w'hea ie reaii it, it ís tne you U changed ygar Soaa'.urs. [Upuapi lauglitar án'd applawj. I Iw.'e h;oi preparad dariug iny poJitTó.il c:reer i". ir ina'.iy siringo tliings. but I never yet Jroamt that mén wo.uld bo fax s'ul f tTiaiasah'c-s ns t say that a bilí was dniwü ;i'.iid t aier it bad goú'a tíirottjlj a djseusaioii pi fdUr rao ïths, and Itna been Subpítoj ti tliomoit thorough iuvestigotion tiwt au b.Il uviir had in tUo Co igresa of iba Uuitcd Staten. I have been ipforraad, too, Mint ft 13 very fashiouabla i;i Virgi.iia ïpe tliesj 8eüC33ÍonÍ3ta to chirtí tli.it I vo.t boau to í'üio's, and iu a speech at Chicago boastad that I had so drawn tho biil na tj mako it au abolitioniat moaaara. I hop,; that it is not true that any raaa claim:u tu be a gentleman has ever made that statement. [Appl.iuic] Ichilleage tha tho world [caeers]) I dofj any man ou earth, to show thit I ever gave a differaut construetiou to that biii iu the North fvoiu wh.it I Lave atwayjj givou iu tha South. [Immense applause ] I hav alwayí said, aid non repeat, that thj Niibraska bül was nol aa abolición aioaauro nor was it a pro-slavevy measure. I have ahvays üaid, and now repuat, that tho Nebwska bilí did not givs tha North aiiy advaiitaze over the South, nor tho áouth over thu North. Thíit bilí only aaid to the peóple, ilika your o .va lawa, establish your ow.i iastitutioua, regalato your owu affairs, miad your own busineas and let your noighbor's alono. [Chieers ] I repeat that this is the explauat on 1 have always given of that bilí. 1 dany that I chcated anybody, and I dony that ■ anybody luid sensa to cheat me. ["Laughter and applause.J If iu oe.i kjgial.ition, whrre tha prmsoná of a b:l! aro printed, Lid beforo every Souator, aad diseusaad ín opea Sonate, aud the '. batea publidbüd to the world-, anybody onn cheat nm as to the provisions of that lililí, I wül not act the babyabout it. The hoiiest truth, i tluit the J -ív.oc;'!ey of the Nurth aud the democraey of th'j South cama together aud shook ha;.u' iji a plighted pledgo of honor that thy would both stand on tho principio of n jiiiatervention by Congrega with slavery' iu the Territoriüa. Borne men at tho North. said that Uoagress had tho potf :r to prohibit slavery in the Territorira. Somo men at tha tíouth said that Congres had the power to introduce and prottet slavery in tha Torritories; r.nd others said that Congro.-s had not thu power to do eithpr. We agreed tiiat, yrliëther CongrsBS h-ad the power to do the one or to d.) iha ofher, it should not do either, bat tóai tha slavery question should bo buuished from t!io halls oi' Cjngre8.j, aad tho pe.'p'rt should be left freo to decide it a they pleased, subjeot to tho cousttutio.'i. - [Okecrs.] Noa-interventioa boiag tha ■ pledged, sappose the Saproaie Couït had depided that the Wilmot proviso wái'constitutional, would a northorn de.i;o:rat ■ have been at libérty thon, uiider that '■■ pledge, to havo voted for tha Vs'ihnot ■ viao becausa tho boort said ho had a rigut to? Suppoao that the coart should decido that a codo in favor ot' slavory was eonstitutional eau a soulhern man in houor vota forit after hispledge oí noninteriereucü? HsnoO, I assart now, as I hivo h.ei toibro said, that uo matter luw tho eoui't may decide ou this poiüt, tho de.nocratic party is pledged to tho doctrine of non iiiterlbreiice by Goiigryaa ixi iho Territories. [G-roat applauje.J Siípíjose Abraham L.iucolá süould De elj'-ted President of the United States, and thiih Buppose that thr.ee or four of tha Judges ot' tho áupi-o:ne Óourt.now very old oioü, ehould be aceoinodating oaough to dt.o during his aduiinistration. If ho sluuid fill their places with abolitionists, thus giying thi'ni the majority on the Su-, premo Uench, and that oourt, thu.s coustituted, should dticide that tho Wilmot proviso was coiihtituuonal, wur.M v,o dtmocrats be at lioeriy then lindar óijr pludge oí' uon-interventioa to vote for the ■ Wihuot proviso? I teil you for oae, never on earth, f C heers. J Conrèss shall iaëver prohibif síaVefy aíiyvhero it' I can prevent it fcheersj, uor süall Cjii gresa ever erstabiish slavery any .vhero ii' I can p.