Loxkon, EVb. 6. - At. tbe opening of the lessipn of tho Imperial Parliament to-day tho attendance ot memberswas unuaually full, jvhile tin! custoinary crowd of spectators was fco beseen in the; galloriei trad ■upon Ihu iloof oï the House of Lords. The Quuea's spcit:h was read by i.rd Cha,noollos llathorly. It is as ollows : 1ÍT Loase and c.!cíti.i;mex - I avail myself of tho opportunity afforded by youv reassembling fot the discharge i' vum' momentous dut es to ronow tho expressioa ot' my tliankfulness to Almiglity for the deliveranee of iny son from the nrost iiuiuiiiunt danger and my livcly rocolleotion of the profound universal sympathy shown by iny loyal peoplo dunng that poriod of anxioty ana tri il. I purpose that bil Tneüday, the; 27th iust., eontonuably to the good and becooiing usages of formirr d:iys, tin; blussing thus reoeived shíill be aoknowledged in behalf of the uation by thanksgiving in the Metropolitan C.ithedval. At this celebration it is my desire to be present. Directions have been givi;n to próvido tlie necessary aceommoclation tor the meinbsrs of Parliament. ïiu; assurances of Mendship that I reoeivo from foreign powérs continue in all respects satiafaotory, and I need hardly as.surc you that my undeavors will at all times bo stradily directed toward tlio ■naiiittmuoe of tli'-si; friunilly tfclaüons. The Blave fcrade, anxl practioee gcoely to 1k distogoisbed iVom ilave trading, aa-t still ïiursued in more than one quarter of the world and continue to attraot the attention ofmy goveminent. In the Bouth Bea Islaixls tho name of thfl Kritish Eiupire is even nofr diéhotiKModl by tho conneotion ot' some oí my subjeets with thees nefarious prácticos, and In omi of thom thi! muïder of an exemplary prolate hits cast fresh lijiht upon soine of the balefuí oonaeqnenoe8. A liU wiU b preneuted to you for iacilitating the trial of uilunsus of this class in Australia. Various couiiu.uuicivtion& luive passd bc-tween my gpveminent and that of Franoa uu the siabjoai of the coaunoroial treaty concluded in lS(ii). Etoia the dvergenoe ia views respectively entertained iii ïcbition to tho valuu of protective laws, tlds ouireapaudence luis nut hrought abowi ay iigïoenieiit to . -t iaiportant cunvenlion. Both sides, howevér li:ive nnifoTmly deelared tlioir earnest dfisiru tlni.t nothiug shall OOCSI to ini]i:iir tho eordiality whioh Ivas se lenig prevailed between the nationa. T-he papers relating to these sabjt'ct will bo laid befóse yon. The aiNLtzator o-ppointed puranant to the treaty ef Washington for the purpose of umieably settling the Aáahama c-lainss, held their moetöng ia Genera. Cases were laid Ixifuce tn aibitrators in behili' of each pjurty tb ttro'trc'-ity. In the oase so submittcd by the-. United States large claims were included, which are stood on iny past not tö bo ritbau tlte provinco of srbitrator Lhi tltis subject I havo caused a friendly eommunication to bo mado to tho Government of the United States. The IïliijH;ror of öprmany has undertaken to arbítrate on tho San Juan water boundary, and tho cases of tlie two gomeramente huvo been presonted to his Imperial Majesty. The CommigêioD to sit ut "Washiiigtoa luis boeaappointud and is in session. The provisions of tho treaty whioh requiro theocnscslidf the Parliament of the Doininion ot' C'uïmvda will bo considered on itsasscuibliiiji. ïurning to doir.estio aiSair, I am glad to apprize you that, with vcvy few fcxeoptions, Ireland has been free froirt scrious crime. Trade in that part of tlie Kindom has been active and thu advance in agricultura! industry rem.Lrkable. I am able also to congratúlate you, so far as present experienco tillows jntigment to be passed, upon the perceptible dimiuutidii in the number bothof graver crimes and habitual crimináis in Great Britain. Gentlemen of tho House of Commons, the principal ostimates for the coming ycar have been prepared, and they will at once be laid Ixrforo you. I trust you will find thom suitablo to the circumstances of t lic country. The state of tho rovenuo affords favorab.o indications of the demand for employment and of the general condition of tb.o people - mdicatiom that are corraborated by :i tlecline of pauper8m ?ot inconsiderablc. ]NIy ïxirds and gentlemen, your attcntion is invited1 to several measures of IcDOwledgcd nutional interest. An.ong these are biHsfor the iiKprovement of public edneation in Scotlïtttd ; for the regula tion of minor; for th amendment of the licensing systom ; for iixiug tho relations of the superior courts? of justice and appoal in particular. A bilí having for its, umin object thu establishment of secret voting, together witl:' u mcasuro rclaiing to corrupt prácticos at Parliamentari clections, will bc iuimcdiately presented Sevur.il mea8ures of