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The Landing Of The Pilgrims

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The I5th annbaJ gathermgoi tne wew v Englaud Society of Aun Arbor to ' minórate tbc landing of the Pilgriros, , Dared on tbe veuing ut' tho23d uit., at the Giegory House; Mr. Honry W. Hogers, ' President of the Society, in ihc chair. The exereises weie opend bj a quartette of voicci ndr the dh-ectiori ot Kt. j A Wilsey, artd tvho daiing t)iu rvo:nng i gave abundant vidiiiuc of their ability u d good tasto in Ibis departiuent. 'rsycr was offeveé by Bcv. Dr. Gillospic, fter which the tlic President introduoed Ion, B. M. CutcUeor. us the orator oi' the ooasion, wlio dplivered the oration in a 'orcible and plfiftsiag wliich Wns ïighly ftppreciated by all present A vcsoluücn of thaiiks wvs artopted and a copy of the orntion rctpteated for lublication which we have net reeeived. Aftcr the oddress the company, about one hundred in number, then procecded to disetiss with a hearty good will a most ampie slipper providod by Mr. ifoNiel, of the Gregory House. Followiug the supper carne the toasts and tho "after dinner" speeches, most of whioh we are enabled to give at considerable longth. " Od and New England - Mot her and Daugkter - Alike entilled to our respect anci veneration." Responded to by the Rev. Dr. Cocker of the University. Dr. Cocker said he would wnivo the custoniary apologies and thank the managing couiniitU o for calling upón him fiit. He would even concedo the fitness of the appointmerrt, as he claiined agfamiliar acquaintance with the old mother- Knglaud. Ho knew her oddities and ht;r oxccllencies, her kindnesses and caprices, her high sonse of honor and right and her traditional conceit. Sho had been kind to him. Bhfl had dandled liivn on hoi' lap when a cbild, and had handled him roughly when a young man. Sho had petted him and whipped hiui - ho ought to reaiember her. Ho had also made the acquaintance of the daughter - New England. Ho had been to the "hub" and wv.rshiped at Plyinouth llock. The daughter very muoh resenibled the mother, a strong family likeness could bo recogni.ed after uiany genera tions. The New Englanders wore very mueh like the Old Englanders- sober, sédate, steady, self-important and selí'-sufíleient. There were a!so poiuts of contrast as weil as reseniblance. The old "mother" was, like all good old mothers, of tho opinión that her long experience entitled her to speak with authority, and sho was naturally impationt of eontradiclion. Thisamounted almost to conoeit. She could not give any of her ohildren credit for the same amount of capacity, judgmeut and loaraing as she had herself If any of her descendants, in any part of the world, makc a new discovery in scieneeor the mechanical arts she is suro to claim that she hat thought of it before. The world goes wrong if it dots not go her way. She has great respect for the past, and is generally inclined to assert that whatever is "new is not trne." She is offended if yon cali in qncstion any of her oracular utterances, and her obstinaoy is sometiuies offensive. And yet we are constrained to reverence her. There are many uviini. traits of chanieter concealed behind thi repulsivo exterior. Lot her have her harmless conccits, do not cross her unies it be needfulr and you will iind she ha a kind and generous heart. Dropping all figures, let us look at the ïuasses o : English society - the English poorrwhici 1 constitute the great balk of the nation There are in England, says the Tinics about 00,000 persona only, that can be called tho "comfortaWe" people. Th rest are the toilers. What do the Amer icans know of the charactcr of thesetho masses? I claim to Know them bom in thuir mulst, 1 sympatmze witu these. ïhe poor oí' Eugland are notable for thfir syrupatliy with uach othor, their kindness, their true-hearted tendcrness towarda 11 who are needy and suffering. Whero the store is so soanty we might expeet an animal selfishness. But it is not so. In England, proverty shares its orust, and divides its pallet. It gathers the children of famine, tho benighted stranger, tho stoim-driven wanderor around its crumbs and erubers. It attends on sickncss. It gives alras out of its penury to the blind and the deciepid. It pours balm on the head of oíd age. These are its holy traditions, its common usages, its very laws. The poorcst porr for some moments in ft weary life w hen they may know and feel, t.lui t tlicy l.tvTe been, Themselves, tlie fatben and dealers qu! 01 some small Messinjis- lmve been kiml to sueh Asneeded kiiwlne.-s ; for thia ringle c.iuse Tliat we Imve all of ua a human lieart. These are the peoplo who love America, who uniformil syuipathized with the North in the lata war; whilo the "oorufortable" - the aristcmïate and "millocrats," as Carlyle stylcs them, sympathized with the South. Whon I think of the poor of England I am not asharaed to own myself an Englishman ; but when I think of the oppressiuns of a landed aristocracy, and the insolenea of bloated wealth I am remindod of the wish of Bedenfield who had resoued Goorge the ui. from the hands of a mob. The King sent for Bedonfiüld and asUed wfaat ho could do to reward hini. Bedeniield answered : "Would to God your Majesty oould makn me a Seotehman." I rejoico that I uow live in Amorica. The daughter has many of tho good qualitios of tho old uiother, though iuclined to put on airs and sonietimcs appears more vain than wise. Sho will grow wiser as she grows oldtr. May she be as noble and as good when old age comes as her illustñous mother. "Massachusets - Famous for giving birth to American liberty, and for the eradle that rocked it." Kev. Dr. Brigham, respondent, said ' Mr. President;- A Massaehusetts man and a Boston boy will never be ashamed toanswor for hii State, will never have sutil fear as the man who was sad tluit Uie could not be TresiJent of the United States because ho was bom in New Jersey. You woro light in calling first up,oitthe Old Bay State. You might have followed the alphabttical order, and call1 ed first upon Connectcut ; or the geographical order, and ealled first upon Maine;-or the order of humanity, and ealled upon little Khode Island ; but all these excellent commonwealths are only cuhvies of