-eveat it frenewed cheöw}', but the people Bhall Üö just as they please everywhere if I eau accompli it;- [Great applansé.] The ouly liimtation that I will ever conf?en1 to ia tin power of the po'oplo is the const: ; tirtion of the United St.,t s. [Ohecrp;]- Tf, after tho peoplo aluxll actby paasmg a law, ay man feels agrieved by tho 'lerritorial logSsiaiion, he nwy np?êal t tn Supreme Coart by presenting :i cas their docis'.oa, aad if the court de'idè the Ten-itorial statuta to bttttacouÉt ííkio.ihI, then it is void, ánd no nuorfeivncv) l#; resa is neuessivy. It', on the a.aiA ry, the court dèokle the Btatiite t0 lJ o'inii-titu i mal, it must stand uutiU-3no p.-op'e get tiiod oi' it anJ. r. c ilitJJFChe. .] iT il. re are cíísív now in po'-it ttiliew tr.ite-lblM )i-..)ohí;íoíi. In tho firsjf ■ Now ïffesioo alinut t years :i.Htof&i (i lar intTO wit 'lerntüu-. ')'.: Javs afltf i%W Í1 ;K0 irtexton i as thoroutfll Sri,} efïl jont it ridn :m wíih ever pniwed bv ariy Staie The l!:n-.k repuldii-ans say thiit this ave ooj was nnco'nstitiittonai, and t1:ejr broiig-lu n a bil 'o roncal it at wintor. [ toll tliem OíDgroás has no ritf'it t" decide whtílher th'n ctrtvo oo '■■ i coiiRtitutionnl or not. By the i i etituti.in oí the L'nitfif StHtoa jiuüoi.i qoeb'ipna mist bo réforred to the and freno, f tha black republicain bí iiev'w tiint the slave codo iu New Mexi co ís iinftrnHtufional, lo!, thetnnmke i 6aie and bring t beforo the court, and il that tribunal decid, as I bolijve i w tl, that the code is conaütutional, must ítand, and Congreáa sha!] novel repeal it ií I oan prevent it. As the reverse of thtit caso, KnnsRs ábotit tlic nnie timo pnssed a coda probiiíñgslj vry n tliu Territory. Qov. Bi'owo o Miss., w;ui!e 1 to ropoal that code, ant I said, No, never! ff that code in Kansáfl ia oonsliiutionsi] t nvtst stand If uncoustitutioiiül it is vóid. M ík yoar cose, take t to oóurt. nd íet thnt tribunal decido whatlior il is coLstitutional or noi, If t is uncoiiatitutioual it ia vdid, and t'i ) oourt will si dooide, and ihero is ;in end to ihu eontroversy, II it is constitunonal it must staud until the peoplo of K insas chose to p.is.-j .iiother taw. [Applaupp.] And nero yon fiad Üínt esuni and substance of this doctrino of pojMiIar sovureigutry, or (jn;tttr sovcroignty'' as somo people Reeen pleasad to c-.ill it. Tliu democratie party cali it ;non intervontion.'' - rOheors.j It is siiripfy the doctrine of our f-thors oí the Rovolcrtton. .let mo a.-ik you hát nuestion w;il th it lod to th 5 original qnarrel botwecti tho Ameiicua colonioi and tho British governnK'üt ? Ií yon wül bear in mind when tlio Kovo.úLionary'strugg e betin our futlier did not dusire independence - Ibey did not desire to be separate! from tho 15riti.sh cnnvn 'J'heir wish was to roiriain a part of tho British empire, and henee you find that in the pe ti t ton to tho King, in every addrpss tu tho Parlianiont and to the poo i)lo of England, they averred that they lored thd British poople, that they wero loyal to tha King, that they were Clávoted to tho lritisii o ns itution, and waüted to rjaiain a parto] tho 0 ai piro fruvw. Wliut thjn was tho oom}Uint? They o::nplninoJ that the Hnrish govununont would not porinit thmn to ivgulutu thtiil' OWn ill'.iirs in ttimr owii way in ruspoct to tliëir domestic conoernd. Tbai was the com pl.tint, ;:nl tlu firs't quanol ;hat ever t)k place b.t-vüou the colonies ind the Briiish govorninunt was on the slavcry qaoatioo, and nuuurrod u i.l Virginia. I bad oocusion to reinark thé thor day that, while Sonator Seward declared in a speacli roceütly macla at Uoüton that hu was educated in the Massaoh usettj school of !iticö, I was educatiiJ from childhood in tho Virginia school of politics. fChcörs.] Honoo I am preparad to appcal to the history of Virginia for everv opinión 1 entertain aaJ ovurv principio i advance. [Cbeors ] I assort, without io.ir of contradietion, that, lor inoro thaD seveaty year prviou8 to tiio Revolutionary war, Virginia dörnanded of the British goverurnaot thu right to control the elavery q lestiou witbin tlio oolony through hor colonial Legislatura.