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Excise Law Of New York

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The Legislature of Ihis grent State have finally passed a law submitting the question of Licenses to the people. It provides that on the Tuesday next preceding the first Monday of May next, the eleclors of the severnl towns and cities, shall meet and determine whelher the boaid of excise sliall or sliall not grant licenses for the sale of intoxicating liquors. A vote by ballot shnll be taken, "License" or "No License." If the majority be for no license, the board is prohibited from grant ing any license to sell intoxicating or spirituous üquors or wine until such decisión shall be reversed. A reversal can only be hnd on appücation of one fourth of the legal voters of tho town or city to the justices of the town or mayor of the city, who shall cali another meeting, and the question shall be again decided as before mentioned. Persons selling without license, under any device, are subjected to existing pcnalties: excopt that physicians may prescribe or adminisler üquors and wines for medical purposes. W henever the majority sliall be for license, the wholo matter is left to the discretion of the Board, as heretofore: but no charge is to be made for licenses granted. In case the overseer of the poor shall reglect to prosecute offenders, any other person may do it;and any propcrty a tavern keeper may have to entitle him to a license. shall be Hable to any execution for recovei y of such penalty. The city and county of New York are exempted from the opemtion of thisact. Thus after about twenty years of continued and earnest discussion, we find the people applying themselves eflectually to remove this great cause of pauperism and crime. In four or five years more, we aniicipnte that the whole temperance question, so far as the action of the law is involved, wül be settled on a stable and permment basis. It seems to require about a quarter of a century to change the mass of a whole people in favor of any great and fundamental reform. In England the abolitionof the Slave Trade required a quarter of a ceutury, and the abolition of Slavery itself another quarter, and although the facilities for reaching the popular mind are greater in this :ountry than in any other, we may not see the end of Slavery in ten or twelve years to come. But it is worthy of retnark that the progress of every rlghteous reform, where an appeal is made direcily to the mass of the people, is slead'dy onward. It has no actual retrograde movements. When it arrivés at an apparent stopping place, as did the temperancecause betere the adoption of the tetotal pledge, some pioneer spirits stand ready to strike out a new way, and timorous and reluctaot Doctors of Divinity and other great men are obliged to follow in the wake of those whom they had not the courage to lead. This consideration may serve to moderate the impatience of some of the friends of the antisJavery cause. Whether this or lhat particular County or Siate election prove immediately favorable to the Liberty party, we may be assured that the antislavery feeling itself will go forward. Revolutions of this character never go backward. They may be hindered by opposing obstacles and their channels of action may chonge, but their course, like that of the tempest, must bc ouward lili they have done their work. CC? Some Democrxtic papers ín this State are "death on Banks" sure enough. We have cut the following item froinone of them, we know not which. The writer goes it strong. "We hope the democratie party in the ensuing canvass will make it a political question whether the people shall be longer robbed by bank pickpockets. It seems to us that Michigan has suffe red quite enough by their depredations. Theworking classes have been bank-ridden until it is time they had thrown off ihe whole batch of swindlers, and planted themselves upon a specie currency. It is impossible to enact laws thaf will make banks honest; they are inherently dishonest, and the tendency of banking is to make all men connecteJ with them, no ' matter how pure, dishonest also. Webelieve upon our soul, - and we mean no impiety, - that if the angeij Gabriel could be transferred to earth, and made to preside over a bank., he could not withstand ' the tcmptolion to cheat. It is not so ( much the fnult of Ihe man as of the ' tem. All the fallen angels conspired { could not hatch a more diabolical svstem ' of corruption and sin." !{Lƒ Wilmers News Letter conté iú a Ion? nnd very niinuto occount of the manufacture of tf jo iievv gnu to be put on board (he Princeion, in tlie place of thc one tJiat burst. The Piiiice'.on ís uboiit to pn.eoed lo Europe to receive thc gnn on beard. rJ'he News Letleruays thot the bal!s wliich this monster Efuri 11 curry, v. i!l eacb be llj inciitís in diameter, a qnarter oí' an inch being !eft rbr windbore, and will cach weigli n cast ron 236 Ibs. - so tliat the piece ia iti reality a "23C puunder." Before c'elivcry it wil! be pro ved at Boolle Bay, viíh a duuule charge oí gunpowder (45 Ibs.) and two balls, weighing (of course togclher 47á ]bs. It wíl! be covered du ring the experiment witli rnüts and sand, to avert the consequences of accident from disrupiion-thoogh tbis, froiu ils admirable and fcderrtific construclion, is hy no mcaiis to be apprelicnded.


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