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Mr. Greeley At Pittsburgh

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PlTTBèTJUOH, Sept. 19. - Ilorace Grooly and party reachotl tlio oity at soven o'olook thin veiling and will luavo for Uincinnati at 1:30 ia the morning. Mr. Sreeley wns met at tho depot by o largo torchliglit ; Q and escórted to tho St, Charle Hotel, whóro ho flelivered from tho balcony tho foilowing a Idrosa : Feiaow ClXiZEsa - The wiae king says thure is n, time tor war inl a tlmu foi ïho city of Pittsburgh haa iccontly witnesscd a rohcarsal of the pomp and pacoantry, the blazonrv ;inc' stanco of oivii wur. A volry latgè numbor of mon woro oolleeb ■',, :-. vast expense, with tho singlo purposo oí' rokindlintf tho bitterness and hatrcd, the animoöity and antipathien, tho fcai'3 and exuitiitions of rt civil wsr, tVr tho ndvantage of a jioliticiil party. I talco you to sthatthe greater porticn of thn journals of Pittsburgh, as wel! as tho oritoTs on this occasion, havo been trying thoir best to malti: U8, the peoplo, hato etie.'i othur i'or the Hukoni' partisan advantayc A etningrr would imjs;ino, wlio was reading the journals. of Pittsburgh. tor ttio lnfit few duys, that we wore still at wav, and that thoir purposo was to revivo mul to exaspérate tho hatred and ity of civil var in order to intensii'y and iuvigornto their sido of the conflict. Thoy talk about robóla and traitors. Fcllow o.Lti:;.'iis, nro we novorto be dojio with thia 'i V'n demauded of our adtho groat civil war that thoy surïviider thuir arma and go to thoir them. Wedehoblacks, and thv black? are enfranchised. None but white men now stand disfranchisod on the soil of our country. Wo deinandod that thoy ftipuiatu that the omanoipated alavoít shall not be paid for, and that tü : t siinll nevor bo paid by or by tho Btatt-3, and thoy Hüsi'iited to tliat. So far as I caa seo, ovcry demand mado on tho part of tho loydl States and tho loyal poople has boon rally eomplied with on tho part of thoso lately in rebollion. Everything hns boen douo that wo askcd. Everything h:is been conceded, aud still thoy teil us, " Why, wu w:mt tiifim to repent." Havo thy not brought forth works to repontanco? Coming togethoT in soleinn oonvention tho representativos of tha Southern people havo given their oonaent to the platform of tho Cincinnati Convcntion, which was tho most intense, ' 'it completo Kepublioan platform that had ever been ptvsented by any National Convention whatevor. All this boing douo, we are tcld by those gentlemen who met bere, " All this ismockery; ail this is frrtud ; you doti't mean anything by it," nnd tho cry goes on, " Eebels aud traitora," " Rebels and traitors," dtnunciation, proscription, tho samo as ever. Four yoars npo, in the Eepublican National Convontion, it was declarod that this prasoription ehould spccdily oeaso. Fonr years havo pa&ed and still it ia mcintBintd. Thoro are this day thouHBiiüá of peoplo of Arkansas alone prohibitod, thu most intelligent, tho responsibla people of tho State - forbidden to ovon oxercisi.1 tho riyht of suifrago, forbiddon exclusivoly by tho party that meeta hore aud shouts for Orant and Wilson. Nobody elao asks for proscription but -N o one doubts, no other party roquires that any human buing should stand proü:ribed on our soil for a rebellion tl sevon and a half years ago. No party, no men óf any party, doubt this. Tho very party that hold greai military parade this week in order to i'urthor and lurther divido and separoto the beurts of tho American peoplo frorn each othor, they hold essential to thoir trinmph that hatrod should continuo; th;it distrust, suspicion and alienation should continui.1. Do whut you will, do whftt you may, thoy aro determined not tO 1 O Hitti ■- Xov,', it!Uo-,v-citizens, it ia not enough thtt thoso whoi'ought aprainstthe Union Bhould bo proscribed. Those of us who stood for it aro equally deuounced if we do not happen to ogree with them in our presont politics. Hero stands ono who is chargod by thera with being a senist Oould that be tnvj ' Fellowoitizens, look fiets in the face. When Linooln had beon electcd, and this conspiracy for secossion bogan to advocate itself, wo llopublioans wero tcld by our owii rasjii, and told still more by thoso out of the cirelo, you must back out of your ropublic.'inism ; you must surrender your opposition to the extensión of slaTery, or oonsont to a great civil war. Th ie, they said, waa the only alternativo - bloodshfd and devastation over tho whoie country - or you shall surrenrter priiK pits on which you havo just cariicd tho tloction. I was one of thoso who . eaid, " na, thoro ís no snob, alternativo. I denied tbut the Southern people, tho great majority of theni, are against tho Ünion. I demand that thcre shall bo opan, free discussion bei'oro the Southorn people, or on houest, unterritt'ed, uncon.