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The Extra Session

The Extra Session image
Parent Issue
Day
22
Month
March
Year
1872
Copyright
Public Domain
OCR Text

Gentleman of the .-ioriute and Houso of Representativos: It is a pleasing duty to mark the progress ot' the noble Stato of which we aro uitizens ; its increaso in pöpnlation and growth in material wealth and prospority, which havo been steady and substatial. ïho first oensus of Miohigafl, ns a State, mode by the general government, w;:s that ot' 18-10, at which timo it waa the twenty-third State of the Union in point of popul.i-iou, and containod 212,207 iubabitants. The socond was in 18,jO, when the State, having gained l.S",387, rankod twontieth, and numbored 397,654. In 180U, with a gaia of 361,437, the pop-' ulation nnmberod 710,113, and the State olaimed the sixtoenth place. The fourth census was in 1870, whon the population was found to be 1,184,059, m id vaneo of 431,940 in tho last decade, maldng Michigan thirteenth in the rank of States. The growth of Michigan in material wealth has fully kopt pace with the inof its population. Tho assessed valuation of real nud personal property in 1840 was $37,833,024.13. The valuations, as equalized by tho State Board, were : in 18Ö1, $120,362,474.35 ; in 18ó6, $137,003,000; in 1801, f 172,055,808,09 ; in 1866, 1307.965,842.92; and in 1821, 630,000,000. The representación of tfao State in the loworbranch of the National Legislature has ad vaneed as follows : From 1S30 to 1843 we had but one inember; froin 1843 to 1853, threo; from 1853 to 1863, foor; from 1H63 to tho present time, six; and undor the recent act of Congrees, making a new tipportionment according to the ninth census, Miohigan is eutitled to nine niembers of the House of Representativos. The apportionment of the State into Congressional distriots is a most important duty. It is required that tho distrjets bo oomposed of contiguoos territovy, and, as nearly as practicable, of tho same number of inhabitanta. Due regurd siiould bc had, howeyer, to tho fact that the growth of population will bo mort! rapid and mnch grctiter in somo of the distriots than in others. Í !■ . for this duty that careful consideration requivud by tho magnitude of the interests involved. l'ursuant to tho provisions of act No. 07, SOSsion laws of 1871, the Board of Stato Building Commissioaere prepared plans, nnd solicited designs and estimates, tor :■. building for the use of the sovöral Stato departments during tho construction ot tho new Capítol. The buihling was put undor contract to tbs lowest bidder, has bí:(in completad, and is now occupied for tbc U33 oftheSupremeCourt, the State liibrary, and other purposes iVr which it wus designéd. The edifi conveaient in its anangements, and has boen coutpleted ftt a oí' $30,093 94. The catiro building, including furnaces and sidevralks, was placed onder contract and would iiave buüii comploted at a cost within the nppropriuüon ; but, af ter a f uil '',i ion with tho ara, it was detomined that the security of the vault uf the State Treai ury was of Ruca ímportanco as to roquire i larger expenditure i.u.ui had been allowed for that purpos:;. And I récoramend an approprifttion for uiount thua oxpondcd. By the santo act it was made the duty of tho Board to procure plans, Bpeoifications and estimatea fur u new Capítol, not to cost over oue niillion of dollars. lao Uomnnssioners wero authonzed to proceed to the ercctiou of a building ín accordunce wilh such plans u.s might bo adoptad, but with the proviso that no contract shonld be enteied into nvolviiig an oxpenditure of moro than tho ouo huadrod thousand dollars than appropriated ; futuro contraots wcro prohibit:l, oxcept as appropriationa might bo made lor that purpose. The duty committed to this Board is one of much importance and of groat rosponsibility. We must havo a Capítol properly arranged lor tho accommodation and couvenient use uf the Legislatura, the coarta and all olher dt'partmcnts of the State governmeat, with a sufliciency of roour, uot only for present, but for future wants. To aeciiro tho construction of an odificc of the most substantial ohiraoter, in tho most econoinioal maimcr, with duo regard to proper architeotural