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Colfax--his Defense

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In the laboree! statement of Schuyler ÜOLFAX, niado before tho Credit Mobilier Jonimittee last week, ho aceounted tot ho $1,200 put Ut bank tha day ufter Jakes Ames paid, or claimed to havo iaid him a dividend ot' just that aniount n casb, as follows : $200 paid to bim :hree or four days before by his step-t'uher, Mr. Matthews, and $ 1,000 recoi ved rhe day bufare in a letter froni ono üeo. F. Nesbitt, of N. Y. This reruittfince was in a single bank note; the "confidential " letter of the writer, who forwarded it as a token of admiration for Mr. Coll"AX and to aid him in meeting carapaign expenses - he ha ving been a few weeks before nominated for Vice President - could not be found and the writer was dead. The last two unfurtnnate breaks in the ehain were attempted to bo mended by putting members of Mr. CoLfax's fainily on the stand, to swear that they heard the letter read and saw the bill. Of course this did not prove that Ames did not pay and Colfax receive the $1,200 in dispute, but only, if true that Colfax had $1,200 to put in bank that did n't eome trom AMES. It is un fortúnate for Colvax that he can 't fine the letter remitting the bill, that his lib eral friend is dead, that that friend didn' teil anybody of his aid to CoLI'AX, arK that his books show no such remittance Suspieiously inclinad persons have insin uatud that his explanation in this ehape is as full of holes as a skiinmer. But now comes a report that Colfax has written a letter to the committee say ing that this same dead Nesbitt sen him $4,000 that scason, $1,000 in each o the months cf April, June (the one re ferred to in his statement), July and Oc tober ; that " these remittances were mad inutly on personal and partly on poiitieai grounds ;" that two of the letters accom panyilig thein can be produced ; and that he, ColA'AX, did not refer to any save the June reinittance because advised not to do so by his counsel, "as he could not properly open up the subject of such remittances without bringing in extraneous and important matters before tho couilaittee and departing trom the point at issue." Which does not in the least thieken the very thin explanation or statement in question. - Now who is or was the liberal NesBITT ? We suggested to a friend on reading the statement of Coi.faX that if it was the oíd contractor for furnishing the postoffiice departinent with postage staiups, stainped envelopes, &e., the Vico President may have got froni the fryiug pan into the ftre. It proves to have been thut man. Can not his lovo for Colfax be easily surmised '( his generosity accounted for? Coliax before he was Speaker was chairman of tho postal committee of the House, as Speaker ho had the naming of the chairiuan of the same committee, and as Vice President he would have favors to dispense. Put that and that together. Does it not disclose a little more Credit Mobilier? The N. Y. Evening Pont both likes and disliküs the new postal bill, the passage of which by the House we chronicled last week. It likes the cutting down of letter postage to two cents, and is disposed cheerfully to accept the pro-payment of newspaper postage. It likes, or at least does not censure, the reduction of postage on daily papers one half - frora f 1,20 to (30 cents a year, - but condeums the continuance of f ree county eirculation to weekly papers. It would havo its own bread buttered on both sides, and give the country publisher skiinrued mille for his share. Now, the " country press" - so contemptuously treated by the city journalists, with hero and thero an exception, and save whtn the mnuiil publioation of a prospectus is wiinted to twiee tho subscription price - will strike hands with the Post and journals of like thinking for a.fair ad j ast uien t. Let the oounty oirculatioo pay pcstage if the metropolitan press so will it, but let us have a scale of rates such as railroad men and express managers would fix for the same service - (jraded by wcight and distance, Tliera is no justioe in charging tho same pustage on the Post, the World, the Independent, the Rip-Hoaer or WhipSaapjicr - all New York City publications - delivered at Ypsilanti, Dexter, and tho other postoffices iu this county as on the Abous or other local journals. Give the country press anything like a fair chance and no tavors. Weight and distance : do you see the elementa in tho problem, Mr. Post 't - The Post says something about estimates making postage on papers $J,000,000 thereabouts, and the receipts less than $1,000,000 : the loss boing charged to the system of non-payment. If tbere is any such loss it comes trom inefïiciency and knavery in the postal service, and propayment is not the remedy. Neither brains nor honesty can be legislated into the averago postmastor, and if that official now steals wliat the subscriberpays M postago he will next year steal whai the publisher pays into his hands. So why punish the innocent party - the publisher - by subjecting him to the expense and trouble of paying tho postago on his full issue. TllE Wm J. Beal proposod for Eegem is not note a resident of Lonaweo County as we inferreá trom the Adrián 2'i'mcs paragraph announoing his candidacy. He is Prof. Beal, of tho Agrioultural College and the Lansing Hejiublican speaks of his fitness and qualifioations in high ternas all of which inay be true. However drawing our conclusions from genera principies, we are led to suggest that the Kegents of the University ahould not be elected from the professors of other State institutions. There may be no hostilit) between tho University and the Agricultural Colloge, and there ought to be none, but one can hardly be so loyal - that's a popular word iu these latter days - to both as to be the servant of one and tho legislator for or a fraction of the exeoutive of tho other. No entangling allianees is a safe rule. - It is proposed to enlargo tho bonndarios of Detroit by taking in portions of Hamtramck, Springwells, and Greenfiuld. In a few days the rest of the territory adjoining may be gobbled up : all for Park purposes. The Cai.D'WEI.L investigating eomruiteo reported to the Seríate on Tuesday. 