It ha b?on supposed'tl-it the fiftccnih monument pirt, the cap-sL'no, ns Mr. Sumner „ouiü say. to the grent ÍUbric óf ' -inan libertyí and thnf OongreM wouid oonfino ha legislation to such nraasurfS-AS timo and esperionoo prorcd to be neoes'iry to secure to the eoloied peoplo of the United States all their civil and political rights. It was with this nndorstauding that several of the oldtst anti-alavery societies dissolved their orgauizations. Thi'y feit that their mission had baen nccomplisbed, and that the negro must tako his chance with the rest of U8, und trast to time for a modifieaüon oí prejudico agaiost race, oolor and previous conditiou. To the end that we might gut the negro out of politios, and have leisure for the tudy aud discission of other quostions of the greatest national import.-mce, WO have kbored to secure in tbe Constituí ion Biich guarantoc3 as w.iuld eniitle the negroes in law and in factto all tho privilegos nnd iramunuics whioh nttach to equality of politioal ami civil rights. The greut Massacbusetts npostlo of üuinan liberty does not regard the work as iiccomplished. All tho old Abolitionists nny fold thtir hands and retire if they like, but the zealous Senator insista upon keeping tho negro in the front politioal rank. He has dedieated his energies, iiis education, his eloquence to the African, and now insists upon the passage of a law by Üongress which, iu Bubstarce, provides that the blaeka ghall uot be excluded from any hotel, from tho rooms or tables theraof, nor from railroad cars, steamboats, theaters, eehools, elmrches and juries; that they eball have, in all respecta, tbe same rightá and privileges as is now secorded by i:iw to the whito man. We have to say, touching this, that the great negro onthusiast will do well not to push this matter. Nogroes are not now escluded frem raüroad carg, eteamboats, theaters or churches. They have placea assigned them in each, nnd if the acoommodations are aa good as those furnished to white people for tho some money, thoy ought not to complaio, though they are in separata apartuients and places. As for schools, where the States provide for them separately, as is done in many of them, aud doubthss soou will be in them all. tha substantial end will havo been gained. Iu a!l these things there ave social as weil as civil righis to be considered. Wbilo a white man may be cheerfully willing to accord to one of another race and color all the rights of citizenship, he may, without just cause of offense, select his own oompany, and piefor not to mix indiscriminately w'nh uegroes, even while conceding thnt they may be just as good, or a great deal bctter than himself. Moreover we doubt whether Congress can consii'utionally piss such a law as Mr. Sumner propones, giving the fourteenth and Sfteenth anieles the broadest iuterpretaticn. It is for the States to regúlate their donvstio matters. Congress can úo no more, at least than provide that the negruea shall havo the right to travel by public conveyance, lodging in publio houseSjJadmission to churchee and theaters, etc., but i: can not dictate by law what tiie r.ccommodation shall be, or imperiously throw open all public doors for their egresa and entraneo. Any Buch law will be treated with tbu contempt it deserves, and will do more to produce reaction of fecling to the prejudico of the negro and tho party that makes such pretensions for him than aüy mensura that could be adopted. Let the negro alono; let the white man jjlnr.e : let us havo les? l$w makinor private The American peoplo are aot ttureasonable. If the negioes deve'op eapacity aud qual.tications fitting theiu for importaDt trusts, and entilliiig theiu to social Gonsideration, they will u'.timately enjoy both ; but auy attempt to force the popular will by makiug race prejudice a penal cíense, will not benefit the negroe8, or hasten the result whieh Mr. Sumner is asibitious to realie. At least, let um have A breathiiig spell after the great contcst for the filteenth amendment.