Massachusetts. From the teginnin-g Massaohusetts has had tho lead fn New Eugland,. and luis always kopt that lead, in population, in wealth in cnterprise. A Massachueetts man is embarrassed m selecting anicaig tlie worthy and memorablo things of whieh bis State makos boast. He can apeak of her fine natural features, her grand landscapes, artificial as well as wild, of tho Berkshire mountains, of the Connectieut valley, of the Worcester hills, with Wachusct towering abovethem; of tho banks of the Meni,„„■ whieh the verse of Whittier has rified ; of the environs of Boston, the garden of America; and even of the sandy península of Capo Cod, which the Concord Ucrmifs quaint description has made so attraetivc to sentimental pedestrians. Qr lie can speak of her ornamenta, so numerous and so ancicnt; of Dighton Koek, with its Kunic legend, the sign of a voyage ceuturies earlier than tho voyago of Colurabus,. a monument which may be sold to alien owners but loannotbe moved f rom its finu bed by the sido oí'Taunton rivor; and of Plymouth Koek, the Blarncy Stono of New Entcland, which has enriohed so many museums by its fragmente ; and of BunVer Ilill Itonuuient, the tallest obelisk in the land, and tho only grand sign of a Eevolntionary battle ; and of 1-a.nueil Hall tbe Oradlo of 'Liberty, which keeps in tho eloqusnee of the orators of to-day, the echo of the patriotism of sn genentüons; and of the OW Kouth Chureh, gaved from tho tire, to bo still the een ter of liirht and comfort and love and hope to myriada ofsouls; of the old State House; and of the massive and fttey Khig's Cliíipcl ; and how nmny moro ï better t'iau these, the upright, i ■ujitiblo and lejBiuod Judiciary of Massiciiusetts, can be citcd in honor ot' the U'nr olil Statu; and besi ot' all, the i'ouuUtion tor eduoation, education l-r all the people and cducutiou ol the itigl and fullest surt, ymbolized in Earvard College, the okust, the noblest, the beat endowed, and the iuostfa.inous among thii College of Amerioa, wIiosh sous are in all the land loyal to thuir mother, and ready at u momeni's warning to show leir devotioH by the liberality of their it'ts. Tlu'se ure only hints of what a ichugett man might make thutext f a long discutirse. Who can refuse to 'P, who will be .slow toallow, that Ai.issohnaetts bas the firet right to be reinetuisred, wheu thcy mtet to piaise NeWj ingland Y "Conncdtiitt - Distinguished, not more for er steady habite than lor her numerous and loroughly educated sons and daughters." After announcing this toast Mr. Eogrs Bftid it gave him unusual pleasure to tute tbat it would be responded to by his xeellent friend, Kev. Dr. Pitkin, of Deroit, who was not only one of Connecticut's sons but tbe son of TlMOTHY Pitkin, in honorcd name familiar to scholars, 3ud especially to all studente and readers of Amctican histoiy. Dr. Pitkin was reccived with applause and said. Se declared that this was thetirstNew England Dinner he had ever attended - out of New Eagland ; lemarked that all the time he had been sitting at the table the familiar story of vhe tirst interview between Boswell and Dr. Johnson had been running in his miud. Boswell, who was a Beotchinan, knew that the Doctor had a strong prejudice against his countrynien, and he stammered out after he had buen introducod, " I did indeed come f rom Seotland, Dr. Johnson, but Icouldn't iclp it;" to which the old bear raado answcr : " Ah ! that is the case with a large number of yourcountrymen." I supposo, Dr. Pit kin continued, it is trno that we did come froui New England, and,though it may not exactly be the cage with any ot' us tliat wo could n't help it, yct in view of this better Now England of tlie West wbere we have found a home, it is probable that most of us would rathor be nero at tbiü board talking of New England and praising her than again .11 tho old homes we left. Turning to the President, lio added : - Peihaps, Sil-, I au mistaken in saying that we did como froui New England. I am a stranger to this Oosapany, but you, 8ir, I have known long and well, and if you are a New England man all I have to say is that you are the most modest man that I ever knew as coming froin that región, for in tho long years of our familiar intercourse I never once had reason to suppose that you ever saw New England. Óf course it is not for me to say that an out-and-out New-Yorker shoiild not presido at a New Eugland Dinner, but as the old soldier in "Bleak House used to say under the most discouraging circuinstanccs, when the old girl got the best of it, "Disciplino must be mainhiined." I ara callad upon to speak for my native State, Oonnecticut. but as this New Eiiglaud Dinner I would rather, I confess, B-peak for the whole land from whence wo carne. As I look into your faces I can seo no diffevencc among jou ; you are all the samo to me, aud as 1 stretch my visión over tho broad space that separates us from our old homo, I can hardly see with the eye of faney my own nativo Htate ;. Khode I?land is en■ tiroly ou-t oí sight ; and even Massaehusetts does n't look verybig. And Ithink, ilr. President, that it is rvot a good thing for us to íuake so mtich of onr State differences here. It seems'to nio that Massaclmsetts has often gone quite as far as was becoming in this way. She has had the Mayflower, and Concord, and Lexington, aud Bunker Ilill, and sbe has talkcd of these things ofton as if she were the whole of New Engluud and ovvnod all the ltevolutionary war. As to this matter oí Conneoticut being a colony of Massachusetts - referred to by tne preeeding speaker - there are one or two things that may be said. It ia well known that Hooker, the founder of' the Hartford (the old Connectieut) colony and Davenport the founder of the New Haven colony.though invited over to New England and urged to stay among their Massachusetts Bay brethren, were ne.ither of them over well pleased with the Statu of things they found there. Daveuport, who was always an outspoken man, did not hesitate to say hat he wanted soinethmg noaror the Divine pittern ; and though Hooker, who was inore retictsnt simply said that he left because " there was not room," yet the fact is that these two colouios pusheii out into the wilderness, and were evidently quite willing that a broad belt of land inhabited by savagcssbould separate them f rom their brethren of Massachusetts. It is very brue that Davenport not like the way Hooker liad arranged things in the Connecticut colony, and ho opposed the union of tho eolonies, even to the last, on the ground that the purity of New Haven would be soiled by contact with Hartford - but that is a littte family quarrel upon which we eannot enter here. - The fact is that Connectieut, both Hartford and New Haven, looked upon Massaehusetts Bay as detective in its constitution of the Church and State, and Davenport lost no good oppurtunity of expressing bis opinión on tho subject. Now notice the results, for this is tho poin-t that I am aiming at in this matter, to I had not expeoted to refer. when the most iuftuential office in the Massachusetts Bay colony was vacant, viz., that of pastor of the church, Davenport was called to fill tho post, and in hi.