■ truitiud rote, it' they approvo, if tho people of the South say they want digunion, I will consent to it. I knew they will not. 1 knew that tho Southern people, that tho great majority, vould have votod as thoy actually did that winter, not for secession, but for ciinging to tho Union. And now to-day, if tho nution wero to be imperiled and thero werp just two modor, ot' saving it, to trust to tho chances of civil war or to tho chances of n. i'ree, fair vote of the Bouthem pcoplf, I would very great ly pretor to tako tho Luor than tho former, for, fcllow-citizons, they do greatly misunderstar.d and inalign this American people when thoy assnrne tliat in cold blood, bofore there had been any clash of arms, tho pfcoplo in tho South, any more than the peoplo in tho Ncrth, de-ircii disünion. In its iuception, in its origin, tho great . of those who consentod to the socession movcmeut moant nothing by it but to back down tho isorth audmako us censont io the oxtonsion oí' sla very. That was thoir parpóse, and t luit purpose I did uiv heni to rosist anl defeat. 'Wisil, the war is ended. I think it ougüt to end. We had a prrofit and terrible, J4 bloody, a destructiva civil wir. Oír guooess waai perfect. ïhe di-frat of the advera iry wns moro complete than any dbfeat recordod in history. They hac Buffered much. They havo concoded all. (Jaunot we aflora to be magnuniuious at least ? They say, fiillow-citixons, tliat tho Southern peoplo may vote. 8omo of th.'in nu: v, bul the instant thoy voto tho cry is ruised " seo how these t'ellows vote !" They cry, " Tou munt vote the other way." Is that an eluction, or is it only tho fashion of war in anotüer aspect ï Fellow-oitiaenfl, you belong to ono of the great liives of American industry. I plond hfro for pcaco and reoonoilintion, ior tho interest, efpo.eially, of this busy, prosperous, enoraetio peoplo. How I havo sympathizcd with Pittsburgh, how 1 havo rejoioed in her prosperity, how I have wondered at aud admired hor nmgniticent, you surely do know. No placo on tho continent hns beon flonror to me than Pïitsburgh. Thero has been no spot in whoso prosperity I have moro heartily rejoioed, nnd this is beoauso I tred her pro.perity was freely linked and bound together with tho prospority and growth of our wholo country. Ñrfw I appeitl to her business men, T appeal to her niorchants, I appeal to her nianufncturers, to (top this war. It has gono on louff enough. You cannot nil'ord to t 'rh purt of your country to hato you, to feol tliat your suooés, your greatiios8, is identifal with thuir humiliation. People of l'itti-bnri.-h, I ask you to tako n geueroue part in this work of reconoiling your ountrymen to each other. I ask you to tako the hand hold out to you by our Southern brothren, in their ndoption of tho Cincinnati platform by thoso wh wére ottr enemieet 1 nik you to grasp that hand and say, " Urvthers, wo differed ; we fought ; Lhe war ia ended; let us ugain bo fellow countrymen and forget that wo havo been onomies." l'riends and follow citizens, 1 bid you good night. ÏIR. ORKEI-KY AT CITTCtSlTATI. ClNCl.NNATI. O, Bept. 20. -- Hor'U-t! Greeley arrived ut tha Littlo Miumi depot ut 20 minutes nitor 3 tliis afteTnoon. There whs a-u immense cruwd at thü dopot. Mr. 6Preeley was reoeivttd with oheors. Thu düMionstrutioiis we.-o henrty and euthusiastic, but did not assutno puUtieol plmso. At the Burnet Houjo the jam of peoplo was vory groat. Aftel Mr. Greeley had a littlerost ut tho Burn-t TT nso ho was oscorted to tho Expoaition Hall. Thu raception took place in the Couimission's room. Thu reception speech in behalf of tho Exposition Commissionor was mado by A. T. Goshen, President, and in behalf of tho city by Mayor Davis. JIr. Grecley responded appropriutoly. Tbis coiioluded ho -wout tlirough the Kxposition halls followed by muny curioua visitors. llu thon roturnod to the Burnet Houso and restad for an hoor. By half-past seven processions wero forraing in tho struets in various places, and shortly after eight, with lighted torches aud transparencies, nnd musió, moved in the dirootion of tho Burnot Heuse. At twonty minutos beforo nine Mr. Greoley inadu an appetiruuco on tho balCony and was introduced by Hon J. L. Keek. Mr. Groeley spoko ns folio ws : Citizens of the state of Oiiio - I ain here, a guost, at the invitatiou of tho Cominon Council of Cincinnati. It ia their dosire, as it is my wish, that I should, whilo their guest, abstain from ony remarks whioh luight scom to savor of a political purposo, and