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Ex-gov. Blair On The War-path

Ex-gov. Blair On The War-path image
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At a largo Greoley and Brown ratifioat'ion mooting at Jaokson Wednosday evehitlg, Juuo lOfch, Hon. Austiu Blair was lutrodueed and spoko as follows : FsLIiOW Oitizbns - I oan rejoico vritix you to-night without any rosorvatiun ■whatover. It will not be vory diffioult f r mo to support Horace Grocloy for President, becauso I havo workod right along with liini 6houlder to shoulder for tho past UO yeurs, and, fellow citizons, it will not troublo me to go along with hiin now. It will givo me most unusual pleasuro to tostify to his fidolity - his mauhood - a man whom tho peuplo will ïoooguiza as a representativo American and eloot to the Presidenoy. [Applause.] JuBt at this timo he in the vi;ry man to fiU tho positioa that tho pooplo have callod bifn to. Truo, tho times aro a littlo different now frora what thoy havo boon. Tho Republioans and Demócrata havo had old quarrels, but thoy havo arrived at a point now whero thoy must rid thomselvos of those differenecs. Now is tho time to ostiblish pcaoo ovor tho country and shake hands ovor tho bloody chasuis of tho past. Let us fill up theao nhams so that they Bhall bo seea. no more. Why not come togother 'i What reason is thoro for kooping opon this oontost ? Slavory alone has been tho bono of oontontion. I havo had alittlo oxperienoe in that myaelf, and you will pardon me if I talk a littlo about the past. In 1818 I lof t tl ie old Whig party. I packod np my trunk and went down to Buffalo to meot Salmón P. Chase, Van Buron, and othor abolitionists, fieo-soilors, and every othor kind of peoplo, to mako a new pronunciamento for liberty. 1 haard the ssme words about inysolf that I hear now. They hurlod epithots of turncoat, traitnr, eto. Yes, I had taraed my coat and loft my paity, and it meant soiuotiung in thoao days to join. tho abolitumists and go through this couutry in tho school-housf s proolaiming thu Dol-jration of Independenes, which said that all man woro oreated cqual. This was a synonym of reproach at that timo, but tho paoplo were honest, and overy shaokle was broken from the slavo's wrists. Whon I oamo homo from that convontion the pooplo scoutod mo on every sido, but we got 1,100 votos in Jackson Cpanty, the "Whiga got 800 and the Demócrata 1,300. 8o wo oamo almost immodiatoly forth to viotory. From that day to tho olose of the war the contest ragud and the victory was givon to us. Demoorats, you must confoss it, we have beaten in that. You are glad of it. You would not revivo it if you could. It was jast as good for you as for any of us. Blavery is dead. Everything oonoerning it has been svvept awy, and why should not tho oonteet bo swopt away too 'J What is thoro left for Eepublicans and Domocrats to tight over ? Kothing. Tho old contost has gone and loi't us nothiug- simply a memory. Wo oanaot afford to quarrol over thut. There is somethiug moro to do. Wo must talco a new departure now and begin to look after tho conduot of onr offioera and Govornmout. Wo must oome back to the old Iandmark6 of Jefforsou and the !.. r great tnon of that time, and deolare thttt wo shall have honest moa for otïioo, and put down fraud and oorruption, and depend npon politiol morality. We muat do away with tho prosont belief that all oiüce-lioHür' must stoal. That is the work of to-day It began at Cincinnati, whoro Horape Greeloy was nouiiuated. Ilis noininationfollupon tho country as a sarprise Nobody expectod that a man Iike Groo ley would be nominated. Thoy expeoted that a few political bummers and tricksters would go down thoro and get the nomination for one of thoir number What occurred in Washington previous to that nomination ? A gentleman camc to mo from. Now York and askod, "_ IIow will Michigan vote at Cincinnati ? " I askcd him ii" ho had any idea that Greoley would bo nomiuated. Ho replied that he believed Greoley was the best candidato, and would stand a good chance, looked ou that man witti surpriso- just as if ho had come along with u circus oi show. They did uot suppose, nor did thej mean that Groeley should. bo tho man Many wcro troubled and disappointod al the nomination of