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Continuad from ■Imt dily declino, i i,...

Continuad from ■Imt dily declino, i i,... image
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Continuad from ■Imt dily declino, i i, -is uut w:,:d': . waiit.s, Setid biui ljiiic,;!iiJ tilo tnaeing air oí' his iiüiivc cljme, aud the oheert'ul voices oí' ijiupathising t'ricñds, wfill restore him lo manlioud agarn. Lcavc liim tliere in tluit hospital ind le vrill die. That he kuowa wcll liirnself'. Hebegs fora discharge, and is tuld fcliút ! ttiei'L' is uot iiiueh the matter with hiüi, snd he wili soon bo well.. Meutitiine, through the ciirule.-:iiess-.(if his ofiieers, be lias no descriptiva list nnd cannot get his pHj. Htí is, tlierefore, soon without uionej.. 'Simt eoldiei1 noeds somobodj to go from Michigan to help him, and his caas is that ot a thuusand. As a last rebui't he wiites to me, or gpts a friond to do so, but 1 hae no contiu gent fund utmy control; no nioney appfopriuted for such a purpose. The fctate ueeds-at least two activo agenta to travel alMIie time among the hospitals, vrith a small ;imomt of nioney a't their couimaudj to be used iu the way of to sick and discharged soldiers, until they can recover their pay, for the purpose of sendiug theui home. A contingent fund of'$lU,UÜO vvould be ampie for this purpuse. I earnestly i cominend you to prove it. " Tlie Fund lor ihe reorganizas of the Military Fórcea of the State of ■ gan " - approved January 18, 1862 - bv jme ill uontidtTed provisioDS, Iins created confusión in the laws in regai-.l to llie military service (iiuing the war. The act was intenJed tbr the lietter orgnnizing of. the inilitary of the State, to créale a military fund for tha piirpose of maintaining that organizalion, bui not to ■uperaede the War loan ct or any of the lt providiiig fc;r the i-a9itii; of troops for the war. The fnnfl piovi;le has none of it yet come Hito the troHurv, and when it doe?, it wil] be totally iñudequate, in time of war, to pay the necea sary spenses. Yet the act providen, in Eectiou 94, that, " All expenais incurred lr the maintenance of the militarj1 forcea ! of the fatate, br virtue of any of the ' visión of iliis act, fliall be paid by tlie títHleTr. asurer ,fV(Mii and out oí" State ti Litar)' íuiid." TI e provisies of the set tontnin tlie larw for b draft' and the emitin service. Tlie n-pe;il of section : 4, ani Htiiesdmeñt of section 96, so as to snvr ('om vepeal the " Act to Provirle n h -iliiiny Foree approved Mnrch 10, lirt]," n the act an.endalorv thereof, r.m rjieJ i:ay 10, 1861, wouíd remedy - l:;i.4 ulty. TLiis, or something equiv Ie t to it, i recominend. MILITARY AFPAIRS. For full details of the military operations of the State, I refer you to the truly excellent report of the Adjutant General, to wkose assiduity and efficiency the State owes a great obligation, THE MICHIGAN S0LDIERS. Gentlemen, I commend the Michigan troops to youractive synipathy and support. By their heroic endurance of the hardships of war, and by thoir splendid bravery in battle they have cruned the State with glory. Their battle cry is " Miohigao, Renieniber Miohigab," and Michigan must remeuiber them. We have already a long list of iinniorta! Keroes dead iu battle. I hope you will iu some appropriate way. place upon the enduring records of the State your appreciation of the vi!or and patriotic deTotion of these brave men. Let us hand down their uauies to postenty upon an. illuminated page, that tliey may be revered as exaiupies for all time to come They belong to history now. We must take care that it is rightly written. Your .hearty thauks are also due to theg&üant men who still uphold the flag of our country in the iielJ, and have latei; borneiton to victory ovor bloody ground. Let us send thcin warm words of' cheer from home. May God rive them other and n-reater victories, and brins; them speedily back in peace and triumph. - Then, indeed, shall Heaven's arches ring with glad shouts of vreleome. EULOOY ON COr,. TVISNER. Since wriüng the foregoinp, intélli gence has been reeeived of aaother of the sreat sacrifices we make-t-o save our country. My predecessor, ex-Governör Moses Wisner, Uolonel comnianding tlie Twenty second Regiment of Infantry, died