- [Cheers.J For many years the Virginia oolony protectad slavcry, but after f.while the people bocamo alanned lost tbcy had too mauy slaves. The white populatioD woro fè'w in number, and scattered, the Indiaus surrounding thoin were numorous and hostile, and the alavés tbat were constantly baing ' landed wer savages diroct frora África This cond tion of thing3 alanned tbs whites they booame ai'raii lest the savage Afrieaoa should unite with tho sav age Indiana and extermínate tbum. For this reason, tho colony of Virginia changed herpolicy an.J passed laws uti friondly to tLo iDtroduotion of slavos, levying hoavy t:i.tos and penalties up on their introductiun. 'i'ha Britisii merchaota. wbo were then ongaged in the slavo-trado protested against these colonial laws, and said thay violated the rights of a Britisb subject and declared that a Bntish sulijoct had a right to go into the colonies and carry liis propércy with him and havo it protected thereiñ. They appealed to tbo King in ooncil, and got an order against tho colonias, eornpulling Virginia to have more plaves, whether she wanted thcm or not. The struggle went on until 1772, whén th House ol Lturgeeees, adopted a monal lo thu Knig ol ISagiaud toliinjr hun that unless hu abandonad thut policy, and allowed tbe coloiiies of Virgini i lo regúlate the slavery quostion to ■uit hersolí, hia M:ijosty w'ould lose his do niinons in America. Virginia, therefore, claimed the right to decide the slavoty question to suit herself. That is all I claim tor a colon v now. [Great applause.J The onljr question is, whother an Arnerican citizen, utider tho constitution, is not entiiled to a3 inany privilege in a Torritory as a British subject wo in a colony before the Revolution. [IjouJ cher.J (Jar fathers as calo pista, claimad tho riht undur the Britinh cotistitution. Wo now claim t ia obedienos to tho American constitution [choers). and we duim for our settlers in the Territorios only those rights and privileges whicli our fathen fought for and obtained in the Uevohuion. Theaboütionists, under Mr. Lincoln, nd tho socessionists, undar Mr. Jirockinridge fapplaiwe], agree thrtt this privilege is all nght in reapectto soveroign tkatas, but they dony its appacution to the Territorios. They teil 113 that a Torritory s not a sovoreign Power, and therefore cannot regulóte their own afiairn. Let me inquire whether tho British colonies in America wore sovereigu Powrs when they domanded that rigbt? [Cheei-rt.J Our iathers dmuüdod this inherent right of slf-overnmeat, not for sove.eign States, "bui for dependent colonies, lor dependent Territories, dependent provinces. That was their domand. Thoy did not prete id that they ware orereign, but they said thoy were entitlod to the inhcreat right of self-govcrnmont in their domestic concerns. ', [Cheers.] The tonos told them iu reply that the oolonies had no other rights than , those whioh wero grauted by the King in j the charter, and, inasmuch as the King granted their rigbt, the King could take them away. Ihcre were somo very respeotablc geutloujen ia Virginia who uiod that proposition. One George Washington and one Thomas Jefferson [cheersj, and sevcral other gentlemen of that clasg, told tbo British King that thoy did not get their rights froin him and he could not take thain away. Thoy had the hardihood to gay to George tho Tbird of England that they got their igliU from God Alinighty, aud ntouded o dfod them. Great applauso.] I Thoj did defend tliem, and, when t!iey cold not acquire the right of local solfgovominent without iudependencc, they int forth the Beelaration of Iudepeudence as the meaus of acquiring that ñght. But it seeras that tho disoioles of] Geirge t!je Tbird and Lord North, in ' t'iiri State, uii(l(.T-tand tho argument jast j ü.