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The Indian Tribes In Minnesota

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Tho Slons, who uppe ir llms far to havo been tho perpotratora f tbe tnurrierous dccda reeoidud witltin the past tour da}"s, are u oouragous, warlike ;:.d poweifui tribe, v.linsc waiiclonugs havo extended from tho Blue Earth icion lo tbe Roeky Mtuuitaini. Tlii-ir prini ..giLcy is u ft-w linies aliüvo Fort üigltíy. They a!so caii tktMnavlvèg Daootdhs, and havo shrayd oheiilshed iho deadlieet ánimositjr lo tho Chippnwa'é. with hoiu tiiev ;ü'ü nt. couttant ar, and tLe cta of cwuity muiu. ;od in by the two tribeï iiupo no p.iral!c! :u Iudiai: bistoiy. IMio Obipgawflí, from whom d:-igor ülsa appeiu's to tbi'cütoi), a;id who aro a!so kuowu hy the namo ot Ojibin'aya, are a tvno of tbe Algonquin stock, ;ii:j' at a vtíry early poriod cru diéooted by tbe Frcnch opoupyiug the b isin ot' Lako Superior, to whioh poiut tUey ttated tliey had come many yeurs bcfuro, from t!;o oast. On November 28, 17S5, the first treaty betwaen the üoited Statea and this tribfi wjs sigued, for tho purpose of aas guitig the bouudarica of their poasessiena. Iu 1705 they wcre a party to a ti-cafy of paoifieation and in tho ycara 1805 and 1808 wade largo oessioos of land, by treaty, to our Gc?e:'nuiont. ín 1S15 tkuy took part in a conferenca held in Detroit tor tlio pacifiüiitióo of tho North-wcsteru tribes with eaoli other and with tha Unitod States, and in the tollowing year ceded all their renminiog lunds in ühio. Iu lSói and 1S55 thcy ceded nearly all the irMids thon in tbeir possossiou, inatiy oí' whieli were ot' great mineral vulue. A nuniber of reservations were set ;ipart, and every exertioa was made by the Goveruiimut agenta to induce tlieni to aJopt habita of oivilizod life. Theso attempts, however, were gsnerally useless. They have rarelj evinced any inclinaiion to improvo the opportuiiilijs oiL'rud. They aro brave and expert warriors and fiblier.) en, but, in gegera), con'lemiiers of arts, iüdustry and letters. - The uso of tli bow and arrovv they cousider tho notlest eniploynieut of man, while agriciiltuml and mecbauical labors they regard as dsgradiug in the extreme, ud upon all occasions have opposjd the introduction of schools and industrial improvenieiitj. Kcpeate'l attemptfl have been made by Christiau missionaries to improve their conditio::, but regard f hem witfi aupiciün and louk upou them s intcriopers who oontoc&plate and design tho overtbrow of thoir priiütivo system of living. The ChippewaS are tall, vvell developed and good looking. - "What thcir actual stre;gth is at the preseat tims it is difficult to estimate, hut probably tbey do not uumb.r more Uian ten Uioosaad. Jilsfí3tgi]ii Irps.


Old News
Michigan Argus