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The Value Of Bones

The Value Of Bones image
Parent Issue
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OCR Text

Not a bono upon the premisos of tho farmer, the butoher, the soap boiler or elsewhere, should be wasted. They are of too great value by far. Tho value of manure depends chiefly upon itscapaeity to furnish the needful constituents of crops. One of these, and the nest to nitrogen the most costly to supply, is phosphoric acid. Au analysis of bones shows the fact, that in every one hundred pounds we have thirty-three pounds of organic matter, oonsisting of gelatiu and fat, coruposed of nitrogen, carbon, oxygen and 'hydrogen, and fïftyfive pounds of phosphate of lime, consisting of nearly equal proportions of pliosphoric acid and lime. Thus it is seeii that something more than a quarter part of the weight of bones consists of phosphorie aeid. This exists in most soils in limited quantities, and is usually the first among the necessary elcments of planta to fail, and especially is this the ense if the land be cropped for grain. The ashes of wheat (that is the mineral portion of the grain which it must obtain from the soil, and cannot get from the atmosphere or Irom the moisture) are found to consist of fórty-six percent, of phosphorie acid; of barley, thirty five per cent. ; of' rye, forty-six per cent.; of Indian cnrn, thirty-nine per cent. ; of oats, eighteen per cent. Henee the necessity of an adequate eupply in order to secure satisfactory erops. This is an obstado in pructice, but an insurmouutable one to the application of bones in such a way as ecouomically to supply the want arising jfrom their toughness and solidity in the natural state. To pound them up finely by "hand is a tedioua and diflücult undertaking ; to burn them to asbes involves the loss of tho organic matter; to dissolve them in acid without firstj being made to powder is too costly, and not a very easy procesa. Various milis and ether coutr. vaneen have boon made for crusliing bones, and when their fertilizing value is properly Jappreciated, sorne apparatus will be introduced into erery s ction of the country. The use of bones as a manure is largely on the inórense in Great Britain, and such is the estimato in which they are held, that not only is tho-ir collection at once a regular and important branch oftrado, but larjre quantitios are annual ly iinported from other countries. A late English writer says: " Amongst the mauy improvements in agriculture which modern practico bas adopted, there is none of' higher importance than the i::tr duction of' booes as a íiold manure. What draining has done i'or tho wet nnd'cold soil, bone culture, by promoting the systnn of root husbanclry, at a pcriod when every other rneanu has been found incompetent and useless, has done for the rest." We hope the farmers will rwit throw their bones aside as of no value, as very manv of them now do, when, if they wouid bo properly administered to the I soil, their crups wuld bo increased sixj ty per cent., and an ocreaged íei tility could be uoticud ai once by a casual observer who passed along the highwny and saw tho thrilty rece of o rn or potut- os ünntr;istmg o admirubly vvitli üio y(;llow atunteil lut oü tlia farm adjuiui iug. - Car. Al rror and Farmer. Tlie nranagers of Uie Banks of Monti'o il hav taten steps lo arm ii.ll nï tlie o;rks and erii)!oye.s about tlieir refpi'ctive ifiHtii utious, to protect tluiu í'roui the Fuuiaiis. ■■!! III Robert 'i'yler. sou of the ex-President, has been párdonad.


Old News
Michigan Argus