-i sevuntieth yoar the stout old man left bis home in New Haven for the express purposs of putting tting to rights in that colony. ■ There is no telling what he would havo dono had an opportunity been given hiin ; but uuhappily he died very soon after arriving there. Ho ïuight not have been able to accomplish much ; and the fact is things have not gone quite right in Massachusetts ever sinco. Connectieut has alwa,ys wished to be on friendly terms with all her neighbors, and with llhude Island she has always cultivated the most kindly feehngs. In truth, when Connectieut looks out upon the map of the Uuited States and soes sueh overgrown and inonstrous States as Nuw York and Michigan and Illinois, sho always feols like hugging and kissing her little sister that lies so sweetly at her side. But llhodo Island has had her triumphs. We talk largely abont our rebellion. lihodo Island has had an entirc rebellion to herself; and I think that Ithodo Island is able to have her own rebollion and to keep it entirely within hor own limita. What I mean is that, in my opinión, a gun of some considerable sizo could bo fired in lihodo Island without hitting any one in Massachusetts, or Connectiout, if tho lattor wero only reasonably careiul to keep out of the raftge. - But Khode Island, though not large, haspro ved herself to be uneommonlv. plucky. I remember meeting tho Bishop of Rhode Island at dinsier just about the boginning of our late civil war, and I said to him something as follows : " These are vciy trying times in which we live. One State after another is going out of tho Union, and no one can teil when this tliing will end. Now, what we want to know is wbich way Rhodo Island is going." The Bishop, putting on his best look, said, "Ehode Island is sound ; sho is loyal ; she nieans to stay in the Union - even if all the other States go out. But 1 will teil you," ho addcd, "'little Rhody' is anxious; what sho foars is that all tho States will go out and leave her with the national dobt." Connectieut is on friendly tenns with all tho Now England States ; and with Massaohuaetts, only sho thinks sometimea that Massaehvisrtts takes too man y airs upon hereelf. I presume that Maesaohusetts pcople will set all this down to ji'iiloiisy on the part of Conneetieut. They think we envy thein the poBüession of that unidle ot' Liberty they havé rocked so i oíten in our taces, th&twe wish vvo bud a Lexiugton, nd Oonooid, and Bunker t Hill, &c; but 1 do not think that thia is i so. 1 will nct deny that there muy be 1 sume feeling in Couneo-ticut m the nxntter ( ot' the ilayliover. I tbinkthat icut was disappcánted, perhaps hurt, that i this vessel wuiit to Massachusetts, but : unybody ilmt knows anytbing whatever oi the eireutustances of the case, that considera the cold and the wind und the rain and the storm, ml the combínatioB of thinga that would ïiaturally daze and bewildei men, must know very well that ih oU D ui' tho Mayüower uuvur could have known where they were going. Bebidce 1 niay ajipeal to any GoiinecliL'ut iiiuu present. He knows very weil that if there liad only hcan a New Londi n, or Groton, or Stcuiington skippei out on that day to meet that vessel - tliere didn't happen fco be any, but there have been any nuinber ot thein ssnee, if there had been only a Connctiout fishing smack to cross the bows ot' the Maytlower, she never would have gone to Plyuiouth, hhe would have been brought into Htonington or up the Thames to Nöw London or to Groton. But ray task is set me to speak for Connecticut add 1 intend to do do so. Well, Sir, Conneetiout claims, and I think she can Bustain her claim, that she furnished to America the first Constitution of' Government, that sho preseived herchartered rights when every other charter was mnulled, and that she was the ihst to raise the standard of rebellion which becauie the standard óf a great and glorious revolution. The position of this little State and the gallant way sha boro herself in the revolutionary wur, are matters of history. Connectiout, though the scveuth in point of population of tho old thirteon States of the Confedcration, wüs tho second on the list of those that sent troops into the field. Sho furnished more soldiors thau Virginia, though the population of Virginia wag thiee times her own; morethan Ponnsylvania, which taiued twice asmany people. New York, Maryland, North and South Carolina were each ono of them numerieally larger than Oonneoticut, yet Coimecticut furnished nearly doublé tlio number of troops sent by New York, rnore than doublo the number sent by Maryland, four times tlio number sent by North Carolina, and five times the number sent by Bouth Carolina. But tbis must answer for my nativo State. This is a New England Dinner, and I ara spcaking to ÏSew England men and it therefore bost becomes the occasion, as it certainly best acoords with my owu feelings, siniply to remiud you that we all come from a good stock, and that we have a home in the east of which we have good reason to be proud. We are here for varions reasons, some of us to take charge of the coliegos that get too big for others; some for one thing and some for another ; but all of us for something good, and wo are met to-night to remomber our old home. As I began with a familliar story I will concludc with one still rnore familiar, and whost only novelty is in the upplication." Dr. Pitkin