an honest man. Judgo Davia was found, and the delegates compared notos on him and found that ho oould not be nominated. They thon hit on Charles Sranois Adams, whoso whole family is a family of offioc-soekers, who has one son wanting to be Govemor of Massachusetts, and will want to bo President as soon a3 ho gota old enough. Mr. Adams in a. man of greafc abilities and leaiiiing, but he was inoro satisí'actory to tho rieh uien and the aristocracy than to thu wun who hold the plow all through tho great West. He has net tho hold on the hearts of tho laboring olasses of the country. He was not tho man for the positiou, nnd after balloting for two days in tho Conveation, Iloruoe Greeloy, tho old philosopher of tho Tribune, was nominated - -a reformer from the day ho began lito and a powerful reform writer. In him tho Convention found a fit representativo for the position. Demoaiftts and Eepublioans wero called upon to oomo forward and support him. The Demooruts did not want to do it at first. 'JChey 8iiid, " Oh, no, I cau't support Groeley ; he has said too many hard thiugs about me in tho pust. Dou't ask us to ewallow him. Davis would havo suited UB better. Wo aro scarred all over with blows iailicted by Grecley during tho last tweuty yoars. Oh, no, dori't usk us to gupport him." But there carne up a voice from tho plundered and boggared South that had buen mado a dosert by mal-adminiatration siuoo tho war. Kor gfeaJt men said to the Domocrats of tao " If wo oan tako him, can't you ? Ho fought fee hardest agaiust us, but now beara us no walieo." When the Confedoraoy feil the benovoleut old man ome forward and said " Lot us be friendo nov." He said to them, " You are besten, and wo now offer you tho hand of friendühip - general ínmicsty." lio encouragcd them, and told them to bo of good oheer. Ue denouuoed the iufamous oarpct-biig government.-;, und when he Baid, " liet the negroos vote," ho said, "let all men voto - put nobody dovn-no rowngea- no further hostility." IIo asked, " Will you make an Itoland of tho South i Will ïuu pot pard. n when tho whole oontest is ovor f " XUe Suth said " Horaoe Greeley is tho man tor us. Uo fought us hardest and purdouod uu flrst." This arguniont rent to the hearts of Detuocrats at iho North ; they begau to wheel intoliue, Htttto afiei Btute, drop thoir first o)iction8, (ind go for Horaoo Greeloy. Thoy baw tbt tí. ' mt sts of tho war ehould bo buried and the_ prosent jnoTtmcJii taksn np to pat down frand. These issuys wove in the Cincinuati platforni, aixl ;' tor Gkretjley to repr ■ at them, Priaoiples aro of more consequenco than il: uii. Tho Cincinnati platform is bettor than tho one mado at Philadelphia. i u:-n support Greoley on it boeauBo ho i'oels it and beüeVés iu it. I am eometimea told by Eepublioang that X ought not to support Greeley booauso he i iiot the rqgnlar nominee of tho party. 1 iieviir carod uiueh about pav - i htnre been very aucoossful in getting with thoEo who oarried out my conviotions, and 1 want to vote for tho porty now tUat will do it. Thoy can't drug mo way by tho tail of tho military coat at Philadelphia. Ctioud applause.] The noiuiniikiouB at Ciiiciiiiiati woro free will offering8 of tho men who mado the:;i. Thoso mado at Phibidelphia were a pronunoiaiu(!nto of 'office-holden for a contiuuance of thcir rulo for another four yoarn. Tho action of the I ihia UoQvention spoko the miud of tho otiico ■ holdor.-s. nd nobody else. Our excellent frieud trom Jaokson (nioaning Bush)had the wholo party on hi ughter] went to Philadelphia and üdt the. nomination in aooordanco witli irnnt music. Ask him why ürant was nominated down tböre ; :isk him howit wn Jone - Iww that picturo carne down from if; rtf of tho hall boforo that vontiou. Ank hini ivliout tho great shoutiug and enthusiastio upplauso of whiuh we have haard nothing sinoe. When ha oame home tho peoplo domanded no account of his stewurdahip. Thora was no gruat assombly on the squaro, no music, na domonsttations over tho greint sucoosa at Philadelphift. Kvorything was as quiet as tho grave. Whoro aro tho Grant ratifications and Grant enthusiasni ? Wo aro told that tho people dcmtiudod the nomination of Grr.nt at Philadolphia, yot the pooplo aro sil:;it ubout it. In thcir platfonn they speak