at his post of duty in Kentucky, oq the 4th day of January - lira conduet is his best eulogy A man of izreat intcllectual as well as nlivsidal power, in the meridian of life, surrounded by all the conforts of family, home audfriends, he obey.d the . cali of his country and took the field. Deeply imbued with a love of those free institutions whieh liad done so niuch for his country nd himaelf, he put away froin him cverytliing hut tliis sei vice.and went fourth at the hcad of his regiment to peril all in defense of the Union. As a comnianding officer of patriotic voluntcers, he was successful in an eminent degree, as he had been in all the walks of' life. He died of the disease of the camp, iu the midsr. of his connnand,' in the doing of his duty - more than this need nol be said. For him the pomp and.circumsiance of the battle are no more. To his family and friends he leaves the rich remembrance of an honorable fame, and, to the State he loved, a pride that she had so noble a citizen. To you, gentieman, the represenatives of the peopU, is comoiitted the duty of fitly commeirioratiag his service. NATIONAL AFFAIRS. Fellow Citizens - Having thus disposed of the subjects which concern us more particularly as a State, I should disappoint your cxpectations if I did not invite your attentuin to the afiuira of tñe nation. Whatever concerns the natioaal governmcnt concerns us. ín its great sfcruggle for existence, we have the most momentous stake. Kvery blow aimed at its life strikes us The best and bravcst of our people fight ia the ranks of its armies. Scarce a battle field of the war but has drank of Michigan! blood, and the graves of our men mark the camping grouud of every army of the Union. Not many householders but have some stern grief to charge to the account of the Southern rebellion, and nearly every heart is bruised by its cruel blows, and still the bloody struggle goea on, growing more fieree asd deadly day by day. It avails Iittle to look back and inquire for the causes of the war - the time for that argument has long inee passed away. They alone are to bUtne wlio first resorted te anus and 1 1 j ; i d e the war. Th ei y pure uu ut di['üti Uite s i;ó dus w Truui.i y SHlv-h a io.-o! t , (ikiiijr a:iy iv ut' them. VV'hcn t'ic Southern M"iiitn Minneneed tliu L oody cuntest, they did it vvlmlly. without cause, .ain] U[)uli Lliui gnijt ïiuiht i,et ilio re cpüUMbility ot' ihat üiMjrmous crime. - j Nut a grunn escapes from a-djiBg yniüii. ! soldier on the field, or 'm tlic hospital, that is iiot a cry to 'Oud f'or TenjeeaHce agaiust thein. Every wail wrung fVoui the hearts of the countlrfs widowj and urphana tiioy hac made, appeals to the same Uij;hThione apiinst theui . The liberty-loviii and just, in alWands. yill coiidemn, and hiitovj1 will doom tlmu a:.its iuipa'rtial bar, and write them among the scourges of the worlj The government is wholly blaineless in thi.s aflair. With a long sufieriqg and foi'bearance bordering upou wsakness, it hesitated to take up anus and resort to war uieasures for its own preservation and defcuse. We have now to deal only with ex'i&ting facts. Tlie singh choice is left us betweeu abject Mibmission to such terns of peaeeasthe rebels may ehoose to offer ou the one hand, and a vigorous and determined prosecution of the war, in spiteof eveiy obstado, to final vietory, on the other. Between, a peoplc fit for sel f Government could not hosiuto. Thepeople of Michigan, brave nel manly both in the field aud at the ballot-box have not hesitted. They sitnplj inquire for tlie surest ïiioaus to secure ;i speedy tr.iumph and lasting r.euce. It is undeniable that tlie rebellion had its origin not in . anj danser, fsucied or real, in nienacuig tlie institution of.slavery in the Southern States, for all pardea were agrecd to let it alone there, hut it had reference en drely to its grówth and spread in the future oi er ierritory now possessed and hereaftor to bc acquired. Visions of a great despolic empire, the fbundatioustone of vvhieh should be slavery, had taken stronj; hold of' the iniairiinitions af tho bold, bad incn.who lead .the South ern ruind. In a comuiunity ilready corrupted by the idleness, ignoranccand servility which necessarily comes of such a Boeial systcm, these