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The Capture Of Port Royal

The Capture Of Port Royal image
Parent Issue
Day
22
Month
November
Year
1861
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Ffiday, Noy, v;. Tlio baMlc traa foilght yegterdaj. It Isstod sbout 6vo honra, and endeá wiíb tbe ufti r roiil '■■ the ' itè forces, ;it lr;iPt fao íwsdrrd I' vhean .iü i licVod ti) i, ■,'...■ '■■ ! : tho c t oí' two fbri '. préeéi ot' i naneo, cart loada of Biuall arras, lnrgé j rjuartS i' anima a ion, couimii stóPi h -■'■!■'■ : .. uM ■■■ ■ ■:-,,■ , v.i. eigh cirilcd ::i:d twfiitv-thioe v.-ciiii1 HnviíJg thus préB sed, T shall ondearos ' _r vt; n fatthfiil narrativo of ihé cdu li'lrt, tí nltllldUDÍ i '.i', üi'.í .t.i:.l' í!, Rt)d SlK'h o:8er ifiaUcrs astoáy seen ; b of a i istf Tho J:iv iísilf was more beaatirul, t" n: ytiiii:r, tlum the finefet witíi whiofa vo ;nl heen fuvnrcd Btt;Cfl Our arrival at l'i.rt lfoyaí. Tilo wiml, b! ;viug gently frdm !:::■ BfoAh-eost, ifrarcaly e.iuscd a rípple BpoB tiio Watcv, and tho aky was ihIy flceked boro and tlicre with a featb.Kh'iíy in li:o triorntng íhe íobel gnu bont& lonk vip tln' posititin which they liad ooeujiiod on olher days at tlic eutrrtnce of tbe b:iy, hilo a.J maiiy as sovon ratbor lm-go stvaöiera, coming froin boliiud the hoaálands, passed báckwürd and furward i;i the ofiiag, occasroBally approacliing lie fortifications on cither side, and coinniuüicating by meana of a rowboat with those on sbore. Soiüc of these vèsselB had broiigbt reiuforeoments from Charlcsti n, 1 ut the largor tiunibcr weve er. -,vi!od wit 'i Qxeursioüists fom all the country rouml v. '10 dad como to wittieaj t lie uiur liuniiliation of tha " yapkeès" and the dcstráclion oí' thefr flcet. One of t lio steaiíicrs i:3 bdievcd to havo had t!.!1 Con ís oí' England m.d Frunce on '. íbr she dispinyed í'r.e flags of thoso riatioi, as c) as tho robel cnsign, and tal;;i:; a jiiaco beyond t!iu feaeh of dan gcr. rcmained until ihj) yictory was won. At 0 o'ciöck tbc fleet was sici from tho WabasH to raiso unelior, and in rather more tha:i halfan hour aftcrwards all the ve'sséla were in motion. They moved slowly tóward thé land, anxiously flElÏEg the Way with the SOÜlliltng lire, arraqged in two columns, of wbich tbc iiiít was led by the flag-ibig an-1 the söcbnd by the Bicnviïle. Tho iirst colunin compriscd the Wabash, láusquehan na, Mohican, Seminóle, Pawnee, Unadilla, Ottawa, Petubina r.:id Vandalia, in tow of the Smttb. The gan-boats Pcnguin, Augugti, Curlow, Séneca and U K. Forbes, follcyèd in the track of the Bienvil'e. Sufficient spaoe was given eacb vessel, in order that the fire from uno column roí ebt nöt iniorfere with the operatious of the othcr. jt was well undersfood that the Com mod re intended to at close quarters, and the fact inteusified tho interest everybody feit in the approaching conflict. As the ñeet moved seientiècally on toIs the foe, the few minutes consümed in getting withiu rango of the batteries ■eecTncd dreadfully long to the spectator?, wlio watchod in dcc:i suspense for the commencement of the fight. At leugth, irecisely at fivo minutos before 10 u'elock, the Bay Point battery opene-1 its fire upon tlio Wabash, and that at Ililton iíead fbllowod alniost within a second. - The shipi were tlien ncarly midway botween the hostila guns, and BCarcely within range. For a minuto they m;tdi! no i'i'ply; but presontly tho Wabash begun. Tlien grandly .s!;e poured iVom hoth lier inassive sidesa terrible rain of metal, which feil with frightful rapidity upon oith'er sliorc. Tho other ( ■rere not low in foüowiog her example, and the battle was fairly begun. From my point of observation, on board the Ai'anii.'. which had been taken as oloso to tho coiiiÍKitíUi td as was consistent with safety; in order tliat Oen. Sliernia') might wituess the procecdings, it was apparent that few of the sheiis, whieh at iirst were the only projectilas U8cd, bur.st within the fortifications. Tho guns hid too great an eevation, and thuir ros inessengers went crashing amciii'j: the tree tops a mili1, or two be youd the baüterics The same was Üie unaa witli tho robéis, whose shots passsd betwee;i the uuwta and abpve our vcssols. Tbe frigátos u:i ;u;jboat8 eaeh having delivered her iire, wiiicli mainly, in this round, wan tlirot id against Bay Point, passed within tlltí bay, indiiferent alike to tbe bursliug chells, humming projee tiles and hot ru'ind shot which the rebels furiously dischargcdj brcakinï the water into i'oaming c'i'amus around tliem. It was, I belicve part of the plan of battle to eugage the battcrios alteriiatüly ajid the véasela, preserving