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Trimming Apple Trees

Trimming Apple Trees image
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We hare found in our experience, which has been considerable, that to remove large limbs, and sevoral of them at ti time, is injurious to the tree. The shock seems for awhile to check the rowth ; this for more than a jear, and ome fatal cases inay be attributable to this. One, or at least two large limbs at a time is usually sufficient, depending upon the size of the tree, or upon the number of its large branches. We have had the very best success in. reducing gradually the overgrown top of a tree, or where decay had affected the large limbs, as in the caso with the Spitzenbergs, taking two to four yoars to remove the cankered or crowded liinbs, starting new ones in place of the deceasod old ones where needed. The time for doing this, of course, is not in summer when the tree is in full growth, as the shock will be all tho greater. It is, however, the time to free the tree of small, unnocessary limbs and shoots ; the latter, in their tender state, may be rubbed off, and that is decidedly the way to do it, as the work is easy, and the further loss of wood growth is arrested, the remainder of the tree and tho fruit getting it. Bemoving these small shoots and limbs will not visibly injure the tree; will divert the sap into thoso parts of the tree where it is wanted ; and the wound will more readily heal over. Whether large limbs are removed in the fall, winter or spring, is not very material. Mr. Thomas, than whom there is no better authority, says, in his " Fruit Culturist," that the time for removing large limbs should be deferred till towards spring. The reason is that the tree receives a shock to a certain extent, even in winter, as growth is not ontirely suspended ; and the oold superadded makes the tree still more suffer. Henee, when the severjty of the season lessens, as it does towards spring, and other causes seem to opérate, is the time to remove large limbs, or do the most extensive pruning at a time. March, with us, is a good time. But a strong, hardy tree may be pruned at any time during winter or late fall. Ii your tree is very thrifty and large, with a tondeney to grow wood rather than fruit, trim in the fall. You may remove the large branches then, and the small ones in summer. We have practiced this, and always with satisfaction. Pruning apple troes is an art, and i is the main thing in the prosperity of a tree. Attendance to the roots- that is the soil - is of importance, somntimes the greatest ; but 01' greater importance we deem attention to the top. We speak not only from experience, but the mos gratifying experieuce. We have taken orchards into hand that were though ruined, most of the limbs dead or in state of decay, and by a gradual, carufu course of pruning, starting new shoots i the place of old ones where needed, hav renewed the trees and have made them 8urpass their former best state. There i a chance with old trees - which is of th greatest importance - to give spread o outward extensión to the limbs. Thi cannot be too strongly insisted upon You must have the sun and air and f're ventilation of the wholo tree if perfec fruit and tho largest amount is to be re alized ; also the best growth. Spreac therefore, the top, so that each larg branch is distinct - a small tree by itsel as it were - giving chance for light aur air between. But each branch itse wants to be thinned out, the whole we aired and exposed to the skyey influence Then every fruit will be colored and ina tured ; limbs will be healthy or healthie than if not thus treated. Sometimes, however, it is difficult t prevent a tree, by pruning, from going t decay. This without the intervention o the borer or any visible disease. In suc a case we have known the cause to be a hard impervious soil - too much water present at times or habitually. The remedy here is ditching. Then the pruning will be efficacious. - Oor. Utiea Herald. Joaquín Miller and Miss Hosmer. - A private letter from Boine, dated November 2, published in the New York Evening Post, gives the following account of a curious interview between two noted persons : " Joaquín Miller, the Oregon poet, was here yesterday, and I requested a friend to present him to Miss Hosmer, the sculptor. The interview was thus described to me : When the studio was reached Miss Hosmer appeared on the threshold to receive her guests. After the presentation, without making tEe usual salutation, Miller stopped short, and in his peculiar manner examined curiously his hostess and then blurted out, ' Hosmer, I like your eye.' The circuit of the studio was then begun. Miller had but little to say until the party approached a riñe statue, around the base of which were two serpents, twined around one another. These he regarded intently, exelaiining, 'Hosmer. I'm a savage. I don't know much about your beautiful forms and figurps, but I do know ' what a serpent is like ; and dam me if they ain't the best I ever saw.' The last statue was some beautiful ideal affair of Miss Hosmer's. This seemed to attract the poet immensely, for after a long stare he ejaoulated, gazing upon the marble, ' Hosmer, you're a great man ! ' It is needless to say that our gifted country woman prizes highly the rough but sincere and complimentary ciiticisms."


Old News
Michigan Argus