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Results Of Sorghum Manufacture

Results Of Sorghum Manufacture image
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A oonvention ol soryhum pmirers vae huid i'Hcently nt Lioekprt, 111., and the tollovviny; anmnmry oí resulte wc iáüii n ihe Ciiioagí) 'i'nbu-ne : Firet, then, ftoi'ghum iti all the I west, wheru the turgor vüHc-tius ol Infii;in corn petfeutly mature, is an acknowledged s,cou.-i.s. lis adaptalion to the 8il und the climule, the ease vvith wbich t can he cultivated, and the certainty of a remunrative crop, ere ackiiowlcdged' - provecí bj eyperience vwhioh has been lona; onough und broad enono-h to satisfv uil. Sooofld, thmigh the yiuli] of syrup is liirge, and profitnblt) at any figure that syrnp is likelv to ceach, the question, iJüii orystnlized sugar be profitably prodiii ed froin thesurghum ? in vet ac Apen one thut the convention was unable lo suttle. A larjje nurnber of sarnpir: ■■! s 1 1 y ; i r have been produced, bul mo.-tlv tha resulta of experimenta made en u smal] scale, and without regard to pst. Uut thev prove the pfHMsibility of Hiakin; suar froitl sorgbum. lts proñttiblo produoiion, in competition vvith the eane, ia iinother matter, for tho solutinn of' vvhicli, longer trial, more capital and" addUional exporiineuts are eequirudi Third', the amoiint óf syrup made sn ílliriois alone, this year, is estimated at tivo millions of gallons, of' whioh Winnobago couoty aloae gave üfty thousaod gallons. iuurth, In most of the rural Astricta, whefe tbc tóteoíifw of farmers has been turned to sorgfnim, dom-estio syrap has nearly or quite drive n cañe molasses out of the market. The former is the clearest, the most toothsome, and B?-a-days uiuüIi the eheapüát. Fifth, The consiunp.ion of sacCharine food among tho rural population, where sorghum s growD, has largely fuiniiea that oontented thetnüelvea with íoar to bís gallons of molasses por aftiiura eaub, now find a barrel of ayrup none too muoh for the yaar's consmnption - a fact of great impórtanos to dentists and manufacturers of artificial teeth, and not without ite value to the poiilical economist. Tbis, vTe bt;lieve, is a fair summary of the eonclusions which the marnier of planting, ctiltivating, gatharing and manulauturing provoked. The showing ia eminently satislactory. Let farmers go ahead. New machinery, new discoveries and new methods wiil come to their aid if they persevere , and, wkhin a few yeare, at the utmost,. they and we will see all the great corn regions of the Valley of the Missis.sippi independent for their supplies of sugar and eyrupof all the rest of the world, f indeed they are not exporters of these articles to other countried lesa favored than our own. Pertinent to tiiis subject we extract the followïng from the Adrián Watchtowcr's report of the proceedings of the annual meeting of the Michigan Sugar Cane Growers' Associaüon, held in that city, January 20th: Mr. C. S. Randolph, of Pulmyra, has had five years experionco, coinineneing with ten rods oí ground vvhich he has sed every season udding a small strip on the side each year, making last seas on twenty rods. 11e oorumeneed wiih man uring well and prapared the ground thoroughly; has given the ground no tnanure. fur the last thiee years, and finds his erop improves every year, the ground' in erop the longeat unifoimly growiug the best cane. He judges therefore that cane does not exhaust the soil hut iraproves it for the next erop. He plaated last season on the lCth of May; the 27th of September he cut up ten rods, had it w'orked up, and got twenty gallons of syrup. Oq the 20th of October cut up and made the remaining ten rods, getting twenty tive gallons of syrup. Mr.T. F. Powlar, of Litohfield, Hillsdale cnu.nty, relateë his expenene. - Ho urged that better syrup was obtairied by more thorough cooking. Ho thought it was noc generally cooked enough ; more thorough cooking gives the syrup better flavor; it is better to be guidod by taste than by instruments. He cooks till some might think the syrop was burning. Mr. A.nbrose, of Washtenaw, thought that the experience of one