Press enter after choosing selection


Congressional image
Parent Issue
Public Domain
OCR Text

Washington, Jan. 21. Mr. Iluutcr, fin: t lio Commítte on Fitiancc, reportad llie ludían appropriation bfll :iiJ asktd to ho cxeused froiu fuither service on the Pinance Cbniaiittte. lie said it w:is evident tliat lbo l'íiity in the uiujority in the Senato Hío:i be chanped, and Lo thought it jusi ico to hiniself'and llie Scnute that he be excusad, Mr. Ilur.i'j!' luis tÍWi tlwiriiian cf'tiiè Cümmittcc o Fii-abec for flfteen ye;;r. , He was cXeOscd. Mr. líiglcr presen ted a petition oskiug tic passage oí the Critteudcu resolutiocs. Laití on the tablo. iMr. Lathani nraa cxeused íVom service on the Territoria! Comnüttco. Mr. Folk presented ;i petition fróm the citlzeus of Missouri, tho signatüfcs oocu pjing fíftcoD (jiiires of folio cap, wrapped is the American fli'g, nscribod 1{hwe the North, South, and' Wcsty' usidug t lio passage o!' the (TritfendüD resolutious J.nid coa lie labio. Mr. Slídell askcd the Seaate fo tal;e up the message of tho President in answcr to his resolation in relat ion to Lis ajiointniei;t oi an acting Secrotary of AVnr. lio also oiferud rcsolution ns fuliowa: Resolved. That n ilic opinión of t li o Senate, the rcasous giren by the President in his message for not ooromunicaling to tho Sjenate, at an earlier day, the fact of having appoiuted Jos. Holt acting iecretary of War, ara not satisfactory; aleo, liesoJccd, That tho grouud assuracd by the President for inakiugsucban appointmeiit uuring tho etssion of tbc Sonate are nt variance wit'ii the wlmle spirit of the - Coi.Blitution, and with the tiue iulciit aid messing of the act of 1795. Laid over under tho rules. Mr. Y alee, of Fia., announced the withdrawal of hhnsclf nnd colleague from tho SenaU. Mr. Clay also read th wathdraw&i of tho Alabina Senators. Mr, Cky ebarged the as being the authors of the troubles which causad sjcession, and tho Ilpublieau iiatferm lie ueclured a dceiaruíioii nf war uguifist the lives aud institationa .of the Bcuth. fitirVk Fitzpatrick eadoncd lus colïeague's remark. M!r. Divis that tho separation of Misnss;ppi terniinated his functious heve In jnrting, he said he feltno botitilitj toward my Senator, and hoped that relations them ïnight be peaceful, tliongh we )iiust part. If he had oífended, he woald i:ow ofi'or nn apology and all reparation lor tiuch oifeuse. As the Senators from Florida, Alabama and Mississippi left, all the Democratie Senators crowded about them, shaking hauds, Hale and Camerou being the nly llepublicans doing eo. On njotion of Mr. Sward, the Kansas bilí waitakon up. Mr. Geen withdrew his ameadment ercating Jeffersoa territory. Mr. Fitoh again offered au aiaendment iii regard to the judiciary. Mr. Douglas opposed any ameLdnient. Mr. Seward said it was coutrary to all euftom to introduce tilia provisión. Mr Fttch's auiendment was agrecd to, 29 to 28. The Kansas bilí was then rcad a third time and patsed - yeas !i5, naya 16. Thc Critteuden regolutions wcre taken up. Mr. BiIer Epoke at consitícrable longtli iu favor ut' their pnssae, aud urged the neeossitj oí a couvention of the people to ftdpt uii.od.ueuts to the Constitution. - Hí arged the Republfofin Senators to eoüi!e iho jecossity of the passage of tÍK-se or similir resolutions. lie appealcd t tho South to consider if its nghta e';ikl not be obtained in tlit Union. Heiipposed secession, bnt could not seo how the}' coukl coerce a State. Coerción was deluaion. Mr. CamcTon would rot mate a speech for thougli bis coileaguo otfered the olive branch, thc other sido would not listen or respond. lic was inclined to do all he eould to uara the Union. Mr. Grcon said ths Woll-knswn patriotism- of the Senator from Peñb, preoluded tlie necessity of watching htm, but the other sMe could not hear the words of jiatriotisni. Mr. Cameron -as sorry that the Senators who left would not wait till they hcard from I'ennsylvania. Mr. Iverson asked if Mr. Cameron ap proved of IJigler1 speech? Mr. Cameron - Yery much, and will vote for his proposition if it will save the country. Mr. Saulsbarj Lhonght