thcir relativo ppgitions, were to move in circlots before the foe. This mode of proeeJuro was tdeoidud upon, bocauao the curreat sets swiftly in the straits betweea tho fortifications which aro aboufc two miles ana three-quartera apart, and it was impessiblc, oven bad it been desirable, for the vtssels to remain stationary long euough to sileiicc pee battery before attacking tbe oiher. Somothing oecurred, how ever, to change theso arraiigements a little. It is truc the larger vessels f'jllowed the Wabash from iirst to last in the prescribed way, and the liienville, the set'Ond divisiou, gallanily mamtair.cd the po.sition wbioh had been assigned to her throughout the entire aetion; but the guuboats, finding that tbey could bring a destructivo eniilading lire to bear upon Ililton iload, by statiouing tbemselvcs in a cove, ábout a milu's distauce to the left uf tlie fortification took that position, and performed most efficiënt service, The Commodore, peroeiving t!ic good rcsult of tho manoeuvre puimitted tliem to remain. The Wabasb was brought as near Ililton Head baLlery as the depth of water permittcd, wliile soundings were given and signáis made during the whole tjmc the ,ship was in action, as regularly 88 upou ordiuary occasions. AVitbin a distancc of uine huiulred yards trom the rebel guns, tho Wabash tbrew ia her fiery messengers, while tbc other frigates, no further away, partioipated in the dtadly strife; and the guuboats, from tbeir sheltered nook, raked tío raiuparts frightfully. Thaa the iire of about fifty guns was coueeutrated ovory inomcut upou the enemy, who worked lieroically, never wavering in bis reply except wben tbe Wabasb was using ber batteries diroctly in front of bit. Theu it was too hot ior flesh and blood to endure. Blieiis feil almost as rapidly as buil drops williin, and fbr a mile and a half béyoird thé battery. As they struok and ploughed into the eartii, a dense pil lar ot' sand would shoot upwanl, totaüy obscuring the fortifioatióo, and driving the blindcd gtinners frum thuir picces. In describing their circuit and dehvirjii" their firo the vessots consümed rather more thao an baar for tóclí round. Lltlic more tban hult' of this timo, bowerer, was spent in getting ir-to position ; lor ffliding slowly arbund, perhapSj entering the bay beyond the Fort a half a mile, iust far cnóugb to permit the sale turnjuir of bis inmenso ship, the .Commodore Lrt)uglit her back, and ropeatèd from hia starboai-d battery, until the guns bocame too hot to handle, that devastating lire. - Wliat is Uue rospectii g tbc firing of tbe Wabash is álso true reapOOting the Susijuehanna, Bienvillo, l'awnce, Mobicau, aud the rost. Kacil vcsscl disobarged har broadside at tho shortest possiblo Pango, loadingand firingogaiö Midagain, tt'ith all the coolness and precisión exercisuil in target practico, before she passed ittery. 13 ut tho enemy was by no mears ; tivo. He offered a stubborn and Iieroio , roíi.tancc. Lookiog tlirough a powerful ; po, belonging to the engineer offieers oí' the expoditioo, I saw when tho nere approaöhiog tho battery tlio fccoüd tiuie, two men wearing red shirts. Thcy had been partieularly active, and I now sut at l!u muzzlu of a gun, j frently oxhausted, and waïting fof moro '( anmiuniii'.m. Tliis terrible lire from tho i fleet was falling around thera, but flray I no t, and I doubted if they v.vrc aiivc. Finally thoy sprang up and ! loa'ded tlicir picee - a shcll at tl:at in-, btant burst Dcar thein, and tliey igap peared, doubtlesa blown into aloma. I Sieard fréquently, during t.'.o hottest of the Bght, most anquáliLo(J expifessióni of' approval for tho mannor in which tho rebela seryed t guns, That their hiarksuuuuoip was good, tho torn hulls and cu't rigging of our véssels rathcr than 'lio oumber ot killed ou board, furuish fu!l ovidence. After tho second round liad been brilliantly fought on both sidos, the Wabash gare a sigual to tho vessels whic-h had beon must aotively engaged to ceascfiring, and give refreshnients to tho men. Ac cordingly the steamera ropaired to a point bey on d reacb ot' tho batteries, a' d the puor sailors - nearly oxhausted with tho Work - satislied tboir hunger and grate('uily accopted a few luoments repuse. - Then it was that tho guuboats did their most efficiënt cannonading. Their shell and roand shot fluw straight aerosa tho parapet of tho fortificatioa, driving tho men froui tlieir guns and making dreadful bavoo. The little aloain-tug Mercury, Master Commaoding, Martin, gallantly steamed into a shallow bay to tho left of the fort, not inore than half a inilo distant, aud presenting her diininutive