I fully dosigned, had I been left at liborty, ao to spuuk, that no ono of any party could possibly have taken exceptions to it. But there has been an attack upon mo since I came here which I will trust to the hospitality and generosity of my entertainers to pernit uie to repid hom, aud now. Last evuniiifi, nt I'ittsburgh, in the courso of nomo off-hand romarke to a vast asseniblago there, I took pains to expluiu the ciroumstancea. tho extraordinary, nnprecedonted circumstances, under which I was impolled in tho winter of 18(50 and '61 to offer, in good faith, to subiuit the wbole ijuestion of union or disunion to the fair, uneonstrainod voto of the Southern pcoplo after duo delibration and á""ni(m. I s:üd then it was my belief', and is still my bo iet', that if that peoplc had boon allowed such a freo and fair opportunity, they would have decided, as you A'uuia liiivc deoided, that thn Union ho ld bo maintained. Tlieso reuiarks whi :h I madu last evoning havo boen inisrepresented, have beon, I think, por▼erted into un expression of present bolief and prugent oonviction that any State has a right to dissolve thie Uniou at its own good pleasure. Fcíllow-citizena, I utterly ropudiato and condemn that spntimont. (Choers.) I do not believe that aay State, or that ten States, even a majority of all tho States, havo a rlght to (Tïssolve our Union. (Applauso.) That Union is foundod on the Constiution. It is a ohartered government, not a mero league. It doos not constituto a confederacy meroly, but a nation, a government of limited and defined powers, but of unliniited duiation. I bcliovo that tho Union is not only destined to be, but was intended to be, perpetual, and I beliuvo that our great civil war, if there evei was any reasonablo doubt as to tho nature of that Union, has settled that doubt forever - (renewed applause), - that slaTeTy is dead and that tho Union abides forever. Such is the sura and substanco of tho verdict pronounced through tho issues of our great contest. Thero is no longer a question, there can nover again ariso a question, as to the perpetuity of the Union. Tho applo of discord, the only thiag that ever made any American hostile to his own country aud the Constitution, has utterly perished. Thencoforth the Amorican Union abidos forever, grounded in the affoctions, in the necessities in tho fervent devotion of tho whole American peoplo. If thero ever shall arise again a questiou of disunion, that question will be presented not for the South, not from the Southern eection of this nation. But no such a question will Or can arise. As perpetual ns the hills, as 80Üd as everlasting rocks, the Union of these States abides and must abide forever. One sentimont, one purpose, anirnatos the American hcart, and that is, that tho Union of tho States must and shall be preserved. (Cheers.) Now, fellow-citizens, if I mny be allowed, lot me say a fow words more generally with regard to your position, your duties and your prospecta. Cincinnati may bo rsgarded as vory nearly tho in dustriul and commercial center of our present population. What tho future may bring forth wo cannot teil, but today the city is nearly ia tho middle of tho great commercial movement of the industrial activity of the American people. lts hills, smiling in tho 6ummer abundance, look lovingly on each other. lts mighty rivnr which leuves your city in its gentío current is a persuasivo to union and reconeilíation. We aro to bo evormore one peoplo. Let us bo a hartnonious people, united in heart and hope as well as in geography and in political ossociations. Let us resolvo to cultívate tho graces and the charities of fallow-citizenship. Let us resolvo that from this ity shall go forth an influenee to the North and South whioh shall bind the people together in tho cords of a swooter au'ï strongcr aifection than they have ever yot known. Fellow citizens, I rojoice to stand in the oity which has been honored by the holding of the Cincinnati Convention, whence went forth the noblest platform cf principies over presented to the Ameriean people (Applauso.) Thoso princiles commend thomselves to my judganent. They aro dear to my heart. If I enuld do anything to give ascendency, perpotual and complete, to thoso principies,. I woald gladly do it. If my success or ray defeat could promoto their adTaneeBient and commend them to the hearts of tho peoplo, I should rejoice alike in that success or in that defeat. I believe they represent tho bost thought, the best purpose, tho best aspirations of the American people. As such, I accept them. As such, I am proud to bo seen in any capacity identified with their presorTation. It was not my oxpectation to bo ! presented as a candidato by that convention. That honor was conf erred pon mo, and I thankfully, rendily acceptod it ; . and I thank you, my fcllow-citizens, for the cordiality, for the unanimity, for the majestic strength, in which you have ponded to it. As one of your number I take tho place in your ranks which has been assigned mo, and I will ondeavor to boar the banner with honor, with truth, . with justico, wherover tho tuture inay lead, and whcrcver tho good providenoe of God may enablo rao to carry it. At thia poriod in Mr. Greoley's speech the impatient crowd below were noisy, so much so that it was difficult for those to hear that were coraparatively ncar him. After pansing a fow moments he concluded oh f ollows : And so, follow-oitizenp, unablo to make myself hoard, I will relieve your attention, and ask Gov. Randolph to spoak to jrou in my stend. Gov. Kandolph was then introduced, and dolivered a short speech. Cries were made for othors, but no one responding, the orowd gradually dispersod. MR. GREEI-EY S CIIAMHEH OF COMMEKCB 8PEECIJ. ütXCUntJen, Sopt. 21. - Mr. Groeley ■was met at the Chamber of Comiuerce at noon to-day. He was introduecd by Mr. Covington, and was received with great applause. hen order was rustored ho fpoke as follows : Mn. President and Gexti.kmen of the Chamher VB Commkike - Tou will do rae the justice to believo hat I woxild ut have chosen to appear beforo you as an instructor, for so it will spom to you, with regard to siattcrs which you must onderstand botter, perbaps, taaa I. I m hre taccauce I mn cali' 4 to Lp lu-rr, ' nj being here I propose to mako to you a few sugjrostions, which I trust will havo a prsotio&I beariug. I fully ooraprehend that you aro business men, and Unit this is a btuineei hour, and that whatover is suid by mo, atany rute, must be vcry briuf. To plunje Bt onoo thon iato the middle of tbc subjoct, I ain one of those who do ïiot fetsl entsrely satisiied with the ftnanoial and commercial eondition und prospecta of our country. I realizo thut -wo havo just sooured very abuudunt harvosts, and that thoy are a vcry important element of commercial pro.spenty. L realizo that wo havi; a currency quite abundaut in its volume aud acceptablo at par over the larger portion of uur country. Wo have iiiuny eloments of strongth, and yet there soem to bo also olümuuts or portents of weaknesB which ought not to bc pafsod over in i-ilunco. You wil] beur nu: witm as that for tho last two or throe yeaTS we havo heard tuore, folt more, suffered moro of a commercial collupso, I might oay commercial difriemlty, trom the operations of what are pcculiarly oallod " rings," thaa ever beforu in tha history of this, and, I think, in the hiatory of any country. Corners in wheat, corners in oats, corners inpork, (great laughtor), corners in gold, corners in stocks, and so on and bo on. Now, gentlemen, I a in not here to say that this particular cliquo, which tried to fetch up prices, or that opposite clique, which tried to torco them down, was right or wronj; in aiiy instance. I urn not sufficiontly familiar to judge. What I say and think you must bolieve with me, is that these exhibitions, theso ebullitions, aro symptoms of tinancial weakness, if not rinancial disease. They aro incidents which are not likely to oeeur iu a porfectly sound and healthy condition of the commercial business and tho curronoy of a oountry. Well, we get on with thpm as tast as wo can, or rather wo chaso one away and another soon presenta itself. And every now and tho in the great commercial center, where my work has been carriod on, there ooim-s a superior corner ; some kind of a lilack Friday or something that threatons a commercial disaster, a general disaster. And then appears the Secrotary of the Treasury with horns of plenty, and Iets loose something or other. Ho etthei buys stooks, or he sells gold, or he does both. Ho puts us at easo for a little timo again. Now I am not hore to decide that that is not the best ho can do. I don't know about that. But I do insist that tho business of the ccuntry ought not to bo in a condition to require the oontinual application of somothing artificial, something to bo let down from a'tovo, that there should be a state of things whereiu business men and business inturests should take care of themselves. and not requiro tho coutinual interposition of some xjublio authority in such a dictatorial form. Some men are swaniped when he appoars, or men are relieved. l'erhaps tho greatest good to tho greatest nuinber is accomplishod, for aught I know, but I want to see a state of things when the government is not continually called upon to help us out. It reininds me of the state of things