'he report set forth the evidente pronced bufore the committee, trom whieh it condueles tbat the buying tf of Caruey and ClaKK is established, which arrangement is pronounced " corupt, against public policy, deinoralizing n character, directly contributing to detroy the purity and freedom of eleetions, and not to bo tolerated by the Seríate as a means of procuring seats in this body." The committee is also of the opinión that juying CakneY off "was au attempt to jurebaso the votes of the friends of Cakeï. Caldwell expoeted that Carney could bring them over to bis support." They reason that the right to buy np the eandidates and monopolizo the field, would include tht right to buy the raeinbers. They say, " It was an atteiupt lo buy the votes of metnbeTi of the Legislature, not by bribing them directly, but through nianipulation of anothei purchase. The money was not to go to them but to Cakney, who was to sell and deliver them without their knowledge." And thoy are convinced that such s.ile and delivery wa3 made, the evidenco leaving no doubt. The committoe also find evidence that direct negotiations were opened with members and votes purchased in toe open market. Summing up, the committee say : " It lias been a subject of disoussion in the committee whether tho offenje of which they believe Caldwell guilty should be punished by expulsión or go to the validity of the election." Accepting the latter proposition, they recommend the adoption of the following resolution : Resolved, That Alexander CaUlwell was not duly and legally olected to a seat in the Seríate of the United States by the Legislatura of the State of Kansas. Notwithstanding this resolution the coinmittee como to a novel conclusión that is, using its own words, that Caldwell " was as much sinned against ns sinning. Ho was a novice in politics, and in the canvass had men who encouraged him in the belief that the Senatorial election in Kansas could be carried by money." If Caldwell must submit to be branded as a knave, it is too bad to label him " novice " or fooi at tho samo time. Ho ought to rebel at that " on his honor." TnE. Poland Credit Mobilier Coramitteo reported on Tuesday. Reviewing the evidence taken the coramittee concludo to tnake Amks and Brooks the scapo-goata ; the one for selling stook below its value with tho design oí influeucing the votes of' mernbors ; the other for claiming fifty bares of C. M. stook for his son-in-law vhile he was a government director oí the 1. P. Eoad. They, therefore, report resolutions expelling Messrs. Ames and ÏEOOKS, the consideration of which resoutions is set down for Tuesday next. Sow tho conclusión in these two cases, nay be, we will concede is correct ; but what shall be said of the negleet to even censure Bixgham. Dawes, Gauíield and Celley, except that the committee silenty brand them as fools histead of designng knaves. We think in this respect the committee como very mach fchort of pubic expeotation. Each and every one of the members named bought stock in the 2. M. ; each and every one of them know that they were buying it at less than its value; and that thoy afterward ropudiated their bargains, for fear of exposure, shows 10 less corruption. This whitewashing will scarculy go down. The evidence taken relating to the criminated Senators was referred to, only to say that it had been sent to the Senate :y order of tho House, and no tllusion was made to tho case of the Vice-President. It is understood that when tho expul sion resolutions come up on Tuesday next, now resolutions will be offercd, unless shut out, hauling Messrs. Bingham, Dawes, Gakfield and Kelley over the coals. OüR two local contemporánea -both Republican - and the Ypsilanti Sentinel unite opposing non-political nominations for Regen ts. All concede that the office is not strictly politieal, and should not be administered in b partisan manner ; bnt neither can crawl up out of the politica! rut in which it has so long been buried, or think of acting in concert with political opponents. The two former have i'ears that a politieal heretic might in that way get iuto the Board of Ilegents and raise Cain with the University, and the other is so straight-backed that he would not be Eegent himself if the liopublican convention should propose affiliation with tho O'CONNOR party, but would prefer a scrub race and defeat. WitU a nomination equivalent to an election thore is nothing but the merest bosh in such an utterance as this : " Nothing conduces to watchfulness liko a división between politieal partios, and the Rogents need watching like everybody elso." The Democratie watching they get is at a very long distance on the outside. Besides, does n't the Sentinel know that there is " no contest in the elextion of Ilegents," and that his Torn and Dick have now to run the gauntlet of a single convention only 'i Resort to the plan it condemns and each convention would vie with the other in selecting its be6t man. Tho best business men and most scholarly men in the Stato would then accept nominations which they can not get now from tho Republioans beoause it is a politieal office and must go to some party hack and whioh such Demócrata will not take merely to fill a ticket and for no other purpose.


Old News
Michigan Argus