then told the story of the two Connecticut Deacons, who were builders and owners of a schoener whicl they sailcd togetlier ; and how ono o. them on occasion of a diífercnce tha arose betweeri them, anchored nis end o the achooner and made all safe. "We are all," he said, "aailing in the samo sship and all I havo to say is, my end of fcfee ship is anchored:" . "I believe, Mr. President, that I have met all the points in the toast put into my hands. I have tried to keep as clos to my text as most preachers do. I see however, that I have said nothing of th ladies. But the fact is I cannot wel speak of them. I left my native State s early that I oever got over the awo the} inspired' but they can speak for them elves, at home or abroad. A poet o Connecticut, whose name is a familia ono, in a poem on his native State, which many of you no doubt hare read ; you knowhow it begins - "Her gray rooke tower abovo." Ha has told us that if we want to see womnii in her perfection us raaiden or as matron, we have ouly to be transported back to the green land of which bc sang and we shonld finrl hor there. But, Mr President, it is not neoeasary for us to be transported anywhere. We have thetn here. Yon, 8ir, are not even a son of New England, but I see here a danghterof Connecticut. I was not your-happiness to be bornin tla favored land in which all New Eugland ers rcjoice ; but your botter half was giv en you fr...m the choicest portion of thr savored land. And here a thought oo curs to me -it comes upon rao like an in spiration. Mr. President, I owe you a apology. 1 withdraw all that I siiid ; a that was implied in my opening remark as to your fitness to preside at a New En gland Dinner. Ladiea and gentlemei we all know that man and wife are one and in this case, as in most cases, the wiJ is the one." uNtw Hampshire - It is enough that sh gave the nation its great constitutional ex pounder." Hon. Charles ïripp responded nearl as follows : Mr, PbeSIDENT : - It is a joke to cali o me to spoak for New Hampshire, to fo low professors and divines of scholarl attainments and national reputation, wh have spent their active lives as publi speakurs,. or travelers over the civilizoc vvorld, I did indeed know Daniol Webster i my boyhood, and like him was born in New Hampshire (so I have been told,) but his fame is New Englands, to be claimed by no one state. I ani a New Englander, ahnost as inucb. a of Massachnsett and Maino as of New Hampshire, for I spent part of my early life in both of them. Allow me then to speak of a few of the wonderful things that erowd upon ïuy mind as we celébrate this occasion. I stand here upon the verga of my sixtieth year. One of my grand fathers was a soldier in the French and Indian war, and both of them in the Revolutionary war. At the time of my birth there was not a power loom in America, and for yoarsafter, all tho clothing used bv thecommou people wasspun, svove, dyod, cut and made up, to a great extent, by tho mothers and daughters of their respectivo households. No stoamboats navigatcd our riveis or lakes. The first railroud isfairly within my rocollectioir, tor I was rifteen years old when il wiis built, and as I stand before you tonight witii locks but justflocked with tho winter of age, and refleci that the threef en erations run back to the almost infancy of the nation ; wlicn we consider tho part the of New Knglaod liave performed in tho great work of building up this mighfy nation of forty millions, unsurpassod in evevy attribute of national greatness, I will not stop to boast of the part : New Ilacupshive has had in the work, or attemrit to cnumerato the list of statesïucii, soldiere, acholar?, or mechanics she has givon to the naticn ; in a word would closo with the modest claim and consider them like lier White Mountains, the tallest in New England. "jftfaine - Through lier intelligent and honored sous (our neighbors and friends) shc tells her owu story." Kosponded to by Col. C. B. Grant. " l 'irmmt - The night sliould never be for gotten mi which Molly Si ark (irstslept a widow." Prof. C. K. Adams, of tho University, responded. Mr. President : - Nearly three centuries ago a statesraan as celebrated for his misfoitunes as for his character was for many years confined in tho tower of London. Ile had published the first part of his famous history of the world and was one day looking over tho manuscript of tho second part preparatory to publication wlion his attintion was diverted by a noise boneath the window of his coll. öoing to tho window ho saw that a violent strit'e was taking 'placo. Ho watehed it with interest from beginning toend and then returned to tho work which had been interrupted. On tho following day be was visited by ii friend to whoai ho narrated in detail tho unistancés of the quarrel which ho had : ,vitnessed. was his astonisbuient i o iiiid that lr.s triond had been oue of he partios oï the contsSt, and that lic niniself, thougli a careiul obgerver, had ■ntiii) y mistaUeii.the nature oí the struggle. iüs friend provedto his satisfaction that in every essimtiul particular he had mistaken, not only the nature of tho oontiist but also the nature of its result. When left alono the historian mused over tho event, and concluded that if iie could not understand what transpirad before bis very ey es, he . could kuow abaolutely uothiug with oertainty of that about Inch be had been writing. With this mviction he seizsd his manuscript and irew it into the lire. Thus, Bir W alter . ]i out of despair of asoertaininp the truth deetroyed tbc worfe of years, nd deprived thu world of the secund part t' his oelebrated history. At the present moment, Mr, President, find uiyself in the sanie daspairinp; mood. Imve no history of the world to destroy, ud yet I am overwhelmed with the conúousness that tho giound is fust cruiubing, iroin many of my historical idol.s. I iad heard the story of John Stark froui my childhood, and had believed niyaelf s familiar with his faruoua upeeoh at the attle of Benuington, as with that of Wellington at tho battlo of Waterloo. But, alas ! it now appears that I was laboring under a delusion. I had supposed that tho books were right in doclarinjc that good old John Stark diud a peaceful denth at the ripo age of seventy-four. Never before