leaders fütind it easy to impresa the great nuss of the peoplo with thcir ovvn designs. So long as any fair prospect remained that the Uuion migut be made subservient to -tljeir grand purpose, none chrnored so loudly for it as they,. AU such. as warmly supported th system of free government, base upon the principies of the Declaration of Independence, were fiercely denounccd as disuuionists : hut, the mouieut it appoarcd tliat the Union could bo longer be used for such.a purpose they proceeded kt once to break it up and to Iay carefully the foundation of their new system. That this was done with consummate tact is now evident. Köowlng well tlmt uo great revolution can bu effecud without soine leading idea as its (bun dation, they buldly prochiimed the onlv one lef't to theui, and resolutely jilanteJ theuiselves upun it. That the system of slüve labor is the best and most bencü cent which man can devise was now for the first time, I believo, declared as a fundamental principie of government. It was even pronoun -ed to be the divine system of the economy of liibor, It lias, therefore, fi-om the iirst, been re lied upon as the principal souice of' strcngth to tlit rebellion, aud sucli it lias undoubtedly proven to be. Its firet effect was to unite subátanüilly tUe Southern people, wlio are main!y coui puscd of two classes, to wit : " First, the aristocracy, whö oim theslavos and have (he deupe.-t interest ia the establishment oí' the ue"w order ot"thin;s; atict, scond, the iguoraut and dubased ooa skveholó ing whiles of' the South, wlio are too próud to work and too poor to buy li borers, neveitheless still live in th hope tliat by soinc (ïieans or other, ut soine sime, they may attain to the high felicity of owning a slavef. TIib leáding traitors, thertfore, have beeu ablc to appeal to all the worst p:issions of' every olass ; to the aristocratie slaveholder they have proiuised notonly security fof his present positioD, but, greatly inereased wealth, dominion and povycr. The rcsult of the rebellion, if suceesfu.l, we easily understand, is to be a strong military governinent, in which bimself (Jeff. IJavis) and his assotiaUs will be the only ruling class, and in the far distance lie beholds ana powers, " Stars and (JartDrs, aud all the paraphernalia. of a despotio empire, tíhall we wonder tliat men taught in tlio school of th plantation the ideas of absoluto power and scorn of control, íiglit de.sprately forthe aecomplishmcnt of these mugiiiticent objects ? While such Meas prevail with the men of wcalth and position, they promise the igooraot class that vvhen the hated Yankees are ouce put down, mid the old governinent dastroyed, there wil] bo DOthing left to prevent thein from rising to the class of masters, then the slaves trade shall be re-opened, and the negroos plenty and cheap shall reward their valor and secure their position in the ruling class. Stimulated by these ideas, eom bined with the always popular notion of independence, the Southern peoplo have endured the privaiions and hardships, and put foiih exertions which wuuld be admirable if done in a good cause i - Nor can it be controYert.'d successfully' that thus far their systeiu has been a tower of strength to them. It has not been necesary for them to withdraw tlieir labora from the üeld to any considerable extenttoaid them va oarrying on the onerations of war. 'Plu sl.-iv has continued, as heretofore to till the soil, and, bj liis unpuid labor, to produce tiia meaos to eniible hix toaster to take up the sword in behalf of the rebellion. Ele really foeds and clothes the soldiers, buys the arma and munitions of war, and supplies the fuel to the tremendous flanie that is consuming oúr countrv, and yet the rebellion offers nothing to' bim. It does not even allow him to hopo that at sorac time, away in the far off fatare, the sweat and toil and bondage uiay cease. On the contrary, the vei-y foundation of the Confedérate system is that his degradation shall uever end, but grow deeper and more unbearable from generation to generation, forevor. Here, then, lies the incurable weakness of the South, and our own invinci. ble streogth. Their depotisiu we must Coïidvded on page gerond,


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