that Mr. Cam("[■n'a'devotiou to thc country might well be inátüsd. Mr. Chtteron - T gay to the Senators from Georgia and Alabania, if they will take mj eoseagae1 propo.sition wo will pass it. Mr. Iverar.n ai-ked f he approvcd of the sentiments Iris eolleague against coerción? That'sthepoint. Mr. Cameron - Coerción is the last remedy. Mr. (ircen- Is it aremedy al all? Mr. Canioron - It is a bad reinedy. - l)un"t know as [ shall ever resort to it. It is eertainly a last remedy. Mr. Mason referred to the fact that the Senator voted against the Cnttenden resolutionn, and for thc amendme-nt of the Senator drom New Hampshire. lie also said that Mr. Wade presented resolutions frora ühii', one of which was agaiust tlic Personal Liberty bill, while the Ohio Iegidature ïofused to lepoal that bill. - lie watííed to show the people the differc:ice betweeu professions here and praolice there. Mr. Cameroi) said Mr. Mason seemed anxious for an excuse for leaving the Union. He had voted as he did, bccause ho saw o disposition of compromiso from the othcr side, unless he went on bended knees and askod forgiveuess, because he liad done no wrong, but WM-stil] willing to forgive the baeksliding S'ouA. He wouH do all he could to preserve tlie Union, but was not to be dragooued or drivoDi Mr. Maeon was unconscious of fiaying oulit to arouse the wrath of Mr. Cameron. He did not want an excuse to leave, i but did want an excuse to remain in the i Union. Wix Senatorial chairs were i eatod ko-day, and the Union was 1 cally dissolved. What is the reinedy? - i Cnercion. Would you us-j the disciplino of tho pc.lagogue? Would to God tho Senator frpin Penasjfrrania would give me an excuse to stay in the Union. Mr. Uamerou had not heard of any threals of war, but if it must come, Pennsvlvaiiia is ready to meet it. The people ui his State are ready for anything orable to save the UuioD, aud are ready ' to yiold all prejudtcos. The North has ' done no wrong, aud bullying cannot drive' ' them If vou want tlie Union preserved, 1 let us know what is wrong, and we will '' givc redress. Mr. Haulbbury believed the Senator Bincero, and thojght that if tliis sidfl would mout the Senator in the same ■ it, til. Uüioii weuld-still remain. Mr. ürittonden urg4 tlw impattancel of the tam spoke againat the putpotfement. i Adjourned. ] House. - Mr. Lovejoy asked Icive to iit tli j a memorial frons certain Methodist clergyroen of Iliimiis. jTr. l'urix't- 1 object. Let them attcul t" t'icir own business. Mr. Florence - Let us hcar what tbëy have to s:iy. Mr. lïiirnct - I thiiik Oongress enpabfe of maoaging tho logislation of tle country, finil wiih due respect to the clorgy, l tbink that thoy ougut to attond to the business within tlieir legitímate sphere, apnrtfrom politics. Mr. Lovcjoy - T!ie memorial asks for proteotiou trom religious persocution. - One Methodist clergyman husbcen hangol in Tesas, simply for iiis religious opiu' ions. Mr. Burnet - I havo no objecticn Co the memorial bcing laid on the Uble. It was so ordered. Mr. Floren cö' Lfe?entel memorials froin Philadelphia, signed by citizens of a'll partios, iueludiug some who voted lor Mr. Liucoln, nsking for an adjustment of the difficuliies on the Crittenden plan. The Speaker laid before the House a letter signcd by the Alabama ddegation withdrawiug from further partieipation in the delibera t ions of the House in consequence of the sec-cssion of that State. The follovfing is tho letter of the Alabama Repreaeutatives, aunouucing their witbdrawal: 1 Washington, Jan. 21, 1361. 'líos-. Wm. Pexxixotov, Speaker of the Jlouse of Repmmtatms: "Sik, - Having received information that the State of Alabama, tlirough a Convention representing her sovereignty, has ndopted and ratified an ovdinanee by which slie (vithdraws from the Uuioa of the United States of America aud resumes tho powers heretofore delegated to the Federal Government, it is proper that we should communicate the same to you, and through you to the House of B.