- wc i ;is tlicir prodeoessora, Tii'v teil ua thut the pooplé of tho ,■ Torrltories h;ive no riglita exoept thoso wliicli , .: ■ . organi ■ acl ■ ; tliu Territorv, ad tïu' i Uo:i ■ ;s di;i ïvit atiuii fcfaèrn the ] ish or prohibit slavery, '. i n i right i eatoruime thut privFiiriher, fcl.it, inasoiuoh as :v ïerritory ia the oreatur of CJongross, it hiwjust wiuitüvor pOivers Congcuss gives it, oud no moro. Uut there are soms men in tho Territories who have read th bistory of the Revolution, and who contend fcKat thuy did abt et their rights from Co tgress, and hoiie Congresa oaauot fcafce thein away. The'rc are men in the Torritoriea of the l'.iitud Statea blasphemous enongh to beïi'cve, as Jcffersoa told them that they got their rights from '!k1 Almighty, and OougreiS cannot tike thosc i-ig!its away from thom. [Tremondous applausc] I tliiuk you will soe tliat., f our fathors in the Rerolution were jnstifiad In assorting tho rights of tlio colonics, tlica wc are riglit to this iln. [Applause.] If, on the coutrary, tho doctrino of nou-ia'eryootion aud popular sovoi'oigiity is wrong now, then tba tories of the Rovolutioii must havo boon rigiit in that controversy. The principie s the sam?, and I defy any ïuan to moet me iu argument in rclutiun to it. It doja vt-ry well for men to run around and talk abuut "gquatter so?ereignty,': and men moving to the TorritOÜes and forfeiting their rights; but let me ask vtbethor a Virginián, while ho remaina in Virgiüia, does uot possess the iuherent rightofseU' goverumont? Do you not think lie doeaV [Yoïoes: ' Cortainly."]- And if lic does, wliou he moves to a Territorv, does he forfeit tliat right [cries of '!Xo"j meroly because he crosses a State line on aferry-boat and lands iu a Territory? ((Jhecrs ) If you think so, I advise you to read the woi'ks of John Taylor of Carolina, esgeciallj his work on (iCoustructioü Uonstrued," aud there you will fiud he discussas the qu.:stiou at iargo, and shows that an Englishman, while he remainod in England, had the uhereat riglit of represóiiiation in Parliauieut and a voieo iu making the laws under which he livod, aud he did not for"oit that right when he moved to a torj of the Unitod States. That is th wkole principie, and that is the doctriu of JeffcrsoQ, Madison, 'faylör of Care liü?, lippos, anti your distinguished ïnci ofthatday. I asli yóu Virginians jus t) ruad t'ie doctrine ot' tlio fathers on tha subject, as wa beloug to thé sima Bch'OO of politics. (C'.ieers ) 1 claim uothinj i;i this subject that is not sanctioned b; the eauooö of the Virginia church. (Ap plauso and laughter ) r, long is t siuoe tlio politicians o V"irgiuij huid that doctrine;' If I tecol loct ariglit, nearly évery district in Vir ginia, when thcy appointed their dele 'atea to thu Charleston convontion affinnud the Cincinnati plaü'orn.- Cheera.) If I am not mistaken tha two dele gat.es from the Petersburg di.-itrict, wher hcy wcre appointed delegated, declurec hat thcy were opposed to any alteratioi f the Cincinnati platform. (Chcors.)-If I recölleot aright, non-iuterventior was a cardiu il article iu the creed of cverf Hunter man in Virginia. (Gheers.] [f I recollect aright, a vcry proiuineul citizen of Virginia nearly lost hts lite, il uot his blood, by going for interveñtion; When did this doctrine of iutervontion again become aa agitating rjucstion iu the democratie party? In I8a(3 we werc told that the tv mor and rights of the South demauded the electiou of a President on the Cincinuati platform, and, it you did not get him, you would dissolvo the Uuion. Well, you got him, aud now you are told by the same men that if a President is not eleeted on the iuterveution doctrine you must dissolve the Union at once. Is it truc that democratie principies are one thing in 1856 aud another thingin 1860? Virginia, thanlí God, has stood true to the democratie organizatiori and to democratie caudidates fron the beginuing of the gnvernment to the present day. üther States have varied. All New Eüglond has shot off at times in a tangent; New York hiS goiie wildly against the democracy at times; Pennsylvania has often defeated us, and the same may be said of Ohio, Indiana, North Carolina, Georgia, and aluiost