about Civil Service reform, bnt if thoy aro going to mako it the pooplo are wondering why it has uot boen done in the throo vean and a half' of Grantism we havo had. Wo neod not go to Now York for instances of Civil Hürvioo reform, or to Louisiana to show up oorruptions thoro. Cusey, tho President' brothnr-in-law, the Collector of Now Orluona, was provr.l to be a briber of legiaiators. I - was a olear' i'jisü nnd Grant said he would Ree abont it, and ho is seeing about it yet. it hatl boen siiid by tho newspapers that Oasey was to resign, and it was andentood be oame to Washington for tint parpose, but thoro oarac up a dolegation ïfom Louisiani, I believe all negroes, inntruotad to nominfttrt Grant. Grant vviw told it was not at all safe to remove Cagey becüuso he was suca a usetul mem. TJio President told them be would poatpone it, and Cuaey iá atül Collector f í hut port, to help carry on tao oampaign for Graut. When inóney can be mado useful, Casey is usoful. Pellow citioüs, I have said moro than I iatended to say [Crioa of " Go on ! go on !] Thu people of this country OUght to bo looking on at the Adminiatration on trial now. It is not Appomatox or tho Vicksburg general, but the President of the Unitod Idtates on whom thn paoplo will pronounce judgmont, and I am willing to leavo it to thum. Wo invito everybody in cvery patty undnr tho buu to put down irui'l and corrujition. It is to bo left with thum whother we shall koep or lut i)-rish this personal govornment. ïhare uro men in tho different places wao are shume and a diagraoe to a intiun, and I know them, and know them well. I have been looking on na a witneB, and 1 sm oonupelled to s;iy that this administration as a wholla is siinply damnatle, and no other wordB c.:n acribo it. [Loivl oheer.] Tho Postmastor Qeueral, whoin you all know', epoke hefo i 1888. He was brought lloro by a man in Detroit, who kis carricd him in his pocket over sinee. Ho olaiina that the Postoffloe Department ought to máke, but íe runing bebind $5,.000,000 a yoar, and. aasuming retrenohment, Cresswell reuoimneudod tho additie n of a frunkiug privilege aa a nioans of saving 1, 000,000, butnotbing oould euough to muko a good Postinaatei ral out of him. In tho last daya of Congrees, at onc of its sescions, aa you know, thero oame a resolution to reopon and examino a ci:iim of George Chorpuning f jr oarrying mail in California 15 years ago. It got through, and I did not kuow anything about it. Tho Postoíh'co Committee hud rocommeuded it. A fricad told me about it, and I knew it ought to be stopped. Wo noutod f'jr tellers, but vre could not got them. It took 20 to g(t the ybaa an.í naya, :md we shouted for thoin, but wo could not gat them. Evory r.i.m had his aso to grind, and it went through Houi ■ ; .-■■ 1 ■ and was signod by tho "Presidpnt. thus thc Postmaster General was al to pay ou ! on a claim, doilar of which bad been pád bofore. But Dawsa, who is an houost man, stopped it at List. lio brought it up in the House and exposed it in a speech, sbowing that it fraud. Üno of the Coininittee from New y (our roijorter did not cütcli hii ntime) told me that hc wout to tho postmastur and askod him about the claim. Tho postmaster told him it was good and gave him to understand that it amounted to luss than ton thousand dollars. The House iinally passed a resolution prohibiting its payment. The First A;sistant Postmastor General resignod, and proseouted the claim, and would havo collected it but tor the aotiou of Congress to prevent it. Afterward Dawea' speech, in which he showed up thefraud, was taken to Orant, and the action of Cresswell cloarly explained. Did ürant romovo Cross well in accordanco with his civil service reform ? No, but he is yot thore raising other Chorpenings and allowing other claims like it. In every bill passod after that a clauso was inserta! that no money should bo usod to pay the claim of Georgo Chorpaning, and so Congrega has to stand over Cre3swell wih a olub, The President will not help at all, but leavea the Postmaster Goneral in his place. I could recito things like this which havo occurred in tho Administration longer than you could stand and hear them. My rnind is f uil of thom, m but I will not go ovnr them now. During the cnmpaign I ara