proportions and plcasing appearauce ; with proper provisión for suitably lighting and ïeating, and for necessary vontilation ; itli a Bum of niüney much loss than that sually devoted to such a purpose, and et to have such a Capitol as Michigan ïould havo for a century to come, has reuired, and wil! continuo to demand un1 iis coinpletion, the most caroful attunon, muoh time and labor. A panjphlet, containing instructions br tho guv.lance of arehitocts, haviug een prepared, the Board advertised for csigus, in thepapprs of Lansing, Detroit, bicago and New Turk. Twenty weie eceived for oonsideration. Alter careful x&mination, the fitst premium offered by ie Legislaturo whs awardcd to Mr. Eliah K. ?ilyers, of Springfleld, Illinois ; the econd tol'. II. Decker; the third to Edvard E. Jciiison. Beforo accépting aay, towever, tho Board took tho preeaution o cmploy two experts of largo oxperince in the construction of public buildngs, to makc caroful estimates as to the jrobable cost of a building coustructed u accordunce with esich ot these three, as veil as sevtiral of tho othcr designs. The rc'iitcots' estimato for the eost of the Capitol upon the plan adopted is ene million seventy thousand thrce hundred nd forty-five dollars. It is the opinión of the experts who vero omployed, that it can bo conipleted 'or a sum not oxcoeding oioven hundred thousand dollars, provided the whole work eau bo advertised and let under ouo contract. After caroful examination, and consultation with oxperianqed architects and builden, in our own and other States, tho Commissioners are of tho opinión that a muüh better building can bo obtainod and a largo amount of money saved by contractiug for the wholo work at ono tiuie. In this opinión I fully concur. The cost of machinery and other appliances necessary for tho ecouomical construction of so laige and expensive an cdiöce would bo sucíi as no responsiblecoutractor would bo willing to expend for a aniall portion of tho building only. Il' the whole is ofiored at ono timo experiencet1 anu rcsponsiolu Duiidors, at norae ana From abroad, will compote for tho Work ; but, it' lot in soctions trom year to yoar, for several yi ais, the a&vantagea of sucli competition willbe lost, bida will bo obtained {rom a smull number üh!v, nnd tliose ot' little experiopce in work of thia charactor and magnitude. In this connection it wiil be askcd, can bho ïiicans bc provided by the Legislatura at its present gesgion - to bu expended within ;i proper limit of timo - without joopftl'dizing tho paymerit of th; funded dobt of tho títatu, at its maturity ; or necessary appiopriation for our several Stato institutions ; or without imposing upon tho pooplo a hoavy burdon of taxaüon 'f Having made oareful eetimates of tho recfipts and expeinliturcs of thn Stat' govtrninent for each of the yeara 1872-73 '74-75-76-77 and '78, duriug which ! iod moro than a million of dollars cf our j State bonds will becomo due, I aiu iicd that, with an aggrogato State tax for 1872, of ono nnd ono-third mili on tho dollar, nnd but ono mili on tho dollar i nually thorenftfir, tho boiided dubt of tlio State can be paid at its nmturity, all ney approprmtioiis be made for eaoh of tlie State institutious, and tho now i Capítol completod aud paid for within six years from Junuary, 1872. That you may more readily judgo of tho i noss uf this opinión, and that tho prospero ua conditiou of our State afï.urs may bo understood by tho people, I huve prcparèd, to bo placed beforo you, tables of estiniatod receipts and expoiiditures for tho period abovu naiued. Fully convincod, as I am, that tho best interests of the Stato will bopromoted by an e.irly completion of tho new Capítol, i rospectfallyreconnnend that tho luw be so amendud as to authorizo the Board to advertiso for proponía for tho whole work, to be completad withiii six. yeur.s from January of tho present yeax, at a cost not to exceo'l twelvo hundred thousand dollar.s, inoluding employment of architect, superintendenoo and other nocossary expenses. Por tho aocomplishment óf tuis object, I reeommend an appropriation of two hundred thousand dollars ann,ually, for each of tho years 1872-3-4-5 and C, and threo hundred thousand dollars, or so I much thereof as may