that oxisted in my earlier days, when every once in a while Mr. Nioholas Biddle was called to Wall streot in about the samo capacity that the Sccretary of the TreaBury is now, to put his shoulder to the wheel and lift us out of somo mire, or ward off some catastropha. I think we ought to be able, that you, gentlomen, ought to be ablo to deviso the ways and means, not only of getting us out of one particular oorner, but of preventing corners in the future, rendoring them impossiblo, or, at all ovents, disastioua to their contrivers. Now, I am supposed to be a man of isms, or what is the word, a man of hobbies on this subject. Somo men imagine that I am a very furious demander of tho immediato resumption of specie payments. My opinión was, years ago, and I have sepn no rpason to chango it, that when -we had $12 i,(00,000 of money in the Troasury, mainly gold, and when we had a roveuue oïceeding tho necesRary outlays of tlie Treasury by moro than $10(1,000,000 perannum, we were then in a condition tojresume srjecie paynients ; that if the government had chosen to sny we will resume, wo pay our greenbacks as gold, and we receive them as gold, that there would have been no difficulty in managing that resuraption, under that state of things. I havo secn the Dank oï England resumo. I have known banks in our country to resumo with a very much loss, with a very much smaller proportion of valuable assets to tho liabilities than the Treasury of the United States had at that time, so it seemed to tno to be a purfectly feasiblo thing. But we did not resume, mainly because the people - I mean tho business poople - did not want to resume, and in my judgrnent that reason will opérate just as well next year, two years, fivo years henee, as it operated then. It is my judgment thnt we are not likely to resume, I don't know when, but in any near period of time. Then I say if we want to resume, wo neod all the resources we had then, and we ought to have husbanded them carefully. But if we are not, as you and I know, if we wero not to resume for a long time to come, then it soems to me a business policy was roquired of the Government, that is to pay out all its gold, all its treasure beyond a fair working balance, reduce its debt by so much, stop tho interest, and leavo the gold and the currency in the hands of its business men, instead of hoarding it up in tho Treasury, to make use of this periodical (the conclusión of the sentence was lost in applanse). Bnt I am not dograatic. I do not intend to present this as a matured and settled conclusión. What I do here ask, what I ask of this Chambor to origínate, is inquiry and investigation by men of business and capital as to where the proper remedy for these disorders, of which I speak, is to be found. Let us bo calni about it. Liet us take timo. Let us investígate slowly, carefully, and let the business men of the country come to a conclusión aa to tho proper romedy, not for a partioular disorder to day, but for something which shall be a protection again st the periodical recurrenco of theso disorders. This is what I wonld have tho business men of the country do. Look at tho matter as a disease, not as one of tho particular symptoms, and determine just what and where is the remedy. I venture to say, if tho men who composo Chamberí liko this will agree upon what that remody is, they can have behind them tho presa of the country with scarcoly an exception, and tho publio sentiment of tho country. And whatever shall seem to them, after careful discussion, the true cure for our financial disorders and dangers, will bo accepted by the general judgment of the country and carried into effect. This is all, gentlemen, and with theso few remarks I thank you for your patiënt attention. [Great applause.) - John J. Bagley is announcod as one of a ooniniittee to superinteiid tho drawing of a "Grand Gift Concert" in Detroit, Nov. 20th. As tho samo John J. Bagley is a candidato for Govornor of this .State we snggest that ho borrow a set of compiled laws and read the statute against lotterios, gift onterprisos, &c. . If ho don't know enough to hunt up for himself perhaps his attorney will give him volumo and page. - "Boss Tweed" proposes to take 10,000 votes away from Greoiey in Now York City. We make this announccineut on tho authority of a prominont llepublioun journul. - A. P. Edgerton is tho ■straight" or Bourbon candidate for Governor of Indiana. Ex-Senator Fiteh - a fossil of not vory odorous famo - hoads the electoral ticket. - Attomey-Goncral Williams, Postmaster-General, and the rost of the Cabinet are stunipiiig it in ühio. Is Ohio in danger ?


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