every State excopt Virginia. Virginia always stood true to the organizatioo, true to the platform, true to the Dominees, and it is the prido of every Virginia democrat that when the flag trailcd in the dust dishonor did not touch tlic Old Dominion, [hntuusiastic aad long-eontiuued applause.] Illinois bas soinu little claim for a share of that glory. About tho year 1776, a man by the name of Ocorge Rogers Clarko applied to the Governor of Virginia, and suggestcd to him thait, as pcacc might at any timo he declared between Gruat Britain and the colonies, it would bo woll for us to bc iu possession of the Northwest Territory - tliat which is now Oliio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wiscousiu - so that wheu the commiasioners camo to negotiate the treaty of peaoe, wc might act on the well knowu principio of uti postidetas, each party holdiog all thfty had in possesdion. He suggested to the Governor that he should permit liini to go out to the Northwest, couquer the country, and hold it until the treaty of peace, when we would becomo possessed of it. The Governor conseuted, and sent him across the mountains to Pittsburgh. Froin there hc and his company floated down the Oiiio lliver on rafts to the falls where Louisville now is, and, aftor remaining thero a short time, thej a{ain took to tlieif rafts and floated down to the Salines, just bolow Sliawneestown in Illinois. Ilere they took up thoir line of inarcli across tho country to Knskaskia, where there were a number of Frenen who had forined a settlement there, and by means of a guide they rcaehed the Ojuaw Rirer, and eneampod noar Peter Merand's house, some littlc distance from the town. You see I am well acquainted with the Jpcality. (Lnughter and appluuse.) - They roachod there nt night, and, early the next raoruing, Clarke got his little anny of ragamuffins together, (for they had no army-wagons with supplies, no sutler, and no stores, and by thia time bogan to look ragged aud wretehed enough), and took up his line of mareh for the littlo Freueh town of Kaskaskia. It was summer and a very hot day, and, as he entcred the town, he saw tho Frenchmon belonging to it sitting quietly on tho littlo vcraudahs in front of thcir houses, sucking tlicir juleps througk a straw, and he rushod on thoiu, órying, '■Surrendér, you suckers, you!" (Gruat l&agkter.') The Frcnchmen surrcndcrcd, aud from that duy to this Illinoisans havo been knowu as Silckers. (Renewed laughtcr.) That was the origin of our cognomeii, iiiid when öoorgo Rogers Clarke returned to Virginia ne introduced tho juleps bero. [Luughter.] Now, Ij wanttogive Vix ginians firir notice that when tlioy claim tho lionor of a Jofiferon, of a Madisan, of a Marshall, of a Wvtho, of a (jcorge Mason, and of as niaüy other distinguished sages and j patrióla as the world ever saw, wo yíeld; i wliGn you claim tlic glury you ach'.evod on tha field ol battle, we yi 'ld ; whuii you claim ureilii for lbo cews-on o! tliu Northwest Territory (hut out i!' t Bov-Ti.'ir;i St;ik'J Uliyilt be lTi.:lt.t, we yiol.l; irheti you cliii) the gloiy of ncV :■ !i:iving ;;:i!ed ;i votu ;!■■ ilumo -r.' v : ii'ty, vo yieíd ; bit lyhen you elaim tne ajloiV n' tina mint jutup huid.- olí; [Hhoi.s Want thut. [SíkiuU of laiigbter und applausc] All the praUe thiit L is entitlod tu bulónos to '■tiio truckers,'' yiu knovv. [Ro.no., cd Innghtar:] liut inv object in rofrring ti) tbÏH to!n tf bistory was to sav tbat; afterUlarKehadvtaken pnssessinn of thut country, the Legislature f Virginia creuted i; Ihe omintyof Illinois, in the i Stuio of Virgin'iH, and a man hv the Dame of Todd waa sent Dtrt to org&nize if. Illinois, therefore, dor i ved her na ; tional existonce from Virginia, derived her aysiem f jurispradence frorn the ■ Oid Dominion, and we uluim thu honoi1 cif alwMys baviugf foted witli Virginia at cveiy I'resid-.'iitiiil oleotiori sinco we have benome a State. [Givat ap[ilauire.j fllmois novor vut failud to ! voio tor tho regular nomínee of the democratie party, [iíenewed ap)lause] And Iliinois stanas by this doctrine