bc necossary, for 1877; and that the Auditor General ba diroctod to ineorporato theso sums with tho Stato tax for the years 1S72-3-4-5 and 1876. Ampio prorvisions having been made for tho payment of the funded dobt of the State, by setting apart somevof the trust i'und receipts, and such portions of the spocific taxes as may not bo requirod for tho payment of interest on tho public debt, thero is no longer a necessity for the ono-oighth mili tax to constituía a sinking fund. ,Lüaving this off, tho State tax wil! be refluced sovonty-oight thousand soveu hundred aud fifty dollars (78,750). I, therofore, reeommend the ropeal of seotion 4, act No. 122, laws of 1861, and soetion 5 of tho same act, as amondd by act No. 134, laws of 18(33, aud by act No. 309, laws of 1803. Tho roooipts from apeoifio taxes set apait by thu Constitution for the paytnent ot' interest and principal of the State debt have become bo large as to do away th the neuessity of approprifttiona of speciiic amounts from the general fund for the payment of interest. I reooinmend the repeal of act No. 189, laws of 1871, and the passage of an act making an appropriation from tho general fund of suoh an amount as may be necossary annuaily nereafter for tlie payment of interest ou the boaded debt. Under thoprovisions of joint resolution ! No. 31 of 1369, swamp lands appropriated by any luw for the cunstruction of roads ! in tho Upper Peniusula may brs usod in j the consU'uctioii of raürosds, Section 15 , oi' a'jt Xo. 155, laws of 1S59, has been construed as conferring upon the Bwamp Land State Road Gömmissioner for the Pemnaula exclusivo authority and puwer, without tho advicu os oooMUt of State 15o:nl of Control, to transfer lauda appronriatéd for rSl:ifi: roads to raüroad compauios. Without entering upon tho discussion as to the meaning of this section, I am clearly of the opinión that the Commissioner should possess no such power. The Legislatnre, at its last sossion, placed the entire body of State swamp oud indomnity lands and all State swamp laad roads of tho Lower Península in the hands of the Board of Control. The experience of the past year has, in my judgmont, oonflrmod the wisdom of tíio action then taken. I rocúminendthc repeal of seotion 15, act No. 155, laws of 1869. I also rocommend that t!io swamp lands and roads of the Northern Península be plaoed under the dircotion of tho Board, with the same power as is now exercised over those of tho Southern Península. I respectfuUy cali your ntention to whftt, to me, seoms to be a serious dofoct in tlio provisiyns of act Xo. 1!)", sesaion aws ot' 1871. It was unqnestionably the ntüiition of the Lagislature to make it be duty of railroad companies to próvido all euitable safe-guards for the protection of life and prdperty on tho line of such roads, by constructing fences, ditches, and c.ittlo guards, to prevent cattlo and other animáis from gottiug ou the track; and o make theso corporations liablo for all damnges resulting from neglect in the iO&struotion or the maintnnaneo of these ;:irds. Tlio itilio.id companies :i;iint, that under the provisionsof section Í6, they are not liablo for stock killed, ixoept where the owner of tho anima] wni or occupies the land diroctly adjacent to the placo whern the killing ocours. If this construction is correct, then theso corporations aro not required to fence or place oattle-gttárds úpoh the line of their roads whero the land mrmëdiately adjaoent is vacant, though othor lands a few rods distant are cultivated and occupied. This section neods cireful revisión to remedy tho defect raferred to. Tho Supremo Court, at its last torin, docidetl that the statuto providing for the removal from offico of school district offioors and inspector?, for offenses heroin namod, does not apply to fructional school districts. Thero is a largo numbor of fractional districts in the State, and some iiioans should bc providod for the removal of delinquent oüicers in theso as wo.ll ns in districts locáted wliolly within one tov. nship. I rocoimriond that the law be tended as to apply aliko to all school districts. 