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The Position Of Russia

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Washington, Sent. 8. The Russian Minister, Mr. De títoeckl, had an audience of the President on Saturday, and read to him the following ditspatcb : TUANSLATION. St. Petersburg, July 10. Mr. DkStoeckl, etc., etc.: Sir - From tho beginning oí tho conflict which divides tho Uiiited States of América, you havo boen desirod to mako known to tho Federal government the deep interest with which, our uugust master was observing tho devèlopment of a crisis which puts in question the prosperity and even the existence of the Union. The Empcror profoundly regrets ti) seo that the hope of a peaceíul sohition is not realizod, and that American citizens ulrendy in anns are reudy to let loose upon the country the most iormidablo oí tho scourges of politica! society - a civil war. For the more than eighty yoars that it has existed the American Uuion owosits independenco, its towering rise and its progresa, to the concord of its members, eonsecrated under the auspices oí its illustrious founder, by institutiotis which have ben able to reeoncile the Union with liberty. This Union has been fuithful. It has exhibited to the world the spectaelo of a pro.speríty without example in the atináis oí history. It would be deplorable that, alter so conclusivo an experience, the United States should be hurried into a breach of the solomn compact which, up to thij time, has mado their power. In spito of tho diversity of their constitutious and of their iuterests,and perhaps even becauso of this diversity, Providenco SOemB to urge them to draw closer tho tradiiional cord which ia the basis of the very condition of their political existence, - In anv ovent, the sacrifico which they might impone upon themselves to maintain it are beyond comparison with those which ditsolution would biing after it. United tfaey perfect ihemselves, isol,ted they are pi'ralyzed. The 6truggle which unhappily hns just arisen can neither be iudeünitcly prolonged, nor loud to the total destructicn of one of the partios. Sooner or laler it will be necessary to cotne to some settlement, vvhatsoever it niay be, which may cause the divergent iute'ests now actually in conflict to coexist. The American uation would then give a prooi of high political wisdom in seeking in cornmori such a settletne:it before a useless etfusion of blooii, a barren equandering of streng th and oí public riches, and acts of violence and reciproca) rprkaj shaJI havo come to deopen an abyss between the two partios of the confedeiation, to end, definitely, in their mutual exhaustion, and in the ruin, peí haps irreparable! of their commercial and political power. Our august master canbot resign hiirisolf to admit such deplorable anticipations. Iíis Imperial Majesty still places his confidence in that practical good sense of the citizens v,{ the Union who appreciate so judiciou.ily their true interests. His Miije.sty is happy to believo that the members oí the Federal government and the infiuential men of the two parties will teize all occasions, and will unite all their eiforts to ealm tho efferveficenee of the passioijs. There are no interests eo divergent that it may not be possiblo to recoucile them by laboring to that end with zeal and perseverance, in a epirit of justice and moderation. If, within the limita of your friendly relations, your kuiguage and your couusels may contributo to this result, you will respond, sir, to the intcutions ol his ïlajebty, tlie Émperor, n devoting to this the personal intluence which you may havo been able to aequire duiirig your long residence at Washington, and the cousideration wbich belongs lo your characfer, as the representativo of a Rovereign animatod by the most friendly scntiractits toward the American Union. This Union is not eimply, in our oyos, an element essentiul to the universal politieal eijiiilibrium ; it constituios besides a mition to which our august rnaster and all J.iussia have pledged tho mout iriendly interest ; for the two countries, placed ut the extreinities ot the two wotlds, buth in the ascunding period of t!ie:r duvelopment, appear ctilled to a natural community of' interests and of sympathies, of which they have alréady wiveu mutual proofs to each othor. 1 do not wish here to approach any of Uie questiona which divido the United States. Wo are not called upon to express oureelvcH in this contest, The proceding considorations have no other object than to attest tho üvely solicitudi) of tho Emperor in the pfesence of the dangers wLich inenace tho American Union, and the sincero wishes which bis Majesty eatertains for tho maintenance of that great work so laboriously raised, and which appeáred so rich in its future. It is in this senso, sir, that I desiro you to expres8 yourself, a8 well to the inembers of the general governmont as to the influentiul persons whortl you meet, giving tliem the assuraucc that in every event tho American nation may count upon the most cordial syinpathy on tho part of our augimt ter, during the important crisis which it ! is passiog through at present. Keceivo, air, tho éxpreesion of my very deep consideration. (Siglled) GOETSCIIAKOFF.


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Michigan Argus