oí self-government and ncm-intorvention. In 1787 the O&iigraw of the Oonfttderntion paasod a law prohibiting slave ry in all the torritory uanhivost of the Uhio 1Í ivéP, and tlio peopla of Illinois told Congress to mind tbeir owo busineSB an.l lot t'hetn alone. Thoy ostahlished slavery thore in dofi:;nco of thut ordinancë of Cmgross, and they tried it until they ioun-1 that t was not proftable in that olinmte. Th o puople could not mak e iny rhonoy out of it ; it would not support itself, atid they abolished it becauso it was to the intereet We had slavery jnst so long as Cbngress said weshould not have it, and ibolislie 1 it whyn it pleased us lo do so. [Taughtor andapplausa] Èfovf vo aro that yo.i shall havo it jast so long as it is lo your interest, and get lid oí it when you choose. Wu aro id lavor oí every otate and terntory ceguluting its nivn n finir, mir.ding its vn business, :md letiing its ncigiibor's alone. Why can ve not live in punce toether on thnt principie? The government was formed on it. When oup libertina were uchiuvod anci tlii gnvornmeiit vf establishod, there was no seotioDal gtrife batwoeo tliu Norlh and I he tíouth. Northfi'i) men aecompanied southcni ftrmiec, and enuthero men cominanded northern armics, and bolli poured out their blood on tho batt'e iield in a coiair.on cause, in or'er that tlioir childrén rátght inherit a coinmon desliny and a uommoo country. Why can we Dot do t now ? We could í we put down the northern Hts aiHl Roiithern secessiomsts. f Ap plause. If' you act upon tliose prinoipli-s upon which our HbsFËèa were aohievod and tho consütution was adoptad, this Unio.i can lust forever. [Otera.J I was asked the othor day at Xor folk, by an cloctor on tho Breckinridgo Koccssion ticket, whether in the event Mr. Lincoln was eleet President, I tiiougiit it would be good cause lor dissolvJiig tlio Union. I aosweffed no. [Immunso applause.] The eleotion of no man, aoeording to the forens ol thu conslitution, i.s cause of disuDion. - [Uheers.] I would regret the election of any abolitionist or black republican as a graat publiu calainitv, and even greatly to bu deplorad as bringing an awful respaneibility apon those who [)roduced such a resuit, but it is no cause of disuuion. [Cheers.] Such a calamity, I truát in God, id not going to be inilicted on this country, and I ain Bntiafíed that it wil! not be this timo. [Immense applause.] But if, unhappily, it shall occur, it will bo the work of the secessionists wlio bolted at Bal ti - more. [ThuDdersof applause. There is not n man of brains in all America wlio does not know that ií tfaey had stayed ia tlie convention, and had abided the result, supported the platform oi the party, according to the usages of' the party, an 1 avS adopted on previous occasions, and then supiiorted the nominee. Lincoln had no show of car ry i Dg but two States. fCheors.j The only chance on earth Lincoln han is by dividing tho democratie party, and letting hirn succeed by a minoiity volé in the different States. Whoproduced s u oh a stato of things? Tome who secedod whon thuy oould not control tUo majority. fCries of "Truc," and applause.] 1 here is no man recklcss enough of his own charactcr for hori osty to pretend that the seeession candidato can possibly carry a nortliern State. Then what is the object of running a ticket, unless it is to divide the derrwcratic party, and allow the republican party to carry tbe States by a minority vote ? Every uorlhern Statu, cxoept Vennoot and Massachusetts, wliich Mr. Lincoln carries, he will be indabted to Mr. Buchannn nnd Mr. Breckinridge for. Tbe black republieans havo no hopos excejit through the eftorts of the office holders and secossionists. Why did thoy secede, except upon the euppoaition that the election of Lincoln on the black republican platform was preferablo to the election of the choice ot the party on the old platform of tbe party ? fCheers.] They secedcd to prevont tbe regular iioiniiioe frotn being electod, knowing that the result must bo, if they succeed in accomplishing thtsir object, the