figure to the rebel guns, oponed upon them wilh her UOpounder l'arrott, - whieb was fired rapidly and wilh good eft'ect. From her proximity to tho fort, Cait. Martin vas probably the first to sec that the rebels were preparing to evacúate the place. In rcar of the fortificación, extending about three-fourths of a mile, is a broad meadow, bounded by dense words, - A.C10SS this open space the eneiny was eanying bis dead and wounded, and wagons wtre hurriedly reuioving the cquipage of the camp. Tho Mercury stoaming closer to tho shoro, found that the battery had been deserted, and iinmediately took tho news to theflag ship, which, by this time, with her sister vesscls, was coming up like a deatroying auirel to reuew the conflict. - Tho Commodore almost simultancously received confirniation of the tidings from otiier sources, and oven while listening to the words of tho incsseuger tho rebels strjiok thcir flag. The signal to cease firing was at once lioisted, and it bcing procisely quarter to 3 o'clock, the bombardment had been nearly üvo hours in progrese, - JV. T. Times. Proelainaiïoa to the People of Sout'a Carolina. Aftcr landing and taking pnssossion of the t'orts, Gen. Slierman issued the following proelamation: To tlui Penple of South Carolina : " In obcdience to the orders of the President of these United States of America, I have laudc-d on your shores with a sraall fbrce of National troops. - Tho dictateá of a duty which ander the CorJstitution, Ikc to a great and soveroign State, arrWo a proud and hospitablo people, among whoin I have passed some of tbc most pleasantest days of niy life, prompt me to proelaim that we havo coine among you with no feeliugs of per sonal animosity ; no desire to harm your ; citizens, destroy your property, or interfere with any of your lawful laws, rightg, or your social and local instituyeras, beyond what ihe causes herein briefly alluded to, may ronder unavoidable. " Citizens of South Carolina : Tho civilized world stands appalled at the eourse you are pursuing ! appalled at the crime you are committing against your ownmother; the best, the most enlightcnod, aud heretofore the most prosperous of natious You are in a state of active rébellio'n against tho laws of your country. lrou have lawlessly seizcd upon the fort?, arsenals, and otiier property be longing to our common country, and witliin your borders, ith this property, you are in arms and w.'iging a ruthless war against your constituttonal Government, aud thus threateuing the existence of a Government whieh you are bound, by the terms of the solemn compact, to live under and faithfully support. In doing this, you are notAmly undermi:;ing and preparing the way for totally ignoring j'our own political and social existenci", but you are throatouing the civilized world with tho odious sentiment that selgovernment is impossible with civilized men. '' Fellow-C'itizens : I implore you to pause and refloct upon tho tenor and eonsequences of your acts. If tho awful sacriticei made by the devastation of our property, the Shedding of fraternal blood in battle, the mourning and wailing of widows and orphans throughout our land, are insufiicient to deter you from further pursuing this unholy war, then ponder, I beseech you, upon the ultímate, but not less certain rcsult whieh it further progress must i;ecessarily and naturally enlail upon your onco happy ;:nd jsperous State. Indeed, can you pursue this fratrieidal war, and continue to imbruo yuur liands in tho loyal blood of your countrymen, your tViendr. your kinsinen, for no other object tlian to unlawlully dirupt tho cont'ederacy of a great people, a eonfederacy establishcd by your own handB, O order to set up, were it possiblo, an independent governinent, under which you can never live in peace, prosperity, or ijuietness. " Caroliuians : We have come among you as loyal men, fully impressed with our constitutional obligatious to the citizens of your State; those obligations ghall bc performed as far as in our power, but be not deceived ; tho obügation of snppressing artned combinatione against tlie eonatitutional authorities is paramount to all others. If, in the performance of this duty, other minor but important obligations should bc neglected, it must bo attributed to the neccBsities of the case, beeau.se rights dependent on the laws of tiie State must bo necessanly subordínate to the military exigencies, created by insurreetion and rebellion, "T W. SHKRMAN, "Brij; Oéfi, Cötnmandjflg. 'l.r.;ulj!iarters. Port Royal, S. O. Nuv. 8, 186J."

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Subjects
Old News
Michigan Argus