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An Important Military Order

An Important Military Order image
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GENERAL OUDERS NO. 44. ÍIkadquartkus, Dep'tof ïiie Ohio, Ckncinnati, O., Juno 1, 18G3. J 1. Tlio teodency of tlie opinions and articles habitually published in the newspaper known as the " New York World," being to cast reproaeh upon the government, and to weaken its efforts to sup-pro89 tho rebol Kod, by creating distrust in its war policy, its circu lation in timo of war i calculated to exert a poruiuinus and troasonable íd fíuenco, and is thcrefore prohibited in this department. 2. PostmíiKters, novvs agenta, and a!l others will govern themselves by this order; as any person dotected in forWarding, aelling, or in anv wav circulating the paper rcferred to wil] be proniptiy arrested and held for trial. 3. On, account (f the repeated exprtssion of disloyal and inrenduiry srntimentüy the.-publication af the tietvgpaper known as the Chicago Times is hereby suppressed. 4. Brigadier General Jacob Ammen, cominanding tLe District of Illinois, is chargüd vvitb tho oxecution oí the third paragraph of this order. By conmiunil of Major General Enrnside. (Signed) LEW1S R1CH.M0ND, Lt. Col. and Asst. Adit.-Gen. Official : D R. Laened, Capt. and Asst. Adjt.-Gen. In accordanco with tho above order and in defíance ot a preliminary injuDC" tion issued by Juuge DbümMosB, of the United Status District Court oí tho Northern District of Illinois, restraining the militry authorities frorn nny inteiference in the publioation of the Times until the applicatiun fur a permanent injnr.ütion ooald bo henrd in open court, :i file of eoldiers broke open the office on Tnesduy night, and fórcib!y suppressed the printei edition for Wedncsday morning. Tho tülograp hio reporta of the feelng ih Chicago consequent upon thu jromulgaiion of this order vvill bcfound n our nevvs columns. What tho result of this conflict beween the military and civil authorities vvill be we cannot prediet. Judgo Drummond is not a LiiAviTi',and does not seem willing to permit the overriding oi all law within his jurisdiction, and we are confident that he will render his decisión in aucordauco v.ïth the lawa of the land, even though his arrest follows. We awuil iba issue with muoh anxiety, regarding au all important principie at stakë, the principie which underlies our government, and the ignoring of whieh by executive and ooui'ts brings us te the very verge of despotism. We are not a regular reader of the Times - it is not on our exchange list, and only a'n eccasional number falla into our hands - but we cannot conceive that it h;is said anytliing, either by wny of criticisin of the President, the laws of Oongress, or Generáis, that wan-ants a military Boppression; for in'fuM recollectiou of Gen. Burnside's remarle about !' demLkgogues," in his iamous statement presentad to Judge Leavitt, we do not recognize the right of military control over the pres, at least in States vvhere loyal courls are free to exercise their funotions, and firmly believe that if " free speech " and a "free press " aro to be subjecled to the caprice of military offioera, that not only arq our liberties endangered, but that a despotism is already upon us. We are no chronic grumbler, wc do not indulge in denunciation even when we disagree with the policy established by the powers that be, but wlien thatpolicy seems to subvert all law we can but protest and condeinn. T!ie President is neither Emperor of Franco, Austria, or Kussia, he is an exeeutive and not a maker of law, and he should look well to bis course, and the couse of his subordinates. Uader the law there is ampie power to crush the rebellion, and certainly to pumsh trcason, and let the laws be oboyed by every citizen, at least by all officers whose business it is to compel obedienee to law. We are for putting down tho rebellion, we have no sympathy with traiturs either North or South, but we are not for crushiog out the libertios of a loyal pooplo. At the same time we hopo that this subject will be disoussed witli candor by all jourcals and persons, whether they approve or condeinn the system of arbitrary arresta, and not in a manner to faa the flames of bitter hatred which is too cvidently being engendered between loya] citizens. Put down the rebels by force of arras, and rebel fy npathisers and aiders of rebellion, if there are acy such iu the Nortli, by the exeeution of the laws, is the true doctrine, and onc in the carrying out of which every good citizen can strike hands with thcgovernnicnt, It is unwiso and unaafe to adopt any other policy.


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