to-night had I heard that Molly Bturk was ever a widow. But in these days of historical iconoclasiu it is perhaps not strango that I was wrong. All that is now known of W'illiam Teil is that he was myth ; Poeahontas never saved the lifo of Smith, and John Stark, at the battle of Bennington, made Molly Stark a widow. Suoh is tho fickle-noss of of tho Goddfiss of History. But pleasantry asido, I anpposo I arn expocted to say something of the battle of Bennington. It was not in itself ered a groat battle, and yet, in its consoquenccs, it muy fairly be said to have been moiuontoua. It was inomentous riüt sivnily in tbe fact that it ghuwed to the con:inent that American recruits might be i match, and more thnn a niafeh for British and Germán regulars, but also in ;he fact that though insignifieant in itsalf it fustrated the most formidable campaigxt that was organizad aguiust tlie coloides in the courso of the whole war. I imagine it would not be difficult to show that vastly inore depended upon the battle of Bennington than has generally been supposed. Look for a moment at the condilion of the colonial cause. Gen. Washington had been drivon i'rom New York and the British were in possession of the lover Hudson. Ii' Sow Kngland could be permiincntly cut off from the middle and southcrn state?, the coloDies would be fatally divided. Such at least was the hope and belief oí the English. In tuis hope and belief the campaign of Burgoyne was organized, a eauipaign which Baron liiedetel tiiump! autly wrote was to bring the war to a close. And it must be confessed that it had overy chanco of aucceas. The bad generalsbip of Putnam had givcn the Iludson tu the British as fai north as Albany ïhe forco of Burgoyne was so iowc:rful tbat Ticonderoga and Crown Point, thortgh carufully strengthened for this special defenco, wero able to offer no effectual resistance whatever. All the fortifications on Lako Champliiin were taken with a facility that alarmed the coloniea as ninch as it astonished and enraged them. At length it was only necessary for the British to take possession of tli3 nftirow neck of land tbat separates Lnke Georgo trom the Hudson. B'it for various i easons the British sr.pplies were besrinning to fail. It becaiue koown that thLre were abundant stores at Beunington. Accordingly an expedition was fittcd out under Col. Bauin for the purj)ose ofseizing these supplies, and oy a rapiu maren laKing mem uirccuy across to Albauy. If this cxpeditiou should ue 8UCQe;af'ul, Bu7'goyue would be relieved from the neeessity of waiting for the arrival of suppliea i'roru the north, and would be enabled to push rapidiy to Al ban y before the continental armycould organizo any succcssful resistance. Now wbat was th3 resultï Tho expeditiun of Col Bauni was-a complete failure. ThanBs to Gen. Stark, and his brave followors from New Harnpshire and Vermont, the ciirray was defeated and the designa ol Burgoyne were completely fmstrattd. Now what do wo see r In&tead of advaneing to a depot of suppiies at Albanj as he had hoprd, the British General liud to send to Quebec for stores, and then had to drag thein at a snail'a pace aeross the bilis to thorivor. These events consumad nearly two mouths, and it would soarcely be an exaggeration to gay that thosetwo montbs savid the American cause. Iiecruits camci to the American army from . every quarter of New England, and The resolt, as every body knows, was that wlien Burgovne advanced it was only to find Uiinsel rrounded in a waythates cape wasimj Oisible. The suTrender of Burgoyno and his Bimy decided the war; for then it was that Franco fiist recognized the itidcpendence of the coloiiies, and gave to Great Tiritain ercployment for her military tnergies on the other side of the Atlantic. From that time on, tbe result cf the war of Independence could at uo time have been really doubtful. I shall not aftempt, Mr. President, to speak at nny length of Vemiont. It hiis been my good foitune on previous occasions lifce this, to hear all her peoaliarities diseusssed and praised. I have heard elabórate enconiuius prononnceti upon her mountains - even thoso mountains on whose sides the rot.ks aro so thick that the shepps noses have to be ground off to a point in order that they inay piek out of the crovices a pecarious existence. I have beard her hill sides praised - even thoge hill sidos where the soil was so sterile that nothing but white beans could be made to grow, and so hard that white beans could bo plante ■! only by a r;hotgun, 1 havo eren heard it said, if I ïnistake not, even by so good authority as my friend Ju:le Lawrenee, that Vermont measured up nd down was as large as many of the more pretentiotts states, and that if she cctild be raadc s ttiin as many of j'our western slates she would cover as miich surface. But l am not anxious to insist upon tho pre-eminenco of my native state in these part icu] ars ; indeed I grently fear that if we were to do so a guarrel would aiife, and that in all these respecta New Hampshire would in the end carry off the palm. But, M-. President, in one respect I may claim for Yevinont a proud pre-eminence. Givo to Massaehu etts her Plymoutb Rock and her Fanuel Hall ; give to Connectictit her Charter ( ak and her Yalü College; givo to New Hampshire tho mono] ly of Mt. Washingtion and the Conwny Valley ; givo to the other New England states tho possessions and tho virtues of which they so proudly and so jnstly boast, and yet I insist that in all that goes to oiake a people independent and happy no ono of them is one wiiit in advan e of Vermant. Why, sir, what is it that makes a nationgreat? Is it anation'a mines,or mountains, or rivers, or prairies ? These prairieswere asbroad, these mountains as high, these rivers as grand and these minas as rich before the Siayflower fretted the waters of Massachusetta Tiny, and yot was this nation graat '■ Away witli the idea that a nation's greatness is in her material possessions ! Away with the notion thatit is in these rieh mines, and these fertile acres that our hopea of national prosperity rests ! If our natiouality i,s to be perpetuated, and a blessing to the world, it will not be beeause our granarles and our mines can supply the nations, it will rather bo because there prevails evorywhcro