üío sentativea over which to prcside Rn an. nnnnee our Vitüdrawaí from tho further diberations of that body. The causes which, in tho judgment of our State, ren der sueh aetion necessary, we need uot re late. I-t is sufficient t say, that dut; rcjjiiren our ebedieoee tö our sovoreig wil!, and thut? Wo will return to ou homes, sustain her actiou, and share th fortunes of our people. Your obedient servante. Signed, GRO. 8. HOUSTOX, SY.DENHAM MOORE, DAVID CL0PT0N, JAS. L. PUGH, J L. McCUllRY, JAS. L. STALLWORTH Tbc communication was laid on the table and ordered printed. Mr. Colfax introduced a resolution for a suspension of -mail facilities in the seco ding States. Referred to the Postoffice Committeo. Mr, English offered a resolution tha the Connuittee of thirty-thrce be iüstructed to ake necessary measures to carry the Crittenden compromise iuto practical effect, aud moved a suspension of the rules. Lost 67 to 92. M. English wished the country to notice that the Republicana would uot allow a vote. Mr, Snow - The Ropublicans will vote wlicn they choose. üii niotion of Mr Morris the Committee on Judioiary was instructed to inquire into the propriety of atnending the neutrality lawa to prevent military expedítions boing allowed to aid the seceding States. The report of tlie Committec of thirty three carne np and Mr. Corwin addressed the House. Mr. Corwin said the withdrawal of a State does not necessarily make the enforcement of the laws subversive of peace, aud showed that Personal Liberty bilis do not aft'ect the rights of the South, arguing that laws for therecapture of fugitives depend ou the Federal Constttution. 8uoh laws having beeu approved by tho Supremo Court, render opposing Stato laws nuil. Southern newspapers aud orators have magniíied a hundred times the iinaginary daugers appreliended from the Bepablican adiuiuistratin. He showed that the fears of ameiidment,3 to the ConBtitution to the detriment of the South, by tho Republicans, were groundless, snying that twelve more free. States were uecefsary to furnish the requisite votes for such an end. The committee propose as an amendment, that any change rolative to slavery Be dependent on the action of every State, and asked what more is demanded? He showed that the condition of a large portion of the territories precluded slavery. Slavery is already establishcd in New Mexico; why not admit her at ouee, thus banishing forever this firebrand? If these difliculties are not remedied, he would not attempt to lift the curtain from -the future, and pre dict the consequences which may follow the provailing delusion. Mr. Miilsoü said the worst sign was, the levity, with which ■ disunion was regarded. He had been askcd if Virginia should submit to Lincolu'? He said no, ncver; because Lincoln must submit to Virginia and other States which formed the Coustitution, which limits the power to be cxercised. Whoever receivcs the uaajority of the Electoral votes must, under the Constitution, bo President. He saw, nothing in the Personal Liberty billfi justifyiug dissolutiou. Tlicre was a dispositioii iu the Northern Legislaturas to strike them from their statute books.but tho South was appreheusive of the future. The territorial questiou was already settled by the Gonstitution, and ssttlod iu favor of the South, and hc thercforc supposedno danger was apprehended trom that Bource, and cousequcotly there was no justiticaticn in disunioo. He would have Virginia defend her rights, secured her by the Constitution, to the last end; bnt some State-rigbts men want to throw away these blessings, if only to show her right to do so. 11e thought South Carolina, iustead of withdrawing, should have called a conventiou with confedérate States, and made known her grievauces and her purpose to withdraw; but having withdrawn, should not bo coerced iu any furm. He advocated a convention, tosee what should be done with seceding States. He approved of the general tone of Mr. Oorwin's speech, rehile he dissented from the admission of New Mexico. He jeeined her unfit for so responsiblc a o?ition. He coucluded with an earnest bope tliat the Union would' still bo presorved, aud seceding States restored to their original positiou.


Old News
Michigan Argus