'lhe attcntion of many oí tho municipal governmeáts of the state having been direoted to t.ho neenssity of a moro abundant and sure supply of water for tho ordinury purposes ot' tho peoplo, and the proteotion of property in caso of firo, quito a number o these corpora tions have taken raeasures ïbr tho construction of wator-works. Krequently it is found neoossary to bring from a distanco outsido of tho oorporate limits. In sorao sucli cuses tho right to lay supply pipes has öbtained with groat difKculty. This is a matter of much importance, and your attention is called to tho necessity for a revisión of the general law on this subject. }Iy atWtion has boen called to a Statuto of tlie State of Xew York, which makes it impossible without tho existence of a similar statulo in this State, for the guardianof minor heirs cesidingin Michip;an, but haring proporty belonging to tii"iu in the formor State; to obtain posseasion and control of suoh property. Inconvenience and loss havo already reaülted from the want of such provisión, and 1 vocommend tho passage of such an aot as the New York statuto oontomplates and requirió. TEo report of tho goological survcy of tho entire Upper Península, ínoluding Vftluable ïnaps and oharts, isnearly ready for publication, andmay bo completed to be laid baforo tho Legislaturo at tho next regula ses8ióh. No provisión, howevor, luis 1) m.'ii madofor itspublication. Without this tho whole work will bo of comparatively littlo valuó I respoctfuUy auggost the prop"riety of passing a joint ition, authorizing tho Board ofStaío Axiditors to audit and alloW suoh neeps( eary expenses of publicatiun as muy be ordered and approvcd by the Geologioal Board. My attention has been called by the President oï tlio Uuitcd Status to the twenty-seventh article of thfi recont " treaty botwetm tho United States and Great Kritüiu," which artielo is in these words, to-wit : " ARTICLE 27. Tho Government of her Britannic Majeaty engaces to urge upon tho Government of tho Dominion of Canada to Mcure to tho citizons of tho UnikLestho use of tho Weiland, SI. nee, and other canals in the Dominion, on terras ot' equality with the inhabitants of tho Dominion ; and the Governinont of the United States ongages that the subjects of her liritiiuiiic ïlajesty ghall enjoy tho use of tho St. Clair í'lats Canal, on torins of equality with tho inhabitants of the United States, and further engagos to urgo upou the State governmonts to sooure to tho subjects of her Britannic Hajesty the use of tho sovoral State oanals connected with tho navigation of tho lakcs or rivers traversed by or oontiguous to tho boundary lino botween thopois'ssionsof tuuhighcoutraotingpartiem nu terms of equality with thu inhabitants of tho United States." I am not awavo that the laws of this State rctating to the uso of ths St. Alary's Falla Ship Canal in any way dfaorintioate betweenthe citizensof tho üuitud States and those of au y otber country. Bat it is proper that Michigan should place upou reoord ita approval of the artiole, by giving official assen t to tho uso of th? canals within its bordara, upon torms of entire equality, to tho subjects of her Britannic Majesty and the citizens of our own country. I rocommend the passage of a joint resDlution to this effect Karly in October lat several of tho Northwestern Staten were viited by fires, unparalleled in tho annals of history. A largo portion of the beautiful and won deri'ully prosperous City of Chicago was reduced to ashes; the accumulations of yoars of industry and toil wero swopt away iu a day. In "Wisoonsiu the wiflespread conflagration waa attoudod with a most fearful loss of life. While the peoplo of BEichigan -were engaged in tho noble work of lumishing reliet' to the su&rers iu Chicago, the same dovouriug element was makiug a sad havou in our own State. Thriving towns. farm aiul school houseü, ohurehes, stoele, crops, and thousands of aores of valu'ibiu timber wero consumed. Nearly threo thousand families or about eighteen thoupersons, wore randered horaeless aud deprived of the necossaries of life. Intmediately after the firos, two State Relief (Omiuitteos wore appointed, ono at Detroit for the oastern, the other at Grand Rapids for the western part of the State. Cominittees or ngents wero also designattid in eacfa of the counties and many of the towns of the burncd distriets to procure