throughout tho land, in the hearts and minds of the peoplo, thosc aspirations, those longings for intelligence, for morality and for justice, without whichno people can be permanent and happy. It is herc that for Vt. a high vantage ground may be claimed. I do not mean that tho Green Mountaiu State has produceduone but good men ; such a claim would bo tiianifestly absurd. But it rnay be c L-d that it Vonnout has had bad men, sho i Kus t ,kuu good care eithur to drive them i ti'OUi hor bórdela or to keep thoin iu 1 litical and social obscurity Sho lias ] said to her sons: "You can have no i litical prefprment until by your : gence and your integrity you have shown : yourself worthy of confideiice." She has said to her judges : "You must sce to it that 110 tuint ot' corruption poils your ermine." She has suid to her legisUtors and memberg oi Cougress : "So long as you convince us that you are most worlhy ot' your position, you may hope to continue to represent us." Sueh has been tiie policy ot' Vermont. Not many years ago, as I ïiow remembcr, the people of that State sent one of' her most popular sons to (Jongross. Ho was known at the beginuing of his term to be poor, at the end of his term, he was bülieved to have a baudsome competenco. There was a suspicion that lie had unlawfully handled money. Tlie people said to him : "the sjinell of fire is upou your garments and benceforth you must not hope for public iife at eur hands." Thus, althougli uothing was proved against him, the bare suspieion of corruption was enough to condemn him to future obscurity. Kow sir, for this spirit, I submit that Vermont stands amoug the states preeminent, and is therefore worthy of tho highest praise that can be accorded to any people. Happy is tho State where intelligenco and morality abound ; twice Imppy is that State where only those who stand highest in intelloctual and moral endowment aro placed in positiona ot trust. "CharitaHe nslitutions - The humane and legitímate outgrowth of intellectual and moral culture." Itosponded to by Professor A. B. Palmer of the University - he said : Mr. Pkesideiït :- The truth of tho sentiment of the toast is too apparent to need enforcement. Humanity, a í'ecling common to all, but enlarged and refinec by inteüectual and moral culture, requires that the poor shoukl not be allowed to sufi'or, and the uni'Ortunato and distressed - the sick, tlio tnaimed, the insane, the blind and deaf shuuld, as far as possible, have their sufferinga assuaged and their detecta remedied. It is a recognized principie among all civilizad and christian people that it is the duty of the State to provide for the suffeving and needy - and this duty is more or less perfeotly, everywhereperforiiied. The liev. gentleman who responded to thefirst sentiment stated that in the city ot' Loitdon every uinth person reoeived public aid and that only üü,000 people in that city or in all England (I am not sure whieh) are, asto comfortaLle circumstances. Assuming that Londun coutains 3,000,000 inhabitants, the nuuiber of poor in that city rcquiring and reoeiving public :iid is 333,333. The nuuiber and extent of the public hospitals and other charitable institutions in which these more than 300,000 persons are aided I cannot now give, but of course Ihey must bo very numerous and extensive. I have howuver some statistics of the charikible institutions of the eity of Paris as they were in 18(55, in a time of general prosperity - in that city containing a much smaller population than Londen and not twioe as inany as the State of Michigan. Therfi was that year relieved in hospitals 91,000 ; in hospiees, correspondiug with our poor houses, 13,000 ; ia convalesent hospitals 752; at children's foundling hospitals 643; abaudoned children placed in the country -,',000 ; registered poor aided at their homes 100,000 ; sick treated at their dwellings, 30,000 ;- and in 18GÜ, 72,700 of this last class, Making an aggregate of persons relieved in 1865 of 259,199, very nearly the 333,333, relieved in London. In Puru ulereare lGhosp't Ja -8 general and 8 special - supported by the goverument with an aggregate of 6,738 beds ; while there are 13 hospices with a total of 10,547 beds. Besides these there are 20 burc-aux of charity and 57 houses of tomporary relief. The animal expenditures for public aid is 23,806,027 fr. ornealy $5,000,000; while the estiniated aniount contributed to private institutions is $3,000,000 more, making a total of 8,000,000 given by that city for the support and relief of the poor. The ageiits eiuployed for this work num bered o,-j:S, 4,340 non-medical, and 1,98 medical. Coming to our own cosintry much mor highly i'avored in regard to the num bers of the poor, wefind inMassachusett whose populatiou numbers about tb same as ours, they have 4 insane asylum some or all of which are larger thau ou single one--3 or4 state alms houses, wit large hospital departments, besides gen eral hospitals, and asylums for the blinc deaf, idiotie, and inebriates. Now in our own ttourishing and pros perous State we have one insane asylun one asylum for the blind and deal - anc a projeoted school for the care and etlu catión of destitute orphan children. Th is the snm total of our charitaüle Stat institutions. We need more for the prop er care of our sick poor, as a work of hu manity and of true economy. The exact nuuiber of poor requirin public aid in our State I am una ble t state, but the proportion falls very fa short of those in any othcr country the our own, and almost any other State tte Michigan, while the proportion of ou people who are comfortably off is ulmos infinitely greater than in the couutrit referred to. Instead of there bemg onl 60,000 out of millkn-, in comfort:ibje cii eumstances our whole population, witl t hu exeeption ot' those whose c mdition hv manity calis upon us to ronder more coui foigfortable, are reioicing in all the nee essii y comforts of lile, iind we can we afford to take good care oí' the few poo which we must expect always to hav rfith us. Wc are informeel by the Cominissionei of State Charities, that in the variou poor houses of the State, there are Uiauy persoES suffering irom disease, without the proper facilities and appliaoces lor the best treatment and the greatest comfort whieh