election of Mr. Lincoln. Pr'eforring Mr. Lincoln to the regular nominee, they now have the modesty to inqutre of me whether or not I will help to dissolve tho Union aftor Lincoln is l„i. J r T - l_i . i t. 11 .1 eiuuiuu. Liiiugnior.j i cell tliem never on earth. [Ories of "Goocl," and great applause.] Whoovor tho peoplo elect according to the forrns of the constitutioD raust bo inauguratod. [Clieers.j After he has beon olectod be muut obey tho constitution of the country; and if, after lus inauguration, and wliile ho has posession of the government he violates tho constitution and niakea war upon any peclion of this country, we w'll hang him higher than llaman, [UnboBflded enthusiasm J I hold thore is no grievance u this country, and can be none, fopwhich the constitution and the laws wil] not furnish a runiedy naide of tho Union. - [Cheers J There is no ovil, and can be none, for ivhich disuuion is a legitímate remcdy. [UheersJ Then let Unionlovins niüu, all conservative men. all constitution-abiding men, rally together, and put down northern nbolitionism and southern seeession. [Great apphiusc] We owe this mucb to our ohildroir, we Oivo it to tlie rnemorv of om' Ruvolutionary sires, aud we owo it to the frienda of freo institutions throughout the woild. The last hope of ireedom in the oíd world id now centered in the success of the American Republic. [Checrs J Tho enemiea of free nstitutiona are watohiog whh broathlees anxiety the progresa of this secession movjinent. T}'rai}ts have no hope of fastening their obaina upon the necks of the peoplo longer, UDless thcv can sever this glorious Ünion, and mako it a möckery and a by word iustead of a shilling star. Cheers. 1 did not come here to ask your votü-i. uur you snffragea ii r offioe. ï :iii :i.)t lui-.1 u.i mq eluciiontioriog tour. 1 ain here (o inake a ploa, aud appeul, for the nvinoiliility of the constitutie:) and thn perpetuaron o( tlia Union. - ers J Tlie Pi i idem y i hut a j baubie, and Ht niy time of Ufe would'j be ralbef n bnnlen t.o me - not ihat 1 urn lasa ambiiiouff thuti any other man, but 1 nm too ai,b'uiiiH to have my duath-warrant now settled, Lo Uke Atwo fuuryoara hunco, an ti hu carrieil out beforé I ara ready u d;e fhaughter and npplause.] If it bo DecesBary to in:ike tlie sacuficeiri order to beat tho aWlitioaista and pat down (Itauuion, 1 will curry w, banner wheievcr tliu A.merioát) pëople will sustain me undw tlia oonstitiUiyn ol the country. - [Oheera.] I have cliildien thut llovo j as ïniich a over any parunt lavud a ; child ; but I )iray üod th.it I :nny nevI er survive them, and milafa Iosü have 1 ■ any desire tliat they shall aurvivo the Union of ihese States, [übeers.] My mission, therefore, this reason, is not to intika speecho.s lor mysell, but to compare notos with you of Virginia, and seo wbether thore is no cominon ground ot equülity and jufltioo u])on whiuii this Union mav be saved aud tho agitators iniiy bo rebakod. [Applausu.] My friends, I have detained you too tong. [Cries of ''Go on."J If thijio was nobodv el'BO i, volved but myeelf, I would go on, for fa tho stonn I got iuite wet, and I buliove I am talking inyself froo of tho hoaraeneas whioh followeJ ; but thosa reporters here have heaid more Iban ihev can write out bctween now and dayllght, and wo must havo a little morcy upon them if wo do not upon oürselves. Therefore, l havo only to say, in conclusión, fellow-citizons of I ain deoply touchcd with tho kindness and heartfelt entluisuisin with which you havo reeeivcd me. 1 had known Petersburg for many vears. I knew her ancestry. Her cognomen of the 'Cockado City1' was well known to me, and well known wero the gallant services which won tor her that welldeserved and honorable tille. From what I liave seen sinoe I arrivod here, I am satified that the gulluntry Wi.ioh won your city ttiat title wil be displayed in the dotcnue of the coristitntion and the Union at the Pcesidential election. - [Loud and protonged applanse.] Pfermit me to agaiu renew to you uiy thanks fufyour courtesy and kindness. [0 heers]