going to moet the peoplo faoe tó fttüo, and ask thom whother thoy will be articis eriminis with this scoundrel Cresswell. Bon Butlnr kicked civil service reform out of the House, and Morton, Clmndler & Co. tramplcd it under foot in the Sonate as a dead carcass, and yet thoy go to Philadelphia and put it in the platform. Why have thoy not boen showing tluir love for civil service reform bofore i Why wait until the Philadelphia Convontion to tull tho people that they beliovo in economy and a good administration in the future. The peoplo aro not inclinod now to tako tho promiso of tho Administration whon it hB a ro])! over iLs head and already fccls the twitohing in its ueck. Xiioy rogarded not tho promise theu, for thoy lookod back apon the pust. When Grant came in power thcro novor was a greator opportunity to makc a good udministratiou. Ho was idolized by tho peoplo for thc great work he bad done; and he was bélieved in by a great and triumphrmt party, Did lio cali in men who would inaugurato a great administration ? No, but his fh'flt act whs Lln' iiiking of $1' 'M), 000 in cash asa gift, putting it in his pocket and appointing A. T. Btewart, who gave 10,000 of that mim, to the ofllco of the Secretary di' the Treasury. He took up Borio. Do yon know who he was 'i (No, no), who dug hiin up 'i (Laughter). Whero did he como from 'i 1 can teil who ho is, and that is all 1 know abont him. Ho subscribed $5,000 toward tho purchase of the Philadolphia houso for Grant, and was thrii made Soowtary et' tho uavy. That is tho way Grant began his udministrition. I was in Congress theu by the favor of the people, and whon Stewart's appointmont was inade known thero were mahy facea so long it would havo been vory costly to got them :-!i i bey leiigtbened moro aud more as thoy thought of it, until they all looked liko a faneral. Each onn asked, " Heard the newsi'" " What do you thinfeofit?" Jifany of thora did not thiuk at all. Thanks to the sturdy old forofathers who i'ramod the Constitution, they not kuowing but that just sutli a uit would get into the White House, passed a law that no importet of f goods could bo Secretary of thé : ui-y. Grant saw that it was a bad in ment. In the hurry of military lit'o ho Liud leamed how to issuo an order, but kno.wing5not.hing about metsages ho sent an order to the Sonate to abolish the law i stood in his way. Then there wen; long faces in tho Senato, and doubti'ul ones, too, but thero was ono that wiih not doubtf'ul, and that was tho faco of ( Iharlee Sumner - God blees him. He arose and said in his well known voico, ' Mr. President, I object," and the message had to go over one day. Aftor tho session they gathercd around Grant and said to him, " Mr. President, you must jaok out. Conqueror of Ijee and his aruu s, the laws ot America are too strong :or you ; you must give up " - aud lloutwoll was appointed becauso no other U0.000 iiiuu oould bofound lying around This bad beginning kopt on and eoniuued to grow worso.. I could doUin rou here wuch longor, but I aui uot I posod to do it. I liavo inore wordí to other :ippoiixtiiieuts. My mind ia perfeetly full. I never felt eiu trouble aad hurassed as I ilid during the las three ycars about thu Rópubhoan party. I hclpod to build up tbo party and have ulwnys had affection i'or it. It grioved me to s.o it doing what it lms beon 1.;ing. The peoplc oro honst, and 1 know they saw tho mal-administratiou of afctirs goinji on, they vróuld dei : vty. They woul l vsy let us have a Congros.s that wi)l uneftrth frauds ! hem. It is ik rood thing to h;ivo n ohsnge. Daniel Webster onco said, " Leratly, wc. vrant a ohange for tho sake ot' ohange." I wotil I nol lo nnoharitable to th!io whb havo been groat in war, nnd prrhaps I may be too grvit astiokler, for tho oldbothat a kiugoaB do do wrong The Presideat hits wrong] y nacd the appoiiiting power, and it doos üot matter wheth or bc did not know b( tter or whthor he would not do bettor ; he ongbt to ba removed and somo competent person put ir hiü placo. T hare spoken longer than T expeotod, fcliow-citizen?, and in concluding I wil! give this a3 our watchword, " Djwii trith the oorr uptioniBtg ; periah all tinge. Ilurrah for ïïoraoo Qrcelpy."


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