information as well as to receive and üistribute supplies to the sufferEesponsive to t!io appaal of tho Executive r:nd of tho committoes, prompt and liberalcontributions of money, food and clothing (amo from our own citizens, f'roni ulmost every Stüto in the Union, i'rom Canada and from beyond the Atlantic. I :ons to tho relief i'und b en reoèived us foQöwa: (Governor ... $lrjG,S7O 5i Committoe at Detroit - 129,958 70 " ' Ctatnd l'.npiJs - 48,338 SJ " " Holland - - 33,018 " " Manistoe - - 6,408 -hl " " EiwtSttgimv - - 12,8114; " " l'ort Suron - - 13,532 (W " " IMlmüre, Overeisel uuJ I.iiketon 402 00 I!y the ilon. ïhos.W. Ferry. (irandUaven 33,32il 73 Soa. IT. V. Wboatonitlioullayür', Detroit 11,3!JG1 By i'.hi'icommitteüa and individuáis, prubably ..... 30,00000 Total .... $iii-2,l(KioO Largo quantitxes of clothing and other supplies have also been received, the value of which is estimatèd at fully $2óü,000. . General Sheridan very proniptly proífercd aid for our suffaring people. From nis departmcnt of the 1 governmont wo reoeived two thousuud pairs of blankots, four bundred men's overcoats, and one thousand pairs of men's socks. I also received from tho Hon. George tf. lï.oboson, Secrettiry of tho Navy, a liberal oifer of clothing, which was doclined, )ecuuso tlio quantity of that article then il the hands of tho corumittces was by hem believed to bo moro than suffioicnt 'or tho emergoney. A considerablo ïiumbor of bridges havng boen destroyod, the Statu Board of ontrol took prompt measuros to have hem rebuilt, and made appropriations of swanip iands for thut purpose. Being of the opinión that the gif'ts of a generous public oould be inoro discreetly listribntcd by tho comraitteos, that il would bj unwise to inultiply agencies for ;hut puipose, I have from timo to timo )laced in their hands all moneys recoived jy me, with tlio exoeption of $135, paid ;o.th special object for whicli itw.isconiributed. ïo the committee at Detroit I lavo paid $128,098,41, mnking tho cash ta of this committee $258,057.20; to Grand Eapids $28,643.09; total nioney re;oipts of that cominitteo, $71,976:86. Ho prompt und boantiftil had boen the donations, th:it believing the people of Michigan would be unwilliüg to t:ix a gf'nerous public ouc moment longer than was neeessary, a proclamation was issued by me carly in January - with the full conourrence of tho coiii;nittees - in which I took occasion, in behalf of tho State, to thank the public for their noble charity, by means of which the siiiïWinfrs of our citizenshadbeon so greatly alloviuti:il, and toannounco that turthor coutributions were unnecessary. Tho momln'v.s of tho scveral roliof committees have devotod a largo amount of timo and labor, at great personal sacrifico, to the difficult work imposed upon them, and havo dischargod tho duties of this alinost thankloss task with fidolity and good judgment, and all without tho slightestcompensation, excopt svich as always comes from a consciousneis of having lightened the burdens of sufferiug humahity. I cannot closo this notico of tho great fires without gnitehü montion ot tiio vaiuablc favors and substantial service rendered by railroad, exprees and tolegraph oompanles. Freight in very large quantitiea from almost every part ot' the Union has bpen transportad freo of charge. Tho use of tho telegraph wires bas also been freely given for all relief business. Thousandü of dollars havo tlius been aav cd to the relief fnnd. Tho people of Miohigan can nevr forget or fail to express thoir higk appreciation of the generosity and warm sympathy so nobly raanifcstod by tho old and tho young, tlo rioh and tho poor, in behalf of our aflliotcd citizeos. In olosing this conimunication to you, the representativos of tho peoplo of tho eommonwealth.it has seem.ii to mo fit ting and proper th at an official recognition shoulil 1"' mode of om oblig iti those wlw iiare dono so much to oblitera,te trom wilhinour bordevi Vbfi evidanos of Et wide-spread and foarful oalamity. HENTvY P. BALDWIN. ExF.cuTivr. (r! ";.. LiHSDfO, ) Mareh 13, 1872. j HeroJiediea aRain. ünole Joe Leet, Iíontucliv, aged 107. and carrled provisions to Gen, Washington in camp when a boy.

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Michigan Argus