ad'miiñstTafiYe iiix- prevement in Irriand vfiil bc laid beforê you, likowise legislativo provisión founded on the ruport of tho Sanitary Coinmission. You, my lords and gcntlemon, will I !im confidtii t, apply your well knowi assiduity to the wori of legislation which frorn tho ino.roase of exiguncies of moSfern SOCÜty still sieen to fcroir npon your hands and I shall continuo to rely, onder Prpvidenco, alike in loynlty of my peopk and yonr euergy itnd wisdom to sustain tho constant efforts of the orown ti discharge the duties, uphold the rights anc defend tho honor of the Empire, ui l n The ChieagvBelfef Bill. We have no doubt that the bill for th relief of Chicago, which has passed tho the Senate, bnt is still subject to roconsideration in that body, is imeonstitutional. A inotion to reconsider was pending yesterday, but a vote on it was postponeci bv the decisión of the Senate to tako up othor business. It may seem an ungracions, find pcrhaxs an ungenerons thing to object to any muasure of relief for a city so sniitten as Chicago. But nnreflocting kindness must not prevail over principie. TIil powers of Congress aro dcfined aml limitod by tho Constitution ; and no motives of pity or kindness can justify that body in excoeding its authority. Tho bill which has passed the Sonate and is now under roconsideration, as we anderstand it, proposes to adotit into ( ïhicago, free of duty, all building tnaterials to be ued in tlio reconstructlon oi that desolate city. Tho objoctions to such a bill are so numcrous and so weighty that it never could have been passed il sympathy and humane foelings had not subdued and sileneed tho judgnient o) Senators. The bill is a plain, palpable infractiou of tho Constitution. That instrument contains these proviaions : All dutii's. imposts, and excites thallbe uniform ihroughout the United Status. Jb preference shall be gitten, by any reguUtion ot commerce or revcnue, to the porti „r' 'ir State over those of another. The bill for the relief of Chicago is in plain riulation of those explieit provisions. If lunibfir and other building materiala aro roceived into Chicago on different tonus from thosn which regúlate tlu'ir importation into othor porti, duties would not be " uniform throughout the United States," as tho Constitution requiros. Moreover, such a law would give to Chicago a preftirence in "regulation of ooinniorco or revcnuo " to tho ports of other States, in defiance of the Constitution. The bill could not stand a moment'a diacussion in a legislativo body where feeling and sympatny did not iutflrfere with the exerciae of jüdgmenb. AV.' doubt whether tho bill would be ust, even if Congresa liail constitutional power topaas it. Manyof the real estáte owners of Chicago have been rained ly thefire, and are too glad to sell their property. Tliey get for it what they can ; but íhe parchaseis, mostly speculatora from other place?, who did not suffer by the Bre, have no better tillo in sympathy than the original owners had in law to (Sjemption from the uniform operation of ',)n revonuo laws. Buppose. tie i'-tso af adjoining oity lots, tho formor sites of Btores.cne of which remajns in the j.o-sesaion qfthe QrJginaJ owner, and the pthcr purohasud sinoe the ftrê by a citizon of Boston. What claim has tlie latter to OXemption froin the regular tas on hia iiiilámg matei-iitl.s? Evirtontly none' jut it wuulil m iuipossible fco íViiine a law wiiicli wuuld not treat tUose two ownera nHke. Supposo again the oase of two aduniirig Iota on whioh stores wcre burnt lown, where the ownor of ono was í'ully iiisuied in a solvont conipany, and the other eithor not insneed at all or in a company wbicb broke down undei the fevte li;t■l. Tin; thst can rebuild hi.-i store with his insurimci! monoy; thc otlier lias notfiíng left but hia lot and the rabbish and ruins wtúob cover iï. What eqiíty would thcre bo in reimbursingto ono loss es wiiich ho uuvev sufl'i-rcd wliilo aiding kbe otber wbo wa3 a real loser ? A huumiglit bo suggested abowing fue inoquíty oí su:U iv bilí üi. its practical Operátion. Bat wa do nut iusist on this of objections ; the real. afaZ viooof tlie luU bdg its intraction o't' tuc abovequotod piovifioaa of the Constitution, wliich requiro nll duties to bo uniform throughoat the L'nited States, and prohibit my regulation of coniinei-co or rovenae which wonld givo a prefureóbe to tlic ports of any particular Statu. Tliore is really no moie. reason why Conjfress ohould ondertake t reiinburso the losnes of tho Chicago aufferore thau why it should make whole any indiVidaal siui'eror by fire in any part of th Uiiited5t)!ites'l'hu Federal QoVtrnnient was not intended tcv l)e a general inturanco company, and H is not safa toa Congrega to esértisí powers. not confurred by the üonstitutioii.