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Major General Grant

Major General Grant image
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Ulysses S. Graut was boni at Poitit Pleasant, ühio, April 17, 1822, and graduated at West Poiut in 1843 as brevet Second Lieutenant in the Fourth Infantry. During the Mexiean war lie participated iu Taylor's battles at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma aud Monterey. Aflerward his regiment joined Scott at Vera Cruz, and Lieut. Graut took part iu every engagement up to the City of Mexico, receiving brevets of First Lieutenant and Captain for meritorious conduct at Molino del Iiey and Cliepultepec. At the close of 1 he war bis regiment went to Oregon, where he was promoted to a Cuptai:;cy, but iu 1853 he resigncd and settled in St. Louis. In 1859 he removed to Galena, Illinois, where he was engagcd in commercial business when the rebellion broke out. He was among the first to offer his services to Governor Yates, and was made Coknel of the Twcntv first Illinois Voluntuers, with whom he went into service in Missouri. In the summer of 1861 he was made Brigadier General and assigned to thé distrct about Cairo. He immediately occupied Paducah, Ky., etopped the flow of snpplies for the rebels up the ïeunessee and Cumberland moved soon after od Belmont, opposite the rebel stronghold at Columbus, from which place he was driven ouly after a desperate fisrht by a largely superior force of the rebels In Fcbruary, 1862, ho led the land forcea sent against Fort Henry, but did not particípate íq the victory, the gunboats having done the work beforc he got there. Thereupon ho naarehed forthwith upon Fort Douel son. This place he besieged and assnulted, and on the 16th of February the rebels raised the white fla? (Generáis Pillow and Floyd liaving stolen off during the night with 5,000 men, leaving Huckner to surrender), and sent to Grant for terms. He replied that the surrender must be uncouditional or he would instantly move on the works. This short and soldierly answer gave him the soubriquet of Uuconditional Surrerder (ji-üiit - the initials being the same as of his real name. This fortúnate and fairly won victory was rewarded by a Dommission as M.ijnr General. In April he reached Pitt.sburg Landing, Buell being in his rear with reinforcements. The rebels did not wait for Buell, but made a furiou. CDalaugbt upon Grant, who was forced 'back to the shelter of taris gunboats, where he resisted Johnston with suecess. On the next day Buell came up, and the rebels got a severo flogging at what thuy cali the battle of Sbiloh, their coniiuurider, Gen. Albert S. Johnston, being killed. His more recent operations, now cuhiiinatiog in the capture of Vicksburg, and the opening of the Mississippi, are fresh in the public inind. Gen. Grant is represented as a man of plain appearancc, about 5 feet 9 inches in height, light liair, blue eyes, r;ither tai'iturn, closely attending tobusi ne?s, methodical and cautioua, though full of daring 'and (Lush if need bo. He is held in the highest esteem by his men, who seem to plaee the most unbounded confidence in him, and considcr him empboticall; a " figbting General."