is very nauch the experience of others. He eaid when raising cane in this región was eommenoed ñvo or six yeara ago, those who went into it were a little ahead of their neiglibors. He commenced with íour acres; has eukiv.,ted ten acres; had but an acre and a half last season. Has manufactured syrup for neighbors to the amount of eleven or twelve hundix'd gallons. His experience vas that a large quantity can be made better tharv a smal! quantity. Has practiced Btnppiug the cano, cutting up and stooking for two wetks at least belore working up, and found ibat tht syrup granuluted bctter fur longer keuping the cane in stooks, Mr. J. H.' Smith, of (uiucy, 111., found no inore diffioulty in making largo than email quantitias ; no diffiuulty in way if thu syrup is properly clarififid. He has best suucess in clarifying by the filter. Has a tub wifch perforated bottorn above the tight bottom filled with pulverizad charcoal, and stop cook at the bottom ; filis a tab etanding above the filter, frorn the evap orator at about 15 degrees by tho saocbarometer and passes through grad ualh'. When the syrup. is cooked cnough, places i ntubato cool.'and then ir., bawj-ls to granúlate, wluch it wil] do if properly fread of a gummy or gelatine substancie by clarifying, or otherwise by the uso of alcohol diluted with water in the proportion oí one pint ol alco-hol ta two of water and ñltered tbrougli the granulating sugar. He culivatos cane that matures in ninety days, cuts, crushes and boils the same day. Unripo e-ane will make syrup but not eugar. Dries his stigar by drairjiag in various ways. Oane that has been frozeo i.s not injured if it is not pen.iitted to get sour after thawing. In reply to a question, he said he was trying tho experiment of propagating by cuttingg, but doos not think it will succoed iierc, as it doos in tho Sandwich Islami. In relution to pi uiting lio said, yon have got to beíin l)y aprnutuig. He .prout.s by soaking iu warrn water. iBe soed ín bags ana placed in wiinn placo tili spiouted; it maken a diffji'i nee of three weeks; planta fcet oue way and f 'o ir llie other; his made gallons (rom an acre ; ground must be well pulvorized ; I keep weeda frorri it when young. Tbe kind of soil he has found best w: s sandy ; tho X)oror grutmd thu better ; u-e alkaliea In the soil, asdes, piaster f Paris, salt, &c. Barn-yard manare is a damage to ihe erop. A room kept at a bout 95 degrees is requisite to grnoláte rapidlv, G-rows the Impheo cune, and thiuks it most Buccegsful, - Tbinks that Yankee enterpriee will compete with small capital, agíiinst Vfest India planters with larga capital, ! the syrnp can made fur twenty five cents per gallon. He thinká there is a fortune in sorghura growing. He spoke of the progress made as corapared with tho progress in Louiíiana; lie said wo had advanced more a making good segar in two or three years than Iouisiana luid n thirty years. - Speaking of uses of the soed,. he said it was as good as buukvvheat for, good for heos, cattlo and horses. Tha seed usually weighs forty pounds per bushel. The bagasse - the cañe after the juiüe is crushed out - is used for fuel, manuring, &c. He thinks that the Chinese cañe runs into broom corn, if no broom corn grows within ten miles of it, The African cañe does not deteriórate. He shows several variet'es of cace seed. The cornmittee on seeds made a report stating that in consequenee of the raultiplioity of namen given different kinds of cane according to the color of seed or other pecuïiaritv, and for the sake of more uniform designations they offer the lollowing : Resolved, That ín the estimation of thia coriVention, there are only three kinds of cane, viz; Chinese sugar cane having black seed growing on prongs from tvvo to seven inches long; the seiiond ar tufted variety, to be known as the African, and the third variety late!y introduced known as the Otaheitean or Oomseeana, as called by some, with long heads from seven to twelve inches in length, and from oae to tvvo in thickness. The report was accepted and ado-pted. Síie Ifjldüpt JU'u&


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Michigan Argus