One of the most respected magistrates who has sat on the American bench in our time departed this life yesterday at his residencein Cooperstown, full of years and honors. He breathed his last sitting in his chair at half-past one in the at'ternoon, the lamp going out quietly without warning to his family. It was a death froin the simple exhaustion of advanced oíd age. The bar of this State universally, and that portion of the bar of the whole country who have had much practice in the Supreme Court of the United States, will be deeply impressed by this unexpected intelligence. Judge Ñfilson was regarded both by lawyers and by those who knew him in social life, and especially by neighbors in hls lovely little rural town, with an affectionnte veneration such as few men ever win and which is the most satisfactory reward of wellspent days. if Samuel Nelson wasfor more than twenty-five years one of the Associate Justiees of the Supreme Oourt of the United States, having been appointed by President Tyler in 1845. At the time of his appointment he had been for many years Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, aud previously to that a judge in subordínate courts, having spent nearly his whole active life on the bench and. pursuing the longest judicial career of any man in this country. The cast of his understanding as well as all his training pre-eminently fitted him for a decider of causes. A una large ana sona ratne than brilliant, more remarkable for mas sive coramon sense than for quiekness with greater firruness and independenc than are often united to sorauoh genuin ui'banity, he was a judge to hold th scales ajways even between the parties to a suit, nover tp be confused by the sophis try of advocates, and to declare tho law with clearness and decisión without ever giving offence to those whose hopes it might blight. He always had the coufidence of the bar and of juries, and when sittingin circuit he never failed tofillthe couft-room with a moral atmosphero favorable to tho enda of justice. In private and doniestic life Judge Nèlson was one of the purest and most upright men that ever hved. Puring his long of more than eighty-two years, nobody ever heard or thought anything to his disadvantage. His character was as solid and as perfectly balanced as his understanding, and he was acoordingly as tree frorn sailies of passion as fron freaks of iiftellect, and presented as perfect an example as falls to the lpt of humanity of a noble, consistent, well-rouuded life. He was as pure as Washington without Washington's coldness and distant demeanor, having been, liko Chief-Justice Marshall, one of the most cordial and conipanionable of men, We ars not advised what action the bar of this city will tako on this mournful occasion. When Judge Nolson retired from the bench they sent a respectable delegation of their number to Cooperetown in the depth of winter to make an address and tender him the respecta of tho legal profession.- lf. Y. World. ( The Virginius and htr surviving crew and passengers were formally surrendered to the United States authorities on the 12th inst.