humanity demanda. Froin the posiüon, the orgauization and management of these institutions, this is necessarily the ense. The inmates of the poor house of Wishteriaw County are attended and their medicines furnished for 25 ;i year - and should there be, as there may be, cases requiring daily attention and expensive medicines or apparatus they coa'd not reasonably be expecloJ to be furnished. Numcrous cases of insanity are there.but without that medical and moral treatment whicb. these distressing cases require in order to give thein a proper opportunity for recovery. We need in Michigan a State Hospital where the sick and maimed poor trom the different counties of the State can be sent, and where others of limited means may come and receive such care as the best appliances, attention and skill can aíVord tliem. The tiine will not allow me to enter into details respecting such a hospital, but I will state, that alter the first expenditure for site and building the current expenses would be nearly or quite met by the counties pajáng such sums for the care of their poor as it costs them to keep them at home, and by those not paupers paying such moderate sums for their board and care as they can afford. Such hospital should bo located in a healthy and accessible place, where there are competent medical and surgical services attainablo,p.nd where there would be the greatest induceineiits for those in chargo to perform their services in the best manncr. I need scarcely say that Ann Arbor funiishes these conditions in a degree at least not inferior to any other locality. But there is an additional reason why such a hospital should be located here. It is needed by the Medical Department of the University, as affording the roeana of a more perfect edueation to those men and women who are to have chargo of thehealta and lives of so inany ot' our citizens. Itwillbea place to teaoh practical] y the best methods of xrcodure in actual iases, and he would be a very bold and i recklegs, as well asa very bud man, wl o would tiy doubllal experimenta iu the presenee ot' so many competent wituesses as would be found in a medical class oí toree or four hundred observing men aud women. Of course all would not soe tlie Sctnio patiënt at the sanie time, but uil would have a knowledgo of what was done in each oase in a public hospital. One word inore : il' suoh a hospital be established hete thero must be liberality on the part of our city, and at lenst a site must be furuished without cost to the bate. The influenee of our institutionsof earning and religión, our intelkctual id moral culture must sooner or later, nd very soon, produce this fruit. The State of Michigan - lts Present and ts Future," President Augoll spoke for Michigan. Mr. Pkksident : New-comer as 1 sm nto the State, I cannot but feel somo ïesitation about responding to the sentiment you have given. Yet I know that your command is to be oboyed hero. I supposo that to-niglit wp aro pormitted, if not expected, to look at things from a Xew Kngland point of view. I once knew an artist, who, witli charming sira])licity, used to expresa his admiration for a picture by saying : "That is excellent. It is alinost as good as I could have painted myself." We may be pardoned if, as the expression of our great admiration for Michigan we say that it is dear to us because it reminds ub so much of our old New England home. And indeed, go where you will in the State, you find so many sons of New lingland that you may well imagino yourself among your old neighbors and friends. And if we find a man who was not born in New England the chances are that on inquiry you will find that he had the good seuse to go to New England for his wife. The habits, the lüanners, the ideas, prevalent evcrywhero throughout the State, are almost exactly .ike thoso you now nnd in the Is ew i-ng.and towns. Thero is the same solid ;ood sense, tlie same sagacity, the samo thrift, the same ideas of education, of moráis, of religión. There is secn the same type of humor. (Of this the speaker gave soine illustrations.) ïliis is, of course, easily understood when we inention how largely this State was settled by emigrants i'rom New England and tho central counties of New York. If it is truo that the be3t seed in Old England was ■uged for the planting of New England, it is as true that some of the best seed of New England was used in the planting of Michigan. If it is truo that the circumstances under which Pilgrim and Puritan did their great work on our shores in large part made theni what they were, it is equally true that the trials of the pioneers in Michigan havu helped baild for them. brave and manly character. - Plunging iuto the wilderness, toiling lor long years to wrest from the forest these beautiful farms which we see smiling around u, every blow of the axe not only lent ñbro to to their iuuscle, but also to their character. What wonder, then, that when the ory to arms was heard, wherever the bugle sounded the charge for the Michigan soldiory, tho foe went down before them like leaves before tho October wind. And not one whit less heroio were the wonien, who, cut off from the comforts of their old homes and from tho wontefl pleasures of social Ufe, struggling themeelves, and, worse still, seeing their children struggle, often in vain, against the malaria! poison which hung along the bank of every streani, still iatiently, cheorfully bore erory burden laid upon them, andfüled these secluded homes with sunshine and happiness. What wonder that these boys and girls among us drew in from the breasts of such mothers the very spirit of every manly and every womanly virtue. It is this high character and intelligence which makes the Michigan of to-day what it ís. It is not these fruitful wheat-fields, fertilo as they ure, nor your vast pineries yielding their millions of prolit annually, nor your rich mines of iron and of eopper, nor your oommeree whitening your lakcs, which fo-rrn the ehief glory of Michigan, you niight have all these, but if you had a rotten race of men, a worthless people, of what avail would be all of these treasures? xlnd the Michigan of the future - what is it to be ? It is to be what the sons and daughters of these pioneers shall make it by virtue of their charaoter