In the last hours of the laat day of the last session of the last Congress - tho XLII. - a majovity in each house deliberately voted to iun their arms into the public treasury up to their elbows, and withdraw therefrom $5,000 each : that is a bilí was passed increasing the salaries of meraberg of Congress from 5,000 to $7,500 a year, the increase toi commcnce on the 4th of March 1871, and to be in lieu of mileage and other " perquisites." The same biil increasea the salary of the President to f 50,000 a year - without requiring him to pay his own servants and household expenses, and fixes the salary of tho Justice of the Supreme Court at $10,500 and those of the Vice-President, Speaker of the House, and Justices of the Suprerae Court at .? 10,00.0 : all the salaries save those of the ingonious legislators to coinnience with tho 4th of March 1873. And this with an existing national debt of 11,222,004,372, with largo State, county, and municipal debts, the interest on which is eating out the very vilals of the people. Aud how does the average Congressmaii expect to earn this salary of $7,500 a year, an amount that not one in ten of the niembers - Senators or Eepresentatives - ever earned or could earn in private life P The long session of Congross commences the first of' December and ordinarily closes before the first of July - continuing say, inclusive of holiday reoess and other play-days, seven months. The seoond or short Sfession begins the first Monday in December and must always end the fourth of March - making a session of three months. ïhen we havo ten months of session during a Congressman's two years term - ten months which tho fmember is expeoted to be-in Washington and engaged in diseharging the duties for whioh he is paid. We say e.vpected for the records of the veas and' nays will show that a very large portion of rnernbers are Washington - or at least in tlieir seats-a. muchless time. They are either absent on business or lecture tours or engaged in the courts or in iobbying at the departments. And for this meager service, poorly executed, Senators and Eeprosentatives - 36 of the former and 133 of the lattor- vote to pay themselvos $7,500 a year, not for the future alone, but also for the past two years for which they had contracted to work for $5,000 a year. We have had a graat deal of personal, ring, and corrupt legislation at Washington, but never a more outrageous piece of legislation than this. The members who voted for this swindle, we care nok what their political affiliation, should bo marked by the public, and never hereafter bo assigned to any place of public honor or trust, but rather consigned t6 private iife in disgrace. The foul stain can not be washed off their hands. - Two members of the House from Michigan voted for this outrageous bill, namely Messrs. Btoughton and SuthEELAUD. The two Senators and the other four members of the House recorded their votes against it. The inajority of the Pomeroy investigating committee reported on Monday, and thoroughly whitewashed their distinguishod ward. They could not exactly believe Simi'SON and York, and tho latter having played a littlo gamo of docoption struck tho balance in favor of Pomeroy, swallowing his story that the $7,000 he gavo York had nothing to do with liis vote, but was to aid ono Page in 8tarting a National Bank at Independence : a little fact that Pomekoy failed to oall to niind until af ter he had been in Washington long enough to cook up tho story. Senator TlltTRMAN dissented. Ho thought tho Pomeroy and Page story inconsistent. Senator Vickers did not consider the charge sustained " bevond a reasonablo doubt." And so " Subsidy Pon." retires to privato lif'o an " honest man" - as honesty averages at Washington. His successor, Ixgalls, was sworn in on Wednesday. Efforts will probably bo made to oust him, and if Pomeroy is an innocent man his election was certaiuly procured by fraud. The attention of Democrats throughout the oounty is invited to the calis for Stato and County Conventions in this day'sARGUS. Eveiy town ought tobe fully rejjrBsentcd. The developments of the last fow inonths afford positivo cvidence that the good of the county requires an active, vigorons Domocratic party. If the ïtadioals aro to havo it all their own way much longer thero will bo plenty of business for opitaph, writers.