THore can now be but little doubt concernios th shortness of the wbeiit erop Ibvonghout tlie NortSwestcru átales. In Illinois the erop of winter whc:it was good ; but that of spring Sleil turns out to bo sadly defieiont in io'd, and voiy inferior iu quality. In the central COUTlt CS of tlie St:itC, tlio bevvy is shliveled ind shrunken, ;ind tlie ív erogo i uot over ofie-tblrd of last eur's yitld. In tlie mare nortlierly : counties, the yicld is not over saven busliola por acre uu an average - and maiiy iielda were damaged to such ui extiaiE , by the ''bug,'' that they were nót warth entting. ín Wiieoi ■':■■'. the erop of wlieat is al.o ■ ehort. In tl. o nortlierly countics, ihe I cj.uality is good, but thu quantity is mueh bclow that of last yoar's erop; while in I tlie central and Bouthern couiitïcti the wlieat is very defioUut bot li in quality and yieM. [n 'Towa the quality vviU average b 'tter than iu Illinois and Southern Wiyconsiu, but tho yield ia not over half of the erop of 1861. In somo of the nortbern oounties tho erop is excellent in quality, aud the yield, though uot as heavy ds last year, is satisfactory. In Minnísota the erop Ls excellent aa to quality, and there is not niueh complaint about the yield. The rapid inorease in the farming population of tb is State will [usure a inuch heavier surplus this ycar than ever before. The general acouracy of these rnports s shown by the lessened receipts of wlieat at Chicago, during tbe firat twenty-two rlays of September of this year as coiupared with tho same period íast yëar. The receipts during the period named in 18(51 amounted to 2,515,686 bushels, while tbe supply duriug the corresponding peiiod this year was only 1,507,583 bushels - a deficit in twenty two days of upwards of a milliou busliels ! With regard to the Indian corn erop Ulereéis not so mueh certainty ; buttbc'late planting, owiug to the wet ?pring, will doubtless opérate against it in the central and northern cuantíes of Illinois and loiva. The scarcity of field laboreft also will prevent its being gatho'ed, and uiuuh will bc destroyed in consequence. IJnder any oireumstanees it is conceded on all hauds, that tha corn erop cannot upproach in quantity or quality that of last year. With regard to tho foreign demand for breadstuü's, there is every reason to believe that it will be fully equal to our surplus. Althougli both England and France may luwe t'ull average crops, their stocks are so reduced that it will bu two years at least bcfore thaj are up to an average condition. During the last three yoars England has mportcd doublé her usual amouut, s great was the deficieuey in her own crops ; and in France it will take two good crops to bling her up to au exportini,' poiot. The nid and comfort which England has given tbe rebels against tho United States Govermnont has effectually placed her in the most depondeut position possible. J5ut for this, she would now be gettingher reu lar ?upply of cotton, and her operatives would not be paupers, as a large portion of them uow are. For England to cut oñ 50 per cent, of her supplies of breadstutts, by going to war with tho Uuited States, would bo to simply produce -varofay. apd re.volution, which wonH peedily av,t ' - afButg thrones. Intorventioa in would be the wildcst insanity. Hkl)ipn Jlrps.