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Economy In Flowing

Economy In Flowing image
Parent Issue
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OCR Text

Tho first thing of courte is a plow, aud since there are so many good plows, I shall not exposé my judgnieut as to whose make ia the best, but would earnestly recommend, if you uso a siugle team, to buy oue with only twelve inches cut ; tor thia is big enough for two horsea and has the advantage of any larger plow in thia, that it leaves the ground more finely pulverizod ; turns it over better, and, therefore, rits it better for the reception of seeds of all kinds. And besides, cruelty to brutes is avoidëd and your tenm ia always in fit condition for work. Three-horse plows, cutting sixteen inches, are rnuoh in use, but the advantages, I ain inelined to b lieve, ara entiroly oounterbalanoed by the i'act that tho quality of the plowing is not ns good. - Skinner's gang-plow does good work, but is hard on muscle - we put five horses on our's last Rpring, good sized horses, and there was work onough for them all in turning over four Bfcres per day. The work of one hand was suved, and the stalks buried better timn is usually done with single plow. I respectfully subiuit that tbc proper time for plowing depends upon the condition of tha soil in relation to ita wetneas or dryness. To be right fot good erop, it must he dry enough to be easily pulverizcd. Plowing land wet is a great mistake under any and all circumstauces. In our judgment, we should be the gain era by letting, it lie idle a year rather than plow it when wet; tor if plowed wet, not only is the present erop materially injured and a large aruount of unpaid work done, but the next two crops, if not morp, aro gi-eatly curtailed in yield ; whereas, if laid over without plowing, the next two oiops will be apt to be heavy, with Iets work, atid tho financial result, ot' the two crops will overbálance tho three crops if plowed wet the first year. We haTe bad one bit of experienco of this kind, and now wait till the land is in order, if wo wait till the first of June ; and thus far we havo found no cause for regret. If plowed a little toó wet, and it bakes irr the sun for a weck, it is pretty sure to be more or less lumpy, requiring doublé labor to fit it for a crep. ' Now, you farmers who wili plow a littlo soon, for fear of being toó late with your work, if you will drag the ground the same or the next dny after you turn it over, you will find it pulverizes much easier, requiring less work and is bettor fitted for the erop. " Haste makea waste," in more senses than one. Let us keep cool till the proper time comea, then atteiid to our business in a business way, and the result will be gratifying to us all. But hero ia another matter upon which there ia a difference of opinión. One man says, shallow plowing is best forcorn, beoause he has tried them both, and don't he know ? Another says deep plowing is best, and he bas tried them both, also - What is the diffieulty ? Antagonisms on a single point, under like circumstances, cannot bo true. But the attend'ing circumstances may have been widely different, and these, instead of the depth of the plowing, unconscioualy to them, were what figured in poiut of foot in tbo formation of their opiiions. The fact is, on our prairie, shallow plowing is just as good as deop plowing, provided the c&rth immediately beneath whero the plow runs, has not become paked and partially or wholly impervious to the atmosphere - in this case, deep plowing is imperatively demanded, for without a free access of air the erop cannot be heavy. Ou ground that has not becomo impacted, I suppose threo inches deep is much better, for the first year, at least, than ten inches would be. Very deep plowing is better done in the fall, that the necessary chemical changes produced or promoted by rain or frost may fit the aoil for a quick germination of sced and rapid growth of the young plauts. If plowed deep iu spring, certain changes cannot take place soon enough to benefit the erop much, and besides, the earth is much longer gaining that warmth so necessary to the rapid growth of vegetation. The yield of thecropis only partially dependent on thé depth of the plowing, except in peculiar circumstances. The permeability of tho soil by the air, and the perfect formation of chemical mgredienta entering into the growth of the plant are essen tial; besides the treatment of the corn, while growing, plays a conspicuous part in the fiual result. Deep plowing is good, and so is shallow- the attending circumstances if properly noted will prove the best guide.


Old News
Michigan Argus