and culture, (íur natural advantages are indeed grcat. Wo must for some timo be mainly agricultural people. Especially must fruit raising engage the attention of tho inhabitants of tho western portion of the State, wbore Heaven kiudly draws from the west wind the sting of the frost, that the breezes may fall soft as tho gales of Eden on the peach and pear and grape. Eailroads seem to grow here like strawberry runners in July. Plant a switch and a crossing anywhere, and railways seein then to run of themselves to the four points of tho compasa. These numerous railroad centers must beeonio the hives of mechanical and inanufacturing industry. Mimufaetories of wood and of ■wbol mast inovitably spring up. So convenient a meeting-place have we for iron and coal along the shore from Wyandotto to Port Hurón that tho manufacture of the metáis, already o auspieiovtsly begun, must be rapidly ineieased. Our Lvast foresta and oar coniiuerco must also furnish. inviting fields for our er.terprise and industry And the great quesiion is, how are we to train our chiidren for this great work 'r Evidently we can do it only by enlarging to the utmost the facilities fi r their mental and moral culture. Vi'e must give the highest efficiency to our excellent system of public education, from the priinnry school up to the University. For these fair fields now groar. - ing under their golden harregts, these forests so magniflcent in their primeval grandeur, these mines, more valuable, perhups, than those of Gwkonda, these lakes which God has bound around our State like a zone of beauty, all these wül fail to make the ideal Michigan of the futnre- unless wo cun secure in the gen oration now coming upon the stage oi action, and in tho ganerations to follow, a moral and intelleotual equipment which shall enabSe them worthily to éarry on the good work which the fathers with so much sacrifice and toil have so nobly beguu. America and Jafan-Tte Occident welcomes the Oriënt to üer Halls of Learning. This was responded to by a genuino nativo of Japan, Mr. M. S. Toyama, an intelligent young man of some twenty yoars of nee, who is about to gradúate from our "Ünion School, and who by his good mauners and deference has secured the warm friendship of all who hare made his acquaintïinoc. He apologized for reading his remarks, saying that he oould not take the time trom his studies to memorize a speech. "Shodt Island-h happy illustralion of the maxiem that choice articlesare to be fouiul in sinall packages." Mr. Cyrus A. Lewis, in a most happy vein speke for little Khody. " The Mothers of New England and their fair Daughters who are with ns on this oaa■s,_God bless them all." Judge Lawrenco responded to this toast in his usual facetious vein, but we have not been furnished with his remarks. " Om l 'hiversit} - lts Facnlty and its friends.' This toast was assigned to Professor Winchell who, to the great regret of his numcrous friends here, is about to sever his relations with "Our University," havin been elocted President of Syracuse Collego, N. Y. "Our EehuatiotuU Institutions - Wor the State - wc commencl them to the fostering care of our Legislabas." Mr. Iiogers remarked that this toast had been appropriately referred to Hon. J. Webstor Childs, Senator elect from this district, but that at a late hour ho had telegraphed his inability to be here -Mr. K. humorously added : "I very much mgret tKis for it' he oan talk as well as bc runs, he would have made in all jrobübilities, tho best speech oí the evning." " The CUrgy „ml the jPettpe-Alvays an iMerestmg relation when mutual contidence is naspired by mutual respect and tsteem." IN porided tjby Rev. Samuel W. Dufheid, wiio said that lm could not follow the previous speaker without euiotioiu He trusted it migfat be the expression of' no merely professional wish" when ha hoped gi-eat things for that nation tlnough this interoourse with America. Not in the interest of any sectarian scheme, but in that of a pure Christiimity, he longed to see the Lord Jesua Christ enter Japan. He was perinitted on the authority of Dr. Gillespiu to remark that the subject assigned him was u hurd one. If the Doctor alluded to the clerical part of it he would probably be the best ono to respond himself. If tho pcople were iu question possibly it might better be given over to Judge Lawrtnce. For himself he haidly knew how he had any rights on the floor. He was of old Dutch stock, and had simply smelt Conneoticut across Long Islam! Sound. He was sorry Yale had not been named as well as Harvard for that was his only title to entrance into this society. He then proceeded to illustrate, in a a humorous way and by two or three stories the various relations of clergy and pcople, and elosed by referenco to topics of the day in Ann Arbor. He was against whisky and he would oppose it to tho death. He could not speak for any portion of the city clergy but hiniself, but personally he fully sympathized with Mr. ïripp. He loved water - and water-worka - and he would flght for them so long as ho remained. "A Learned atid Centpttent Judieiary - . The only safe depository of arbitrary power." "Wo regret to say that owing to sieknesa in the i'amily of Judge Cooley, he was not present to respond as had been announced. "Thi Bar of Washtenatv County - A-bunt antly competent to speak for itself." The truth and pith of this sentiment was illustrated and eloquently sustained by Mr. Eobert E. Frazer. " Our Municipal Attthorities - Right or wrong, they take the responsibüity." After announoing this toast the President said : " Thia toast may be criticised for uncertainty, so let me add a word bjr way of explanation. The atithor, I am assured, had no thought of intimating that our City Fathers do any wrong, only that they are bold men, and do whai they think is ubout jight - and look ttp the Imn afterwards. (Laughter.) AVe are compelled to omit Dr. Douglass' speech for want of space. " The Press - Potent for good When rightly employed ; but pregnant with mischief wheD directed to personal oí selfish ends." Eesponded to by Mr. E. C. Seaman. We omit Mr. Seaman's speech for want of space. At this point and at abont half past one o'clock, the exercises catne to a close Ly a spirited song from the quartette.


Old News
Michigan Argus